International Organisation of Vine and Wine
The International Organisation of Vine and Wine (acronym OIV, from its French language name L'Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin) is an intergovernmental organization which deals with technical and scientific aspects of viticulture and winemaking. The field of OIV includes grape production for all purposes, i.e. not just wine, but also table grapes and raisin production.
One of the activities of OIV is the compilation of global statistics within its field.
The earliest forerunners of the OIV are the international conferences held as a reaction to the 19th century phylloxera epidemic, with the five-nation Montpellier Congress held October 26 to October 30, 1874 being the foremost among these. The idea of an international organization came up several times during the coming decades, and finally, on November 29, 1924, eight nations signed an agreement concerned with the creation of an International Wine Office (Office international du vin, OIV) in Paris. After that the agreement went back to nations for ratification. The first working session was held at Salon de l’Horloge on December 3, 1927. On September 4, 1958, the organization's name was changed to the International Vine and Wine Office (Office International de la Vigne et du Vin).
The current International Organisation of Vine and Wine was established following an 35-nation agreement on April 3, 2001, and replaced the International Vine and Wine Office. This agreement went into effect on January 1, 2004.
Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Romania,Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay
Scientific wine color determination
In 2013, the OIV took a resolution which "recommends obtaining and developing new cultivars which carry multiple resistance loci [...] to lower the risk of selection and of development of more aggressive pathogen strains", especially for downy and powdery mildew.
- OIV - Presentation, accessed on March 3, 2009
- OIV members, accessed on December 1st, 2011
- OIV - Background, accessed on March 3, 2009
- CIELab Color Space
- Federico Castelluci, General Director of the OIV, Secretary of the General Assembly (2013-06-07). "Resolution OIV-VITI 515-2013: Stability of disease resistance in new cultivars by combining resistance loci". http://www.oiv.int/. Retrieved 2014-10-25.