Interstate 40 in California

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This article is about the section of highway in California. For the entire length of highway, see Interstate 40.

Interstate 40 marker

Interstate 40
Needles Freeway
Route information
Defined by S&HC § 340
Maintained by Caltrans
Length: 154.623 mi[3] (248.842 km)
Existed: August 7, 1947 by FHWA[1]
July 1, 1964 by Caltrans[2] – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑15 in Barstow
  US 95 in Needles
East end: I‑40 at the Arizona state line
Highway system
SR 39 SR 41

In the State of California, Interstate 40 (I - 40) begins on the west at its interchange with Interstate 15 in Barstow. Sometimes called the Needles Freeway, it is a major east—west highway of the Interstate Highway System that goes all the way to Wilmington, North Carolina. I-40 goes east from Barstow across the Mojave Desert in San Bernardino County past the Clipper Mountains to Needles, before it crosses over the Colorado River into Arizona east of Needles. All 155 miles of I-40 in California is in San Bernardino County.

Route description[edit]

This route is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System[4] and is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System.[5] However, it is not a scenic highway as designated by Caltrans.[6] Interstate 40 from Interstate 15 to the Arizona State Line is known as the Needles Freeway, as named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 1 in 1968.[7] Interstate 40 goes through the Mojave Desert on its entire journey through California.

I-40 starts out at a junction with Interstate 15 in Barstow. The freeway passes through Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow before leaving the city limits. I-40 provides access to the town of Daggett but passes south of the town. After passing south of the Barstow-Daggett Airport, I-40 goes through Newberry Springs and Ludlow before traveling along the south end of Mojave National Preserve. Several miles east of the preserve, I-40 intersects US 95 and the two highways run concurrently into the city of Needles. In Needles, US 95 continues south while I-40 continues east through Mojave National Preserve and across the Colorado River into Arizona.[8]

The maximum speed limit for the entire California segment of Interstate 40 is 70 mph (110 km/h).

History[edit]

The segment of I-40 in California was approved as a chargeable Interstate on July 7, 1947.[1] In 1957, the California Department of Highways proposed that the route be renumbered to Interstate 30 instead because of the already existing U.S. Route 40 in the state.[2] However, this was rejected, and eventually U.S. 40 was decommissioned in favor of Interstate 80.

Today, the Needles Freeway replaced what used to be Route 66 across the Mojave Desert. As a result, a number of communities along the former route like Amboy have become ghost towns.[9]

In the early 1960s, a proposal as part of Operation Plowshare would have detonated 22 nuclear explosions to excavate a massive roadcut through the Bristol Mountains to accommodate a better alignment of Interstate 40 and a new rail line. This proposal was definitively abandoned in 1968.[10][11]

A sign in California showing the distance to Wilmington, North Carolina has been stolen several times.[12]

Former mileage sign at start of Interstate 40 in Barstow, California

Future[edit]

The State of California submitted the segment of what is now State Route 58 between Barstow and Bakersfield for chargeable Interstate approval twice, in 1956 and 1968, presumably as an extension of Interstate 40, but it was rejected both times.[1] As a result of these rejections, this segment of SR 58 is being upgraded to freeway standards piece-by-piece as Caltrans has funds available. However, there is no current push to apply for Interstate designation.

Needles business loop[edit]

Interstate 40 Business
Location: Needles, California

Interstate 40 Business is a Business loop in Needles, California. It provides access to downtown Needles as Broadway Street. It also follows the former routing of U.S. Route 66.


Exit list[edit]

The entire route is in San Bernardino County.

Location Mile[3] km Exit[3] Destinations Notes
Barstow 0.00 0.00 I‑15 south (Mojave Freeway) to SR 58 west – San Bernardino Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; west end of I-40
0.79 1.27 1 CR 66 west (East Main Street) / I‑15 Bus. to I‑15 south, Montara Road East Main Street was former US 66 west
  2.35 3.78 2 Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow Former US 66 east
  4.71 7.58 5 CR 66 east (Nebo Street) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Daggett 7.18 11.56 7 A Street – Daggett
  12.19 19.62 12 Airport Road – Barstow-Daggett Airport
Newberry Springs 18.45 29.69 18 CR 66 (National Trails Highway) – Newberry Springs Former US 66
  23.33 37.55 23 Fort Cady Road – Newberry Springs
  28.50 45.87 Desert Oasis Rest Area
  32.50 52.30 33 Hector Road
Ludlow 49.98 80.44 50 CR 66 (Crucero Road) – Ludlow Former US 66
  78.17 125.80 78 Kelbaker Road
  99.73 160.50 100 Essex Road – Essex
  106.94 172.10 John Wilkie Rest Area - Fenner
  107.17 172.47 107 Goffs Road – Essex
  115.19 185.38 115 CR 66 (Mountain Springs Road) Former US 66
  119.97 193.07 120 Water Road
  132.73 213.61 133 US 95 north – Searchlight, Las Vegas West end of US 95 overlap; former US 66 west
Needles 139.11 223.88 139 River Road Cutoff Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
141.01 226.93 141 I‑40 Bus. east (West Broadway), River Road West Broadway was former US 66 east
142.37 229.12 142 J Street – Downtown Needles
143.76 231.36 144 I‑40 Bus. west / US 95 south (East Broadway) – Blythe East end of US 95 overlap; former US 66
  148.19 238.49 148 US 95 (CA).svg Five Mile Road to US 95 south – Blythe Former US 66 west
  153.31 246.73 153 Park Moabi Road
  154.64 248.87 Arizona state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "California Highways: Interstate Highway Types and the History of California's Interstates". Cahighways.org. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  2. ^ a b "California Highways: Interstate 40". Cahighways.org. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  3. ^ a b c Warring, KS (January 8, 2008). "Interstate 40 Freeway Interchanges" (PDF). California Numbered Exit Uniform System. California Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  4. ^ "CA Codes (shc:250-257)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  5. ^ "CA Codes (shc:260-284)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  6. ^ "Officially Designated State Scenic Highways and Historic Parkways". California Department of Transportation. December 7, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  7. ^ 2008 Named Freeways, Highways, Structures and Other Appurtenances in California. Caltrans. p. 74. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  8. ^ Thomas Brothers (2008). San Bernardino County Street Atlas (Map).
  9. ^ Anton, Mike (2007-01-17). "Destiny in the desert". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  10. ^ "Project Carryall Marker". Hmdb.org. 2012-01-09. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  11. ^ "Preliminary Design Studies In A Nuclear Excavation - Project Carryall - Trb Publications Index". Pubsindex.trb.org. 1994-07-26. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  12. ^ "I-40 Barstow, Calif., sign gone for good". Star-News. 2009-11-13. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

Interstate 40
Previous state:
Terminus
California Next state:
Arizona