International Institute for Peace
The International Institute for Peace says that it was founded in Vienna in 1956 and re-organised in 1989. According to Dr Julian Lewis, a campaigner against the peace movement, it was "set up by the Kremlin after the WPC [World Peace Council] was thrown out of Austria for subversion." According to another source it was set up on the initiative of the WPC, and according to J.G.Barlow of the Heritage Foundation, the WPC operated under cover of the IIP after the WPC was expelled from Vienna. Its one-time vice-president, Gehrhard Kade, was active in the WPC. It is said to have received $260,000 from Soviet sources.