International Development Research Centre
The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) (French: Centre de recherches pour le développement international; CRDI) is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that supports research in developing countries to promote growth and development. The aim of IDRC is to create innovative, lasting local solutions that build "healthier, more equitable, and more prosperous societies."
IDRC was established by the Parliament of Canada in 1970 under The International Development Research Centre Act, which directs IDRC “to initiate, encourage, support and conduct research into the problems of the developing regions of the world and into the means for applying and adapting scientific, technical, and other knowledge to the economic and social advancement of those regions.”
To fulfill this mandate, IDRC encourages and supports researchers from developing countries to conduct research in their own institutions and regions. In doing so, IDRC supports networking, capacity building, and knowledge sharing between scientific, academic, and development communities in Canada and developing countries.
IDRC funds research under four broad themes:
Agriculture and the environment: Work focuses on a healthy environment and improved human health; sustainable agriculture and food security; adaptation to climate change; and environmental economics.
Science and innovation: Supports research on means of achieving inclusive growth and development spurred by science, technology, and innovation, and on the role of stronger universities and creative industries.
IDRC research contributes to Government of Canada foreign policy and a number of development priorities and Millennium Development Goals. This includes participation in the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund, the Innovating for Maternal and Newborn Child Health in Africa program, and the Global Health Research Initiative.
IDRC builds on decades of work on gender issues, international relations and global governance, and the role of information and communication technologies in development. It integrates these dimensions into all research themes.
IDRC’s work is guided by an international Board of Governors. The Honourable Monte Solberg, P.C., former Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, and Minister of Human Resources and Social Development, is Acting Chairperson. He reports to Parliament through the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
IDRC President Jean Lebel manages the Centre’s operations with the support of the Senior Management Committee. Previous IDRC presidents include David M. Malone (2008-2013), Maureen O'Neil (1997–2008), Keith Bezanson (1991–1997), Ivan Head, (1978–1991), and David Hopper (1970–1978).
In addition to its parliamentary appropriation, IDRC receives funding from a number of domestic and international donors. Government partnerships exist between IDRC and Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada, and the UK Department for International Development, for example.
IDRC also receive contributions from a number of private donors, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, among others. A number of IDRC projects are carried out in partnership or with researchers at universities and institutions across Canada. These include the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, McGill University, Memorial University, Simon Fraser University, Western University, and the universities of Alberta, British Columbia, Guelph, Laval, Saskatchewan, and Toronto, among others.