Telecommunications in Uzbekistan

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Telecommunications
Republic of Uzbekistan
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg
LocationUzbekistan.PNG
Exquisite-Modem.png Landlines (2011): 1.928 million[1]
Phone-motorola-v3i.svg Mobile lines (2011): 25.442 million[1]
ccTLD: .uz
Calling code: +998

Telecommunications networks in Uzbekistan are largely based on Soviet-built infrastructure but with many modern additions, making the country one of the leading in the region in terms of informational development.

In 2012, the telecommunications services volume grew by 22.5% year-on-year in Uzbekistan. The amount of broadband ports installed totalled 378,000 across the country at the end of 2012, up by 55.5% year-on-year. The number of ports in active use was 202,700 up by 37.2%. A total of 1,576 km of fibre optic backbone lines were deployed across the country in the same year.[2]

Telephone[edit]

There are digital exchanges in large cities and rural areas.[1]

Domestic system[edit]

The main line telecommunications system is dilapidated and telephone density is low. The state-owned telecommunications company, Uzbektelecom, has used loans from the Japanese government and the China Development Bank to improve mainline services. The completion of conversion to digital exchanges was in 2010. Mobile services are growing rapidly, with the subscriber base reaching 25 million in 2011.[1]

International system[edit]

Uzbekistan is linked by fiber-optic cable or microwave radio relay with CIS member states and to other countries by leased connection via the Moscow international gateway switch. After the completion of the Uzbek link to the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable,[3] Uzbekistan plans to establish a fiber-optic connection to Afghanistan.[1]

Radio[edit]

Currently, Uzbekistan has four AM stations, 12 FM stations, and three shortwave stations. Additionally, as of 1997, there are an estimated 10.2 million radios in use in Uzbekistan.[1]

Television[edit]

Uzbekistan has 28 television broadcast stations. This includes one cable rebroadcaster in Taskent and approximately 20 stations in regional capitals.[1]

Internet[edit]

There were over 9 million Internet users in Uzbekistan as of 19 March 2012, according to Uzbekistan's Agency for Communications and Information (UzACI).[4] The "Uzbek Internet" is sometimes called "Uznet",[5] akin to Runet. The country code (top level domain) for Uzbekistan is .uz.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h CIA World Factbook, 2012: Uzbekistan
  2. ^ "Uzbekistan Telecom Services Volume Rises 22.5% in 2012". The Gazette of Central Asia (Satrapia). 25 January 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.science-arts.org/internet/node37.html
  4. ^ Interfax news agency, Moscow, in Russian 0741 gmt 19 Mar 12 via BBC Monitoring. Posted online by Radio Netherlands
  5. ^ http://uznet.asia