Interstate 10 in Florida

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This article is about the section of Interstate 10 in Florida. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 10.

Interstate 10 marker

Interstate 10
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length: 362.057 mi[1] (582.674 km)
Existed: 1958 – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑10 towards Mobile, AL
  I‑110 in Pensacola
US 27 in Tallahassee
I‑75 near Lake City
East end: I‑95 in Jacksonville
Location
Counties: Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson, Madison, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Duval
Highway system
SR 9B SR 10
SR 7 Florida 8.svg SR 8A

The 362 miles (583 km) of Interstate 10 in Florida is the eastern most section of the east–west 2,460.34 miles (3,959.53 km) Interstate 10 in the Southern United States. It is also the eastern end of the Interstate Highway known as the Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway, one of three coast to coast interstates, along with I-80 and I-90. The highway runs east from the Alabama border, traveling through the Panhandle of Florida, serving the major cities of Pensacola, Tallahassee, Lake City, and ending at Jacksonville, and carries the hidden Florida Department of Transportation designation of State Road 8.

Route description[edit]

Eastbound view of I-10 near Lake City and Interstate 75

The interstate runs roughly parallel to U.S. 90 but is a more direct route, bypassing the central cores of the cities. The interstate also runs through some of the least populated areas of the state.

The western terminus of Interstate 10 is the Florida and Alabama line at the Perdido River, just west of Pensacola, in Escambia County. Exit 7A, State Road 297 (southbound), gives access to the Pensacola Naval Air Station and the National Museum of Naval Aviation. At exit 12, I-10 serves as the northern terminus of Interstate 110, a spur route to central Pensacola.

The eastern terminus is located at Interstate 95 in Downtown Jacksonville with an "End" I-10 sign.

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

I-10 west at the interchange for US-Alt 17 south in Jacksonville

Prior to the construction of Interstate 10 U.S. Route 90 was the main east–west highway across the state.

The first section of I-10 in Florida was completed between Sanderson and Jacksonville in 1961. Construction on points westward continued in 1962. The route between Sanderson and Winfield was completed in 1963. By 1967, construction had been completed from the Alabama State Line to SR 87, and under construction from Falmouth to I-75. New construction extending I-10 east from SR 87 to Mossy Head began in 1968. The Falmouth to I-75 segment opened in 1969. Construction began in 1970 further extending I-10 westward from Mossy Head to DeFuniak Springs. New construction began in 1973 from DeFuniak Springs to Caryville and from Drifton to Capitola; the segment between Drifton and Falmouth opened that year. The Capitola to Drifton segment was completed the following year. Construction began between Caryville and Chipley in 1974, and from Chipley to Midway in 1975. The segment between Chipley and Midway was completed in 1977 except for a small portion between Kynesville and Oakdale; in 1978, the entire length of I-10, as well as the I-110 spur in Pensacola across the state opened along its original planned route.[2]

During the planning stage of construction, I-10 was placed just north of the central business district of Tallahassee, roughly along the current route of US 90 through town, while later a spur route was proposed to go to the core of the city. Both of these proposals were dropped and a route across the north side of the city was chosen. In 2008 the interstate stretch in Tallahassee was expanded to six lanes to alleviate congestion.

In 2002, I-10, along with most of Florida's interstates, switched over from a sequential exit numbering system to a mileage based exit numbering system.[3]

Rest area security concerns[edit]

Interstate 10 west in Tallahassee

In 1993, a British tourist was killed at the Jefferson County Rest Area in a botched burglary by teens.[4][5] As a result, Florida rest stops were either patrolled or closed for at least two years when lawmakers approved cut-backs.[6] A number of rest areas are currently regularly patrolled at night by armed security, often private, due to a resurgence in rest area-related violent crime.[7]

Hurricane Ivan[edit]

On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan made landfall near Pensacola, with the resulting storm surge causing heavy damage to the Interstate 10 bridge across Escambia Bay. As much as a quarter mile (400 m) of the bridge collapsed into the bay consisting of 58 bridge segments with an additional 66 segments knocked out of alignment, with most of the damage coming from the eastbound lanes.[8] A $26.5 million project was awarded the following day to Gilbert Southern/Massman and to the Parsons Corporation to make emergency repairs to the bridge. Work was completed on October 4 on the westbound bridge, restoring two-way traffic seven days ahead of schedule. The more heavily damaged eastbound bridge was completely repaired on November 20, just 66 days after Hurricane Ivan made landfall, and 27 days ahead of schedule. The contractor received $1.5 million in bonuses for the early completion. The commercial truck detour sent truck traffic into Alabama and I-65 to avoid the bridges.

