Interstate 195 (New Jersey)

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Interstate 195 marker

Interstate 195
Central Jersey Expressway
James J. Howard Interstate Highway
A map of New Jersey showing major roads. I-195 runs east-west across the center of the state.
I-195 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NJDOT
Length: 34.17 mi[1] (54.99 km)
Existed: 1968 – present
Major junctions
West end:

Current: I‑295 / Route 29 in Hamilton Township

Future (2017): I-95 / I-276 / Penna. Tpk. in Bristol Township
  US 206 in Hamilton Township
US 130 in Hamilton Township
I‑95 / NJ Tpk. in Robbinsville Township
CR 539 in Robbinsville Township/Upper Freehold Township
CR 537 in Millstone Township/Jackson Township
US 9 in Howell Township
East end: Route 34 / Route 138 in Wall Township
Highway system
Route 187 US 202

Interstate 195 (abbreviated I-195) is an auxiliary route of the Interstate Highway System located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its western end is at I-295 and Route 29 just south of Trenton, New Jersey in Hamilton Township, Mercer County while its eastern end is at the Garden State Parkway, Route 34 and Route 138 in Wall Township. I-195 is 34.17 miles (54.99 km) in length. The route is mostly a four-lane highway that runs through wooded areas in the center of New Jersey. It has an interchange with the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) at Exit 7A in Robbinsville Township and serves as a main access road to Six Flags Great Adventure (which is off the CR 537 exit in Jackson Township) and the Jersey Shore. I-195 is occasionally referred to as the Central Jersey Expressway. On April 6, 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed H.R. 4263 naming Interstate 195 in New Jersey the James J. Howard Interstate Highway, in honor of the late James J. Howard.

The current I-195 was initially planned as a toll road called the Trenton-Asbury Park Expressway in the 1950s. In the 1960s, the road became part of the proposed Route 37 and Route 38 freeways that were to cross the central part of the state. A compromise between these two freeways was planned between Trenton and Belmar and would get Interstate Highway funding, becoming I-195. This freeway was built in several stages during the 1970s and 1980s. Due to the cancellation of the Somerset Freeway and the resulting gap in I-95, an interchange is planned between the Pennsylvania Turnpike and I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania to fill this gap. When this is completed in 2018, I-195 will be extended west along the current I-295 and I-95 around the north side of Trenton to the new interchange, and I-95 will finally be uninterrupted from US 1 in Miami, Florida to the Maine-New Brunswick international border.

Route description[edit]

Mercer County[edit]

A six-lane highway at an interchange with three green signs over the road. The left sign reads east Interstate 195 to New Jersey Turnpike Interstate 95 Belmar, the middle sign reads exit 1B U.S. Route 206 north White Horse next right, and the right sign reads exit 1A U.S. Route 206 south Bordentown upper right arrow exit only.
I-195 eastbound at the Route 206 interchange in Hamilton

I-195's western terminus is at a modified cloverleaf interchange with I-295 in Hamilton Township, Mercer County, located southeast of the city of Trenton. From this end, the freeway continues north into Trenton as Route 29. I-195 serves as the southern continuation of Route 29, continuing east from I-295 as a six-lane expressway, passing between suburban neighborhoods to the north and the Crosswicks Creek to the south.[1][2] After the exit for US 206, the highway narrows to four lanes and turns northeast as it interchanges with CR 524 and CR 620.[1] Following this, I-195 passes near more neighborhoods and runs to the northwest of Gropp Lake before turning more to the east.[2] The route has a cloverleaf interchange with Yardville-Hamilton Square Road before passing near business parks and reaching a cloverleaf junction with US 130. After US 130, the road enters Robbinsville Township as the settings start to become more rural, with a few areas of suburban development.[1][2] In Robbinsville Township, there is a ramp that provides access to the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95). Shortly after passing over the New Jersey Turnpike, I-195 reaches the exit for CR 526.[1] The highway runs to the north of Allentown before briefly forming the border between Robbinsville Township to the north and Upper Freehold Township, Monmouth County to the south as it reaches the interchange with CR 524/CR 539.[1][2]

Monmouth and Ocean counties[edit]

A grouping of road signs, with two fully visible. The left sign is a green square that reads New York right arrow and the right sign is an old shield that reads Interstate 195 right.
Vintage I-195 shield

