Interstate 295 (Delaware–New Jersey)

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Interstate 295 marker

Interstate 295
Route information
Maintained by NJDOT and DRBA
Length: 73.50 mi[2][3] (118.29 km)
Existed: 1958[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: I‑95 / Delaware Turnpike in New Castle, DE
 

US 13 / US 40 in New Castle, DE
US 40 / N.J. Turnpike in Carneys Pt Township, NJ
US 130 in Logan Township, NJ
I‑76 / Route 42 in Bellmawr, NJ
US 30 in Barrington, NJ
Route 70 in Cherry Hill, NJ
Route 73 in Mt Laurel Township, NJ
US 130 / US 206 in Bordentown Township, NJ
I‑195 / Route 29 in Hamilton Township, NJ (future northern terminus)

Route 33 in Hamilton Township, NJ
North end: I‑95 / US 1 in Lawrence Township
Location
Counties: DE: New Castle
NJ: Salem, Gloucester, Camden, Burlington, Mercer
Highway system
DE 286 DE DE 299
I‑287 NJ Route 300

Interstate 295 (abbreviated I-295) in New Jersey and Delaware is an auxiliary Interstate Highway, designated as a bypass around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The route begins at a junction with Interstate 95 south of Wilmington, Delaware, and runs to another junction with I-95 north of Trenton, New Jersey. The route heads east from I-95 and crosses the Delaware River from Delaware to New Jersey on the Delaware Memorial Bridge concurrent with U.S. Route 40. Upon entering New Jersey, the two routes split and I-295 runs parallel to the New Jersey Turnpike for most of its course in New Jersey. After a concurrency with U.S. Route 130 in Gloucester County, I-295 interchanges with Interstate 76 and Route 42 in Camden County. The route continues northeast toward Trenton, where it intersects Interstate 195 and Route 29 before bypassing the city to the east and ending at an interchange with U.S. Route 1 in Lawrence Township, where the route becomes I-95 southbound.

Two portions of I-295 predate the Interstate Highway System: the Delaware Memorial Bridge, built in 1951, and the portion concurrent with US 130, built in two sections that opened in 1948 and 1954. The route was designated on these sections in 1958. The portion of I-295 connecting to I-95 in Delaware opened in 1963 while most of the route in New Jersey was finished by the 1980s. The last portion of I-295 to be completed, near the interchange with I-195 and Route 29, was completed in 1994. Interstate 95 was originally supposed to continue northeast from the routes' junction near Trenton on the proposed Somerset Freeway, but this plan was canceled, limiting I-295's capability as a true bypass between Baltimore and New York City. Today, traffic on Interstate 295 is directed to take Interstate 195 (or surface street connections farther south) to the New Jersey Turnpike to reach New York City. The same route is prescribed for traffic on I-95 in Pennsylvania and near Trenton to bridge the gap with I-95 farther north. I-295 previously extended a few miles past the US 1 interchange to where it would have met the Somerset Freeway; in 1993, the portion past US 1 became part of I-95. As a result of the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania, I-295 was originally planned to continue past its northern terminus along I-95, crossing into Pennsylvania and heading south to the interchange. Instead, it was decided that I-195 would be extended into Pennsylvania, moving the northern terminus of I-295 to the I-195 interchange south of Trenton.

Route description[edit]

Lengths
  mi km
DE 5.71[2] 9.19
NJ 67.79[3] 109.10
Total 73.50 118.29
I-295/US 40 concurrency over the Delaware state border

I-295 begins at a complex interchange with the Delaware Turnpike/I-95, I-495, and Delaware Route 141 in New Castle, Delaware. From there, it runs for about six miles (10 km) east, then crosses the Delaware River via the Delaware Memorial Bridge, which is actually two twin suspension bridges carrying traffic in opposite directions. One bridge carries traffic from Delaware to New Jersey, while the other span carries traffic from New Jersey to Delaware. At the New Jersey approaches of the toll bridge, a connection is provided with the south end of the New Jersey Turnpike. The Delaware Memorial Bridge is the only toll portion of the highway, and only about six miles (10 km) of the entire route of I-295 lie in Delaware. I-295 is concurrent with U.S. Route 40 across the Delaware Memorial Bridge.[4]

