International Mother Language Day
|International Mother Language Day|
|Official name||International Mother Language Day|
|Significance||To "promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world"|
|Next time||Expression error: Unexpected < operator|
International Mother Language Day (IMLD) is a worldwide annual observance held on 21 February to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. First announced by UNESCO on 17 November 1999, it was formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution establishing 2008 as the International Year of Languages.
International Mother Language Day has been observed since 2000 to promote peace and multilingualism. The date corresponds to the day in 1952 when students from the University of Dhaka and Dhaka Medical College, demonstrating for the recognition of Bangla as one of the two national languages of East Pakistan, were shot dead by police near the Dhaka High Court in the capital of present-day Bangladesh.
"Mother language" is the calque of a term used in several Romance languages: lengua materna (Spanish), lingua madre (Italian) and langue maternelle (French). A more fluent English translation would be "mother tongue", although "native language" is the most comprehensible term in English. In linguistics, "mother language" refers to an ancestral (or proto-language) of a language family.
International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999 (30C/62). On 16 May 2009 the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/61/266, called on its member states "to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world". In the resolution, the General Assembly proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages to promote unity in diversity and international understanding through multilingualism and multiculturalism.
Languages are the most powerful instruments of preserving and developing our tangible and intangible heritage. All moves to promote the dissemination of mother tongues will serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world and to inspire solidarity based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue.
- 2000: Inaugural celebration of International Mother Language Day
- 2001: Second annual celebration
- 2002: Linguistic-diversity theme, with 3,000 endangered languages (slogan: In the galaxy of languages, every word is a star.)
- 2003: Fourth annual celebration
- 2004: Children-learning theme; the UNESCO observance included "a unique exhibition of children’s exercise books from around the world illustrating the process by which children learn and master the use of written literacy skills in the classroom".
- 2005: Braille and sign languages
- 2006: Languages and cyberspace
- 2007: Multilingual education
- 2008: International Year of Languages
- 2009: Tenth annual celebration
- 2010: International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures
- 2011: Information and communication technologies
- 2012: Mother-tongue instruction and inclusive education
- 2013: Punjabi
- 2014: Turkish
- 2015: Inclusion in and through education: language counts (with an event in Paris)
The Linguapax Prize is presented annually on International Mother Language Day. UNESCO chooses a theme for each International Mother Language Day, and sponsors related events at its Paris headquarters on or around 21 February each year. In 2008, the International Year of Languages formally began on International Mother Language Day.
- Language festival
- Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights
- Official languages of the United Nations
- "International Mother Language Day 2015: Five languages on verge of extinction". International Business Times. 21 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- U.N. General Assembly, Sixty-first Session, Agenda item 114, Resolution adopted by the General Assembly, 61/266. Multilingualism (A/RES/61/266)
- Ingles. Cuerpo de Maestros. Temario Para la Preparacion de Oposiciones .e-book,. MAD-Eduforma. pp. 97–. ISBN 978-84-665-6253-9.
- Rahim, Abdur (19 September 2014). Canadian Immigration and South Asian Immigrants. Xlibris Corporation. pp. 102–. ISBN 978-1-4990-5874-1.
- "Espousing language mom taught us". Deccan Herald. 21 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Resolution adopted by the General Assembly" (PDF). Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "International Mother Language Day". United Nations. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- UNESCO, "International Mother Language Day 2004"
- "International Mother Language Day Celebration 2015". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- History of International Mother Language Day
- UNESCO homepage for International Mother Language Day
- UNESCO Education (includes links to information on past IMLD observances)
- The Makers of History: International Mother Language Day