International military decoration authorized by the US military
An international decoration is a military award which is not bestowed by a particular country, but rather by an international organization such as the United Nations or NATO. Such awards are normally issued as service medals, for participation in various international military operations, and not for specific acts of heroism or bravery. The first medal from an international organization accepted for wear by the United States Military was the United Nations Korea Medal in 1951. Subsequent acceptance of other United Nations Medals did not come until 1964 with Executive Order 11139. Acceptance of the medals of other international multilateral organizations finally came with Executive Order 11446 in 1969. Acceptance of these international decorations must be approved by not only the Secretary of Defense, but also the Secretary of State.
The following is a list of the most commonly recognized international military decorations that has been or is currently awarded to members of the United States military. Such awards are always worn after all United States decorations, but before all Foreign decorations.
The Assistant Secretary of Defense approved a change to the policy of the wear of United Nations Medals. Effective 13 October 1995, any US military personnel who is awarded a United Nations Medal may wear the ribbon of the first UN medal for which they qualify. Subsequent awards of the United Nations Medal for service in a different mission is noted by adding a bronze service star to the current ribbon. No more than one UN medal or ribbon may be worn at a time. Operations in which United States military personnel were awarded the United Nations Medal and authorized by the Department of Defense to accept and wear the medal are as follows:
- United Nations Korea Medal
- United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) in Palestine/United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon
- United Nations Observer Group in India and Pakistan
- United Nations Temporary Executive Authority/UN Security Force in West New Guinea
- United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia
- United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia
- United Nations Operation in Somalia II
- United Nations Protection Force in Yugoslavia
- United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
- United Nations Iraq–Kuwait Observation Mission
- United Nations Haiti Medal
- United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
North Atlantic Traty Organization
United States military personnel may accept and wear NATO medals authorized by the Secretary General of NATO and offered to the US Representative to NATO to recognize US service members who meet the eligibility criteria specified by NATO, so long as acceptance is approved by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State. NATO Medals may be awarded with a clasp that designates the operation for which the medal is awarded. United States military personnel may accept, but not wear the clasp. To date the following medals are the only NATO Medals authorized for acceptance and wear by US military personnel:
- NATO Meritorious Service Medal
- Yugoslavia service medal
- Kosovo service
- NATO Article 5 medal for Operation Eagle Assist
- NATO Article 5 medal for Operation Active Endeavour
- Non-article 5 medal for ISAF
- NATO Non-Article 5 medal for the Balkans
- Non-Article 5 medal for NATO Training Mission – Iraq
- Non-Article 5 medal for Africa
- NATO Non-Article 5 medal for Operation Unified Protector
Multinational Force and Observers
Inter-American Defense Board
The System of Cooperation Among the American Air Forces awards the following decorations:
- SICOFAA Legion of Merit Gentleman
- SICOFAA Legion of Merit Officer
- SICOFAA Legion of Merit Grand Cross
Common Security and Defence Policy
- "United Nations Medals". http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil. The Institute of Heraldry. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- AIR FORCE INSTRUCTION 36-2803 THE AIR FORCE MILITARY AWARDS AND DECORATIONS PROGRAM (PDF). United States Air Force. 18 December 2013. p. 192. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "NATO Meritorious Service Medal". Air Force Personnel Center. 2003-09-09.
- Office of the Under Secretary for Personnel and Readiness. "DoD Approved NATO Medals for Acceptance and Wear" (PDF). http://prhome.defense.gov/. Department of Defense. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Inter-American Defense Board Medal" (PDF). IADB Regulations. 2003-09-11.