For its entire route (excluding the portion north of I-195 near Trenton and its route in Delaware), I-295 closely parallels both the New Jersey Turnpike and U.S. Route 130; sometimes the turnpike is visible from I-295. In the region, I-295 serves as a local complement to the New Jersey Turnpike since it has more interchanges with local roads. Interstate 195 is the only expressway connection between the two routes besides their junction near the Delaware Memorial Bridge, as I-295 has no interchange with the Turnpike's Pennsylvania Turnpike Connector (the "Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension"), and the Turnpike has no interchange with Route 42 (the North–South Freeway).[4]

South of the interchange with Interstate 76 and Route 42, 9 miles (14 km) of I-295 (between exit 13 and exit 23) is concurrent with U.S. Route 130, and was in fact built as part of US 130 before the Interstate Highway System was created. The interchange with I-76 (exit 26) is a semi-directional T, and the nearby junction with Route 42 is a single Y, with through traffic on I-295 northbound forced to merge and re-exit from Route 42/I-76.[4] Due to the complex interchange design and resulting weaving, the speed limit on I-295 through the area is 35 mph (56 km/h).[3][4] (Some weaving has been eliminated by opening a new temporary ramp from northbound NJ 42 to northbound I-295, which retains left exit to northbound beginning of I-76.)

I-295 southbound at Warwick Road in Lawnside

North of Camden, I-295 continues north, paralleling the New Jersey Turnpike. At around exit 56 in Bordentown, I-295 takes a slight westerly turn away from the New Jersey Turnpike and continues its run towards Trenton. North of exit 57, I-295 becomes less rural and passes through a more open area where more buildings and a farther distance could be seen from the freeway, a sign that I-295 is leaving the Delaware Valley area and entering the New York metropolitan area. Upon reaching its interchange with Interstate 195 (one of the last portions of the freeway to be completed), it no longer parallels with the New Jersey Turnpike and runs along the eastern side of Trenton. At Exit 67 with U.S. Route 1 in Lawrence Township, Interstate 295 ends and becomes Interstate 95 south to Pennsylvania.[4] Interstate 295 originally continued approximately five miles beyond this point to a proposed interchange with the Somerset Freeway just east of Interstate 95's current exit with Route 31.[5][6] The site is marked by an unusually wide median between the travel lanes. Had the Somerset Freeway been completed, Interstate 295 would have ended here at a completed Interstate 95 between Philadelphia and New York City. When the Somerset Freeway was cancelled, Interstate 95 was extended and Interstate 295 was truncated to their current termini at US 1. The portion running through New Jersey is sometimes referred to as the Camden Freeway by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[7]

History[edit]

View north along Interstate 295 from South Broad Street in Hamilton Township.

Portions of what is now Interstate 295 were planned as early as the 1940s as a bypass replacement for U.S. Route 130 in southern New Jersey, as well as the Route 39 beltway around Trenton. The first section of the US 130 bypass in Gloucester County (between current exits 21 and 24) opened in 1948, with a second section (between exits 14 and 21) opening in 1954.[1] Both these sections were originally signed only as US 130, but became a part of I-295 in 1958.[1]

Construction on the Delaware Memorial Bridge began in 1949.[8] At the same time, work was underway on the Delaware Memorial Bridge approach in Delaware, a divided highway which would begin at a directional-T interchange with US 13 in Farnhurst and head east to a cloverleaf interchange at New Castle Avenue (present DE 9) before leading to the bridge.[9][10] Construction on the US 13 interchange at Farnhurst began on July 12, 1950.[11] On August 16, 1951, the Delaware Memorial Bridge opened to traffic.[12] The Delaware Memorial Bridge and the approach road to US 13 became a part of US 40 following the opening of the bridge.[13] In 1958, construction began for a bridge at the Farnhurst interchange that would link the US 40 approach to the Delaware Memorial Bridge to the Delaware Turnpike that was proposed to run west to the Maryland border.[14] A year later, the Farnhurst interchange and the bridge approach were upgraded to Interstate Highway standards, and it was designated as part of I-295.[15][16] Construction at the interchange connecting to the Delaware Turnpike at Farnhurst was completed in July 1961. On November 14, 1963, the Delaware Turnpike opened to traffic, with I-295 extended west along that road to I-95, which continued along the Delaware Turnpike towards Maryland.[17][18] In the middle of 1964, work began on a second span at the Delaware Memorial Bridge due to increasing traffic volumes. The second span of the bridge was opened to traffic in fall 1968.[19][20]

The remainder of Interstate 295 through New Jersey was planned as Federal Aid Interstate Route 108, which was created by the New Jersey Department of Transportation in 1956[1] when the Interstate Highways System was being planned but not yet numbered. Interstate 295 was mostly complete (especially south of Trenton) by the 1980s; the last portion to be completed was around the Interstate 195/Route 29 interchange in 1994.[1]

The Interstate 295 expressway originally had extended farther north (along current Interstate 95) and ended at the unconstructed interchange where the Somerset Freeway would have intersected it in Hopewell Township. I-295 continued for an extra 4 miles (thereby making its length in New Jersey about 72 miles). Thus, what are now the three northernmost exits on I-95 were numbered as part of I-295: I-95 Exit 8 for County Route 583 (Princeton Pike) was Exit 68 on I-295, I-95 Exit 7 for U.S. Route 206 was Exit 69 on I-295, and I-95 Exit 5 for Federal City Road was Exit 71 on I-295. For several years after plans for the Somerset Freeway were terminated, I-295 still continued north; in 1993 the NJDOT shortened the length of I-295 and extended the I-95 designation along I-295's former 4-mile (6.4 km) stretch to the exit for U.S. Route 1.[5][6]

Since the section of Interstate 95 near Trenton ends at the junction with Interstate 295 and U.S. Route 1, NJDOT installed signs that direct motorists to the main part of Interstate 95. At I-295's northern terminus, there are signs directing traffic for Interstate 95 and the New Jersey Turnpike to follow I-295 south. This signage continues south for approximately 7 miles (11 km) and then directs motorists to leave I-295 at Exit 60 for Interstate 195 east. Motorists then must travel on I-195 for approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) to the main section of Interstate 95 and New Jersey Turnpike.[21][22]

The expressway, like many others in New Jersey, once had solar powered emergency call boxes every 1.0-mile (1.6 km). However, with the advent of cell phones, the usage of these call boxes became extremely limited. To save on maintenance costs, the NJDOT removed these call boxes in 2005. Due to difficulty replacing parts, the call boxes are disappearing from many other highways as well, such as I-195, I-280, I-78, I-80, Route 55, and Route 208.[23][24] In 2010, I-295 was paved with concrete from Exit 40 to north of Exit 57 (the beginning of what was built in 1994 which is paved with asphalt) but is currently undergoing an asphalt overlay.

Future[edit]

The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) is currently planning to reconstruct the interchange with Interstate 76 and Route 42 south of Camden. The project is necessary to create a direct connection for I-295 through the interchange, eliminate weaving between I-295 and I-76, and to fill in the missing movements between I-295 and Route 42 south of the interchange.[25] There were several alternatives proposed for the interchange design, which were then shortlisted to five.[26] In 2007, "Alternative D" for the reconstructed interchange was selected, calling for I-295 to cross over the North–South Freeway. This interchange, which will resemble two Directional-T interchanges, is projected to cost $450 million with construction taking place between 2011 and 2015.[27]

The northern portion of Interstate 295 will be affected by the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania. With the completion of the project, Interstate 95 will be redesignated along the Pennsylvania Turnpike to connect with the New Jersey Turnpike (currently the northern section of I-95) at exit 6, and the I-95 designation will be removed from the section north of the interchange in Pennsylvania. Under the original plan, I-295 would have been extended past its current terminus at US 1 along current I-95, across the Scudder Falls Bridge, and into Pennsylvania to the new interchange.[28][29]

However, in September 2005, the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania came to an agreement that, instead, Interstate 195 would be extended along this section of I-95.[30] This means that the extended I-195 would replace the portion of I-95 between the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania, and U.S. Route 1 in Lawrence Township, New Jersey. It would also replace Interstate 295 north of exit 60 in Hamilton Township, New Jersey (its exit with I-195), truncating I-295 at that junction. This option would reduce the confusion of having I-295 parallel itself in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.[31] This proposal has received conditional approval from AASHTO.[32] Interchange renumbering will also take place that will coordinate with the future I-195 designation in Pennsylvania, as well as the new and current I-195 designation, from Ewing to Belmar in New Jersey.[33] The future route designation can be seen here.

Exit list[edit]

In Delaware, the exits are not numbered.

County Location Mile[3][34] km Exit Destinations Notes
New Castle Newport 0.00 0.00 I‑95 / Delaware Turnpike south – Baltimore Southbound exit and northbound entrance
5 DE 141 north – Newport, Lancaster Southbound exit and northbound entrance; signed by exit number used on I-95
1.43 2.30 I‑95 north / US 202 north – Wilmington Southbound exit and northbound entrance
I‑495 north – Port of Wilmington, Philadelphia Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Wilmington Manor 1.93 3.11 US 13 / US 40 west – New Castle Airport, Dover, Wilmington South end of US 40 overlap
Landers Lane Northbound exit only
Holloway Terrace 3.20 5.15 DE 9 – New Castle, Wilmington Access to Veterans Memorial Park
Delaware River 5.71
0.00
9.19
0.00
Delaware Memorial Bridge (Delaware-New Jersey state line)
Salem Pennsville Township 0.95 1.53 1A Route 49 east – Pennsville, Salem Signed as exit 1 southbound
N.J. Turnpike north / US 40 east – New York City, Atlantic City North end of US 40 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
0.95 1.53 1B US 130 north – Penns Grove Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Carneys Point Township 1.39 2.24 1C CR 551 south – Salem South end of CR 551 overlap
1.60 2.57 2A I‑295 south / US 40 west – Delaware Memorial Bridge Northbound exit and southbound entrance, providing a U-turn to allow traffic from CR 551 north to access I-295 south/US 40 west
1.92 3.09 2B-C US 40 east to US 130 / N.J. Turnpike (Route 140) – Deepwater Signed as exits 2B (east) and 2C (west to US 130)
4.46 7.18 4 Route 48 – Penns Grove, Woodstown
Oldmans Township 7.15 11.51 7 Auburn, Pedricktown (CR 643)
Gloucester Logan Township 10.30 16.58 10 Center Square Road (CR 620) – Swedesboro
11.92 19.18 11A US 322 east (CR 536 east) to N.J. Turnpike – Mullica Hill Signed as exit 11 southbound
11.92 19.18 11B US 322 west (CR 536 west) – Bridgeport, Commodore Barry Bridge Northbound exit and southbound entrance
14.31 23.03 13 US 130 south to US 322 west – Bridgeport, Commodore Barry Bridge South end of US 130 overlap; southbound exit and northbound entrance
14.57 23.45 14 CR 684 to Route 44 – Repaupo, Gibbstown
Greenwich Township 15.44 24.85 15 CR 607 – Gibbstown, Harrisonville
16.06 25.85 16A CR 653 – Swedesboro, Paulsboro
16.42 26.43 16B CR 673 – Gibbstown, Mickleton
Greenwich Township
East Greenwich Township
17.25 27.76 17 To CR 680 – Gibbstown
Greenwich Township
Paulsboro
18.34–
18.49
29.52–
29.76
18 CR 667 / CR 678 – Paulsboro, Mount Royal, Clarksboro
West Deptford Township 19.43 31.27 19 CR 656 to Route 44 – Mantua, Paulsboro
20.62 33.18 20 To Route 44 to CR 643 / CR 660 – Mantua, Thorofare, Woodbury
21.87 35.20 21 Route 44 south / CR 640 – National Park, Paulsboro, Woodbury
22.94 36.92 22 CR 631 north / CR 644 to CR 642 – Red Bank, Woodbury
23.68–
23.98
38.11–
38.59
23 US 130 north to CR 642 – Westville, Gloucester, National Park North end of US 130 overlap
West Deptford Township
Deptford Township
24.53 39.48 24A Route 45 south – Woodbury Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Deptford Township
Westville
24.60 39.59 24B CR 551 – Westville, Woodbury Heights Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Westville 25.18 40.52 25 Route 47 – Westville, Deptford, Glassboro Southbound exit and northbound entrance; signed as exits 25A (south) and 25B (north)
Camden Bellmawr 26.41 42.50 27 I‑76 west to I‑676 north – Camden, Philadelphia Northbound exit and southbound entrance
26.93 43.34 26S Route 42 south – Atlantic City Southbound exit and northbound entrance
27.44 44.16 26N I‑76 west to I‑676 north / US 130 – Camden, Philadelphia Exit number signed southbound only
28.16 45.32 28 Route 168 to N.J. Turnpike – Bellmawr, Runnemede, Mount Ephraim
Haddon Heights
Barrington
30.00–
30.22
48.28–
48.63
29 US 30 – Lawnside, Berlin, Barrington, Haddon Heights, Collingswood Signed as exits 29A (east) and 29B (west) northbound
Lawnside 30.65 49.33 30 Warwick Road (CR 669) – Lawnside, Haddonfield Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Cherry Hill 31.74 51.08 31 Woodcrest Station
32.40 52.14 32 CR 561 – Haddonfield, Voorhees, Gibbsboro