Upon passing under CR 524/CR 539, I-195 fully enters Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County and continues east through a mix of woodland and farmland.[1][2] The next interchange the highway reaches is with CR 43.[1] Past this exit, the highway passes through more rural areas and crosses into Millstone Township. In this area, I-195 turns to the southeast and enters more forested areas as it comes to a cloverleaf interchange with CR 537.[1][2] This exit off I-195 provides access to Six Flags Great Adventure and the Jackson Premium Outlets.[2] Due to the presence of Six Flags, this exit off I-195 can become busy during the summer months since it provides access to the park from both the New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway, which lies just east of I-195's eastern terminus.[3][4] Upon crossing CR 537, the highway enters Jackson Township in Ocean County and continues east through heavy woods. The road comes to an exit with CR 527, where there is a park and ride lot for motorists. The median of I-195 widens past the CR 527 junction before narrowing as it comes to the CR 638 interchange.[1][2] The road runs through more woodland, with nearby residential development increasing.[2]

After crossing the North Branch Metedeconk River, I-195 continues into Howell Township, Monmouth County and turns northeast, reaching a cloverleaf interchange with US 9.[1][2] At this point, the road turns east again and soon heads back into dense woods.[2] After crossing the Manasquan River, the expressway interchanges with CR 547, which provides access to CR 524 and CR 549. Shortly after CR 547, I-195 enters Wall Township and passes through Allaire State Park.[1][2] The eastern end of I-195 is located at Exit 35, its junction with Route 34 that has access to the southbound Garden State Parkway from the eastbound direction.[1] At the exit for Route 34, I-195 ends and Route 138 begins, but the highway and exit numbering continue onto Route 138, marking the interchange with the Garden State Parkway as Exit 36.[1][2] Past this interchange, Route 138 continues east to Belmar on the Jersey Shore as an arterial boulevard, making connections with Route 18 and Route 35.[2]

History[edit]

A four lane freeway at an interchange in a wooded area with two green signs over the road. The left one reads Interstate 195 west Trenton and the right one reads exit 21 County Route 527 County Route 526 Jackson Siloam upper right arrow
View of exit 21 from the westbound lanes of I-195 in Jackson

What would become I-195 was first proposed in the late 1950s as a toll road called the Trenton-Asbury Park Expressway that was to be operated by the New Jersey Highway Authority, the owner of the Garden State Parkway at the time.[5] In 1965, this road would be incorporated into a planned Central Jersey Expressway System. The western portion would become a part of the Route 37 freeway that was to run from Trenton to Seaside Heights while the eastern portion would become a part of the Route 38 freeway that was to run from Camden to Belmar. The two freeways were to meet near Fort Dix.[6] By 1967, plans for the Route 38 freeway were canceled, leaving Route 37 as the only planned east-west freeway through central New Jersey. The routing of this freeway, which was to be called the Central Jersey Expressway, was changed to run from the Trenton area east to Wall Township[7] In addition, officials pushed for Interstate Highway funding for the freeway, with funds to be diverted from the canceled I-278 in Union County. The proposed freeway would cost $60 million.[8]

A topographic map showing a freeway coming in from the left and ending abruptly at a surface road running top to bottom. The freeway continues to the right as a dotted line
Interchange 21 was once the eastern terminus of I-195, as this USGS map illustrates

By 1970, construction took place on the route between CR 539 near Allentown and CR 527 in Jackson Township.[9] The portion of I-195 between the New Jersey Turnpike and CR 527 was opened by 1973 and construction on the section between White Horse and the New Jersey Turnpike began.[10] In 1979, I-195 was completed east to Squankum.[11] By 1983, the length of I-195 was completed.[12]

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority had proposed to build the Driscoll Expressway which was to start from exit 80 of the parkway in Toms River and end 3 miles (4.8 km) north of exit 8A of the Turnpike in South Brunswick. This proposal was also part of the "Central Jersey Expressway System," but it was proposed before I-195 was ever created. After I-195 was extended into Jackson Township in the late 1970s, an interchange was planned to be built to connect the two roads. However, the Driscoll Expressway was shelved in the 1980s.[13]

