International Year of Peace

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The International Year of Peace was recognized in 1986 by the United Nations. It was first proposed during the UN conference of November, 1981 by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, with a date associated with the fortieth anniversary of the establishment of the UN.[1]

Red Cross support[edit]

During its twenty-fifth conference, in 1986, the Red Cross recognized the International Year of Peace. In its twenty-seventh resolution of that conference, the Red Cross emphasized its goal "to prevent and alleviate human suffering, protect life and health and to promote lasting peace and international co-operation".[2]

Bahá'í Faith support[edit]

In January 1985 the Universal House of Justice, the head institution of the religion, sent a letter of all national assemblies, with responsibilities in hundreds of countries for the religion, to specify goals for the community for the International Year of Peace.[3] These goals included sponsoring activities about the theme of peace which is a priority of the religion: to engage the attention of people to relevant topics related to peace, a publicity campaign encouraging these goals, publishing new literature, and already existing serial publications on the subject, Bahá'í radio stations to devote programming on it, the Association for Bahá'í Studies to devote scholarly activities on it, the encouragement of artists and musicians in their contribution and that they should invite colleagues to the work. Since its inception the Bahá'í Faith has had involvement in socio-economic development beginning by giving greater freedom to women,[4] promulgating the promotion of female education as a priority concern,[5] often in some practical expression such as by creating schools, agricultural coops, and clinics.[4]

The Baha'i department of statistics released the following summary of projects accomplished:[6]

Baha'i Social and Economic Development Programs
Programs World Africa Americas Asia Australasia Europe
Education(Tutorial/Academic/Other) 732 169 115 427 13 8
Health & Social Services 78 28 14 25 2 9
Radio Stations 5 0 5 0 0 0
Agriculture & Forestry 74 35 13 20 5 1
Community Development 358 60 266 12 7 13
Total 1247 292 413 484 27 31

Some particular examples[edit]

  • A ten-day Peace Exposition was held by the Australian Bahá'ís at the Bahá'í House of Worship in Sidney on "Religions for World Peace", attended by 1,350 people including prominent dignitaries, and there was also a special service for children.[7]
  • The Territory of Guam adopted a resolution citing "the International Year of Peace as designated for 1986 by the United Nations, the promise of world peace as exemplified by the Baha'i Faith, and acknowledging the importance of world peace to everyone…"[7]
  • More than 300 people attended a peace conference in Honolulu, Hawaii, sponsored by the International Year of Peace Committee of the National Spiritual Assembly of the Hawaiian Islands as a kick-off event.[8]
  • About 300 people attended a symposium on "Peace Through a New Consciousness" sponsored in Mannheim by the Baha'i Club at the local university. A panel of speakers took part, including the head of the faculty of social work at Heidelberg, a cultural editor for German television, and a political journalist.[9]
  • A "World Peace Conference" sponsored by the National Spiritual Assembly of India was held January 19 in New Delhi. Planned as an observance of the International Year of Peace and as a tribute to the late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the conference served also as a means of introducing the Universal House of Justice's peace statement to many of India's personages and to a large gathering of university students. Special guest speaker was Nagendra Singh, then president of the International Court of Justice.[10] The audience of more than 550 overflowed the Vigyan Bhavan Conference Hall, a prestigious site for international gatherings.
  • A Media Peace Prize, awarded by the New Zealand Foundation for Peace Studies, was presented this year to Dianne Stogre-Power, a member of the National Spiritual Assembly of New Zealand, and her non-Baha'i partner, Robyn Hunt, who as radio journalists earned national acclaim by producing a two-part documentary on the history of peace-making in New Zealand.[11]
  • The Local Youth Committee of Karachi, Pakistan, held a symposium on "Youth and World Peace" at the Baha'i Hall in Karachi. Among the speakers was then Senator Javed Jabbar.[12]
  • The 11th annual Conference of the Association for Baha'i Studies, held August 20–24 at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada, was the largest such gathering to date, with about 2,000 adults taking part was focused on the theme "Beyond the Quest for Peace: Creating a New World Order".[13] Speakers included Hand of the Cause Rúhíyyih Khanum, then Continental Counselor Adib Taherzadeh, music and presentations by Dr. Ervin László and others. It was followed by a Native American peace pipe ceremony, in which Ruhiyyih Khanum, Dr. and Mrs. Laszlo, and other dignitaries took part.
  • A peace tree and bench were dedicated by the Bahá'ís of White Plains NY to the civic government overcoming various difficulties with the help of neighboring communities.[14]
  • The Bahá'í International Community offered a number of statements to various committees of the UN.[15]
  • For its part, the Universal House of Justice released its statement, The Promise of World Peace. As of January 1988, the peace statement had been presented to 198 heads of state, 75 directly and 123 indirectly. The statement had been translated into 76 languages and millions of copies disseminated to people around the world. Some specifics by country were listed in 9 pages of the February 1988 issue of the Baha'i News.[16]
  • An extensive summary of the world-wide activities was presented in the September 1987 issue of Bahá'í News, pages 1–18.[17]
  • A symbolic tree for peace was planted on New Year's Day in Dublin's Stephen's Green by Irish Nobel Peace Prize laureate Sean McBride; the event was organised by the all-Ireland Irish Peace Council which planned other events during the year.

