International Flavors & Fragrances
|Traded as||NYSE: IFF
S&P 500 Component
|Industry||Flavors and fragrances|
|Headquarters||New York, USA|
|Key people||Doug D. Tough (Chairman and CEO)|
|Products||Flavors and fragrances|
|Revenue||$ 2.78 billion (2011)|
International Flavors & Fragrances is a major producer of flavors and fragrances with sales of $2.78 billion in 2011. Major competitors include Firmenich, Givaudan, and Symrise. IFF is a member of the S&P 500.
International Flavors & Fragrances was formed in 1958 by the merger between Polak & Schwarz (P&S) and van Ameringen-Haebler. Polak & Schwarz was founded in 1889 by Leopold Schwarz, who had an interest in spices, flavors and fragrances, and his brother-in-law, Joseph Polak in the small Dutch town of Zutphen. P&S quickly grew to 36 sites globally. Arnold Louis (A.L.) van Ameringen was hired by Polak & Schwarz to open P&S's US office in 1917 before losing his job with them. Relieved of his duties, he opened van Ameringen & Co. at 13 Gold Street in Manhattan, took over Morana, Inc. in 1920, and became van Ameringen-Haebler (VAH) in 1929. van Ameringen is credited with suggesting to bar soap and detergent manufacturers that they scent their products to boost sales.
The two companies did well through the bulk of the 20th century, despite difficulties for P&S during World War II. While both companies managed flavors and fragrances, Polak & Schwarz had particular strengths in flavors and van Ameringen-Haebler built a powerful reputation in fragrances. In 1958, the two companies announced their merger to become International Flavors & Fragrances Inc. IFF was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1964.
In 2000, IFF acquired Bush Boake Allen with its complementary products, technologies,and presence in key markets, making IFF the largest flavor and fragrance house in the world for several years.
IFF has creative, sales, and manufacturing facilities in 32 different countries and is a member of the S&P 500 Index. IFF is a $7 billion market capital company with a global footprint that generated over 75 percent of its 2010 sales outside the United States and 45 percent in the emerging markets.
IFF and its subsidiary Bush Boake Allen have been involved in several lawsuits relating to cases of bronchiolitis obliterans allegedly resulting from exposure to diacetyl in butter flavorings by workers at the Glister-Mary Lee popcorn plant in Jasper, Missouri. The plaintiffs claim the manufacturers knew about the dangers of the butter flavoring used in the popcorn factory but failed to give a warning. The defendants said they were unaware of the risk and suggested there was not enough evidence to prove their product had caused the disease. Several suits have already been settled amounting to almost $53 million in damages.
- "NYSE, New York Stock Exchange > Listings > Listings Directory". nyse.com. 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
- IFF fined €12m in popcorn flavour case.