Interstate 35 in Oklahoma

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This article is about the section of Interstate 35 in Oklahoma. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 35.

Interstate 35 marker

Interstate 35
Route information
Maintained by ODOT
Length: 235.96 mi[1] (379.74 km)
Major junctions
South end: I‑35 at the Texas State Line
  US-70 near Ardmore
I‑240 in Oklahoma City
I‑235 in Oklahoma City
I‑40 in Oklahoma City
I‑44 in Oklahoma City
US-64 / US-412 / Cimarron Tpk. near Enid
North end: I‑35 / Kan. Tpk. at the Kansas State Line
Highway system
SH-34 SH-35

Oklahoma is the second state that Interstate 35 (I-35) passes through from south to north. In Oklahoma, I-35 runs from the Red River at the Texas border to the Kansas line near Braman, for a length of 236 miles[1] (372 km). I-35 has one spur route in the state, Interstate 235 in the inner city of Oklahoma City.

Route description[edit]

The Oklahoma welcome sign entering the state from Kansas

Interstate 35 enters Oklahoma with U.S. Highway 77 on a bridge over the Red River in Love County, south of Thackerville. US-77 splits off at Exit 1, but parallels the interstate for its entire length in Oklahoma.[2] I-35 maintains a near-due north–south course through Love and Carter Cos. I-35 provides four exits to Ardmore. After leaving Ardmore, it has a brief concurrency with State Highway 53 and enters Murray County and the Arbuckle Mountains.[2] I-35 then passes through Garvin County and the county seat of Pauls Valley. North of exit 79, I-35 enters McClain County.[2] There, it passes through Purcell and Goldsby.

State Highway 9 joins the interstate crossing over the South Canadian River into Cleveland County, after which it splits off again. It then serves as a major urban interstate in Norman and Moore. Between Norman and Moore, US-77 joins the interstate again. It then enters Oklahoma City and Oklahoma County near milepost 120.[2] Near downtown, I-35 splits off the mainline (which becomes Interstate 235/US-77) and runs concurrent with Interstate 40 for a mile before splitting off to the north again.[2] Interstate 44 then joins I-35 between mileposts 133 and 137.[2] In Edmond US-77 joins the interstate yet again.

Interstate 35 in Goldsby, Oklahoma at milemarker 102.

At milepost 146, I-35 enters Logan County. It serves Guthrie at Exit 153, where US-77 splits off, and at Exit 157.[2] The interstate then crosses the Cimarron River into Payne County and enters Noble County shortly thereafter. It provides two exits to Perry and serves as the western terminus of the Cimarron Turnpike. After providing access to Tonkawa and Blackwell in Kay County, it crosses into Kansas, becoming the Kansas Turnpike.

History[edit]

Some sections of I-35 in Oklahoma City were already built in 1953, before the Interstate system was created.[3] Following the passage of the Federal Highway Act of 1956 that created the Interstate Highway System, the Oklahoma Department of Transportation approved the location of the future interstate north of Oklahoma City to the Kansas state line on a route previously surveyed by the Oklahoma Turnpike Authority for a proposed toll road. As a free road, the first five miles (8 km) of that section of I-35 were opened to traffic in 1958 from US-177 near Braman north to the Kansas border where it continued as the Kansas Turnpike. This was followed by completion of the entire route from Oklahoma City northward to Braman by 1963 in several phases including Edmond to Guthrie in 1960, Guthrie to Perry in 1961, Perry to Blackwell in 1962 and Blackwell to Braman in early 1963.

To the south of Oklahoma City, I-35 was completed through Norman, Oklahoma south to Purcell, Oklahoma in June 1959. In Moore, it opened in two parts: the northern half, connecting Moore to Oklahoma City, opened in January 1960. The southern half, linking it to Norman, was opened to traffic in June 1967.[4] The Moore–Norman segment was originally a four-lane section of US-77 built in 1951 that did not meet full Interstate Highway standards and included several at-grade intersections within the City of Moore including some with traffic signals and upgraded accordingly to include grade separations to bring up to full Interstate Highway standards and frontage roads to serve local traffic needs. Also not up to full Interstate Highway standards prior to 1967 was a section in the vicinity of Lindsey Street in the southern portion of Norman where another at-grade intersection still existed which dated back to the original highway's construction in the early 1950s—this was also brought up to full Interstate Highway standards in 1967 with the construction of interchanges on I-35 at Lindsey and a short distance to the south for the future SH-9 bypass that would be built around the south side of Norman in the early 1970s.

Further south, I-35 was completed from Marietta south to the Red River bridge in 1963, at which point a nearly 90-mile (140 km) gap of uncompleted interstate would exist between Purcell and Marietta until the late 1960s with traffic continuing to be routed over paralleling US-77. This was in large part due to efforts of the towns of Wynnewood, Paoli, and Wayne, fighting to keep I-35 as close as possible to US-77. This was successful due to a threat from Governor Henry Bellmon to build a toll road rather than I-35, and legislation preventing state funds for the interstate from being spent if it were more than 1-mile (1.6 km) from the U.S. route.[5]

The uncompleted gap of I-35 in Southern Oklahoma was narrowed in 1967 and 1968 when two sections were completed from US-70/SH-199 in Ardmore south to SH-32 in Marietta. In 1969, the section of interstate bypassing Ardmore was completed north from US-70 two miles (3 km) to SH-142 and the following year, 1970, brought the completion of I-35 from SH-7 near Davis south to Ardmore, at long last bypassing the winding section of US-77 through the Arbuckle Mountains. This stretch through the Arbuckles was particularly expensive and difficult to construct, taking almost two years and requiring the blasting and removal of 4 million cubic yards of rock.[6] A few months later in January, 1971, I-35 was finally completed across the state of Oklahoma, when the remaining portions of the interstate from Purcell to SH-7 near Davis were opened to traffic.[3]

Future[edit]

ODOT has announced plans to widen 2 miles (3.2 km) of Interstate 35 through Norman, from the McCall Bridge over the Canadian River to the Main Street interchange (Exit 109). Controversy surrounding the project arose when early drafts eliminated the SH-74A/Lindsey Street interchange (Exit 108B), due to its proximity to the SH-9 interchange (Exit 108A). A public meeting held in Norman attracted 300 attendees, many bearing "Don't Close Lindsey" signs. Attendees cited the impact on local businesses and those attending University of Oklahoma football games as grounds for opposing the closure of the interchange. A former OU economics professor estimated the interchange's closure would cost Norman $100 million over the course of fifteen years.[7]

At the meeting, four proposals were displayed, only one of which displayed no access from Lindsey Street. A second proposal would preserve access to Lindsey Street but require the seizure of a newly built Chevrolet dealership near the interchange. The third proposal would instead send the ramps around the dealership, and the fourth, the highest-cost alternate, would use bridges to prevent Lindsey Street and SH-9 traffic from conflicting. ODOT said their design standards did not require consideration of OU football traffic, because they only considered the 30th highest traffic percentile. One ODOT engineer was quoted as saying, "Otherwise, we'd have to 10-lane everything in Norman."[7]

Naming[edit]

  • Through the Arbuckle Mountains, I-35 is designated as the Honey Creek Pass.
  • The bridge over the South Canadian River is the S.K. McCall Memorial Bridge.
  • In Moore, I-35 is the Helen Cole Memorial Highway.
  • In Edmond, I-35 is the Shannon Miller Parkway.

