International Finance Centre
|2 International Finance Centre|
2 International Finance Centre, Sept 2008
|Location||8 Finance Street
Central, Hong Kong
|Architectural||412.0 m (1,351.7 ft)|
|Roof||407.0 m (1,335.3 ft)|
|Top floor||387.6 m (1,271.7 ft)|
|Floor count||88 (+6 basement floors)|
|Floor area||185,805 m2 (1,999,988 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Executive Architect (Cladding)||Adamson Associates Architects|
|Developer||Sun Hung Kai Properties|
|Structural engineer||Ove Arup & Partners|
The International Finance Centre (abbr. IFC, branded as "ifc") is an integrated commercial development on the waterfront of Hong Kong's Central District.
A prominent landmark on Hong Kong Island, IFC consists of two skyscrapers, the IFC Mall, and the 55-storey Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong. Tower 2 is the second tallest building in Hong Kong, behind the International Commerce Centre in West Kowloon. It is the fourth-tallest building in the Greater China region and the eighth-tallest office building in the world, based on structural heights; by roof height, only the Taipei 101, Shanghai World Financial Center, Willis Tower, International Commerce Centre and Burj Khalifa exceed it. It is of similar height to the former World Trade Center. The Airport Express Hong Kong Station is directly beneath it.
In 2003, Financial Times, HSBC, and Cathay Pacific put up an advertisement on the facade that stretched more than 50 storeys, covering an area of 19,000 m² (0.2 million square ft) and a length of 230 m, making it the world's largest advertisement ever put on a skyscraper.
IFC as a brand
|International Finance Centre|
Tower 1 is also known as 1IFC and branded as "One ifc". Likewise, Tower 2 is also known as 2IFC and branded as "Two ifc".
1IFC opened in December 1998, towards the end of the Asian financial crisis. Tenants included ING Bank, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp, Fidelity International, the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Authority and the Financial Times.
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority purchased 14 floors in 2IFC; the Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation signed a 12-year lease on 24,000-square-foot (2,200 m2); Nomura Group agreed to take 60,000 sq ft (5,600 m2) at 2 IFC; the Financial Times, an existing tenant at One IFC, took 10,000 sq ft (900 m2). Ernst & Young took six floors (from the 11th to 18th floors), or about 180,000 square feet (16,700 m2), in 2IFC, to become the biggest tenant.
2IFC, which was completed at the height of the SARS epidemic, was initially available to rent at HK$25-HK$35 per square foot. In 2007, as the economy has improved, high quality ("Grade A") office space is highly sought after; rents for current leases are $150 per square foot as of March 2007.
The IFC's towers have featured in several Hollywood films, including Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life, where Lara Croft leaps off the then-under-construction 2 International Finance Centre, landing on a ship out in the Kowloon Bay, and The Dark Knight, where Batman leapt from 2 IFC to 1 IFC, where an action scene then takes place.
One International Finance Centre
One International Finance Centre was constructed in 1998 and opened in 1999. It is 688 feet (210 m) tall, has 39 storeys and four trading floors, 18 high speed passenger lifts in 4 zones, and comprises 784,000 square feet (72,800 m2). It is similar in design and appearance to the Goldman Sachs Tower. The building currently accommodates approximately 5,000 people.
- AllianceBernstein, 34/F
- China International Capital Corp, 25/F, 29/F, and 30/F
- Capital Group Companies, 26/F, 27/F
- Bain & Company, 30/F
- Eastspring Investments, 13/F
- Fidelity International, 17/F
- Julius Baer Group, 37/F – 39/F
- Hamburg-Sud, 36/F
- Keystone Union Limited, 20/F
- Macquarie Group, 18/F
- Moody's Corporation, 25/F, Suite 2510
- Regus Business Center, 20/F
- Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, 7/F – 8/F (2 Floors)
- Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, 31/F
- Select Securities Limited, 21/F, 22/F
Two International Finance Centre
Two International Finance Centre, completed in 2003, is attached to the second phase of the ifc mall. This 415 metres (1,362 ft)-tall building, currently Hong Kong's second tallest, is quoted as having 88 storeys and 22 high-ceiling trading floors to qualify as being extremely auspicious in Chinese culture. It is, however, short of the magic number, due to the fact that "taboo floors" like 14th and 24th are omitted as being inauspicious – 14 sounds like "definitely fatal" and 24 like "easily fatal" in Cantonese.
The highrise is designed to accommodate financial institutions. For example, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) is located at the 55th floor. It is equipped with advanced telecommunications, raised floors for flexible cabling management, and nearly column-free floor plans. The building expects to accommodate up to 15,000 people. It is one of relatively few buildings in the world equipped with double-deck elevators.
