Interstate 20 in Texas

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This article is about the section of Interstate 20 in Texas. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 20.

Interstate 20 marker

Interstate 20
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 636.08 mi[1] (1,023.67 km)
Existed: 1959 – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑10 near Kent
  I‑30 near Fort Worth
I‑35W in Fort Worth
I‑35E in Dallas
I‑45 in Hutchins
East end: I‑20 near Greenwood, LA
Highway system
SH 19 SH 20

Interstate 20 in Texas (abbreviated I-20 or IH-20) is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, running east from a junction with Interstate 10 east of Kent, Texas, through the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex to the border with Louisiana near Waskom, Texas. The original distance of Interstate 20 was 647 miles (1,041 km) from I-10 to the Louisiana border, reduced to the current distance of 636 miles (1,024 km) with the rerouting of I-20 in the 1980s and 1990s. I-20 is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway within the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.

History[edit]

Interstate 20 in Texas was designated in 1959, and was to replace or run parallel to U.S. Route 80. Initial construction began from east to west and as bypass loops around larger cities. By 1967, the highway was complete from the Louisiana border to the western side of Fort Worth on a route to the south of US 80, with slower construction in the lesser populated areas of West Texas concurrent with US 80. In 1971, I-20 was rerouted across the southern side of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, with the old section through downtown Dallas and Fort Worth being redesignated as Interstate 30. In 1991, the entire concurrent designation of US 80 was removed from the I-10 interchange to Dallas.

Route description[edit]

West Texas[edit]

I-20 begins at a junction with I-10 in a desolate region of West Texas about 6 miles (10 km) east of the town of Kent. I-20 leaves the interchange with I-10 with a speed limit of 80 until Milemarker 89. Interstate 20 also generally heads to the east-northeast passing by the cities of Odessa and Midland while transitioning from the West Texas desert to the prairie. I-20 runs concurrently with the La Entrada al Pacífico corridor from its junction with US 385 in Odessa to its junction with FM 1788 near Midland International Airport. Near Sweetwater, I-20 begins to head due east as it heads towards the city of Abilene. In Abilene, I-20 curves towards the north and transverses the northern part of the city while also forming the northern arc of the loop around the city. I-20 continues heading east from Abilene until the town of Eastland when I-20 takes a more northeasterly route towards Weatherford while transitioning from the West Texas prairie to the central plains of North Texas the terrain grows hilly. In Weatherford, I-20 again heads back towards the east as it heads towards the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.

Dallas-Fort Worth area[edit]

I-20 in southern Fort Worth

I-20 interchanges with I-30 west of Fort Worth with I-30 heading east and I-20 to the southeast. I-20 heads back towards the east when it interchanges with Interstate 820. I-20 forms the southern arc of the complete loop around the city of Fort Worth, and serves as the southernmost west–east freeway in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Interchanging with I-35W south of downtown Fort Worth, I-20 heads east towards Dallas passing through Arlington, where it is also known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway.[2] From Arlington, I-20 passes into Dallas County at Grand Prairie and heads east in to Dallas, interchanging with I-35E south of downtown and I-45 shortly after. I-20 intersects with I-635 (where it completes a three-quarter loop around the city) on Dallas' southeast side before heading east towards East Texas. The interstate varies from 4 to 10 lanes from its I-30 junction near Weatherford to its US-80 junction near Terrell.

East Texas[edit]

I-20 leaves the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex and heads generally to the east-southeast through East Texas. I-20 begins heading to the east as it passes to the north of the city of Tyler at Lindale, Texas. The intersection of I-20 at US 69 in Lindale is the highest traffic count intersection on I-20 east of Terrell to the Louisiana state line. From Lindale, I-20 continues east, going through Kilgore in the piney woods region of East Texas. I-20 leaves the state of Texas near Waskom and just west of Shreveport, Louisiana.

Auxiliary route[edit]

Interstate 20 has one auxiliary route in Texas.

