Internet censorship in Singapore

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In Singapore, Internet services provided by the three major Internet service providers (ISPs) are subject to regulation by the Media Development Authority (MDA) to block a "symbolic"[1] number of websites containing "mass impact objectionable"[1] material, including Playboy, YouPorn and Ashley Madison, and also since 8 July 2014, those infringing copyright. Also, the Ministry of Education, polytechnics, universities and Institute of Technical Education had its own jurisdiction to block websites such as pornography, drugs and mostly online piracy. When trying to access a blocked site, visitors are usually greeted by a MDA message, though the less transparent "404 error" screen may be displayed whereas some of it will have 'Forbidden. Access to the BlueCoat Web Filtering Service was blocked due to the condition: Pornography'.[2] The city state reportedly employs deep packet inspection of internet traffic.[3]

Online Piracy[edit]

In 8 July 2014, the Copyright Act 2014 was amended to block a "distinct" list of pirated websites, but so far after the consultation, websites that have high risk of complaints to stop online piracy from users, where they will apply court orders to site-block the websites within 3 weeks of application.[4]

The Copyright Act was asserted to the President of Singapore on 8 August 2014, and if successful it is passed on 19 August 2014. The Pirate Bay is the first one to be blocked with effect from 19 August 2014 with the technical implementation and passing of the Copyright Act. All 45 websites were blocked such as The Pirate Bay and KickassTorrents. Additional cost was also incurred for early termination of all fibre subscription contracts. Besides termination of all fibre subscription contracts, officers begun to confiscate all illegal set-top boxes made from Minix.

Site name Domain or URL Implemented
The Pirate Bay thepiratebay.se
thepiratebay.org
19 August 2014
EZTV eztv.it 27 October 2014
Mediafire mediafire.net 27 October 2014
RapidShare rapidshare.com 27 October 2014
YIFY Torrents yify-torrents.com 27 October 2014
Watchfreemovies watchfreemovies.ch 27 October 2014
KickAssTorrents kickass.to 27 October 2014
Download for All www.dl4all.com 27 October 2014
Movie2k movie2k.to 27 October 2014
Fenopy www.fenopy.eu 27 October 2014
H33t h33t.com 27 October 2014
Abmp3 abmp3.com 27 October 2014
Bit Snoop bitsnoop.com 27 October 2014
BeeMP3s beemp3s.org 27 October 2014
Bomb MP3 bomb-mp3.com 27 October 2014
eMP3World emp3world.cc 27 October 2014
Extratorrent extratorrent.cc 27 October 2014
New Album Releases newalbumreleases.net 27 October 2014
Rapid Library rapidlibrary.com 27 October 2014
Torrent Crazy torrentcrazy.com 27 October 2014
Torrent Downloads www.torrentsdownload.org 27 October 2014
Torrent Hound www.torrenthound.com 27 October 2014
Torrent Reactor torrentreactor.net 27 October 2014
Primewire primewire.ag 27 October 2014
Solar Movie solarmovie.so 27 October 2014
Tube + www.tubeplus.me 27 October 2014
Viooz viooz.co 27 October 2014
Watch32 watch32.com 27 October 2014
Zmovie zmovie.co 27 October 2014

Famous Internet Mouth-Offs[edit]

Leading politicians of the ruling People's Action Party and government agencies have been known to use or threaten to use litigation against bloggers and other Internet content providers. The first instance of such activity was against Sintercom in July 2001 when the founder, Dr Tan Chong Kee, was asked to register the website under the nascent Singapore Broadcast Authority Act (now Media Development Authority). Dr Tan chose to shut down Sintercom due to concerns over the ambiguity of the Act. In April 2005, a blogger, Chen Jiahao, then a graduate student at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, was made to apologise and shut down his blog containing criticisms on government agency A*STAR, after its Chairman Philip Yeo threatened to sue for defamation. In September 2005, three people were arrested and charged under the Sedition Act for posting racist comments on the Internet. [5] Later, the Teachers' Union announced that it is offering legal assistance to teachers who want to take legal action against students who defame them on their blogs, after five students from Saint Andrew's Junior College were suspended for three days for allegedly "flaming" two teachers and a vice-principal on their blogs.[6]

On 8 October 2012, an assistant director at National Trades Union Congress membership department was fired for racist comments in Facebook.[7]

Computer Misuse[edit]

The Computer Misuse Act (CMA) was introduced in 1993 and its offence provisions are based primarily on the United Kingdom’s 1990 legislation of the same name.[8] In the years since, the government has taken a much tougher stand on Internet-related matters, including censorship. Amendments to the Penal Code in 2006 intend to hold Internet users liable for "causing public mischief", and give the authorities broader powers in regulating Internet content.[9][10] As due to the 2013 Singapore cyberattacks, the Computer Misuse Act was renamed to Computer Misuse and Cybersecurity Act.

List of banned websites[edit]

The list of websites is kept confidential by the Media Development Authority. The original list still stands at 100 and it includes Playboy, YouPorn and Ashley Madison. In addition, 45 websites will also be blocked after Copyright Act 2014 was amended on 8 July 2014 and all were blocked on 27 October 2014. On 7 October 2014, government had passed laws to control online gambling under the "Remote Gambling Act".

Besides that, Singapore also does not intentionally have Hulu and Netflix, those overseas streaming websites.

In 2005, MDA banned a gay website and fined another website following complaints that the sites contained offensive content. The banned website is said to have promoted promiscuous sexual behaviour and recruited underage boys for sex and nude photography.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lee, Melanie (23 May 2008). "Singapore bans two porn websites in symbolic move". Reuters. 
  2. ^ "The coming age of internet censorship". Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  3. ^ http://majid.info/blog/telco-snooping/
  4. ^ Singapore passes Pirate Bay blocking Anti-Piracy Law
  5. ^ Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 2005, United States Department of State, retrieved 20 March 2006.
  6. ^ "Schools act against students for 'flaming' teachers on blogs", The Straits Times, page 1, 27 September 2005, by Sandra Davie and Liaw Wy-Cin.
  7. ^ NTUC sacks staff for inappropriate Facebook comments channelnewsasia.com 8 October 2012
  8. ^ An Overview of Cybercrime Legislation and Cases in Singapore Gregor Urbas, Asian Law Institute (ANU), October 2008
  9. ^ Mixing welfare and elitism in Singapore By Alex Au, Asia Times Online 23 November 2006
  10. ^ Consultation Paper on the Proposed Penal Code Amendments, Ministry of Home Affairs, 8 November 2006