|Parent company||Universal Music Group
a subsidiary of Vivendi S.A.
|Status||Part of Interscope Geffen A&M Records|
|Distributor(s)||Universal Music Distribution
|Genre||Hip hop, rock, pop|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Location||Santa Monica, California|
Interscope Records, Inc. is an American record label that operates as a imprint of Interscope Geffen A&M Records. It was founded in 1990 by Jimmy Iovine as a Hip hop label, which was then half-owned by Atlantic Recording Corporation, until it was acquired by Music Corporation of America, Inc. in 1995 over a contention in Gangsta rap.
Since 1999, the label is one of Universal Music's most transcendent labels and operates as the most active under Interscope Geffen A&M Records subsidiary, which is headquartered in Santa Monica, California. The label's current artists include Eminem, Dr. Dre, Fergie, Phillip Phillips, Maroon 5, Kendrick Lamar, Madonna, Lana Del Rey, Schoolboy Q, OneRepublic, U2, Imagine Dragons, Zedd, and Lady Gaga, among others.
Interscope became the number-one charting label based on Mediabase, and also with the largest label share on over four radio formats, with Adult Contemporary being their largest share of the formats.
- 1 History
- 2 Controversies
- 3 Associated record labels under Interscope Records
- 4 Former associated labels under Interscope Records
- 5 Artists
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
1990–95: Beginnings and MCA, Inc
Interscope Records was founded in 1990 by Jimmy Iovine and Interscope Communications' Ted Field with financial support from Atlantic Records, which owned a 53% stock in the label. Initially, it was distributed by the Atlantic Records subsidiary EastWest Records America. A&R Executive Tom Whalley, John McClain and producer Beau Hill A&R Joe Lee Jozwiak were also part of the original founding team. The label's first release was Mo' Ritmo by Gerardo.
1999-present: Interscope Geffen A&M, Jimmy Iovine and John Janick
The original focus of the label was on hip-hop and urban music, but by the mid 1990s its range began to expand, to where its roster would be as wide ranging to include the industrial rock artist Nine Inch Nails under Nothing Records, shock rocker Marilyn Manson, rock band Limp Bizkit, No Doubt and later the Latin artist Kings Of Flow in a unique partnership with Los Angeles based indie Latin label.
Following UMG's acquisition of PolyGram in 1998, Geffen Records and A&M Records were merged into Interscope, which formed Interscope Geffen A&M Records in January 1999. In 2001, the company began to distribute a short-lived record label named JCOR Entertainment. In 2004, DreamWorks Records was merged into the Interscope Geffen A&M Records group bringing over artists including Blink-182, The All-American Rejects, Papa Roach, Rise Against, Nelly Furtado, Lifehouse, AFI, Jimmy Eat World and Rufus Wainwright. The artists were divided between Interscope and Geffen, with most going to the latter. In 2005 Interscope launched a new imprint called Cherrytree Records, for emerging artists. This began with the group The Lovemakers and later included Far East Movement, Feist, Natalia Kills, Flipsyde, Tokio Hotel, and Robyn. Lady Gaga is with Interscope, but no longer with Cherrytree as of 2011[update]. LMFAO and Mindless Behavior are also part of the Interscope Records Major Hits.
On November 8, 2013, it was announced that Interscope Promotion Veteran Greg Marella left the department and became Executive Vice President of promotion at Sony Music's Kemosabe Records, which is headed by Dr. Luke.
On May 28, 2014, Jimmy Iovine, announced that he has stepped down as CEO and Chairman of Interscope Records, a statement on John Janick taking, he said, "John Janick has exactly what it takes to lead Interscope Geffen A&M: he started his own label, he understands the art of making records and the unique dynamic between a record label and artist, as well as the enormous responsibility that comes with representing one of the greatest artist rosters ever assembled." Since the Beginning of May, Janick has been leading the label fully without Iovine. Due to Apple, Inc. acquiring Beats Electronics LLC, Iovine will be joing Apple. Before his job at the Interscope Department, he worked at Fueled By Ramen, a Warner Music Group label.
On October 7, 2013, it was announced that Interscope Geffen would acquire the A&M/Octone label through a purchase of Octone Records' 50% interest. It was eventually completed in late 2014 thus making Interscope Records take all of the artists from both the A&M and Octone labels.
On December 14, 2014, former Disney Channel-actress Selena Gomez signed a recording contract with Interscope, her last material with Disney-owned Hollywood Records, For You, was released on November 24, 2014.
After recently terminating their contract with Chicago rapper Chief Keef, they signed a recording contract with female rapper Dreezy on December 31, 2014 whom later released a new track "Boss" upon her signage to the label.
2009-10: Nine Inch Nails, Elton John, and 50 Cent
Nine Inch Nails frontman Trent Reznor criticized Universal Music Group for its pricing and distribution plans of Year Zero in Australia. When he asked why it was so much, they replied, "You've got a core audience that's gonna buy whatever we put out, so we can charge more for that [...] True fans will pay whatever." After the release of Year Zero Remixed, two Nine Inch Nails albums, Ghosts I-IV and The Slip, were distributed by Reznor's independent record label The Null Corporation. Nine Inch Nails is currently signed with Columbia Records and no longer associates with Interscope.
|“||I was so furious with Interscope Records because they put it out and they dropped it. I had meetings in the South of France, and I said, "I know this isn't a commercial album, I just want you to do your best," and they dropped it like a fucking turd. It's probably why I didn't make another solo record. It was pure heartbreak.||”|
Interscope is heavily known for delaying albums in months and even years. In late 2011, rapper 50 Cent engaged in a feud with Interscope stating that "not everyone is not committed to releasing my new album", referencing his yet-to-be-released, fifth studio album. This album, titled Street King Immortal, was meant to be released in the second quarter of 2013.
2012-14: Eve, M.I.A., and Azealia Banks
In 2012, rapper Eve blamed Interscope for delaying her much-anticipated fourth album, Lip Lock. The album was delayed in approximately 6 years, being announced in 2007 but released only in 2013.
Rapper and singer M.I.A. announced her fourth album, Matangi, for a December 2012 release with Interscope. The album was pushed back, and M.I.A. stated that it was because Interscope thought the original project was "too positive." M.I.A. wrote new songs and produced new beats, but the album was again subject to numerous delays. In September 2013, M.I.A. threatened to leak the album on the internet; Interscope responded by announcing the release date as November 5, 2013.
Rapper Azealia Banks announced her debut album, Broke With Expensive Taste, for a September 2012 release with Interscope and Polydor. However, the album was subject to multiple delays and was eventually released on 9 November 2014 through Prospect Park. The first single, "Yung Rapunxel", was also delayed in 2 months. She has stated on her tumblr:
|“||So sick of having my plans changed. 'Miss Amor' and 'Miss Camaraderie' should've been out. Secretly missing the days of being unsigned, when all the power was mine. Nowadays I just feel like a bad actress.||”|
In January 2014, Azealia slammed Interscope on her Twitter, stating:
|“||I REALLY should have signed with Sony. Can someone at Sony buy me off of Universal? I'm really in hell here. I'm literally begging to be dropped from Universal.||”|
2015: Kendrick Lamar and Top Dawg Entertainment
On March 15, 2015, rapper Kendrick Lamar's third studio album and second album for Interscope, To Pimp a Butterfly, was released on iTunes, Spotify and Google Play eight days ahead of its scheduled release date (March 23). According to the CEO of Top Dawg Entertainment, Anthony Tiffith, the album's early release was unintentional, apparently caused by an error on the part of the label.
Tiffith blamed Interscope over Twitter for the unexpected release, in which, the tweet was then deleted. He said:
|“||I would personally like to thank Interscope for fucking up our release. Somebody has got to pay for this mistake. #TOP!||”|
On the following day, the option to purchase the album was removed from iTunes and the release date was reverted to March 23. On March 16, 2015, the album was digitally released a week ahead of the original schedule. The first short-lived, accidental release might have been the reason for the early release. It did, however, debut at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 for a total of two weeks; with first-week sales of 363,000 copies, streams and singles accounted for (324,000 copies of traditional album sales). It gave the rapper his first number-one album in his career.
