International Mother Language Day

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International Mother Language Day
Official name International mother language day
Significance "promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world"[1]
Date 21 February
Next time 21 February 2016 (2016-02-21)
Frequency annual
Shaheed Minar, or the Martyr's monument, located at Dhaka Medical College Campus, Bangladesh, commemorates the sacrifice for Bengali language on 21 February 1952

International Mother Language Day or IMLD is an observance held annually on 21 February worldwide to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. It was first announced by UNESCO on 17 November 1999. Its observance was also formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution establishing 2008 as the International Year of Languages.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

International Mother Language Day has been observed every year since 2000[5] to promote peace and multilingualism. The date represents the day in 1952 when students from different educational institutions such as Dhaka University, Dhaka Medical College demonstrating for recognition of their language, Bengali, as one of the two national languages of the then Pakistan (ami English pari na), were shot and killed by police in Dhaka (near High Court), which is the capital of present-day Bangladesh.

The term "mother language" is, itself, a somewhat awkward calque translation of the term used in a number of "Romance languages"—e.g. lengua materna (Spanish), lingua madre (Italian), langue maternelle (French), and so on. A more fluent English translation would perhaps be "mother tongue", though "native language" is the most readily comprehensible term in English. In linguistics, in fact, "mother language" refers to an ancestral or protolanguage of a particular branch of a language family.

International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999 (30C/62). On 16 May 2009 the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution A/RES/61/266 called upon Member States "to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world".[6] By the same resolution, the General Assembly proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages, to promote unity in diversity and international understanding, through multilingualism and multiculturalism.

For the United Nations, the pursuit of social justice for all is at the core of our global mission to promote development and human dignity. The adoption by the International Labour Organization of the Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization is just one recent example of the UN system’s commitment to social justice. The Declaration focuses on guaranteeing fair outcomes for all through employment, social protection, social dialogue, and fundamental principles and rights at work.

The General Assembly proclaimed 20 February as World Day of Social Justice in 2007, inviting Member States to devote the day to promoting national activities in accordance with the objectives and goals of the World Summit for Social Development and the twenty-fourth session of the General Assembly. Observance of World Day of Social Justice should support efforts of the international community in poverty eradication, the promotion of full employment and decent work, gender equity and access to social well-being and justice for all.

Mother Tongue Day, in Islamabad, people demanding for implementation of Punjabi the mother tongue of majority of Pakistanis.

Languages are the most powerful instruments of preserving and developing our tangible and intangible heritage. All moves to promote the dissemination of mother tongues will serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world and to inspire solidarity based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue.

—from the United Nations International Mother Language Day microsite[7]

A Brief History of International Mother Language Day- "Ekushey"-the 21st of February is a name of a movement, a name of the day of mourning, a day of pride, a day of reflection, and action, which advocates a greater socio-cultural cooperation among the nations of the world [DelwarJahid:BPCA Magazine 2015] ,[8] Retrieved 16 March 2015.,[9] Retrieved 16 March 2015.

Timeline[edit]

  • 2000, Inaugural celebration of International Mother Language Day
  • 2001, Second annual celebration
  • 2002, Linguistic Diversity: 3,000 Languages in Danger (slogan: In the galaxy of languages, every word is a star)
  • 2003, Fourth annual celebration
  • 2004, Children learning (the observance at UNESCO included "a unique exhibition of children’s exercise books from around the world illustrating the process by which children learn and master the use of written literacy skills in the classroom"[10])
  • 2005, Braille and Sign languages
  • 2006, Languages and Cyberspace
  • 2007, Multilingual education
  • 2008, International Year of Languages
  • 2009, tenth annual celebration
  • 2010, International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures
  • 2011, The information and communication technologies
  • 2012, Mother tongue instruction and inclusive education
  • 2013, Punjabi
  • 2014, Mother's Turkish language day
  • 2015: This year's theme was "Inclusion in and through education: Language counts" and a special event was organized in Paris.[11]

International observances[edit]

International Mother Language Day Monument, Ashfield Park, Sydney, Australia. Unveiling ceremony, 19-Feb-2006
  • The Linguapax Prize is presented annually on International Mother Language Day.
  • UNESCO sets the theme for each International Mother Language Day and holds related events at its headquarters in Paris on or around 21 February each year.
  • In 2008, the International Year of Languages was formally launched on International Mother Language Day.
  • In 2015, the Celebrations In Canada

Celebration of International Mother Language Day 2015 in Edmonton, Canada On February 21, 2015 a number of organizations, professional bodies, and people interested in the celebration of mother language and the topic of linguistic diversity joined together at the monument initiated by the Bangladesh PressClub Centre of Alberta (BPCA)[1] in assistance with the Bangladesh Heritage and Ethnic Society of Alberta (BHESA)( http://bhesa.ca/) to celebrate International Mother Language Day.[12] Retrieved 2015-03-10

BHESA's Ekushey Heritage Award 2015

The Bangladesh Heritage and Ethnic Society of Alberta (BHESA)[13] (Retrieved on 2015-03-10)nominated four dedicated volunteers for the Ekushey Heritage Award 2015. The nominees have officially been announced at the celebration ceremonies of International Mother Language Day on February 21, 2015 in Edmonton. This years' nominated recipients are: · Kausar Khondokar (MacEwan University) · Ali Noor-e-Alam (Bangla Bazar) · Mohd. Zakaria (Former Executive of BHESA) · Dr. Moshfiqur Rahman (Former Executive of BHESA) [14] (Retrieved on 2015-03-10) Ekushey Youth Awards Under assistance of the Bangladesh PressClub Centre of Alberta (BPCA), the Mahinur Jahid Memorial Foundation (MJMF) [15]) has introduced the Ekushey Youth Awards in 2015.