Chinese support[edit]

The song Tomorrow Will Be Better was first created for it. Music concerts about it were held in Beijing and Hong Kong.[18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Year of Peace" United Nations resolution, November 16, 1992. Accessed here. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
  2. ^ "International Year of Peace 1986", Red CrossT Resource Centre. Accessed here. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
  3. ^ "Make plans now for 'Peace Year 1986'". Bahá'í News (648): p. 1. March 1985. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  4. ^ a b Momen, Moojan. "History of the Baha'i Faith in Iran". draft "A Short Encyclopedia of the Baha'i Faith". Bahai-library.com. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  5. ^ Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi (1997). "Education of women and socio-economic development". Baha'i Studies Review 7 (1). 
  6. ^ "Baha'i Social and Economic Development Programs". Bahá'í News (668): p. 13. November 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  7. ^ a b "Australia's Peace Exposition big success". Bahá'í News (662): p. 2. May 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  8. ^ "Conference kicks off Peace Year events". Bahá'í News (662): p. 5. May 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  9. ^ "Germany proclaims message of peace". Bahá'í News (662): p. 12. May 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  10. ^ "India hosts 'World Peace Conference'". Bahá'í News (662): p. 12. July 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  11. ^ "Baha'i co-winner of Media Peace Prize". Bahá'í News (662): p. 14. August 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  12. ^ "Around the World; Pakistan". Bahá'í News (662): p. 14. October 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  13. ^ "Association's 11th annual Conference". Bahá'í News (662): p. 8. December 1986. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  14. ^ "Around the World; the United States". Bahá'í News (670): p. 13. January 1987. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  15. ^
    • Preparation for Life in Peace: The Contribution of Women, by the Bahá'í International Community, as the written version of an oral statement to the European Regional Seminar for the International Year of Peace, 6 May 1985, Vienna, Austria
    • Peace and Development, by the Bahá'í International Community, as a Statement to the United Nations International Year of Peace Seminar for the Asia and Pacific and Western Asia Regions, 20 May 1985, Bangkok, Thailand
    • Preparation for Life in Peace: The Role of Youth, by the Bahá'í International Community as a Statement to the International Year of Peace Seminar for the Asia, Pacific and Western Asia Regions, 20 May 1985
    • Statement on the Year of Peace, by the Bahá'í International Community, as a Statement to the Fifth session of the South Pacific Commission (SPC) Committee of Representatives of Governments and Administrations (CARGA), Noumea, New Caledonia, 26–30 May 1986
  16. ^ "The Promise of World Peace". Bahá'í News (683): p. 2–11. February 1988. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  17. ^ "The International Year of Peace: A worldwide survey of Baha'i activities". Bahá'í News (683): p. cover, pages 1–18. September 1987. ISSN 0195-9212. 
  18. ^ 让世界充满爱(第二、三部分)86年现场
  19. ^ 金曲重溫: 群 星 和平之歌 1986