International Institute for Strategic Studies
|International Institute for Strategic Studies|
Arundel House, in Temple district of central London
|Type||International relations think tank|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|Director-General and Chief Executive||John Chipman|
The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs. It describes itself as "the world’s leading authority on political-military conflict". Since 1997 its headquarters have been Arundel House, in London.
Founded in 1958, with its original focus nuclear deterrence and arms control, the IISS has strong establishment links, with former US and British government officials among its members. The institute claims that it "was hugely influential in setting the intellectual structures for managing the Cold War." The current Director-General and Chief Executive is Dr John Chipman CMG. The Chairman of the Council is Francois Heisbourg, a former Director. Sir Michael Howard, the British military historian, is President Emeritus. Sir Michael founded the institute together with the British Labour M.P. Denis Healey (Defence Secretary 1964-1970 and Chancellor of the Exchequer 1974-1979) and journalist Alastair Buchan.
The IISS describes itself as a
primary source of accurate, objective information on international strategic issues for politicians and diplomats, foreign affairs analysts, international business, economists, the military, defence commentators, journalists, academics and the informed public. The Institute owes no allegiance to any government, or to any political or other organisation.
The Institute claims 2,500 Individual Members and 450 Corporate and Institutional Members from more than 100 countries.
The IISS publishes The Military Balance, an annual assessment of nations' military capabilities; the Armed Conflict Database; Survival, a journal on global politics and strategy; Strategic Survey, the annual review of world affairs; the Adelphi Papers series of monographs; and Strategic Comments, online analysis of topical issues in international affairs.
The Institute hosts the Shangri-La Dialogue, an annual meeting of Asia-Pacific region Defense Ministers in Singapore, and the Manama Dialogue, an annual meeting of Persian Gulf-region security ministers and officials in Bahrain.
Based in London, the IISS is both a private company limited by guarantee in UK law and a registered charity. It has branches in the U.S. and in Singapore, with charitable status in each jurisdiction.
Some observers have argued that certain policies advocated by the IISS have increased Muslim hostility toward the United States and undermined global security. For example, Time Magazine reported on March 17, 2004 that the "International Institute of Strategic Studies, which supported the Iraq war and hosted President Bush's [sic] during his recent state visit to Britain, concludes that the hostility sparked by the Iraq war has substantially increased the growth potential for jihadi terror groups. Rather than isolating the jihadis in Arab public opinion and starving them of support, the effect of the war has been to move their view of the U.S. closer to the mainstream."
- Alastair Buchan (1958 - 1969)
- François Duchêne (1969 - 1974)
- Christoph Bertram (1974 -1982)
- Robert J. O'Neill (1982 - 1987)
- François Heisbourg (1987 - 1992)
- Kristofer Huldt (1992 - 1993)
- John Chipman (1993 - )
- Nigel Inkster
Current council members as of 2009 are:
- Professor François Heisbourg, Chairman
- Mr Hironori Aihara
- Professor Dr Dewi Fortuna Anwar
- Robert D. Blackwill, former U.S. Ambassador to India from 2001-2003 and diplomatic representative for several U.S. Republican presidents
- Mr Olivier Debouzy
- Ms Fleur de Villiers
- Mr Daniel R Fung
- Mr Shekhar Gupta
- Dr. István Gyarmati
- Mr David Ignatius
- Field Marshal The Rt Hon Lord Inge
- Ryozo Kato, former Japanese Ambassador to the United States from 2001 to 2008, current Commissioner of Nippon Professional Baseball
- Mr Ivan Krastev
- Dr Ariel Levite
- Mr Kishore Mahbubani
- Sir David Manning, a career diplomat who served as British Ambassador to Israel from 1993-1995 and the United States from 2003-2007.
- Mr Moeletsi Mbeki
- Dr Günther Nonnenmacher
- Lord Powell of Bayswater
- HRH Prince Faisal bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Mr Thomas Seaman
- Hugh Segal
- Alison Smale, the Executive Editor of the International Herald Tribune
- Ambassador Dr Theodor Winkler
- Sir Daniel Bethlehem QC
- International Institute for Strategic Studies (official website)