When it was planned, I-195 did not intersect I-95 at all; it instead connected to I-295 at its west end.[12] When I-95 was re-routed to the New Jersey Turnpike after the cancellation of the Somerset Freeway, I-195 was connected to I-95.[14] Since I-95 abruptly ends at I-295 and US 1 in Lawrence Township, motorists must take I-295 southbound to I-195 east in order to access I-95/New Jersey Turnpike.[15]

On April 6, 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed H.R. 4263 naming I-195 in New Jersey the James J. Howard Interstate Highway, in honor of the late James J. Howard, a U.S. Representative from New Jersey who advocated improving the highways of the United States .[16] In the late 1990s, the New Jersey Department of Transportation considered the possibility of widening I-195 to six lanes between the New Jersey Turnpike and CR 537 in order to accommodate traffic going to Six Flags Great Adventure.[17] The interchange with CR 537 was improved in 1997 by adding separate ramps to westbound and eastbound CR 537 from I-195 and by making the westbound ramp two lanes for Six Flags traffic.[18]

I-195, like many other highways in New Jersey, once had solar powered emergency call boxes every 1 mile (1.6 km). With the advent of cell phones, the call boxes saw limited use. To save on maintenance costs, the NJDOT removed the call boxes in 2005.[19]

On April 30, 2010, NJDOT started a project to repave the expressway both eastbound and westbound from just east of the Turnpike overpasses near Exit 7 in Robbinsville Township to Exit 11 in Upper Freehold Township. This was completed in late autumn of 2010.[20]

Future[edit]

View east along I-195 from its western terminus at I-295

When the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project (the interchange between I-95 and I-276 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania) is completed in 2017, I-195 is planned to be extended from its present-day western terminus, continuing counterclockwise to the north and replacing sections of the current I-295 and I-95, with its designation proposed to end at that new interchange.[15] I-295 would be truncated to the current interchange with I-195, and I-95 would be rerouted onto current I-276 to the New Jersey Turnpike. Though there are other numbering alternatives – such as the original design choice of an I-295 extension into Pennsylvania – officials from New Jersey and Pennsylvania have agreed to submit the I-195 request to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, as no route designation is official until approved by them.[21] If approved, approximately 27.1 miles (43.6 km) will be added to I-195.[22] Interchange renumbering will also take place that will coordinate with the future I-195 designation in Pennsylvania, as well as the new and current I-195 designation, from Ewing to Belmar.[23]

Additionally, the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) has studied proposals to expand I-195 from Exit 16 near Six Flags to the New Jersey Turnpike from 4 to 6 total lanes, which would eliminate the grass median in the process.[17]

On December 1, 2004, plans were announced to extend the dual-dual configuration of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) to Exit 6 in Mansfield Township from its current end at Exit 8A in Monroe Township. Three additional lanes will be added at the exit 7A tollgate and the exit ramps that connect the 7A tollgate with Interstate 195 will be widened to two lanes. A new high-speed overpass will be built across the expressway, and I-195's overpasses that cross over the turnpike will be reconstructed.[24][25]

