International Chopin Piano Competition
The International Chopin Piano Competition (Polish: Międzynarodowy Konkurs Pianistyczny im. Fryderyka Chopina), often referred to as the Chopin Competition, is a piano competition held in Warsaw, Poland. It was initiated in 1927 and has been held every five years since 1955. It is one of few competitions devoted entirely to the works of a single composer, in this case, Frédéric Chopin.
The first competition was founded by the Polish pianist and pedagogue Jerzy Żurawlew. Subsequent editions were organized in 1932 and 1937; the post-war fourth and fifth editions were held in 1949 and 1955. In 1957 the competition became one of the founding members of the World Federation of International Music Competitions in Geneva.
Traditional special awards include the Polish Radio prize for the best Mazurka performance (since 1927), the Fryderyk Chopin Society in Warsaw prize for the best Polonaise (since 1960), and the National Philharmonic prize for the best performance of a Piano Concerto (since 1980).
Past members of the jury have included such names as Martha Argerich, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Stefan Askenase, Wilhelm Backhaus, Paul Badura-Skoda, Nadia Boulanger, Dang Thai Son, Bella Davidovich, Philippe Entremont, Fou Ts'ong, Nelson Freire, Vera Gornostayeva, Arthur Hedley, Mieczysław Horszowski, Vladimir Krainev, Marguerite Long, Lazare Lévy, Nikita Magaloff, Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Heinrich Neuhaus, Vlado Perlemuter, Maurice Ravel, Arthur Rubinstein, Emil von Sauer, Magda Tagliaferro, and many distinguished Polish pianists, teachers, conductors, as well as composers (for instance Karol Szymanowski, Witold Lutosławski and Lidia Grychtołówna).
Traditionally the chairman of the board is a Polish musician:
- Witold Maliszewski, composer (1927)
- Adam Wieniawski, composer (1932 and 1937)
- Zbigniew Drzewiecki, pianist and teacher (1949, 1955, 1960, 1965)
- Kazimierz Sikorski, composer and theoretician (1970 and 1975)
- Kazimierz Kord, conductor (1980)
- Jan Ekier, pianist and teacher (1985, 1990, 1995)
- Andrzej Jasiński, pianist and teacher (2000, 2005, 2010)
Ivo Pogorelić case
In 1980 (the tenth edition) a controversy arose among members of the jury about a 22-year-old contestant, the Yugoslav pianist Ivo Pogorelić and his openly provocative style of interpretation and behavior on the stage. The jury divided into two groups: those who found his playing unacceptable, and those who were enthusiastic or at least approving of his performance, most notably Martha Argerich, Paul Badura-Skoda and Nikita Magaloff. Finally, when Pogorelić did not reach the final fourth stage, Martha Argerich left the jury, announcing that she felt ashamed for having taken part in the judging process. This followed the resignation of another member of the jury (Louis Kentner) who resigned because of his disapproval of the assessment. While Kentner never returned to Warsaw, Martha Argerich has been a juror in subsequent editions of the Chopin Competition up to 2010.
- List of classical music competitions
- XIII International Chopin Piano Competition
- XVI International Chopin Piano Competition
- Jerzy Waldorff, Wielka gra: rzecz o konkursach chopinowskich ("Great playing: about Chopin Competitions"), Warsaw, Iskry, 1985, ISBN 83-207-0719-6.
- Janusz Ekiert, The endless search for Chopin: the history of the International Fryderyk Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw, MUZA SA, 2000. ISBN 978-83-7495-812-7.
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