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile km Exit Destinations Notes
Red River 0.00 0.00 I‑35 continues south into Texas
Love   1 US-77 north Northern terminus of US-77 concurrency
  3 Winstar Boulevard
  5 SH-153 – Thackerville
Marietta 15 SH-32 – Marietta, Ryan
  21 Oswalt Road
Carter   24 SH-77S – Lake Murray State Park
Ardmore 29 US-70 east – Madill, Ardmore Southern terminus of US-70 concurrency
31 US-70 west / SH-199 east – Ardmore, Waurika, Lone Grove Northern terminus of US-70 concurrency; signed as exits 31A (east) and 31B (west)
32 12th Street
33 SH-142 – Ardmore
  40 SH-53 east – Springer, Gene Autry Southern terminus of SH-53 concurrency
  42 SH-53 west – Comanche Northern terminus of SH-53 concurrency
Murray   47 US-77 – Turner Falls Area
  51 US-77 Turner Falls Area
  55 SH-7 – Davis, Duncan, Sulphur
Garvin   60 Ruppe Road
  64 SH-17A east – Wynnewood
  66 SH-29 – Wynnewood, Elmore City
  70 Airline Road
Pauls Valley 72 SH-19 – Pauls Valley, Maysville
  74 Kimberlin Road
  79 SH-145 east – Paoli
McClain   86 SH-59 – Wayne, Payne
Purcell 91 SH-74 to SH-39 – Purcell, Lexington
95 To US-77 – Purcell, Lexington Signed only as "Purcell" northbound
  98 Johnson Road
Goldsby 101 Ladd Road
104 SH-74 south – Goldsby, Washington
106 SH-9 west – Chickasha Southern terminus of SH-9 concurrency
Cleveland Norman 108A SH-9 east – Tecumseh Northern terminus of SH-9 concurrency
108B Lindsey Street
109 Main Street
110 Robinson Street, Interstate Drive Signed as exits 110A (west) and 110B (east) southbound for Robinson Street only
112 Tecumseh Road
113 US-77 south – Norman Southbound exit and northbound entrance
114 Indian Hill Road
Moore 116 S. 19th Street
117 SH-37 (S. 4th Street) / Main Street, N. 5th Street Signed only for SH-37 (S. 4th Street) southbound
118 N. 12th Street, Main Street, N. 5th Street Signed only for N. 12th Street northbound
119A Shields Boulevard Northbound exit and southbound entrance
119B N. 27th Street
Oklahoma City 120 S.E. 89th Street
Oklahoma 121A S.E. 82nd Street Southbound exit and northbound entrance
121B I‑240 / US-62 west / SH-3 to I‑40 – Lawton, Fort Smith Southern terminus of US-62 concurrency
122A S.E. 66th Street No northbound entrance
122B S.E. 59th Street
123A S.E. 51st Street No northbound entrance
123B S.E. 44th Street No southbound entrance
124A Grand Boulevard
124B S.E. 29th Street, S.E. 25th Street Signed as exit 125A southbound
125B S.E. 15th Street Signed as exit 125D southbound
126 I‑235 north (US-77 north) / I‑40 west (US-270 west) – Edmond, State Capitol, Oklahoma Health Center, Amarillo Southern terminus of I-40/US-270 concurrency, northern terminus of US-77 concurrency
127 Eastern Avenue, M.L. King Avenue Southbound exit is via exit 128, no northbound entrance
128 I‑40 east / US-270 east – Ft. Smith Northern terminus of I-40/US-270 concurrency
129 N.E. 10th Street
130 US-62 east (N.E. 23rd Street) Northern terminus of US-62 concurrency
131 N.E. 36th Street
132A N.E. 50th Street
132B N.E. 63rd Street Northbound exit and southbound entrance
133 I‑44 west / SH-66 west – Lawton, Amarillo Southern terminus of I-44/SH-66 concurrency
134 Wilshire Boulevard
135 Britton Road
136 Hefner Road
137 N.E. 122nd Street
138A I‑44 / Turner Tpk. east – Tulsa Northern terminus of I-44 concurrency
138B Kilpatrick Tpk. west
138C Sooner Road Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Edmond 138D Memorial Road
139 S.E. 33rd Street
140 S.E. 15th Street
141 US-77 south / SH-66 east (2nd Street) – Edmond, Tulsa Northern terminus of SH-66 concurrency, southern terminus of US-77 concurrency
142 Danforth Road
  143 Covell Road
  146 Waterloo Road
Logan   151 Seward Road
Guthrie 153 US-77 north – Guthrie Northern terminus of US-77 concurrency
157 SH-33 – Guthrie, Perkins, Cushing
Payne   170 Mulhall Road
  174 SH-51 – Stillwater, Hennessey
Noble   180 Orlando Road
Perry 185 US-77
186 US-64 east (Fir Street) – Perry Southern terminus of US-64 concurrency
  193 Airport Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
  194 US-64 west / US-412 / Cimarron Tpk. east – Tulsa, Enid Northern terminus of US-64 concurrency; signed as exits 194A (east) and 194B (west)
  203 SH-15 – Billings, Marland
Kay Tonkawa 211 Fountain Road
214 US-60 – Tonkawa, Ponca City
  218 Hubbard Road
Blackwell 222 SH-11 – Blackwell, Medford
Braman 230 Braman Road
  231 US-177 – Braman
Oklahoma–Kansas state line 235.96 379.74 I‑35 / Kan. Tpk. continues north into Kansas
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Stuve, Eric. Interstate Highways. OKHighways. 27 February 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Oklahoma Department of Transportation. Official State Map (Map) (2009–10 ed.). http://www.odot.org/hqdiv/p-r-div/maps/state-maps/2009state/pdfs/state-map.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
  3. ^ a b Cockerell, Penny. "50 Years: As the intersection of Interstates 35, 40, and 44, Oklahoma is at America's crossroads." The Daily Oklahoman 29 June 2006: 2A.
  4. ^ Medley, Robert. "Higways[sic] continue to drive economy." The Daily Oklahoman 29 June 2006: 1D.
  5. ^ McNichol, Dan. The Roads that Built America: The Incredible Story of the U.S. Interstate System. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., 2006. ISBN 1-4027-3468-9
  6. ^ Farmer, Ann. "Old Mountain Area Becomes A New Discovery" The Nevada (Mo.) Sunday Herald (republished for the AP by The Greenville (Tex.) Herald Banner) 9 June 1972: 12.
  7. ^ a b Cole-Frowe, Carol. "Fired up: Residents fight for Lindsey Street interchange." The Norman Transcript 19 September 2008: A1.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing


Interstate 35
Previous state:
Texas
Oklahoma Next state:
Kansas