International Seapower Symposium

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Commandant of the United States Marine Corps James T. Conway speaking during the 18th International Seapower Symposium in 2007

The International Seapower Symposia (ISS) are a series of biennial meetings of the world's chiefs of navy that has met at the United States Naval War College since 1969. The proceedings of these, symposia since ISS XVI in 2003, are published on the Internet.[1]

History[edit]

With the objective of promoting mutual understanding among the several leaders of the world's maritime nations, the First International Seapower Symposium (ISS I) was convened at the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island on 17–20 November 1969. This four-day symposium was conceived by the President of the Naval War College, Vice Admiral Richard G. Colbert, U.S. Navy, who served as host for the ISS I. The Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Thomas H. Moorer addressed the meeting.[2] As a result of the success of this symposium, plans were made to continue these discussions as a biennial event. All International Seapower Symposia, since, have been conducted at the Naval War College, and hosted by the incumbent Chief of Naval Operations with only two exceptions. Early fall dates have been selected to take advantage of both the normally good weather and also the relaxed atmosphere in Newport.

  • The Second International Seapower Symposium was held on 1–5 November 1971 and attended by 67 delegates representing 41 nations. This Symposium served to further its original objective by developing, in the words of its host, Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., "... a sense of unity through the sharing of common problems."[3]
  • The Third International Seapower Symposium met from 15–19 October 1973 with Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., again, serving as host. In a departure from the traditional discussion of strategy and military force, the Symposium examined, in some depth, the non-military uses of naval forces in the maritime world. Fifty-four delegates represented thirty-eight nations.[4]
  • The Fourth International Seapower Symposium was held 6–9 July 1976 and hosted by Admiral James L. Holloway, III. Delegations represented Forty-eight nations. The theme for the Symposium was "The role of Navies in the 1980s."
  • The Fifth International Seapower Symposium was held on 2–5 October 1979. Delegations representing Forty-nine nations attended ISS V, one more than the previous record. Admiral Thomas B. Hayward was host for ISS V, which was titled: "The Role of Navies in a World of Peace."[5]
  • The Sixth International Seapower Symposium was conducted from 28 June through 1 July 1981. Forty-eight nations took part in ISS VI discussing topics pointed at the overall theme: "World Navies in the 1980s."
  • The Seventh International Seapower Symposium was held between 7–10 November 1983. Admiral James D. Watkins hosted ISS VII with its theme: "Emerging Naval Roles to the Year 2000."[6]
  • The Eighth International Seapower Symposium, also hosted by Admiral James D. Watkins, was held from 20–23 October 1985. The theme for ISS VIII was "Maritime Security Planning – Traditional vs. Non-Traditional Views." Forty-six nations attended.[7]
  • The Ninth International Seapower Symposium was held on 25–28 October 1987 with Admiral Carlisle A.H. Trost as its host. The theme for ISS IX was "Maritime Power in an Era of Low Intensity Conflict." Fifty-four nations attended.[8]
  • Admiral Carlisle A.H. Trost, once again, served as host for the International Seapower Symposium. This, the tenth in the series, was held from 22–25 October 1989 in Newport, Rhode Island. The theme "Meeting Commitments in an Era of Fiscal Constraint" was discussed to great length by the forty-one nations in attendance.[9]
  • Admiral Frank B. Kelso II hosted the Eleventh International Symposium from 6–9 October 1991. The theme for ISS XII was "Emerging Cooperative Maritime Roles in a Changing World Environment." Fifty-seven nations were represented.[10]
  • The Twelfth International Seapower Symposium was hosted, again, by Admiral Frank B. Kelso II from 7–10 November 1993. The theme for ISS XII was "Maritime Coalitions and International Security." One hundred-thirty delegates representing seventy-one nations were in attendance.[11]
  • The Thirteenth International Seapower Symposium was held at the Naval War College from 5–8 November 1995. Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Jeremy Boorda, was the host for this year's Symposium, which was titled: "Partnership … From the Sea." There were one hundred thirty-two delegates from sixty-seven nations taking part in this 4-day event.[12]
  • Seventy-three nations were in attendance for the Fourteenth International Seapower Symposium, hosted by Admiral Jay Johnson, on 2–5 November 1997. The theme for ISS XIV was "Seapower and Common security in the 21st Century."[13]