  • Interstate 820 is a 35.2-mile (56.6 km) loop around the city of Fort Worth. It once completely circumnavigated the city prior to I-20 absorbing the southern section as part of its relocation to the south and I-30 being extended westward over the old alignment of I-20 through the center of town.[3]

Business routes[edit]

All of the business loops within Texas are maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). Interstate 20 has fifteen business loops in the state, all located in western Texas. Along I-20, TxDOT identifies each business route as Business Interstate 20 followed by an alphabetic suffix. Along Texas Interstates, the alphabetic suffixes on business route names ascend eastward and northward. There are gaps in the alphabetic values to allow for future system expansion. The alphabetic naming suffixes are included as small letters on the bottom of route shields.

Texas State Loop 254 takes the place of a business route in Ranger, Texas, and follows the original route of U.S. Route 80.

I-20 business routes in Texas generally follow the path of the former US 80 through the central portions of towns now bypassed by the Interstate route.

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile km Exit Destinations Notes
Reeves   I‑10 west – El Paso Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  186 I‑10 east – San Antonio Westbound exit and eastbound entrance, exit number corresponds to I-10 west
  3 Stocks Road
  7 Johnson Road
  13 McAlpine Road
Toyah 22 FM 2903 (Centre Street) – Toyah
  29 Shaw Road
  33 FM 869
  37 I‑20 Bus. east – Pecos
Pecos 39 SH 17 – Fort Davis, Balmorhea
40 Country Club Drive
42 US 285 – Fort Stockton, Carlsbad
  44 Collie Road
Ward   49 FM 516 – Barstow
  52 I‑20 Bus. west – Barstow Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  58 Frontage Road
Pyote 66 SH 115 / FM 1927 – Pyote, Kermit
  70 Spur 65
Wickett 73 FM 1219 – Wickett
  76 I‑20 Bus. east – Monahans
Thorntonville 79 Loop 464
Monahans 80 SH 18 – Kermit, Fort Stockton
  83 I‑20 Bus. west – Monahans
  86 PR 41 – Monahans Sandhills State Park
Crane No major junctions
Ector   93 FM 1053 – Fort Stockton
  101 FM 1601 – Penwell
  104 FM 866 – Goldsmith
  108 Moss Avenue – Meteor Crater
  112 I‑20 Bus. east / FM 1936 – Odessa
  113 SH 302 / Loop 338 – Kermit
Odessa 115 FM 1882 (County Road West)
116 US 385 – Andrews, Crane
118 FM 3503 / Grandview Avenue
120 JBS Parkway
121 Loop 338 – Odessa
Midland   126 FM 1788 – Midland International Airport
Midland 131 SH 158 west / Loop 250 – Midland Western end of SH 158 overlap
134 Midkiff Road
136 SH 349 – Rankin, Lamesa
137 Old Lamesa Road
138 SH 158 east / FM 715 – Garden City Eastern end of SH 158 overlap
  140 FM 307 – Greenwood Eastbound exit and entrance
  143 Frontage Road Eastbound exit only
  144 I‑20 Bus. west / Loop 250 – Midland
Martin   151 FM 829 Westbound exit and entrance
  154 I‑20 Bus. east – Stanton
Stanton 156 SH 137 – Lamesa
  158 I‑20 Bus. west – Stanton
Howard   165 FM 818
  169 FM 2599
  171 Moore Field Road
  172 Cauble Road
Big Spring 174 I‑20 Bus. east – Big Spring
176 SH 176 – Andrews
177 US 87 – San Angelo, Lamesa
178 SH 350 – Snyder
179 I‑20 Bus. west – Big Spring
181A FM 700
181B Refinery Road
  182 Midway Road
  184 Moss Lake Road – Sand Springs
  186 Salem Road – Sand Springs
Coahoma 188 FM 820 – Coahoma
  189 McGregor Road
  190 Snyder Field Road
  192 FM 821
