International Herald Tribune
|Owner||The New York Times Company|
The International Herald Tribune is an English language international newspaper. It combines the resources of its own correspondents with those of The New York Times and is printed at 38 sites throughout the world, for sale in more than 160 countries and territories. Based in Paris since 1887, The IHT is part of The New York Times Company, and will be renamed the International New York Times in the fall of 2013.
The Paris Herald was founded on 4 October 1887, as the European edition of the New York Herald by the parent paper's owner, James Gordon Bennett, Jr. The company was based in Neuilly-sur-Seine, a suburb of Paris.
After the 1918 death of Bennett, Frank Andrew Munsey bought the New York Herald and the Paris Herald. Munsey sold the Herald newspapers in 1924 to the New York Tribune, and the Paris Herald became the Paris Herald Tribune while the New York paper became New York Herald Tribune.
In 1959 John Hay Whitney, a businessman and United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, bought the New York Herald Tribune and its European edition. In 1966 the New York Herald Tribune was merged into the short-lived New York World Journal Tribune and ceased publication, but the Whitney family kept the Paris paper going through partnerships. In December 1966 The Washington Post became a joint owner.
The New York Times became a joint owner of the Paris Herald Tribune in May 1967, whereupon the newspaper became known as the International Herald Tribune (IHT).
In 1974 IHT began transmitting facsimile pages of the paper between nations and opened a printing site near London. In 1977 the paper opened a second site in Zürich.
IHT began transmitting electronic images of newspaper pages from Paris to Hong Kong via satellite in 1980, making the paper simultaneously available on opposite sides of the planet. This was the first such intercontinental transmission of an English-language daily newspaper and followed the pioneering efforts of the Chinese-language Sing Tao Daily newspaper.
In 1991 The Washington Post and The New York Times became sole and equal shareholders of IHT. In February 2005 it opened its Asia newsroom in Hong Kong.
The New York Times takeover 
As of 2003 IHT is completely owned by The New York Times Company, after that firm purchased the 50% stake owned by The Washington Post Company on 30 December 2002. The takeover ended a 35-year partnership between the two domestic competitors. The Post was forced to sell when the Times threatened to pull out and start a competing paper. As a result, the Post entered into an agreement to publish selected articles in The Wall Street Journal's European edition. Since the takeover the newspaper has been subtitled "The Global Edition of the New York Times".
In 2008 the NYT Company announced the merger of the New York Times and IHT websites. As of March 2009 the IHT website is now the global version of NYTimes.com. The IHT's old domain, iht.com, now redirects to global.nytimes.com. In 2013, the New York Times Company announced that the newspaper itself would be rechristened The International New York Times to reflect the company's focus on its core New York Times newspaper and to build its international presence.
While the International Herald Tribune shares many columnists with The New York Times, it has its own voice, particularly in the field of culture. Well-known commentators include Suzy Menkes on fashion, Alice Rawsthorn on design, and Souren Melikian on art. Jonathan Spollen, an Irish copy editor at the paper's Hong Kong bureau went missing while in northern India in February 2012, sparking an international campaign to locate him.  Spollen's local MP Eoghan Murphy appealed for support for the campaign in the Irish Parliament. 
Affiliations with international newspapers include:
- Al-Watan (Kuwait)
- Asahi Shimbun (Japan)
- The Guardian (United Kingdom)
- JoongAng Daily (South Korea)
- Haaretz (Israel)
- The Moscow Times (Russia)
- Kathimerini (Greece)
- El País (Spain). A daily, eight-page English-language version of El País comes with the Spanish edition of IHT.
- Deccan Chronicle (India)
- Financial Chronicle (India). IHT publishes a daily four-page global business news and features supplement IHT World Business with Reuters as part of FC.
- Daily News Egypt (Egypt)
- The Express Tribune (Pakistan)
- The Malaysian Reserve (Malaysia)
- República (Nepal)
- The Jakarta Post (Indonesia)
Typically, the affiliation consists of an English-language edition of the local newspaper circulated together with the IHT.
- "The International Herald Tribune". Ihtinfo.com.
- Herald Tribune to Be Renamed The International New York Times
- "History". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2010-07-04. "Entrepreneur James Gordon Bennett Jr. founded the New York Herald’s European edition in 1887. Cosmopolitan and innovative, Bennett was the embodiment of an international spirit that thrived through changes of ownership and name until the newspaper became the International Herald Tribune in 1967."
- James L. Crouthamel (1989). Bennett's New York Herald and the Rise of the Popular Press. Syracuse University Press.
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