The 55th, 56th and the 77th to 88th floors were bought by the HKMA for US$480 million in 2001. An exhibition area, currently containing an exhibit of Hong Kong's monetary history, and a library of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority Information Centre occupy the 55th floor, and are open to the public during office hours.
Despite common practice for owners to allow naming buildings after its important tenants – the building accommodates some very prestigious tenants – the owners decided not to allow renaming of the building.
- Bank of America, 42/F
- Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, 10/F and 43/F
- BNP Paribas, 59/F – 63/F (5 Floors)
- Blackstone Group, 9/F, Suite 901
- Cavalry Management Group, 19/F,31/F
- Charterhouse Wealth Management, 18/F,19/F,21/F
- Chinatrust, 28/F
- Commerzbank AG, Financial Times, 29/F
- Da Cheng International Asset Management, Suite 5811
- E Fund Management, Suite 3501 - 3502
- General Atlantic, 58/F
- Henderson Land Development Company Limited, 71/F – 76/F
- Hong Kong Monetary Authority, 55/F, Part of 56/F, 77/F – 88/F (14 Floors)
(Another part of 56/F is also used for Lift Transfer Level but no public linkways connect these two areas on 56/F, therefore escalators to 56/F HKMA Office are found at the 55/F entrance)
- Central 18 Zone at Two IFC by MTR Corporation Limited, 33/F- 52/F
- Horizon Asset Management, Suite 3506 - 3507
- Income Partners Asset Management, Suite 3311 - 3313
- Nomura International, 22/F, 25/F – 27/F, 30/F – 32/F
- Partners Fund Management, Suite 1914
- Pine River Capital Management, Suite 804 – 807
- Pinpoint Asset Management, 33/F
- Samsung Security Asia, Suite 4511
- Samsung Investment Management, Suite 4513 – 4514
- Sidley Austin, 39/F
- Silver Lake Partners, 33/F (Also using for Lift Transfer Level)
- Soros Fund Management, Suite 3508 – 3512
- South Mountain Capital Management, Suite 1013 – 1015, 2005 - 2012
- Standard Chartered Bank, 12/F, 15/F
- Standard Pacific Capital, 19/F
- Stark Investments, Suite 905 – 907, 915 – 916, 1205 – 1209
- State Street Bank, 68/F – 70/F, Suite 7006 – 7012
- Texas Pacific Group, 57/F
- UBS AG, 45/F – 52/F (8 Floors)
- Warburg Pincus, 63/F
- Viking Global Investors, Suite 4109 – 4112
- Vontobel Asset Management, Suite 3601
- Ziff Brothers Investments, Suite 3701
- York Capital Management, Suite 2111
Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong
The Four Seasons Hotel is a luxury hotel that was built near the IFC One and Two. It was completed and opened in October in 2005. The 206 m (674 ft), 60-storey oceanfront hotel is the only Four Seasons Hotel in Hong Kong. The hotel has 399 guest suites, and 519 serviced apartments. Amenities include a French restaurant Caprice and spa.
2 International Finance Centre
The headquarters of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority at the 2 IFC.
International Finance Centre Mall
IFC mall near the MTR Hong Kong Station
A footbridge from ifc to the outlying island piers, The Discovery Bay Pier
- Shanghai IFC
- List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong
- List of skyscrapers
- List of tallest freestanding structures in the world
- List of the world's tallest structures
- List of buildings and structures in Hong Kong
- List of buildings taller than 400 metres
- International Finance Centre at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
- International Finance Centre at Emporis
- International Finance Centre at SkyscraperPage
- International Finance Centre at Structurae
- "IFC owner opposes plan for neighbours". SCMP. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
- "Vertigo World's Largest Outdoor Advert".
- ifc site: "One and Two ifc"
- Bloomberg (18 June 2003). "Tenanting tallest tower looks likely to be a tall order". The Standard. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
- Lau, Eli (22 September 2003). "SHKP net profit tipped to drop 24.6pc". The Standard. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- Tong, Sebastian (7 April 2003). "HKMC 'to pay $90m' for lease at Two IFC". The Standard. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- Wang, Raymond (13 November 2003). "Interest grows in mega project". The Standard. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- Wallis, Keith (22 October 2003). "2IFC optimism". The Standard. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
- Kuo, Patricia (11 March 2007). "Hong Kong's IFC gets $242 billion loan". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 24 March 2007.
- 1 International Finance Centre, Skyscraperpage.com
- "HKMA Information Centre". Hong Kong Monetary Authority. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- Danny Chung, Name of the game is signage rights, The Standard, 23 June 2006
- Ann Collier, Room at the top for elite, The Standard, Monday, 13 June 2005
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