Associated record labels under Interscope Records
- 19 Recordings (2011–Present)
- 222 Records (2014~present)
- Aftermath Entertainment (1996–present)
- Bad Boy Records (2009–present)
- Cherrytree Records (2005–present)
- Division1 (2013–present)
- DGC Records (2007–present)
- Dreamville Records (2014–present)
- Hits Since '87 (2013—present)
- Insomniac Records (2014–present)
- Konichiwa Records (2007–present)
- EarDrummers Entertainment (2013–present)
- N.E.E.T. Recordings (2008–present)
- Qwest Records
- Shady Records (1999–present)
- Kidinakorner Records (2011–present)
- Star Trak Entertainment (2005–present)
- Streamline Records (2007–present)
- Tennman Records (2007–present)
- Will.i.am Music Group (2009–present)
- Zone 4 (2007–present) (distribution deal with Island Records)
Former associated labels under Interscope Records
- A&M Octone Records (2007–2014)
- Atlantic Records (1989-1995; Distribution was ceased when MCA Inc. acquired the label's stake)
- eastwest Records (1989-1996; a subsidiary of Atlantic, distributed Interscope until MCA acquired the label)
- SKG Music (1999-2004; merged into Geffen and Interscope)
- Death Row Records (1992-1997)
- El Cartel Records
- Rockland Records (1998-2004)
- G-Unit Records (2003-2010)
- Mosley Music Group (2006-2014; Timbaland created a pristine joint venture with Sony Music Entertainment's Epic Records causing Mosley Music to be under Epic)
- Nothing Records (1992-2007; closed in 2004, but the label continued publishing until its extinction in 2007)
- Ruff Ryders Entertainment (1999-2010)
- Trauma Records (1993-2004; Trauma has been shuttered since Interscope Geffen A&M acquired the label)
- "Mediabase - Year End Edition 2013" (PDF). Pdf.mediabase.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
- "Interscope Records, Inc.: Private Company Information - Businessweek". Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- [dead link]
- Halperin, Shirley (2012-02-08). "Jimmy Iovine on Sound, Vision and Why He Signed Madonna and Van Halen (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "Interscope Promotion Vet Greg Marella Joins Dr. Luke's Kemosabe Records". The Hollywood Reporter. 2013-11-08. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Pasquale Rotella's Insomniac & Interscope Geffen A&M Launch New Imprint (Exclusive)". billboard.com. May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "John Janick to Succeed Jimmy Iovine as Chairman, CEO of Interscope Geffen A&M". Billboard. 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
- "Dreezy signs with Interscope". hotnewhiphop.com. 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- Q & A with Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails. Herald Sun. Accessed January 6, 2009
- Rollingstone.com, ″Elton John: My Life in 20 Songs″, interview with Cameron Crowe, October 24 issue
- "Interscope Delays Major Releases". American Songwriter. 2008-11-26. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- [dead link]
- Harling, Danielle (2009-02-05). "Eve To Return With New Album | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "M.I.A. Tweets Hilariously About December Album 'Matangi' | SPIN | Music News". SPIN. 2012-08-08. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Sean Michaels. "New MIA album 'too positive', says label | Music". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "M.I.A.'s 'Matangi' Album Pushed to April". Billboard. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Jacobs, Matthew (2013-08-10). "M.I.A.'s 'Matangi' Secures Release Date After Singer Threatens To Leak Album". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Azealia Banks: 'New single is a game-changer' - Music News". Digital Spy. 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Azealia Banks sick of single delays: 'I miss being unsigned' - Music News". Digital Spy. 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Drama: Azealia Banks Slams Label / Begs For Sony To Sign Her | ..::That Grape Juice // ThatGrapeJuice.net::.. || Thirsty?". Thatgrapejuice.net. 2014-01-26. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
- "Kendrick Lamar 'To Pimp A Butterfly' Album Leaked By iTunes". Rapdose.com. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- "AllHipHop >> TDE CEO Anthony “Top Dawg” Tiffith Blames Interscope For Kendrick Lamar’s Album Leak". AllHipHop.com. 2015-03-15.
- "Update: Kendrick Lamar's 'To Pimp a Butterfly' Gets Surprise Digital Release". Billboard. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Keith Claufield (March 25, 2015). "Kendrick Lamar Earns His First No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
- Keith Caulfield (April 1, 2015). "Kendrick Lamar Spends Second Week at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- "Aftermath Entertainment". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Bad Boy Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Cherrytree Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Singer Tiara Thomas Signs to Division1/Interscope Records". Vibe. 2013-06-03. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "J. Cole "Revenge of the Dreamers" Mixtape, Announces Dreamville-Interscope Partnership". Complex. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Quincy Jones". Quincy Jones. 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Shady Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Streamline Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Tennman Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Will.i.am Music Group". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Zone 4". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "A&M Octone Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "DreamWorks Records - CDs and Vinyl at Discogs". Discogs.com. 2010-07-21. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Death Row Records (2) - CDs and Vinyl at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "G-Unit Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Trauma Records (2) - CDs and Vinyl at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Interscope A&R team contact list
- Video Interview with Jimmy Iovine, Chairman of Interscope
- Interview with Interscope A&R Mark Williams, HitQuarters Apr 2006
- Interscope Records discography at Discogs