The causeway that carries U.S. Highway 90 across the northern part of the same bay was also heavily damaged.

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Old exit[3] New exit Destinations Notes
Escambia   0.000 0.000 I‑10 west – Mobile Alabama state line (Perdido River)
  1.1[9] 1.8 inspection station (eastbound only)
  3.4[9] 5.5 weigh station
  4.4[9] 7.1 State of Florida welcome center (eastbound only)
  5.523 8.888 1 5
US 90 Alt. (SR 10)
Pine Forest 7.092 11.413 2 7 SR 297 (Pine Forest Road) – Pensacola NAS, Perdido Key Signed as exits 7A (south) and 7B (north) eastbound
Brent / Ensley 10.270 16.528 3 10 US 29 (Pensacola Boulevard / SR 95) – Pensacola, Cantonment Signed as exits 10A (south) and 10B (north)
  12.422 19.991 4 12 I‑110 south (SR 8A) – Pensacola, Pensacola Beach, Airport Exit 6 on I-110; Northern terminus of I-110
Ferry Pass 12.928 20.806 5 13 SR 291 (Davis Highway)
16.495 26.546 6 17 US 90 (SR 10A) – Pensacola, Pace
Escambia Bay 16.549–
19.166[9]
26.633–
30.845
Escambia Bay Bridge
Santa Rosa   21.700 34.923 7 22 SR 281 north / SR 281 south – Milton, Gulf Breeze
  25.946 41.756 8 26 CR 191 – Milton, Bagdad
  27.158–
27.747[9]
43.707–
44.654
Bridge over Blackwater River
  28.415 45.730 9 28 CR 89 – Milton
  30.2[9] 48.6 rest area
  31.265 50.316 10 31 SR 87 – Fort Walton Beach, Milton, Navarre
Okaloosa   45.072 72.536 11 45 CR 189 – Holt
Crestview 56.300 90.606 12 56 SR 85 – Crestview, Niceville
  60.0[9] 96.6 rest area
Walton Eglin AFB 69.482 111.820 13 70 SR 285 – Niceville, Eglin AFB, Hurlburt Field
DeFuniak Springs 84.588 136.131 14 85 US 331 (SR 83) – DeFuniak Springs, Freeport
Holmes Ponce de Leon 96.018 154.526 15 96 SR 81 – Ponce de Leon rest area in southeast corner
Washington   104.038 167.433 16 104 CR 279 – Caryville
Holmes Bonifay 111.685 179.740 17 112 SR 79 – Bonifay, Panama City Beach
Washington Chipley 119.680 192.606 18 120 SR 77 – Chipley, Panama City
Jackson   129.833 208.946 19 130 US 231 (SR 75) – Cottondale, Panama City
  133.2[9] 214.4 rest area
Marianna 136.441 219.581 20 136 SR 276 – Marianna
  142.126 228.730 21 142 SR 71 – Marianna, Blountstown
  152.041 244.686 22 152 SR 69 – Grand Ridge, Blountstown
  155.6[9] 250.4 weigh station
  158.011 254.294 23 158 CR 286 – Sneads
Apalachicola River 160.061–
161.220[9]
257.593–
259.458
Bridge
Gadsden   161.30[9] 259.59 rest area
  165.729 266.715 24 166 CR 270A – Chattahoochee
  174.093 280.176 25 174 SR 12 – Quincy, Gretna, Greensboro
  180.963 291.232 26 181 SR 267 – Quincy
Midway 191.949 308.912 27 192 US 90 (SR 10) – Midway, Quincy, Tallahassee
Ochlockonee River 193.569–
193.798[9]
311.519–
311.888
Bridge
Leon   194.3[9] 312.7 rest area
Tallahassee 195.731 314.999 28 196 SR 263 (Capital Circle Northwest) – Regional Airport
199.010 320.276 29 199 US 27 (Monroe Street / SR 63) – State Capitol
202.678 326.179 30 203 US 319 / SR 61 (Thomasville Road / Capital Circle Northeast / SR 261)
208.570 335.661 31 209 US 90 (SR 10) – Tallahassee, Monticello Signed as exits 209A (west) and 209B (east)
Jefferson   216.737 348.804 32 217 SR 59
  225.055 362.191 33 225 US 19 (Florida-Georgia Parkway / SR 57) – Monticello, Perry, Thomasville
  232.849 374.734 34 233 CR 257
  234.8[9] 377.9 rest area
Madison   241.217 388.201 35 241 US 221 (SR 55) – Greenville, Perry
  251.520 404.782 36 251 SR 14 – Madison, Perry
  258.106 415.381 37 258 SR 53 – Madison
  261.771 421.280 38 262 CR 255 – Lee
  263.3[9] 423.7 weigh station
  264.9[9] 426.3 rest area
Suwannee River 268.142–
268.246[9]
431.533–
431.700
Bridge
Suwannee   270.6[9] 435.5 inspection station
  274.642 441.993 39 275 US 90 (SR 10) – Live Oak, Lee
  282.770 455.074 40 283 US 129 (SR 51) – Live Oak, Jasper
  292.127 470.133 41 292 CR 137 – Wellborn
  293.4[9] 472.2 rest area (eastbound)
Columbia   294.4[9] 473.8 rest area (westbound)
  296.199 476.686 42 296 I‑75 (SR 93) – Tampa, Valdosta Signed as exits 296A (south) and 296B (north); exit 435 on I-75
  301.293 484.884 43 301 US 41 (SR 25 / SR 100) – Lake City, White Springs
Lake City 303.458 488.368 44 303 US 441 (SR 47) – Lake City, Fargo
Baker   317.8[9] 511.4 rest area
  323.827 521.149 45 324 US 90 (SR 10) – Sanderson, Olustee
  326.750 525.853 46 327 CR 229 – Sanderson, Raiford
  332.782 535.561 47 333 CR 125 – Glen St. Mary
Macclenny 335.145 539.364 48 335 SR 121 – Macclenny, Lake Butler
  336.312 541.242 49 336 SR 228 – Macclenny, Maxville
Nassau
No major junctions
Duval   343.879 553.420 50 343 US 301 (SR 200) – Baldwin, Starke
  350.370 563.866 -- 350 SR 23 south (Cecil Commerce Center Parkway)
Whitehouse 352.096 566.644 51 351 Chaffee Road (CR 115C) – Whitehouse
Marietta 356.269 573.359 52 355 Marietta (Cahoon Road) Planned to be closed and replaced with Hammond Boulevard interchange, farther west[10]
Jacksonville 356.838 574.275 53 356 I‑295 (Beltway / SR 9A) – Daytona Beach, Savannah Exit 21 on I-295
357.910 576.000 54 357 SR 103 (Lane Avenue)
359.185 578.052 55 358 SR 111 (Cassat Avenue / Edgewood Avenue)
359.895 579.195 56 359 Luna Street to Lenox Avenue / Highway Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
360.773 580.608 57 360 SR 129 (McDuff Avenue)
361.046 581.047 58 361 US 17 south / SR 228 west (Roosevelt Boulevard / SR 15 south) – NAS Jax West end of US 17 / SR 15 / SR 228 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
361.642 582.006 59 362 Stockton Street - Riverside
362.057 582.674 -- -- I‑95 / US 17 north / SR 228 east (SR 9 / SR 15 north) – Jax Beaches, Daytona Beach, Downtown Jacksonville, Savannah I-95 exit 351B
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

Interstate 10
Previous state:
Alabama
Florida Next state:
Terminus