International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development

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The International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development (Rights & Democracy), had been created to be a non-partisan, independent Canadian institution, established by an act of the Canadian parliament in 1988 to "encourage and support the universal values of human rights and the promotion of democratic institutions and practices around the world."[1] It received around C$11m per year in funding from the Canadian government.[2]

R&D worked with individuals, organizations and governments in Canada and abroad to promote the human and democratic rights defined in the United Nations' International Bill of Human Rights. One of its most enduring efforts has been to protect citizens from rights abuses perpetrated by corporations. To this end, it developed a series of tools for Human Rights Impact Assessment that can be carried out by civil society groups.

Aurel Braun was appointed chair of R&D's board of directors in January 2009.[2]


Funding decisions within the organization have been full of conflict, not least over funding provided to one Israeli and two Palestinian human rights organizations, organizations which Braun calls "vicious."[3] The three organizations were Al-Haq, Al Mazen, and B'Tselem.[4]

Following a particularly hostile board meeting in January 2010, the organization's president, Rémy Beauregard, died of a heart attack, and board members Sima Samar, Payam Akhavan and Guido Riveros resigned.[2] Riveros wrote an extense and public letter demanding Braun's resignation. Subsequently 45 of the centre's 47 staff demanded Braun's resignation, accusing him of "a pattern of harassment", and four members of the board requested "a full investigation of the circumstances surrounding Mr. Beauregard's death, with a focus on the role and conduct of the board".[2]


In April 2012, the Canadian government announced that it was closing down R&D and would transfer the organization’s functions to the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. The closure was due to the controversies surrounding the agency.[5][6]

Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird said, "For some time, the many challenges of the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, also known as Rights & Democracy, have been well publicized. It is time to put these past challenges behind us and move forward."[7]


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