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Exit Destinations Notes
Mercer Hamilton Township 0.00 0.00 60 A-B I‑295 to US 1 / I‑95 – Camden, Princeton
Route 29 north to Route 129 – Trenton
Western terminus, continues as Route 29
0.92 1.48 1 A-B US 206 – Bordentown, White Horse Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
1.55 2.49 2 US 206 / South Broad Street (CR 524) / Arena Drive (CR 620) – Yardville
3.37 5.42 3 A-B Yardville-Hamilton Square Road – Yardville, Hamilton Square
4.90 7.89 5 A-B US 130 – New Brunswick, Bordentown
Robbinsville Township 6.25 10.06 6 I‑95 / NJ Tpk. – New York, Delaware Memorial Bridge Interchange 7A of NJTP
7.31 11.76 7 CR 526 – Washington, Allentown No access from CR 526 westbound to I-195 eastbound; access provided by Exit 8
Mercer
Monmouth
Robbinsville Township
Upper Freehold Township
8.54 13.74 8 CR 539 (CR 524) – Allentown, Hightstown
Monmouth Upper Freehold Township 11.79 18.97 11 Coxs Corner, Imlaystown (CR 43)
Monmouth
Ocean
Millstone Township
Jackson Township
16.71 26.89 16 CR 537 – Freehold, Mount Holly, Six Flags Splits into exits 16A-B eastbound
Ocean Jackson Township 21.04 33.86 21 CR 527 to CR 526 – Siloam, Jackson
22.99 37.00 22 Georgia, Jackson Mills (CR 638)
Monmouth Howell Township 27.17 43.73 28 A-B US 9 – Lakewood, Freehold
31.57 50.81 31 CR 547 to CR 524 / CR 549 – Farmingdale, Lakewood, Allaire State Park
Wall Township 34.17 54.99 35 A-B Route 34 to G.S. Pkwy. south – Matawan, Brielle, Point Pleasant Eastern terminus of I-195, continues as Route 138
0.36 0.58 36 G.S. Pkwy. north
Route 138 east – Belmar
Cloverleaf interchange with additional ramps, exit along Route 138
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Interstate 195 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Google Inc. "overview map of I-195". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&saddr=I-195+E&daddr=40.169429,-74.104156&hl=en&geocode=FVQnZQIdZtSL-w%3B&mra=dme&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=11&sll=40.187791,-74.264145&sspn=0.25703,0.439453&ie=UTF8&ll=40.173758,-74.125271&spn=1.028316,1.757813&z=9. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
  3. ^ "Directions to the Restaurant / Golf Club". The Greens Restaurant & Banquet Hall. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  4. ^ Kahn, Eve M. (September 13, 1991). "Great Adventure: Highs and Lows". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  5. ^ Proposed Trenton-Asbury Park Expresseway. New Jersey State Highway Department. August 1964. 
  6. ^ Plans for a Central Jersey Expressway System. New Jersey State Highway Department. 1965. 
  7. ^ Route 37 Freeway Relocation Study. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1967. 
  8. ^ New Jersey Highway Facts. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1967. 
  9. ^ Esso (1970). Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  10. ^ Exxon (1973). Pennsylvania (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  11. ^ Narvaez, Alfonso A. (September 2, 1979). "State to Winnow Highway Program; State to Winnow Highway Projects" (Fee required). The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  12. ^ a b State Farm Insurance (1983). State Farm Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  13. ^ "Alfred E. Driscoll Expy - unbuilt (Steve Anderson)"
  14. ^ Rand McNally (1996). United States-Canada-Mexico Road Atlas (Map).
  15. ^ a b Frassinelli, Mike (September 7, 2010). "N.J., Pennsylvania officials plan to close longtime gap on Route 95". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  16. ^ "Today in Interstate History". American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2006-07-24. 
  17. ^ a b Sapia, Joseph (August 2, 1996). "Expansion of I-195 Gets Look from DOT". Asbury Park Press. 
  18. ^ "I-195 Improvements End Great Adventure Backups". Asbury Park Press. July 17, 1997. 
  19. ^ Barlas, Thomas (February 28, 2007). "Last call for N.J.'s roadside call boxes". The Press of Atlantic City. 
  20. ^ "Expect Delays on I-195 in Upper Freehold". Examiner. 2010-05-06. 
  21. ^ "Design Advisory Committee Meeting #2 Summary". PA Turnpike / I-95 Interchange Project. 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-08-08. 
  22. ^ Google Inc. "overview map of I-195 extension". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=40.184,+-74.72195&daddr=40.288692,-74.803505+to:40.1295,+-74.89&geocode=FcAoZQIdYtWL-w%3B%3BFdxTZAId8ESJ-w&hl=en&mra=dpe&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=12&via=1&sll=40.268524,-74.805222&sspn=0.109238,0.3368&ie=UTF8&ll=40.203002,-74.817581&spn=0.218688,0.673599&t=h&z=11. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
  23. ^ The Design Management Team, Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project. "Exit renumbering". "The re-designation of I-95 and a portion of I-295 in NJ as I-195, necessitated when the PA and NJ Turnpikes are designated as I-95, will indeed require new exit numbers on those interstates as well as the existing stretch of I-195 in NJ. This action, which is still approximately 5-6 years away since the new connection between I-95 and the PA Turnpike needs to be constructed, was acknowledged by the NJ Department of Transportation in their support of the re-numbering request to the Federal Highway Administration and AASHTO. Details regarding interim exit numbering and public relations efforts at that time are not available, but will be determined as the project moves forward." 
  24. ^ "Widening Program Overview". New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  25. ^ "Brief Overview Central Jersey Transportation Forum July 20, 2006 Meeting". Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. July 20, 2006. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing