Interstate 495 (Delaware)

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Interstate 495 marker

Interstate 495
Route information
Maintained by DelDOT
Length: 11.47 mi[1] (18.46 km)
Existed: 1977 – present
Major junctions
South end: I‑95 / US 202 / I‑295 in Newport
  US 13 in Minquadale
DE 9A in Wilmington
US 13 / DE 3 in Edgemoor
US 13 in Claymont
North end: I‑95 / DE 92 in Claymont
Location
Counties: New Castle
Highway system

Routes in Delaware

DE 491 I‑895

Interstate 495 (I-495) is a 11.47-mile (18.46 km) long Interstate highway in the U.S. state of Delaware. The highway serves as a six-lane bypass of I-95 around the city of Wilmington. I-495 begins at an interchange with I-95 and I-295 near Newport to the southwest of Wilmington. From here, the road heads east to the Port of Wilmington, where it turns northeast and crosses the Christina River as it heads to the east of downtown Wilmington. Upon reaching Edgemoor, I-495 runs between the Delaware River to the east and U.S. Route 13 (US 13) to the west, continuing to Claymont. In Claymont, I-495 turns north and merges into northbound I-95 at an interchange with Delaware Route 92 (DE 92) just south of the Pennsylvania state line.

Plans for a bypass of Wilmington to the east date back to 1948 and was incorporated into the Interstate Highway System in 1956. This interstate bypass was numbered I-495 in the 1960s. Construction on building I-495 took place during the course of the 1970s, with the entire length of the highway completed and opened to traffic in 1977. Between 1978 and 1980, I-95 was designated along the I-495 alignment while the South Wilmington Viaduct along I-95 was reconstructed; during this time the route through Wilmington was known as I-895. The US 13/DE 3 interchange in Edgemoor opened in 1988. In 2014, the bridge over the Christina River was closed due to tilting support columns until repairs were completed.

Route description[edit]

Interstate 495 southbound along the Delaware River between Claymont and Edgemoor.

I-495 begins at an interchange with I-95/US 202 and I-295 near Newport, heading to the east on a six-lane freeway. At the southern terminus, southbound I-495 also has a ramp that provides easier access to the DE 141 interchange along I-95. The route runs between the Christina River to the north and a landfill to the south prior to reaching an interchange with US 13 and the southern terminus of US 13 Bus. to the north of Wilmington Manor. Past this, the highway enters industrial areas and reaches the DE 9A exit near the Port of Wilmington, turning to the northeast. I-495 crosses over the Christina River into the eastern part of Wilmington and passes near another landfill as it comes to the Twelfth Street exit.[2][3]

The road runs through some marshland before coming to an interchange in industrial Edgemoor that connects to the southern terminus of DE 3 as well as to US 13. Following this interchange, I-495 runs between US 13 and suburban areas to the west and Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor and the Delaware River to the east. I-495 continues along this configuration until it reaches Claymont. US 13 heads farther west from the freeway and I-495 makes a turn to the north away from the railroad tracks and the river near the Claymont station along SEPTA's Wilmington/Newark Line that uses the Northeast Corridor. The road comes to another exit for US 13 before merging into I-95 at the DE 92 interchange near the Tri-State Mall and the Pennsylvania border. Southbound, the I-495 splitoff from I-95 actually starts in Pennsylvania, but crosses into Delaware before the exit to DE 92.[2][3]

I-495 has an annual average daily traffic count ranging from a high of 90,379 vehicles at the south end of Wilmington near the Christina River to a low of 19,234 vehicles at the ramp to I-95 at the southern terminus.[1] As part of the Interstate Highway System, the entire length of I-495 is a part of the National Highway System.[4]

History[edit]

