Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin
The IFA or Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin (International radio exhibition Berlin, aka 'Berlin Radio Show') is one of the oldest industrial exhibitions in Germany. Between 1924 and 1939 it was an annual event, but as from 1950 it was organized on a two yearly basis until 2005. Since then it has become an annual event again, held in September. Today it is one of world's leading trade shows for consumer electronics and home appliances.
It offers the opportunity to exhibitors to present their latest products and developments to the general public. As a result of daily reporting in almost all the German media, the radio exhibition achieves a large spreading of the information – and advertising messages and has also become international. In the course of its history, a large number of world innovations were first seen at the exhibition. The most recent IFA was held from 31 August, to 5 September 2012 in Berlin.
German physicist and inventor Manfred von Ardenne gave a public demonstration of a television system using a cathode ray tube for both transmission (using flying-spot image scans, not a camera) and reception, at the 1931 show.
In 1933 The Volksempfänger (VE 301 W), a Nazi-sponsored radio receiver design, was introduced. Ordered by Dr. Joseph Goebbels, designed by Otto Griessing, sold by Gustav Seibt, it was presented at the tenth Berliner Funkausstellung on 18 August 1933 its price fixed at 76 Reichsmark (RM). 100,000 units were sold during the exhibition. The importance of radio as a mass medium for the dissemination of propaganda and entertainment throughout Germany had long been clear to Goebbels.
In 1938 the DKE 38 (Deutscher Kleinempfänger 38, i.e. German miniature receiver 1938) followed, the price fixed at 35 RM.
In 1939 the exhibition was called Grosse Deutsche Funk- und Fernseh-Ausstellung (Great German Radio and Television Exhibition). The Einheits-Fernseh-Empfänger E1, a TV set designed to be affordable for everybody, was introduced. The physical display size was 7.68" × 8.86". Plans for large-scale manufacture were thwarted by the outbreak of WWII. Color TV was also introduced (a prototype), based on an invention by Werner Flechsig (cf. shadow mask).
- In 2003, IFA was the world's largest Consumer Electronics trade fair, attended by 273,800 visitors. Over 1,000 exhibitors attended the fair.
- 2.4 billion euro of placed orders.
- Attended by over 6,800 accredited journalists from 78 countries.
||This article uses bare URLs for citations. (October 2011)|
- Gramophone: 206. November 1989 http://www.gramophone.net/Issue/Page/November%201989/206/766604/
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- Albert Abramson, Zworykin: Pioneer of Television, University of Illinois Press, 1995, p. 111.
- VE=Volksempfänger; 301 = 30 January; W = Wechselstrom (=alternating current))
- Goebbel's speech
- History Department at the University of San Diego. "Magnetic Recording History Pictures".
- "1935 AEG Magnetophon Tape Recorder". mixonline.com. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- David Morton, Sound recording: the life story of a technology. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004, p.161.
- John Shepherd, Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2003, p.506
- "Cassette Rampage Forecast". Billboard magazine (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.) 79 (44): 1,72. 4 November 1967. ISSN 0006-2510.