International Criminal Court investigation in Mali

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Situation in the Republic of Mali
The seal of the International Criminal Court
The seal of the International Criminal Court
File no. 01/12
Referred by Mali
Date referred 13 July 2012
Date opened 16 January 2013
Incident(s) Northern Mali conflict
Crimes War crimes:
· Attacking protected objects
· Cruel treatment
· Murder
· Mutilation
· Pillaging
· Rape
· Summary executions
· Torture
Status of suspect
None No indictments have been filed

The International Criminal Court investigation in Mali or the situation in the Republic of Mali is an ongoing investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC) into war crimes and other crimes within the ICC's jurisdiction that are alleged to have occurred during the Northern Mali conflict since January 2012.[1] The investigation was requested by the government of Mali in July 2012.[2][1][3][4]

Background[edit]

Several human rights organisations reported on human rights abuses during the Northern Mali conflict that started in early 2012. The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and its Malian member organisation Association Malienne des Droits de l'Homme (AMDH)[5] published a detailed report[6] in December 2012, referring to evidence of a rape campaign in Gao and Timbuktu after their takeover by the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), recruitment of 12 to 15-year-old children as child soldiers by Ansar Dine, and the summary execution of up to 153 Malian soldiers by the MNLA and Ansar Dine on 24 January 2012.[7] Human Rights Watch reported the use of "several hundred" child soldiers by the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), and Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).[8] Amnesty International published a detailed report in May 2012,[9] describing the human rights situation as "Mali's worst human rights situation in 50 years".[10]

Referral[edit]

On 13 July 2012, the government of Mali, represented by its Minister of Justice Malick Coulibaly, made a formal request to the ICC to investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity that took place in Mali since January 2012.[2][3][4]

Investigation[edit]

The ICC's Office of the Prosecutor gathered evidence, and on 16 January 2013, the Court formally started a full investigation led by Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda.[1] Bensouda has determined that there is a reasonable basis to believe the following crimes were committed during the conflict: (i) murder; (ii) mutilation, cruel treatment and torture; (iii) intentionally directing attacks against protected objects; (iv) the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgement pronounced by a regularly constituted court; (v) pillaging, and (vi) rape.[1] The 16 January 2013 ICC report[11] listed evidence for suspected crimes that include some attributed to the MNLA, such as the executions at Aguelhok of about 100 Malian army soldiers on 24 January 2012,[12] and some attributed to the Malian army, such as the Diabaly September 2012 massacre of 16 unarmed preachers.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "ICC Prosecutor opens investigation into war crimes in Mali: "The legal requirements have been met. We will investigate"". International Criminal Court. 2013-01-16. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  2. ^ a b Coulibaly, Malick (2012-07-13). "Renvoi de la situation au Mali" (PDF) (in French). Ministry of Justice of Mali. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  3. ^ a b "FIDH and AMDH welcome the opening of an ICC investigation in Mali". International Federation for Human Rights. 2013-02-13. Archived from the original on 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  4. ^ a b "Mali: ICC investigation of conflict crimes a key step towards justice". Amnesty International. 2013-01-16. Archived from the original on 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  5. ^ "Association Malienne des Droits de l'Homme (AMDH)". International Federation for Human Rights. 2013-01-21. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  6. ^ "War Crimes in North Mali" (PDF). International Federation for Human Rights. 2012-12-17. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  7. ^ "War Crimes in North Mali". International Federation for Human Rights. 2012-12-20. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  8. ^ "Mali: Islamists Should Free Child Soldiers - 'Sending our Innocents to be Slaughtered,' Witness Says". Human Rights Watch. 2013-01-15. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  9. ^ "Mali: five months of crisis - armed rebellion and military coup" (PDF). Amnesty International. 2012-05-15. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  10. ^ "Mali’s worst human rights situation in 50 years". Amnesty International. 2012-05-16. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  11. ^ "Situation in Mali - Article 53(1) Report" (PDF). International Criminal Court. 2013-01-16. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  12. ^ "Tuareg rebels behind January killings, confirms Mali army". Radio France International. 13 February 2012. Archived from the original on 23 November 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  13. ^ Massacre of preachers in Mali sign of broken army, Associated Press, 22 September 2012, archived from the original on 2013-01-21, retrieved 14 January 2013 .

External links[edit]