The award is seen as a means of appreciation for people who have stood out with exceptional contributions to or in the youth community, and who set an example by inspiring a young audience with their work.

The Mahinur Jahid Memorial Foundation (MJMF) is handing out a medal of honor to each awarded contributor on an annual base. The nominees will be announced on International Mother Language Day on February 21. Considered is the work in the different fields of education, sports, youth activities, literature and community services here in Alberta. The honor may be awarded multiple times and is open to all Albertans.[16]

Nominees for the Ekushey Youth Awards 2015 are:

For the Ekushey Youth Awards 2015 the Mahinur Jahid Memorial Foundation (MJMF) Retrieved 2015-03-10 has nominated two dedicated people in recognition of their contributions to the fields or significant organizational endeavors.

This (2015) years' nominated recipients are:

  • Sheikh Jalil (Writer and Journalist)
  • Ahsan Ullah Rony (Sports & Community Organizer),[17] Retrieved 2015-03-10.

§Government Proclamations for International Mother Language Day[1],[18] Two Canadian Provinces, the Province of British Columbia, the Province of Manitoba and city of Edmonton have officially proclaimed February 21 as International Mother Language Day.

The Proclamation for the Province of British Columbia was witnessed by the Lieutenant Governor of the Province of British Columbia, The Honourable Judith Guichon on February 4, 2015. The document contains a number of facts which are in support of the decision, such as the importance of the mother language for an individual's identity, the importance of language as a means of communication, the existence of linguistic diversity in the province, the statement of respect the recognition of International Mother Language Day provides, the imminent threat of losing languages, and the support of the United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in the matter.

The Proclamation for the Province of Manitoba was issued by the Manitoba Minister of Multiculturalism and Literacy, Flor Marcelino. Her document mentions the memory of Bangladesh's Language Movement martyrs of 1952, the right of educational and scientific advancement through mother language, the connected loss of knowledge with the loss of languages, and the possibility to create unity through celebration of International Mother Language Day.

  • The Proclamation Documents at Implementation of Mother Language in Canada[2],[19] Retrieved 16 March 2015.

International Mother Language Day declared in Edmonton ,[20] Retrieved 16 March 2015. ,[21] Retrieved 16 March 2015. ,[22] Retrieved 16 March 2015.

Heritage of Bangladesh in Alberta [23] Retrieved 16 March 2015.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Mother Language Day 2015: Five languages on verge of extinction". International Business Times. 21 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  2. ^ U.N. General Assembly, Sixty-first Session, Agenda item 114, Resolution adopted by the General Assembly, 61/266. Multilingualism (A/RES/61/266)
  3. ^ Ingles. Cuerpo de Maestros. Temario Para la Preparacion de Oposiciones .e-book,. MAD-Eduforma. pp. 97–. ISBN 978-84-665-6253-9. 
  4. ^ Rahim, Abdur (19 September 2014). Canadian Immigration and South Asian Immigrants. Xlibris Corporation. pp. 102–. ISBN 978-1-4990-5874-1. 
  5. ^ "Espousing language mom taught us". Deccan Herald. 21 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Resolution adopted by the General Assembly". Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "International Mother Language Day". United Nations. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  8. ^ ^http://www.motherlanguageday.ca/files/pdf/publications/BPCA_MLDMagazine2015.pdf
  9. ^ ^http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delwar_Jahid
  10. ^ UNESCO, "International Mother Language Day 2004"
  11. ^ "International Mother Language Day Celebration 2015". Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  12. ^ http://www.diverseedmonton.ca/community/
  13. ^ http://bhesa.ca/index.php/awards/award-recipients-2015
  14. ^ http://www.diverseedmonton.ca/community/32-columns/community/60-bhesa-announces-nominees-for-the-ekushey-heritage-award-2015
  15. ^ (http://www.mjmf.org/index.php/15-blog/blog-news-from-mjmf/39-mjmf-introduces-the-ekushey-youth-awards (Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  16. ^ http://www.diverseedmonton.ca/32-columns/community/58-mjmf-supports-bangladeshi-and-canadian-youth
  17. ^ http://www.mjmf.org/index.php/15-blog/blog-news-from-mjmf/39-mjmf-introduces-the-ekushey-youth-awards
  18. ^ ^http://www.motherlanguageday.ca/22-blog/news-about-mother-language-day/58-government-proclamations-for-international-mother-language-day
  19. ^ ^http://www.motherlanguageday.ca/implementation-of-mother-language-day-in-canada#proclamations
  20. ^ ^http://www.edmontonsun.com/2015/02/21/international-mother-language-day-declared-in-edmonton
  21. ^ ^https://www.facebook.com/motherlanguageincanada
  22. ^ ^http://www.ihla.ca/IHLA/Welcome.html
  23. ^ ^http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Alberta

External links[edit]