International Soccer League

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Trophy.

The International Soccer League was a U.S. based soccer league which was formed in 1960 and collapsed in 1965. The league, affiliated with the American Soccer League, featured guest teams primarily from Europe and some from Asia, South America, Canada and Mexico.

History[edit]

In 1960, William Cox, a wealthy U.S. businessman and former owner of the Philadelphia Phillies, a U.S. baseball team, saw a potential market in the United States for top level soccer. Recognizing that U.S. teams did not play at a sufficiently high level to attract the attention of most fans, he began to consider the possibility of importing European and South American teams during their league off-seasons. Traditionally, tours by European clubs in the northeast United States had drawn well and Cox decided to pursue this approach. However, soccer in the U.S. is run by the U.S. Soccer Football Association (USSFA). As a member of the soccer's international governing organization, FIFA, the USSFA had the sole power in the U.S. to authorize the creation of a new league. If a league was created without USSFA authority, it would declare it an "outlaw league". Any person playing in an "outlaw league" would then be banned from playing in any other league or team affiliated with the FIFA. As nearly every league and team in the world was affiliated with FIFA, this would effectively ban a player from playing the game anywhere. To get USSFA approval, Cox worked through the existing American Soccer League, a USSFA recognized league. This went so far that in 1961, the ASL scheduled only one game during the ISL season in order to keep from drawing fan support from the league.[1] Each year, ISL played two halves to its season. The two halves had different sets of teams with the top team from each half playing each other in a season ending championship game. In order to give the U.S. fans a greater stake in the league, Cox also decided to enter one team of U.S. based players into the league. This team, called variably New York, the New Yorkers and the New York Americans, was rarely composed of U.S. players, but was more often a mix of U.S.-based European professionals with some native all stars. Cox also gained regional television coverage, and the associated revenue stream. While the games were initially played in the New York City metropolitan area, as interest in the ISL increased, he expanded the league to Chicago, Detroit, Boston and Los Angeles. The ISL lasted only through the end of the 1965 season before folding, not so much by its continuing financial losses, which were minor compared to most other U.S. soccer leagues (Cox had lost $100,000 on the league over five seasons), but by the hostility of the USSFA. USSFA had grown suspicious of Cox as his league experienced growing success and with it the possibility of USSFA losing control of soccer in the U.S. Faced with Cox’ refusal to allow USSFA a part in the league management, in 1965 USSFA forbid Cox from importing teams into the U.S. and threatened to declare the ISL an "outlaw league". Cox was forced to fold the ISL, but sued USSFA in federal court for anti-trust violations, a suit he eventually won.[2] While the league played its last season in 1965, the model was used again in 1967 when the United Soccer Association imported foreign teams to populate its league and again in 1969 when the North American Soccer League (NASL) used imported teams for the first half of its season. Cox also refused to allow the USSFA to have the final say. In 1967, he joined with several other investors to found the National Professional Soccer League, a non-USSFA sanctioned league which, in 1968, became the NASL.[3]

American Challenge Cup[edit]

In 1962, the ISL initiated an annual challenge cup. It would pair the winner of the previous year's Challenge Cup winner with the current season's league champion. Dukla Prague had won the 1961 title, defeating Everton F.C. 7-2 and 2-0 in the championship. Therefore, they were paired in the first Challenge Cup with the 1962 season winner, América RJ. Dukla won and returned for the next three challenge cups, winning each, except for the last in which they fell to Polonia Bytom.

League champions[edit]

American Challenge Cup[edit]

List of champions.

¹Champion automatically

League MVP[edit]

Beginning in 1961, the league champion was awarded the Dwight D. Eisenhower trophy, but from 1962 to 1965 it was given to the league MVP. However in 1960 and 1961 the best players in the tournament were Ademir da Guia (Bangu)[4] and Válter Santos (Bangu)[5] respectively.

Teams[edit]

Team Years
Greece AEK Athens 1964
Brazil América RJ 1962
Brazil EC Bahia 1964
Brazil Bangu 1960, 1961
West Germany Bayern Munich 1960
Portugal Belenenses 1962, 1963
Turkey Besiktas 1961
England Blackburn Rovers 1964
England Burnley F.C. 1960
Mexico Club Deportivo Oro 1963
Romania Dinamo Bucharest 1961
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dinamo Zagreb 1963
Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965
Scotland Dundee F.C. 1962
Sweden Elfsborg 1962
Spain Espanol 1961
England Everton F.C. 1961
Hungary Ferencvaros 1965
Northern Ireland Glenavon F.C. 1960
Poland Górnik Zabrze 1963
Mexico Club Deportivo Guadalajara 1962
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hajduk Split 1962
Israel Hapoel Petah Tikva 1961
Sweden Helsingborgs IF 1963
Scotland Heart of Midlothian 1964
West Germany Karlsruhe 1961
Scotland Kilmarnock F.C. 1960, 1961, 1963, 1965
Italy Lanerossi-Vicenza 1964
Italy Mantova 1963
France Monaco 1961
Canada Montreal Concordia 1961
Hungary MTK Budapest 1962
France Nice 1960
Sweden Norrköping 1960
Italy Palermo 1962
Greece Panathinaikos 1962
Poland Polonia Bytom 1965
Brazil Portuguesa 1965
West Germany Preussen Munster 1963
Austria SK Rapid Wien 1960, 1961
Spain Real Oviedo 1962
Spain Real Valladolid 1963
West Germany SSV Reutlingen 1962
Brazil Sport Recife 1963
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 1960, 1961, 1964
Italy Sampdoria 1960
Austria Schwechater 1964
Republic of Ireland Shamrock Rovers 1961
Portugal Sporting Club 1960
West Germany TSV Munich 1860 1965
Hungary Újpest FC 1963
France Valenciennes 1963
Italy Varese 1965
Portugal Vitoria Guimaraes 1964
Austria Wiener AC 1962, 1963
West Germany Werder Bremen 1964
England West Bromwich Albion 1965
England West Ham United 1963, 1965
Poland Zagłębie Sosnowiec 1964

External links[edit]