Interstate 495 northbound approaching the bridge over the Christina River

In 1948, the Wilmington Transportation Study proposed two new roads running between the southern end of Wilmington and the Pennsylvania border to improve traffic flow in the Wilmington area. Route A followed the current alignment of I-95 through the city while Route B bypassed the city to the east along the current alignment of I-495.[5] In 1956, the Interstate Highway System was created, with FAI-3 proposed along the current alignment of I-495.[6] In 1960, design work on FAI-3 was underway.[7] The route of FAI-3 was numbered as I-495 in 1962.[8] In 1968, structural design for bridges along I-495 was underway. The same year, the first construction contracts began with three demolition contracts, the building of a culvert under the Penn Central line at Holly Oak Creek, and the relocation of a section of US 13 to the west to allow for room to build I-495.[9] In 1970, work continued on relocating US 13 along with the construction of bridges carrying the interstate over Stoney Creek.[10] A contract was awarded to build I-495 between Edgemoor and I-95 in Claymont in 1971. The same year, work was underway on building the bridge over the Christina River. Design work on the interstate was completed at this time.[11] The following year, construction contracts were awarded to build I-495 south of the Christina River and to stabilize the road near Cherry Island. Paving was also underway between the Christina River and Edgemoor.[12] In 1973, contracts were let to build structures along the freeway between the Christina River and Edgemoor.[13] Work on the highway between New Castle Avenue and the Christina River bridge was finished in 1975.[14] In 1976, the first section of I-495 was opened between US 13 and I-95 in Claymont.[15] The same year, the bridge carrying the highway over Edgemoor Road was completed.[16] In June 1977, the remainder of I-495 was completed and opened to traffic.[17]

June 2014: I-495 northbound closed at the DE 9A exit (exit 2) due to tilting support columns on the Christina River bridge

On June 28, 1978, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) approved rerouting I-95 along the I-495 alignment. However, AASHTO disapproved renumbering the alignment of I-95 through Wilmington as I-595.[18] On October 27 of that year, AASHTO gave conditional approval for I-95 through Wilmington to be designated as I-195 from I-95 near Newport north to US 202 while the route from US 202 to I-95 in Claymont would become I-395.[19] I-895 was designated along the conditionally approved route of I-195 and I-395 on June 25, 1979.[20] In 1980, the South Wilmington Viaduct along I-895 was reconstructed.[21] On November 14, 1980, I-95 and I-495 were returned to their original alignments, with I-895 decommissioned.[22] In 1988, an interchange was built at US 13 and DE 3 in Edgemoor. This interchange was numbered as exit 4, which resulted in the US 13 interchange in Claymont being renumbered from exit 4 to exit 5.[23][24] In February 1988, a tanker drove off the Christina River bridge and exploded, with the truck driver killed. The accident forced the closure of I-495 in order to repair the heat damage to the bridge structure.[25] In 2000, through traffic from I-95 was detoured onto I-495 while I-95 was rebuilt between Wilmington and the Pennsylvania border.[26]

On June 2, 2014, the bridge over the Christina River was closed after it was discovered that four support columns were tilting.[27] I-495 was closed to traffic between the DE 9A and 12th Street interchanges. DelDOT officials at first said that the bridge would remain closed indefinitely.[28] They later announced plans to have the southbound side of the bridge reopen by Labor Day, with the northbound side to follow by late September.[29] The southbound lanes reopened on July 31,[30] a month earlier than expected, and the northbound lanes reopened on August 23.[31] During the closure, traffic was detoured onto I-95, and several major roads in the Wilmington area experienced increased traffic congestion.[32]

Exit list[edit]

The entire route is in New Castle County.

