Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT) was established by the United Nations Security Council on 22 December 2010 to carry out a number of essential functions of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) after the completion of their respective mandates.

The establishment of the Mechanism is a key step of the Completion Strategies of the two Tribunals. It is a new small and temporary body, tasked with continuing the “jurisdiction, rights and obligations and essential functions” (UNSC Resolution 1966) of the ICTR and the ICTY; and maintaining the legacy of both institutions.

The MICT comprises two branches. One branch covers functions inherited from the ICTR and is located in Arusha, Tanzania. It commenced functioning on 1 July 2012. The other branch will be located in The Hague and will take on functions derived from the ICTY on 1 July 2013. During the initial period of the Mechanism’s work, there will be a temporal overlap with the ICTR and the ICTY as these institutions complete outstanding work on any trial or appeal proceedings which are pending as of the commencement dates of the respective branches of the MICT.

Resolution 1966 of the UN Security Council envisages that the Mechanism’s “functions and size will diminish over time, with a small number of staff commensurate with its reduced functions”. The Security Council determined that the Mechanism will continue to operate until it decides otherwise, but further provided that the progress of the work of the Mechanism will be reviewed in 2016 and every two years thereafter.

The Mechanism will perform a number of essential functions currently carried out by the ICTR and the ICTY. Securing the arrest, transfer and prosecution of the nine remaining fugitives still wanted for trial by the ICTR will be a top priority for the Mechanism.

Fugitives[edit]

The tracking, arrest and prosecution of the nine remaining fugitives still wanted for trial by the ICTR is a top priority for the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals. As of July 2012, nine accused indicted by the ICTR for their participation in the genocide in Rwanda in 1994 remain at large.

Under Article 6(3) of its Statute, the Mechanism shall only retain jurisdiction over those individuals considered to be the most responsible for committing the gravest crimes. In accordance with this Article, the ICTR Prosecutor requested referrals to Rwanda in the cases of six fugitives: Fulgence Kayishema, Charles Sikubwabo, Ladislas Ntaganzwa, Aloys Ndimbati, Charles Ryandikayo, and Pheneas Munyarugarama. The Mechanism will retain jurisdiction over the following three accused: Augustin Bizimana, Félicien Kabuga, and Protais Mpiranya.

With the arrest and transfer in 2011 of the last two fugitives for the ICTY, Ratko Mladić and Goran Hadžić, what was originally envisaged as a function of the MICT – trial of the ICTY’s remaining fugitives - will be completed by the ICTY.

Principals[edit]

The Principals of the Mechanism are the President, the Prosecutor and the Registrar. Their appointment is common to both branches of the Mechanism.

President: Theodor Meron,[1] USA. Appointed on 1 March 2012 for a period of four years.

Prosecutor: Hassan Bubacar Jallow,[2] Gambia. Appointed on 1 March 2012 for a term of four years.

Registrar: John Hocking,[3] Australia. Appointed on 18 January 2012

Judges[edit]

Name State Term began Term ended
Agius, CarmelCarmel Agius  Malta 20 December 2011 In office
Akay, AydinAydin Akay  Turkey 20 December 2011 In office
Antonetti, Jean-ClaudeJean-Claude Antonetti  France 20 December 2011 In office
Arrey, FlorenceFlorence Arrey  Cameroon 20 December 2011 In office
Bossa, SolomySolomy Bossa  Uganda 20 December 2011 In office
de Prada, JoséJosé de Prada  Spain 20 December 2011 In office
Emmerson, BenBen Emmerson  United Kingdom 20 December 2011 In office
Flügge, ChristophChristoph Flügge  Germany 20 December 2011 In office
Gatti Santana, GracielaGraciela Gatti Santana  Uruguay 20 December 2011 In office
Hall, BurtonBurton Hall  Bahamas, The 20 December 2011 In office
Joensen, VagnVagn Joensen  Denmark 20 December 2011 In office
Kam, GberdaoGberdao Kam  Burkina Faso 20 December 2011 In office
Liu Daqun  China 20 December 2011 In office
Masanche, JosephJoseph Masanche  Tanzania 20 December 2011 In office
Meron, TheodorTheodor Meron  United States 20 December 2011 In office
Moloto, BakoneBakone Moloto  South Africa 20 December 2011 In office
Muthoga, LeeLee Muthoga  Kenya 20 December 2011 In office
N'gum, AminattaAminatta N'gum  Gambia, The 20 December 2011 In office
Nyambe, PriscaPrisca Nyambe  Zambia 20 December 2011 In office
Orie, AlphonsAlphons Orie  Netherlands 20 December 2011 In office
Park, Seon KiSeon Ki Park  Korea, South 20 December 2011 In office
Rajohnson, MparanyMparany Rajohnson  Madagascar 20 December 2011 In office
Robinson, PatrickPatrick Robinson  Jamaica 20 December 2011 In office
Rosa, IvoIvo Rosa  Portugal 20 December 2011 In office
Sekule, WilliamWilliam Sekule  Tanzania 20 December 2011 In office

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://unmict.org/president.html
  2. ^ http://unmict.org/prosecutor.html
  3. ^ http://unmict.org/registrar.html

Key documents (Statute, Rules of Procedure and Evidence, Judicial Filings, etc.) pertaining to the Mechanism are available on its Documents website section.

News related to the Mechanism are available on its News website section.

External links[edit]