Telecommunications in Gabon

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Telecommunications in Gabon include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

Radio and television[edit]

Radio stations:

  • state owns and operates 2 radio stations; a private radio station; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible (2007);[1]
  • 6 AM, 7 FM, and 4 shortwave stations (2001).[2]

Radios: 208,000 (1997).[dated info]

Television stations:

  • state owns and operates 2 TV stations; a private TV station; satellite service subscriptions are available (2007);[1]
  • 4 stations plus 4 low-power repeaters (2001).[2]

Television sets: 63,000 (1997).[dated info]

There are two main broadcasters in Gabon. The state broadcaster, Radiodiffusion Télévision Gabonaise (RTG), operates two main networks - a national network in French and a provincial network in French and vernacular languages. There is also a special programme on RTG's FM frequencies.[3][4]

Perhaps the most important station in Gabon and one that many shortwave radio listeners are familiar with is the privately owned Afrique Numero Un (Africa Number One) which operates on FM in the capital, Libreville, area and also broadcasts via shortwave. Afrique Numero Un also has relay stations in mostly French-speaking African countries.[5][3][4]

Radio France Internationale (RFI) has relay stations throughout Gabon. Other privately owned stations also operate in Gabon, though concentrated mostly in the Libreville area.[3][4]

Like many former French colonies, Gabon uses the SECAM-K television standard. Two television channels, 4 and 8, are found in the Libreville area. All other channels and repeaters relay channel 4.[3]

The constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights, although the government has suspended newspapers and television stations for disrupting public order or libel.[6]

Telephones[edit]

SAT-3/WASC and SAFE cable systems. #10 is Gabon.

Calling code: +241[1]

International call prefix: 00[7]

Main lines:

  • 17,000 lines in use, 194th in the world (2012);[1]
  • 26,500 lines in use, 182nd in the world (2007);[2]
  • 39,100 lines in use, 169th in the world (2005).[8]

Mobile cellular:

  • 2.9 million lines, 133rd in the world (2012);[1]
  • 1.2 million lines, 129th in the world (2007);[2]
  • 649,800 lines, 125th in the world (2005).[8]

Telephone system: adequate system of cable, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, radiotelephone communication stations, and a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations; a growing mobile-cellular network with multiple providers is making telephone service more widely available with mobile-cellular teledensity exceeding 100 per 100 persons.[1]

Satellite earth stations: 3 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011).[1]

Communications cables: South Atlantic 3/West Africa Submarine Cable (SAT-3/WASC) fiber-optic cable system provides connectivity to Europe and Asia;[1] Africa Coast to Europe (ACE), cable system connecting countries along the west coast of Africa to each other and to Portugal and France.[9]

Internet[edit]

Top-level domain: .ga[1]

Internet users:

  • 138,584 users, 166th in the world; 8.6% of the population, 175th in the world (2012).[10][11]
  • 98,800 users, 160th in the world (2009);[1]
  • 67,000 users, 144th in the world (2005).[8]

Fixed broadband: 5,147 subscriptions, 160th in the world; 0.3% of the population, 154th in the world (2012).[10][12]

Wireless broadband: Unknown (2012).[13]

Internet hosts:

  • 127 hosts, 205th in the world (2012);[1]
  •   88 hosts, 192nd in the world (2008).[2]

IPv4: 169,472 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 105.4 addresses per 1000 people (2012).[14][15]

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): Solsi Gabon offers a WiMax network all over Libreville and Port-Gentil. They were the sole provider to be operational through the death of President Bongo in 2009.[citation needed]

Internet censorship and surveillance[edit]

There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without appropriate legal authority.[6]

The constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights. Libel can be either a criminal offense or a civil matter. Editors and authors of libelous material may be jailed for two to six months and fined 500,000 to five million CFA francs ($1,008 to $10,080). Penalties for libel, disrupting public order, and other offenses also include a one- to three-month publishing suspension for a first offense and a three- to six-month suspension for repeat offenses.[6]

Although the constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, the government does not always respect these prohibitions in practice. As part of criminal investigations, police request and easily obtain search warrants from judges, sometimes after the fact. Authorities reportedly monitor private telephone conversations, personal mail, and the movement of citizens.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Communications: Gabon", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 28 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Communications: Gabon", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 4 December 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2014 via the Internet Archive.
  3. ^ a b c d World Radio TV Handbook (WRTH), 2005.
  4. ^ a b c "Gabon profile", BBC News, 7 March 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  5. ^ "Radio Africa 1", website. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "Gabon", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 25 March 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  7. ^ Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "Communications: Gabon", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 19 June 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014 via the Internet Archive.
  9. ^ "ACE: Africa Coast to Europe", Orange SA. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  10. ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
  11. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  12. ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  13. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  14. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
  15. ^ Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.

External links[edit]

  • My GA, website of the Agence Nationale des Infrastructures Numériques et des Fréquences (ANINF, National Agency for Digital Infrastructure and Frequencies), the registrar for the .ga domain.