Location Mile[1] km Exit Destinations Notes
Newport 0.00 0.00
I‑95 south – Newark, Baltimore
Southern terminus
DE 141 – Newport, New Castle Southbound exit, access to New Castle Airport
5C I‑295 north – Delaware Memorial Bridge, New JerseyNew York Southbound exit
Minquadale 1.98 3.19 1
US 13 / US 13 Bus. to US 40 – Wilmington, Dover
No ramp from I-495 northbound to US 13 southbound or from US 13 northbound to I-495 southbound, access to Wilmington Station
Wilmington 2.97 4.78 2 DE 9A (Terminal Avenue) – Port of Wilmington Access to Riverfront Attractions
4.45 7.16 3 12th Street
Edgemoor 5.97 9.61 4 US 13 (Governor Printz Boulevard) / DE 3 (Edgemoor Road) – Edgemoor Industrial Park
Claymont 10.83 17.43 5 US 13 (Philadelphia Pike) – Claymont
6 DE 92 (Naamans Road) Southbound exit
11.47 18.46 I‑95 north – Chester, Philadelphia Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Staff (2011). "Traffic Count and Mileage Report: Interstate, Delaware, and US Routes" (PDF). Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Delaware Department of Transportation (2008) (PDF). Delaware Official Transportation Map (Map) (2008 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_083.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Google Inc. "overview of Interstate 495". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=39.71143,+-75.58475&daddr=I-95+and+I-495+claymont,+de&geocode=FcbyXQIdEqt--w%3BFZOGXwIdnquA-yl36ZqSFeTGiTEJySru5XgUDw&hl=en&mra=ls&sll=39.706989,-75.586967&sspn=0.02846,0.084543&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=12. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
  4. ^ Federal Highway Administration (2010) (PDF). National Highway System: Delaware (Map). http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/maps/de/de_delaware.pdf. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
  5. ^ "Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1950 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. July 1, 1950. pp. 27–29. Retrieved November 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1956 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. July 1, 1956. pp. 8, 21. Retrieved November 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Delaware State Highway Department Annual Report" (PDF) (1960 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. August 1, 1960. p. 10. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Report of the State Highway Department of the State of Delaware" (PDF) (1962 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. 1962. p. 93. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1968 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. June 30, 1968. pp. 18, 20. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1970 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. June 30, 1970. p. 19. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1971 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. November 15, 1971. p. 6. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1972 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. October 15, 1972. p. 5. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1973 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. 1973. p. 3. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1975 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. 1975. p. 13. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  15. ^ Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation (1976) (PDF). Delaware Highways Official Map (Map) (1976 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_054.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  16. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1976 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. 1976. p. 17. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF) (1977 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. 1977. p. 11. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  18. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (June 29, 1978) (PDF). Route Numbering Committee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee (Report). Coeur d'Alene, ID: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 496. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AASHTO_USRN_1978-06-29.pdf. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  19. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (October 28, 1978) (PDF). Route Numbering Committee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee (Report). Louisville, KY: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 497. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AASHTO_USRN_1978-10-28.pdf. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  20. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (June 25, 1979) (PDF). Route Numbering Committee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee (Report). Buford, GA: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 501. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AASHTO_USRN_1979-06-25.pdf. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  21. ^ Staff (2012). "NBI Structure Number: 1748 059". National Bridge Inventory. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  22. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (November 14, 1980) (PDF). Route Numbering Committee Agenda (Report). Las Vegas, NV: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 519. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AASHTO_USRN_1980-11-14.pdf. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  23. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation (1987) (PDF). Official State Highway Map (Map) (1987 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_064.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  24. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation (1988) (PDF). Official State Highway Map (Map) (1988 ed.). http://www.deldot.gov/archaeology/historic_pres/historic_highway_maps/pdf/cd_066.pdf. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  25. ^ Haner, Jim (February 27, 1988). "Truck Falls Off Span, Explodes; Driver Killed". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  26. ^ "First Segment of I-95 Southbound Reconstruction". Delaware Department of Transportation. May 19, 2000. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  27. ^ "I-495 Closed at Bridge Over Christina River". Philadelphia: WCAU-TV. June 2, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  28. ^ "I-495 Bridge Over Christina River To Remain Closed Indefinitely". Philadelphia: KYW-TV. June 2, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Delaware I-495 bridge closed through summer". The News Journal (Wilmington, DE). June 10, 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Damaged Delaware bridge on I-495 partially reopens". Harrisburg, PA: WHTM-TV. Associated Press. July 31, 2014. Retrieved August 3, 2014. 
  31. ^ "All I-495 lanes open". The News Journal (Wilmington, DE). August 23, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014. 
  32. ^ "I-495 bridge closure means weeks of traffic chaos". The News Journal] (Wilmington, DE). June 12, 2014. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing