International Socialist Organization

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International Socialist Organization (ISO)
Leader Collective leadership
(Steering Committee)
Newspaper Socialist Worker
Ideology
Political position Far-left
International affiliation Fourth International (permanent observer)
Website
http://www.internationalsocialist.org/
Politics of United States
Political parties
Elections

The International Socialist Organization (ISO) is a revolutionary socialist organization in the United States that identifies with Trotskyism, Leninism, and the Marxist political tradition of "socialism from below."[1]

Ideology[edit]

The ISO advocates replacing the capitalist system with socialism, a system in which society's collective wealth and resources would be democratically controlled to meet human need by those who produce that wealth: the working class. To achieve socialism, the ISO argues that the working class majority must lead a revolutionary transformation of society into a workers' democracy. As an anti-Stalinist left organization, the ISO opposes state bureaucracy and all forms of "top-down" socialism.

Because capitalism is a global system, the ISO argues that the struggle for socialism must be international in scope. The ISO holds that the former Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc, as well as China and Cuba, are examples of bureaucratic class-stratified societies rather than socialism. While the ISO supports struggles for economic, political, and social reforms, it also maintains that exploitation, oppression, war, and environmental destruction cannot be eliminated until capitalism is overthrown and replaced with socialism.[2]

Strategy[edit]

The ISO identifies itself as a Marxist organization, and advocates the emancipation of the working class and the oppressed through a revolutionary transformation of society. It advocates democratic control of the economy via grassroots networks of representative workplace and community councils. While it supports existing trade unions as essential components of workers' struggles, it maintains that workers need to organize themselves independently of the trade union officialdom. The ISO also maintains that racism, sexism, homophobia, and other forms of oppression are perpetuated by the capitalist system to keep the working class divided against itself, and therefore participates in a wide range of social movements and struggles for social equality and civil rights. The ISO identifies itself as a Leninist organization because it calls for the formation of a revolutionary party by the most militant workers, and states that it is committed to playing a role in helping to build the foundations for such a party.[2]

History[edit]

The ISO originated in 1976 among a number of groups in the American International Socialists (IS) that were growing increasingly critical of the organization's leadership. Among them was the self-identified Left Faction, which was led by Cal and Barbara Winslow and supported by the IS's Canadian and British members. The Left Faction and its international supporters maintained that the IS's leadership had acquired a top-down style of operating that depoliticized the organization and placed too much emphasis on sending student activists into working class employment (a tactic referred to as "industrialization"). These disputes followed the disagreements over the 1974 revolution in Portugal. Additionally, the main part of IS thought that there should be attention to rank and file or reform caucuses in unions, ISO has said. While the Left Faction contended that, in addition to rank and file work, agitation at the workplace for socialism should continue.[3] In 1977, the Left Faction was expelled from the IS, and immediately formed the International Socialist Organization.[4] The ISO began publication of its paper, Socialist Worker, shortly after its formation, and continues to produce a monthly print version, as well as a daily updated web site, Socialistworker.org.[5]

Some of the political theories adopted by the ISO had been developed in the British Socialist Workers Party (SWP), including that of 'state capitalism' developed, but not originated, by Tony Cliff, the party's founder. State capitalist theory identifies the former Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc as exploitative class societies driven by military competition with private Western capitalism, rather than as the "deformed workers' states" that Trotsky maintained they were in The Revolution Betrayed.[6]

Having a small membership in the 1980s, the ISO found that its primary organizing efforts toward rank and file work in the unions was unsustainable.[citation needed] From the early 1980s, the group began organizing and recruiting on university campuses.[citation needed] The decision to focus primarily on students was regarded as a necessary retreat, given the conservative nature of the Reagan era.[citation needed]

In the 1990s the ISO expanded[citation needed] and participated in a series of movements and campaigns, including the movement against the first Gulf War[citation needed] and other US military interventions,[citation needed] against racism,[7] and for abortion rights.[8] The group was involved in building a number of the major protests against corporate globalization in the early 2000s,[9] and has been active in opposing what it refers to as US imperialism connected with the war on terror in the wake of September 11th, including the invasion of Afghanistan as well as the Iraq War.[10] The group has also been active in opposing Israel's occupation of Palestine.[11]

In 2001 the ISO was expelled from the International Socialist Tendency (IST) after a dispute with the British SWP. This dispute was framed by the SWP as a critique of the ISO's conservative approach to the anti-corporate/anti-capitalist movement.[12] The ISO disputed this claim and criticized the SWP for maintaining what the ISO viewed as an exaggerated perspective for the 1990s,[13] which the SWP characterized as 'the 1930s in slow motion.'[14]

In November 2013, nine members of the ISO, mostly in Providence and Boston, announced the formation of the ISO Renewal Faction,[15] resulting in the organization's first national-level faction fight since the dispute with the British SWP. The faction claimed that the ISO was going through an organizational and political crisis[16] and that members critical of the leadership had been "bureaucratically excluded."[17] The ISO leadership denied these claims, stating that "the ISO is more experienced and more engaged than ever."[18] On February 17, 2014, the ISO expelled the Renewal Faction.[19] On March 8, 2014, the organization's student branch at Brown University resigned, citing the expulsion of the faction as an indication that the organization had "shown itself to be undemocratic." [20]

From May 27, 2014 to June 4, 2014, The North Star [21] released a four part article series [22] penned by activist and writer Brandy Baker, who interviewed both current and former members of the ISO, including members of the Renewal Faction. Those interviewed for the series claim that ISO organizers mistreated their members, that Renewal Faction members were subject to abuse from "loyalist" members at the 2014 ISO convention, and that contrary to their claims in the Socialist Worker article, "A Response to Slander",[23] the ISO did ignore complaints of attempted rape in their organization, and that there were many more sexual misconduct complaints that were not shared with members.

Publications[edit]

The ISO publishes a daily online and monthly print newspaper, Socialist Worker, with a bi-monthly Spanish language supplement, Obrero Socialista.[24] The ISO also distributes the International Socialist Review and titles from the publishing house Haymarket Books, both of which are run by the Center for Economic Research and Social Change.[25]

Activities[edit]

The ISO participates in several local and national progressive movements. These include the antiwar movement,[26] efforts to end the death penalty,[27] support for gay marriage[28][29] and abortion rights,[30] the struggle for immigration rights,[31] among others.

The ISO does not support the Republican Party or Democratic Party, both of which it views as political representatives of corporate power. The group has, however, campaigned for the Green Party in various races and assisted Ralph Nader's presidential campaigns in 2000 and 2004.[32] In California in 2006, ISO member Todd Chretien challenged Dianne Feinstein for a seat in the United States Senate on the Green Party ticket, receiving 139,425 votes (1.8 percent).[33]

The ISO has participated in the Occupy movement, starting with the "general assemblies" used to plan New York City's Occupy Wall Street and its Summer 2011 predecessor, "Bloombergville".[34][35] The organization views Occupy as having "shown the potential to build a mass, activist left in the U.S. for the first time in decades."[36]

In October 2013, the ISO endorsed the candidacy of Socialist Alternative's Kshama Sawant in the Seattle City Council election.[37]

"Socialism" conference[edit]

The ISO is the co-sponsor, along with the Center for Economic Research and Social Change, of an annual conference entitled "Socialism".[38] Speakers at past Socialism conferences include filmmaker and author Tariq Ali, actor Wallace Shawn, The Nation sportswriter Dave Zirin, writer Glenn Greenwald, journalist Amy Goodman, environmental writer John Bellamy Foster, The Nation contributor Jeremy Scahill, Iraq Veterans Against the War member Camilo Mejía, and Palestinian rights activists Omar Barghouti and Ali Abunimah.[39][40]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hal Draper: The Two Souls of Socialism, 1966.
  2. ^ a b Where We Stand, SocialistWorker.org
  3. ^ Lee Sustar, "Toward a renewal of the labor movement", "International Socialist Review" No. 89, July 2013 http://isreview.org/issue/89/toward-renewal-labor-movement
  4. ^ Fisk, Milton (1977). Socialism From Below in the US: Origins of the ISO. Hera Press. Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  5. ^ "Celebrating our 500th". Socialist Worker. 2002-02-01. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  6. ^ Cliff, Tony (1974). State Capitalism in Russia. Bookmarks. Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  7. ^ DeNeen Brown; Amy Argetsinger (1998-02-08). "Klan Taunts, Is Taunted in Dueling Rallies in Annapolis". The Washington Post. p. B04.  Accessed via Lexis-Nexis.
  8. ^ Bennett, Philip (1992-09-15). "Abortion protesters face off at clinic". The Boston Globe. p. 29.  Accessed via Lexis-Nexis.
  9. ^ Angela Couloumbis; Maria Panaritis and Diane Mastrull (2000-08-02). "With no warning, clashes begin; police chase roving bands through city". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. AA01.  Accessed via Lexis-Nexis.
  10. ^ Campo-Flores, Arian (2001-10-01). "A New Peace Movement, Too". Newsweek. p. 60.  Accessed via Lexis-Nexis.
  11. ^ Featherstone, Liza (2002-05-30). "The Mideast War Breaks Out on Campus". The Nation. Retrieved 2008-02-13. 
  12. ^ Ted Crawford, "Split in the IST", What Next?, No. 19, 2001. (accessed 2008-06-26)
  13. ^ "The ISO (US) and the International Socialist Tendency", What Next?, No. 19, 2001. (accessed 2012-2-12)
  14. ^ SWP Central committee, "Statement on Relations Between the SWP (GB) and the ISO (US)", What Next?, No. 19, 2001. (accessed 2008-06-26)
  15. ^ ISO Renewal Faction, "Announcement of the ISO Renewal Faction" (accessed 2014-02-02)
  16. ^ ISO Renewal Faction, "The organizational crisis and its political roots" (accessed 2014-02-02)
  17. ^ ISO Renewal Faction, "In defense of our comrades" (accessed 2014-02-02)
  18. ^ Eric Ruder and Alan Maass "The challenges facing socialists today", SocialistWorker.org, 2013-11-20 (accessed 2014-02-02)
  19. ^ ISO Renewal Faction, "We are Expelled" (accessed 2014-02-22)
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ [2] (accessed 2014-06-08)
  22. ^ [3] (accessed 2014-06-08)
  23. ^ [4] (accessed 2014-06-08)
  24. ^ "A new era for Socialist Worker"
  25. ^ Consortium Book Sales & Distribution | Publisher Information. (accessed 2008-06-26)
  26. ^ "SF State Students Hold Rally, Counter Marine Recruiters", October 26, 2006, Campus Antiwar Network website.(accessed 2008-06-26)
  27. ^ "Protesting Bush's Execution Machine", The New Abolitionist, Issue 20, July 2001. (accessed 2008-06-26)
  28. ^ [5] "SGN Exclusive Interview: Sherry Wolf speaks on the National March"], Seattle Gay News, Volume 37 Issue 45, 6 November 2009.
  29. ^ "Before Mayor Mike's Meeting With LGBT Leaders, A Rally Outside City Hall Last Night", Dallas Observer, 28 January 2012 (accessed 2012-2-12)
  30. ^ "Activists defend Madison clinic", Socialist Worker, Issue 690, 9 February 2009.
  31. ^ "Barnard/Columbia International Socialist Organization History" Last update 19 March 2007, visited 18 December 2009.
  32. ^ "The Green Party: offering a real challenge to business as usual, or just Capitalism Lite?", Freedom Socialist, Volume 27, Issue 6, December 2006 - January 2007.
  33. ^ California Secretary of State, Supplement to Statement of Vote - United States Senator - Statewide Summary", Statement of Vote, 2006 General Election, at www.sos.ca.gov website. (accessed 2008-06-26), "United States Senator; Green Party Election Information June 6, 2006 Election", at www.smartvoter.org website. (accessed 2008-06-26)
  34. ^ Writers for the 99%. Occupy Wall Street. OR Press, 2012, p. 8.
  35. ^ Singsen, Doug (2012). "A balance sheet of Occupy Wall Street", International Socialist Review, Issue 81, pp. 7-9.
  36. ^ "Occupy's next struggle", Socialist Worker, November 22, 2011 (accessed 2012-2-12).
  37. ^ http://socialistworker.org/2013/10/31/socialist-seattle-city-council
  38. ^ SocialismConference.org website (accessed 2011-06-27)
  39. ^ “Ideas for changing the world”, SocialistWorker.org, 22 June 2010.
  40. ^ “Socialism offers the alternative”, SocialistWorker.org, 24 June 2008.

External links[edit]