  194A East Howard Field Road
  194B Frontage Road Westbound exit and entrance
  195 Frontage Road Eastbound exit only
Mitchell   199 Iatan Road
  200 Conaway Road
  206 I‑20 Bus. east / FM 670 – Westbrook
Westbrook 207 I‑20 Bus. west – Westbrook
  209 Dorn Road
  210 FM 2836
  212 FM 1229
  213 I‑20 Bus. east / Enderly Road – Colorado City
Colorado City 215 FM 3525
216
SH 208 north / Bus. SH 208 – Snyder, Colorado City
Western end of SH 208 overlap
217 SH 208 south – San Angelo Eastern end of SH 208 overlap
  219A Country Club Road Signed as exit 219 eastbound
  219B I‑20 Bus. west – Colorado City Eastbound exit is via exit 219
  220 FM 1899
  221 Lasky Road
  223 Lucas Road
  224 I‑20 Bus. east – Loraine
Loraine 225 FM 644 south
  226A FM 644 north Eastbound exit is via exit 225
  226B I‑20 Bus. west / Wimberley Road
  227 Narrell Road
Nolan   230 FM 1230
  235 I‑20 Bus. east – Roscoe
Roscoe 236 FM 608 – Roscoe
  237 Cemetery Road
  238A US 84 west – Lubbock, Snyder Western end of US 84 overlap; no eastbound exit
  238B Blackland Road
  238C Frontage Road Eastbound exit and entrance
  239 May Road No access across I-20
  240 Loop 170
Sweetwater 241 I‑20 Bus. east – Sweetwater
242 Hopkins Road
243 Hillsdale Road, Robert Lee Street
244
SH 70 south / Bus. SH 70 – Sweetwater, San Angelo
Western end of SH 70 overlap
245 Arizona Avenue Westbound exit only
  246 Alabama Avenue
Sweetwater 247 I‑20 Bus. west / SH 70 north – Sweetwater, Roby Eastern end of SH 70 overlap
  249 FM 1856
  251 Eskota Road
  255 Adrian Road
  256 Stink Creek Road
  258 White Flat Road
  259 Sylvester Road
Taylor   261 I‑20 Bus. east – Trent
Trent 262 FM 1085
  263 I‑20 Bus. west – Trent
  264 Noodle Dome Road
  266 Derstine Road
  267 I‑20 Bus. east – Merkel
Merkel 269 FM 126
  270 I‑20 Bus. west / FM 1235 – Merkel
  272 Wimberly Road
  274 Wells Lane
Tye 277 I‑20 Bus. east / FM 707 – Tye
278 I‑20 Bus. west – Tye
Abilene 279 I‑20 Bus. east / US 84 east – Abilene Eastern end of US 84 overlap; no westbound exit
280 Fulwiler Road
281 FM 3438 (Hayter Road) – Dyess AFB
282 Shirley Road
283 US 83 (Winters Freeway) / US 277 – San Angelo, Ballinger, Anson Signed as exits 283A (south) and 283B (north)
285 Old Anson Road – Impact
286A
Bus. US 83 – Abilene
Signed as exits 286A (south) and 286B (north) eastbound
286C FM 600
288 SH 351 – Albany
290 Loop 322 (Jake Roberts Freeway) to SH 36 – Cross Plains
292A I‑20 Bus. west – Abilene
292B Elmdale Road
Callahan   294 Buck Creek Road
  297 FM 603
Clyde 299 FM 1707 (Hays Road)
300 Spur 189 / FM 604 – Clyde
301 Cherry Lane
  303 Union Hill Road
Baird 306 I‑20 Bus. east / FM 2047 – Baird
307 US 283 – Albany, Coleman
  308 I‑20 Bus. west – Baird
  310 Finley Road
  313 FM 2228
  316 Brushy Creek Road
Putnam 319 FM 880 south – Putnam, Cross Plains
  320 FM 880 north / FM 2945 east – Moran
  322 Cooper Creek Road
Eastland   324 Scranton Road
Cisco 330 SH 206 – Cross Plains, Cisco, Coleman
332 US 183 – Breckenridge, Cisco, Brownwood, Albany
  337 Spur 490
  340 SH 6 – Gorman, Eastland, De Leon, Breckenridge
Eastland 343 SH 112 / FM 570 – Lake Leon
  345 FM 3363 – Olden Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
  347 FM 3363 – Olden Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Ranger 349 Loop 254 / FM 2461 – Lake Leon, Ranger
351 Desdemona Boulevard Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
352 Blundell Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  354 Loop 254 west – Ranger
  358 Frontage Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  361 SH 16 – Strawn, De Leon
  363 Tudor Road
Erath   367 SH 108 north – Mingus, Thurber Western end of SH 108 overlap
Palo Pinto   370 SH 108 south / FM 919 – Gordon, Stephenville Eastern end of SH 108 overlap
  373 SH 193 – Gordon
  376 Panama Road, Blue Flat Road
  380 FM 4 – Palo Pinto, Lipan, Santo
  386 US 281 – Stephenville, Mineral Wells
Parker   391 Gilbert Pit Road
  394 FM 113 – Millsap
  397 FM 1189 – Brock
  402 Spur 312 east – Weatherford Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
  403 Dennis Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Weatherford 406 Old Dennis Road, South Bowie Drive
407 FM 1884 (Bethel Road) / Tin Top Road Westbound exit is via exit 408
408 SH 171 / FM 51 – Granbury, Cleburne
409A Holland Lake Road, Fossil Hill Road westbound exit and eastbound entrance
409 FM 2552 north (Santa Fe Drive) / Clear Lake Road
410 East Bankhead Drive
  411 Center Point Road Westbound exit only
Hudson Oaks 413 Lake Shore Drive Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
414 US 180 – Weatherford, Mineral Wells Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  415 FM 5 (MikUS Road) – Annetta
Willow Park 418 Ranch House Road – Willow Park
420 FM 1187 / FM 3325 – Aledo
  421 I‑30 east – Downtown Fort Worth Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Tarrant   425 Markum Ranch Road
  426 RM 2871
Benbrook 428 I‑820 north (Jim Wright Freeway)
429A US 377 (Benbrook Boulevard) – Granbury
429B Winscott Road
Fort Worth 431 Bryant Irvin Road
Chisholm Trail Parkway Future interchange under construction; open early 2014
432 SH 183 west (Southwest Boulevard) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
433 Hulen Street, South Drive – TCU
434A Granbury Road, South Drive
434B Trail Lake Drive, Westcreek Drive
435 McCart Avenue, Westcreek Drive
436A FM 731 (Crowley Road) / James Avenue
436B Hemphill Street
437 I‑35W (South Freeway) – Denton, Waco
438 Oak Grove Road
439 CampUS Drive
Forest Hill 440A Wichita Street
440B Forest Hill Drive
441 Anglin Drive
Fort Worth 442A
Bus. US 287 (Mansfield Highway)
442B I‑820 north (East Loop) / US 287 north – Downtown Fort Worth Western end of US 287 overlap
Arlington 443 Bowman Springs Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
444 US 287 south / Little Road – Waxahachie Eastern end of US 287 overlap
445 Green Oaks Boulevard, Little Road
447 Kelly–Elliott Road, Park Springs Road
448 Bowen Road
449 FM 157 (Cooper Street) – UT Arlington Signed as exits 449A (south) and 449B (north) eastbound
450 Matlock Road
451 Collins Street, New York Avenue
453 SH 360 (Frontage Roads, Watson Road) – D/FW Airport Signed as exits 453A (north) and 453B (south)
Grand Prairie 454 Great Southwest Parkway
Dallas 455A President George Bush Turnpike north
455B SH 161 / Lake Ridge Parkway
456 Carrier Parkway
457 FM 1382 (Belt Line Road) – Grand Prairie, Cedar Hill
Dallas 458 Mountain Creek Parkway
460 Spur 408 north (Patriot Parkway)
Duncanville 461 Cedar Ridge Drive
462 Duncanville Road, North Main Street
463 Cockrell Hill Road, Camp Wisdom Road
Dallas 464 US 67 (Marvin D. Love Freeway) – Dallas, Cleburne Signed as exits 464A (north) and 464B (south)
465 Wheatland Road, Hampton Road
466 South Polk Street
467 I‑35E (South R.L. Thornton Freeway) – Dallas, Waco Signed as exits 467A (north) and 467B (south)
Lancaster 468 Houston School Road
Dallas 470 SH 342 (Lancaster Road)
472 Bonnie View Road
473A J. J. Lemmon Road Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
473 I‑45 (Julius Schepps Freeway) – Dallas, Houston Signed as exits 473B (south) and 473C (north)
474 SH 310 (South Central Expressway) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
476 Dowdy Ferry Road
477 St. Augustine Road
479 US 175 (C.F. Hawn Freeway) – Dallas, Kaufman Signed as exits 479A (west) and 479B (east)
Balch Springs 480B I‑635 north (Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway) – Mesquite
480A Kleberg Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
481 Seagoville Road
Mesquite 482 Belt Line Road, Lasater Road
483 Lawson Road, Lasater Road, Lumley Road
Kaufman 487 FM 740 – Forney
  490 FM 741
  491 FM 2932 / Helms Trail
Talty 493 FM 1641
Terrell 498 FM 148
499A To US 80 (via Spur 557) – Dallas Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
499B Rose Hill Road
501 SH 34 – Terrell, Kaufman
503 Wilson Road
  506 FM 429 (College Mound Road) / FM 2728
  509 Hiram Road
  512 FM 2965 (Hiram-Wills Point Road)
Van Zandt   516 FM 47 – Wills Point
  519 Turner–Hayden Road
  521 Myrtle Springs Road, Myrtle Cemetery Road
  523 SH 64 – Canton, Wills Point
Canton 526 FM 859 – Canton, Edgewood
527 SH 19 – Emory, Canton
528 FM 17 – Grand Saline
  530 FM 1255 – Canton
  533 Colfax Oakland Road
  536 Tank Farm Road
  537 FM 16 / FM 773 – Van, Ben Wheeler
Van 540 FM 314 – Van, Edom
Smith   544 Willow Branch Road
  548 SH 110 – Grand Saline, Tyler, Van
Lindale 552 FM 849 – Hideaway
553 TOLL 49/County Road 411
554 Harvey Road
556 US 69 – Lindale, Mineola, Tyler
  557 Jim Hogg Road
  560 Lavender Road
  562 FM 14 – Hawkins, Tyler, Tyler State Park
  565 FM 2015 (Driskill Lake Road)
  567 SH 155 – UT Health Center, Winona
  571A US 271 – Gladewater, Tyler
  571B FM 757 (Starrville Omen Road)
  575 Barber Road
SmithGregg county line   579 Joy–Wright Mountain Road
Gregg   582 FM 3053 – Liberty City, Overton
  583 SH 135 – Kilgore, Gladewater, Overton
  587 SH 42 – Kilgore, White Oak
  589 US 259 south / SH 31 – Kilgore, Henderson, Downtown Longview Western end of US 259 overlap; signed as exits 589A (south/west) and 589B (east) eastbound
  591 FM 2011 / FM 2087
Longview 595 SH 322 south (Estes Parkway) / Loop 281 north / FM 1845 north – Longview Signed as exits 595A (south) and 595B (north) eastbound
596 US 259 north / SH 149 (Eastman Road) – Carthage Eastern end of US 259 overlap
Harrison   599 Loop 281 / FM 968
  604 FM 450 – Hallsville
  610 FM 3251
  614 SH 43 – Marshall, Caddo Lake, Henderson
Marshall 617 US 59 – Marshall, Carthage Future I-369
  620 FM 31 – Elysian Fields
  624 FM 2199 – Scottsville
  628 US 80 west / Frontage Road Western end of US 80 overlap
Waskom 633 US 80 east / FM 9 / FM 134 – Waskom, Caddo Lake Eastern end of US 80 overlap
635 Spur 156 – Waskom
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - Interstate Highway 20". Retrieved 2007-07-08. 
  2. ^ But see also US 190, another road which has been designated the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway.
  3. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Interstate Highway 820

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing


Interstate 20
Previous state:
Terminus
Texas Next state:
Louisiana