34.80 56.01 34 Route 70 – Marlton, Cherry Hill, Camden Signed as exits 34A (east) and 34B (west)
Burlington Mount Laurel Township 36.86 59.32 36 Route 73 to N.J. Turnpike – Berlin, Tacony Bridge Signed as exits 36A (south) and 36B (north)
40.60 65.34 40 Route 38 – Mount Holly, Moorestown Signed as exits 40A (east) and 40B (west) northbound; no access from I-295 southbound to Route 38 eastbound or from Route 38 westbound to I-295 northbound, access to Cooper University Hospital and Virtua Memorial
43.10 69.36 43 Rancocas Woods, Delran (CR 635) Signed as exits 43A (Rancocas Woods) and 43B (Delran) southbound
Westampton Township 44.94 72.32 45 Mount Holly, Willingboro (CR 626) Signed as exits 45A (Mount Holly) and 45B (Willingboro)
Burlington Township 47.53 76.49 47 CR 541 to N.J. Turnpike – Mount Holly, Burlington Signed as exits 47A (south) and 47B (north)
Mansfield Township 52.33 84.22 52 Columbus, Florence (CR 656) Signed as exits 52A (Columbus) and 52B (Florence)
Bordentown Township 56.10 90.28 56 US 206 to N.J. Turnpike – Fort Dix, McGuire AFB Northbound exit and southbound entrance
56.82 91.44 57A US 130 north / US 206 north – Bordentown Signed as exit 57 northbound
56.82 91.44 57B US 130 south – Burlington Southbound exit only
Mercer Hamilton Township 60.23 96.93 60 I‑195 east / Route 29 north to I‑95 / N.J. Turnpike – Trenton, Shore Points Signed as exits 60A (I-195) and 60B (NJ 29) southbound
61.40 98.81 61A Arena Drive east (CR 620) / White Horse Avenue (CR 533)
61.40 98.81 61B Arena Drive west (CR 620) / Olden Avenue (CR 622) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
61.89 99.60 62 Olden Avenue north (CR 622) Southbound exit and northbound entrance
63.93 102.89 63A Route 33 east to CR 535 – Mercerville Northbound exit and southbound entrance
64.01 103.01 63B Route 33 west – Trenton Signed as exit 63 southbound
64.61 103.98 64 CR 535 north to Route 33 east – Mercerville Southbound exit and northbound entrance
65.27 105.04 65 Sloan Avenue (CR 649) Signed as exits 65A (east) and 65B (west)
Lawrence Township 67.63 108.84 67 US 1 – New Brunswick, Trenton Signed as exits 67A (north) and 67B (south) northbound
67.79 109.10 I‑95 south – Philadelphia Continuation past US 1
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Eastern Roads. "Interstate 295 (New Jersey)". Retrieved 2007-01-14. 
  2. ^ a b Federal Highway Administration Route Log and Finder List, Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002
  3. ^ a b c d "Interstate 295 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 1, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Google Inc. "overview of Interstate 295". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=I-95+%2F+I-295&daddr=39.816975,-75.237122+to:Interstate+295+Exit+67&geocode=FYfMXQId-ZB--yH3K4dlCKQ3MQ%3B%3BFeqtZgIdMTmM-yFPLjiHu8CDfA&hl=en&mra=dpe&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=9&via=1&sll=39.98307,-75.141065&sspn=0.930192,1.757813&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=9. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
  5. ^ a b Martin, Raymond C. "Map 1: I-95 Corridor Shifts, 1954 - 1982". Retrieved 2007-01-13. 
  6. ^ a b Martin, Raymond C. "Map 7: Exit Number Changes, 1984 - 1996". Retrieved 2007-01-13. 
  7. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation (May 2006). "The Trenton Complex: I-295 & 195 / Route 29" (PDF). Transporter. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 2007-02-07. 
  8. ^ "Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1950 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. July 1, 1950. p. 73. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1950 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. July 1, 1950. p. 51. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1957) (PDF). Official Highway Map of Delaware (Map) (1957–58 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_030.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  11. ^ "Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1951 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. July 1, 1951. p. 26. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1951 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. February 15, 1952. p. 69. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1952) (PDF). Official Highway Map of Delaware (Map) (1952–53 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_026.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  14. ^ "Delaware State Highway Department Annual Report" (PDF) (1958 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. 1958. p. 40-41. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Delaware State Highway Department Annual Report" (PDF) (1959 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. March 1, 1960. p. 22. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1959) (PDF). Official Highway Map of Delaware (Map) (1959–60 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_032.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  17. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1964 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. 1964. p. 20. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  18. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1964) (PDF). Official Highway Map of Delaware (Map) (1964 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_036.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  19. ^ "Photo History of the Delaware Memorial Bridge - The Twin Span". Delaware River and Bay Authority. 2011. Archived from the original on December 17, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Photo History of the Delaware Memorial Bridge - The Twin Span". Delaware River and Bay Authority. 2011. Archived from the original on December 17, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  21. ^ Alpert, Steve. "New Jersey Roads – I-95 - Trenton free section". Alps' Roads. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  22. ^ Alpert, Steve. "New Jersey Roads – I-295 - N. of Cherry Hill". Alps' Roads. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  23. ^ The Road Warrior (June 26, 2005). "Reducing highway safety completely uncalled for". Bergen Record. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  24. ^ Barlas, Thomas (February 28, 2007). "Last call for N.J.'s roadside call boxes". Press of Atlantic City. 
  25. ^ "I-295/I-76/Route 42 Direct Connection Project: Project Purpose and Need" (PDF). December 4, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-16. 
  26. ^ "I-295/I-76/Route 42 Direct Connection: Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 2007-01-16. 
  27. ^ Anderson, Steve. "NJ 42 Freeway". Eastern Roads. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  28. ^ Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission I-95/I-276 Interchange Project Final Environmental Impact Statement - Appendix A: Alternative Map
  29. ^ "Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission PA Turnpike/I-95 Interchange Project Design Management Meeting Summary" (PDF). March 2, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-16. 
  30. ^ Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission I-95/I-276 Interchange Project Meeting Design Management Summary - DRAFT: Design Advisory Committee Meeting #2
  31. ^ Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. "PA Turnpike / I-95 Interchange Project: FAQ". Retrieved 2007-01-16. 
  32. ^ "Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering". American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  33. ^ The Design Management Team, Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project. "Exit renumbering". The re-designation of I-95 and a portion of I-295 in NJ as I-195, necessitated when the PA and NJ Turnpikes are designated as I-95, will indeed require new exit numbers on those interstates as well as the existing stretch of I-195 in NJ. This action, which is still approximately 5-6 years away since the new connection between I-95 and the PA Turnpike needs to be constructed, was acknowledged by the NJ Dept. of Transportation in their support of the re-numbering request to the Federal Highway Administration and AASHTO. Details regarding interim exit numbering and public relations efforts at that time are not available, but will be determined as the project moves forward. 
  34. ^ DelDOT 2006 Traffic Count and Mileage Report

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing