Interscope Records

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Interscope Records
Interscope logo.png
Parent company Universal Music Group
Founded 1989
Founder
Distributor(s)
Genre Various
Country of origin United States
Location Santa Monica, California
Official website interscope.com

Interscope Records, Inc. is an American record label that operates as a division of Universal Music Group. It was founded in 1989 by Jimmy Iovine as a Hip hop label, which was then owned by Atlantic Recording Corporation, until it was acquired by MCA Inc. in 1995 over a contention in Gangsta rap.

Since 1999, the label is one of UMG's most pre-eminent labels and operates as the most active under the Interscope Geffen A&M label group, which is headquartered in Santa Monica, California. The label's current artists include Eminem, Fergie, Phillip Phillips, Gwen Stefani, Maroon 5, Kendrick Lamar, Lady Gaga, M.I.A., Lana Del Rey, Schoolboy Q, OneRepublic, and Imagine Dragons.

As of 2013, Interscope became the number-one charting label based on Mediabase, and also with the largest label share on over four radio formats, with Adult Contemporary being their largest share of the formats.[1]

History[edit]

Interscope Records was founded in 1989[2] by Jimmy Iovine and Interscope Communications' Ted Field with financial support from Atlantic Records, which owned a 53% stock in the label. Initially, it was distributed by the Atlantic Records subsidiary EastWest Records America. A&R Executive Tom Whalley, John McClain and producer Beau Hill A&R Joe Lee Jozwiak were also part of the original founding team. The label's first release was Mo' Ritmo by Gerardo.

MCA Inc. acquired Atlantic's stake in the label in 1995 due to controversy over gangsta rap, a genre which Interscope championed.

Today[edit]

The original focus of the label was on hip-hop and urban music, but by the mid 1990s its range began to expand, to where its roster would be as wide ranging to include the industrial rock artist Nine Inch Nails under Nothing Records, shock rocker Marilyn Manson, rock band Limp Bizkit, No Doubt and later the Latin artist Kings Of Flow in a unique partnership with Los Angeles based indie Latin label.[3]

Following UMG's acquisition of PolyGram in 1998, Geffen Records and A&M Records were merged into Interscope. In 2004, DreamWorks Records was merged into the Interscope-Geffen-A&M group bringing over artists including Blink-182, The All-American Rejects, Papa Roach, Rise Against, Nelly Furtado, Lifehouse, AFI, Jimmy Eat World and Rufus Wainwright. The artists were divided between Interscope and Geffen, with most going to the latter. In 2005 Interscope launched a new imprint called Cherrytree Records, for emerging artists. This began with the group The Lovemakers and later included Far East Movement, Feist, Natalia Kills, Flipsyde, Tokio Hotel, and Robyn. Lady Gaga is with Interscope, but no longer with Cherrytree as of 2011. LMFAO and Mindless Behavior are also part of the Interscope Records Major Hits.

In May 2007 Interscope announced a joint-venture partnership with Justin Timberlake to create a new recording label called Tennman Records, with the first artist being Esmee Denters.

In 2011, Interscope signed Madonna and Van Halen, the latter of which reunited with its original lead singer David Lee Roth. Both artists' albums were released in 2012. Both artists were also formerly signed to Warner Bros. Records[4]

On November 8, 2013, it was announced that Interscope Promotion Veteran Greg Marella left the department and became Executive Vice President of promotion at Sony Music's Kemosabe Records, which is headed by Dr. Luke.[5]

On May 13, 2014, Pasquale Rotella's partnered with Interscope Geffen A&M to create Insomniac Records a new EDM imprint, the first artist signed to the label is DJ Arty (Artyom Stolyarov).[6]

On May 28, 2014, Jimmy Iovine, announced that he has stepped down as CEO and Chairman of Interscope Records, a statement on Janick taking, he said, "John Janick has exactly what it takes to lead Interscope Geffen A&M: he started his own label, he understands the art of making records and the unique dynamic between a record label and artist, as well as the enormous responsibility that comes with representing one of the greatest artist rosters ever assembled." Since the Beginning of May, Janick has been leading the label fully without Iovine. Due to Apple, Inc. acquiring Beats Electronics LLC, Iovine will be joing Apple. Before his job at the Interscope Department, he worked at Fueled By Ramen, a Warner Music Group label.[7]

Criticism[edit]

Nine Inch Nails frontman Trent Reznor criticized Universal Music Group for its pricing and distribution plans of Year Zero in Australia. When he asked why it was so much, they replied, "You've got a core audience that's gonna buy whatever we put out, so we can charge more for that [...] True fans will pay whatever."[8] After the release of Year Zero Remixed, two Nine Inch Nails albums, Ghosts I-IV and The Slip, were distributed by Reznor's independent record label The Null Corporation. Nine Inch Nails is currently signed with Columbia Records and no longer associates with Interscope.

About his album The Captain & the Kid (2006), Sir Elton John explained to Cameron Crowe:

Interscope is heavily known for delaying albums in months and even years.[10] In late 2011, rapper 50 Cent engaged in a feud with Interscope stating that "not everyone is not committed to releasing my new album", referencing his yet-to-be-released, fifth studio album. This album, titled Street King Immortal, was meant to be released in the second quarter of 2013.

In 2012, rapper Eve blamed Interscope for delaying her much-anticipated fourth album, Lip Lock. The album was delayed in approximately 6 years, being announced in 2007 but released only in 2013.[11][12]

In 2012, rapper and singer M.I.A. announced her fourth album, Matangi, for a December 2012 release with Interscope.[13] The album was pushed back when Interscope shelved the original project claiming it was "too positive".[14] M.I.A. wrote new songs and produced new beats, but the album was again subject to numerous delays.[15] In September 2013, M.I.A. threatened to leak the album on the internet; Interscope responded by announcing the release date as November 5, 2013.[16]

Also in 2012, rapper Azealia Banks announced her debut album, Broke With Expensive Taste, for a September 2012 release with Interscope and Polydor. However, the album was subject to multiple delays and remains unreleased.[17] The first single, "Yung Rapunxel", was also delayed in 2 months.[18] She has stated on her tumblr:

In January 2014, Azealia slammed Interscope on her Twitter, stating:

Associated record labels under Interscope Records[edit]

Former associated labels under Interscope Records[edit]

Artists[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mediabase - Year End Edition 2013". Pdf.mediabase.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29. 
  2. ^ "Interscope Records, Inc.: Private Company Information - Businessweek". Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ Halperin, Shirley (2012-02-08). "Jimmy Iovine on Sound, Vision and Why He Signed Madonna and Van Halen (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  5. ^ "Interscope Promotion Vet Greg Marella Joins Dr. Luke's Kemosabe Records". The Hollywood Reporter. 2013-11-08. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  6. ^ "Pasquale Rotella's Insomniac & Interscope Geffen A&M Launch New Imprint (Exclusive)". billboard.com. May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "John Janick to Succeed Jimmy Iovine as Chairman, CEO of Interscope Geffen A&M". Billboard. 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2014-07-29. 
  8. ^ Q & A with Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails. Herald Sun. Accessed January 6, 2009
  9. ^ Rollingstone.com, ″Elton John: My Life in 20 Songs″, interview with Cameron Crowe, October 24 issue
  10. ^ "Interscope Delays Major Releases". American Songwriter. 2008-11-26. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  11. ^ [2][dead link]
  12. ^ Harling, Danielle (2009-02-05). "Eve To Return With New Album | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  13. ^ "M.I.A. Tweets Hilariously About December Album 'Matangi' | SPIN | Music News". SPIN. 2012-08-08. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  14. ^ Sean Michaels. "New MIA album 'too positive', says label | Music". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  15. ^ "M.I.A.'s 'Matangi' Album Pushed to April". Billboard. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  16. ^ Jacobs, Matthew (2013-08-10). "M.I.A.'s 'Matangi' Secures Release Date After Singer Threatens To Leak Album". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  17. ^ "Azealia Banks' 'Broke With Expensive Taste' Debut Delayed Again". Vibe. 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  18. ^ "Azealia Banks: 'New single is a game-changer' - Music News". Digital Spy. 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  19. ^ "Azealia Banks sick of single delays: 'I miss being unsigned' - Music News". Digital Spy. 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  20. ^ "Drama: Azealia Banks Slams Label / Begs For Sony To Sign Her | ..::That Grape Juice // ThatGrapeJuice.net::.. || Thirsty?". Thatgrapejuice.net. 2014-01-26. Retrieved 2014-07-29. 
  21. ^ "Aftermath Entertainment". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Bad Boy Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Cherrytree Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Singer Tiara Thomas Signs to Division1/Interscope Records". Vibe. 2013-06-03. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  25. ^ "J. Cole "Revenge of the Dreamers" Mixtape, Announces Dreamville-Interscope Partnership". Complex. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  26. ^ "Mosley Music Group". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Quincy Jones". Quincy Jones. 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  28. ^ "Shady Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Streamline Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Tennman Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Will.i.am Music Group". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Zone 4". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  33. ^ "A&M Octone Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  34. ^ "DreamWorks Records - CDs and Vinyl at Discogs". Discogs.com. 2010-07-21. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  35. ^ "Death Row Records (2) - CDs and Vinyl at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  36. ^ "G-Unit Records". Interscope Records. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Trauma Records (2) - CDs and Vinyl at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 

External links[edit]