  • "Maritime Strategies for a Naval Century" was the title for the Fifteenth International Seapower Symposium. Admiral Jay Johnson hosted the event from 7–10 November 1999, in Newport, Rhode Island. One hundred fifty-two delegates representing seventy nations were in attendance.[14]
  • The Sixteenth International Seapower Symposium (ISS XVI) held at the Naval War College Newport, Rhode Island, 26–29 October 2003. 56 CNO counterparts attended the Symposium with an overall number of 203 delegates representing 69 nations in attendance. This theme was "Seapower for Peace, Prosperity and Security."[15]
  • The theme for the Seventeenth International Seapower Symposium was "A Global Network of Nations for a Free and Secure Maritime Commons." ISS XVII held at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, from 20–23 September 2005 was hosted by Chief of Naval Operations, ADM Mike Mullen, USN. Attendees included 55 CNO counterparts, with the overall number of 137 delegates from 70 nations, and 43 Naval Attachés.[16]
  • The theme for the Eighteenth International Seapower Symposium was "Forging Cooperative Solutions for International Maritime Security." ISS XVIII held at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, from 16–19 October 2007 was hosted by Chief of Naval Operations ADM Gary Roughead, USN. Attendees included 69 CNO counterparts, 21 Commandants of Coast Guards and 16 War College Presidents. Over 100 nations were represented, and it was here that the US Navy announced their new maritime strategy, moving the focus from sea combat to a broader base that incorporated the prevention of combat.[17]
  • The Nineteenth International Seapower Symposium, held 7–9 October 2009, had for its theme ""Connecting Navies, Building Partnership". Chief of Naval Operations Gary Roughead and Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus opened the symposium.[18]
  • "Security and Prosperity through Maritime Partnerships" was the theme for the Twentieth Symposium, hosted by CNO ADM Jonathan Greenert, USN, on 18–21 October 2011.[19]
  • The Twenty-First Symposium, held 16-19 September 2014, was hosted by the Secretary of the Navy, Ray Mabus, and the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Jonathan Greenert, USN. The theme was "Global Solutions to Common Maritime Challenges".[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.usnwc.edu/Publications/International-Sea-Power-Symposium-Proceedings.aspx)%7CU.S. Naval War College website
  2. ^ First Seapower Symposium, 17–20 November 1969 (Newport: Naval War College, 1969).
  3. ^ Second International Seapower Symposium, 1–5 November 1971. (Newport: U.S. Naval War College, 1971).
  4. ^ Third International Seapower Symposium, 15–19 October 1973. (Newport: U.S. Naval War College, 1973)
  5. ^ Fifth International Seapower Symposium, 2–5 October 1979. (Newport: U.S. Naval War College, 1979).
  6. ^ "Seventh International Seapower Symposium, 7–10 November 1983", Naval War College Review. Special Edition. (1983).
  7. ^ Eighth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings, 20–23 October 1985. (Newport: U.S. Naval War College, 1985).
  8. ^ Ninth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings, 26–28 October 1987. (Newport: U.S. Naval War College, 1985).
  9. ^ [Tenth] International Seapower Symposium: report of proceedings of the conference, 22–25 October 1989. (Newport, R.I.: Naval War College Press, 1989.
  10. ^ Eleventh International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings of the Conference: 6–9 October 1991. Edited by John B. Hattendorf. (Newport: Naval War College Press, 1992).
  11. ^ Twelfth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings of the Conference: November 1993. Edited by John B. Hattendorf. (Newport: Naval War College Press, 1994).
  12. ^ Thirteenth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings of the Conference: 5–8 November 1995. Edited by John B. Hattendorf. (Newport: Naval War College Press 1996).
  13. ^ Fourteenth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings of the Conference: report of proceedings, 2–5 November 1997. Edited by John B. Hattendorf. (Newport: Naval War College Press, 1998).
  14. ^ Fifteenth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the proceedings 7–10 November 1999. Edited by Aubrey Bogle and Brian O'Donnell. (Newport: Naval War College, 1999).
  15. ^ Sixteenth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings, 26–29 October 2003. Edited By John B. Hattendorf. (Newport: Naval War College Press, 2004).
  16. ^ Seventeenth International Seapower Symposium: Report of the Proceedings 20–23 September 2005. Edited by John B. Hattendorf. (Newport, Rhode Island: U.S. Naval War College, 2006).
  17. ^ Tyson, Ann Scott (October 18, 2007). "New U.S. sea focus: Warfare and welfare". Chicago Tribune. p. 4. 
  18. ^ http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=48832%7CNavy Leadership Kicks Off International Seapower Symposium
  19. ^ 20th International Seapower Symposium
  20. ^ | Naval War College website announcement

External links[edit]