Interstate 595 (Florida)

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Interstate 595 marker

Interstate 595
Port Everglades Expressway
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length: 12.860 mi[1] (20.696 km)
Existed: June 11, 1990 – present
Major junctions
West end: I-75 / SR 869 in Sunrise
  Turnpike in Davie
East end: US 1 near Fort Lauderdale
Location
Counties: Broward
Highway system
SR 594 SR 595
SR 860 SR 862 SR 865

Interstate 595 (I-595), also known as the Port Everglades Expressway and as the unsigned State Road 862, is a 12.860-mile (20.696 km) Interstate highway that connects Interstate 75 and Alligator Alley in the west with Florida's Turnpike, Interstate 95, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, US 1, and SR A1A before terminating at Port Everglades in the east. The interstate route was conceived in 1969, and planned as an interstate starting in 1974. Construction began in 1984, with the highway opening in stages in the late 1980s, with completion in 1991.

Route description[edit]

Final exit on Interstate 595
I-595 seen from the air (to the right of FLL airport

The Interstate Highway begins in Sunrise as the eastern part of an interchange with Interstate 75 on the southern and western ends (I-75 "north" leads into Alligator Alley on the west side) and the Sawgrass Expressway on the northern end. For most of its length, State Road 84 (the former number for Alligator Alley) runs parallel to the highway, acting as an access road on either side of the Interstate. From the western terminus, the highway heads east to Davie, acting as a commuter route between the western fringes of the populated part of Broward County and Fort Lauderdale. At University Drive, I-595 goes below a partial stack interchange. Three miles east of that interchange, it meets with Florida's Turnpike and U.S. Highway 441. In Fort Lauderdale, I-595 intersects with I-95 at the northwestern end of the airport. At the eastern end of the airport, it has its final interchange with U.S. Highway 1 (which runs concurrently with State Road A1A at the interchange), providing access to the airport and Port Everglades. The eastern terminus consists of two lanes for US 1 southbound, two for US 1 northbound and two lanes for Port Everglades via Eller Drive. The exit for southbound US 1 has a ramp to the airport. State Road A1A is not listed on the exit signs.

History[edit]

I-595 westbound at Florida's Turnpike interchange

Interstate 595 grew out of a highway plan for connecting Port Everglades with Alligator Alley, first conceived in 1969 as the Port Expressway. In 1974, once I-75 was rerouted to Broward County on Alligator Alley as a part of its eastern connection from Naples, it was proposed to be built as an interstate, likely as the southmost end of I-75. However, when the southern terminus of I-75 was moved from Broward to Dade County at the Palmetto Expressway/Gratigny Parkway in the late 1970s, it delayed the construction of the trans-Broward expressway.

In the early 1980s, I-595 was planned to be partially a toll highway to cover its cost of construction. By the time construction started on July 26, 1984, the tolls for the highway vanished, and it was built with only minor changes in its route. The first section, between I-75 and Hiatus Road opened in May 1988, with the section between Florida's Turnpike and US 1 opening on February 24, 1989, and the last section, connecting the disjointed sections opening on October 21, 1989. The highway was designated as I-595 on June 11, 1990, and the Rainbow Interchange with I-95 was completed on March 22, 1991, the last unfinished interchange of the original plan.[2]

I-595 eastbound at the SR 84 interchange

The portion of the highway between I-95 and US 1 was built on top of and old set of Port Everglades Railroad tracks that went to Port Everglades.

I-595 appears to be a spur route of I-75 but Alligator Alley was not designated as I-75 until 1993. When I-595 came into existence, the only Interstate Highway that it intersected was I-95.

In 2002, I-595, along with most of Florida's interstates, switched over from a sequential exit numbering system to a mileage based exit numbering system.[3] Numbers were changed again[4] at about the time the express lanes were opened.

Express lanes[edit]

Yellow sign signaling the end of the highway

The tolled SunPass express lanes in the middle of the expressway to relieve the traffic congestion are scheduled to open for test use on March 26, 2014.[5] The Express Lanes will significantly improve the capacity and operations of the I-595 corridor by providing three additional at-grade lanes in the median of the corridor. The lanes will reverse direction in peak travel times (eastbound in the a.m./westbound in the p.m.). To maximize the operational efficiency, the lanes will have tolls at varying rates throughout the day to optimize traffic flow, and access to and from the lanes will only be allowed west of 136th Avenue, east of U.S. 441/State Road 7, and through a direct connection to the median of Florida's Turnpike, removing long distance commuter traffic from the general purpose lanes. FDOT will retain control of the toll revenue and toll rates.

Exit list[edit]

All exits except those for the Express Lanes, I-75, SR 869, I-95, and US 1 / Port Everglades feed into the State Road 84 frontage roads. The entire route is in Broward County.

Location Mile[1] km Old exit[3][4] New exit Destinations Notes
Sunrise 0.000 0.000 -- -- I-75 (SR 93) / SR 869 north (Sawgrass Expressway) – Miami, Naples I-75 exit 10
Davie 0.000 0.000 -- -- Express Lanes eastbound exit and westbound entrance
0.033 0.053 1 | 1A 1 Southwest 136th Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.090 1.754 2 | 1B 2 SR 823 (Flamingo Road) westbound exit is combined with Hiatus Road
2.114 3.402 3 | 2 3 Hiatus Road
3.126 5.031 4 | 3 4 Nob Hill Road eastbound exit is combined with Hiatus Road
4.185 6.735 5 | 4 5 Pine Island Road
5.147 8.283 6 | 5 6 SR 817 (University Drive) eastbound exit is combined with Pine Island Road
6.670 10.734 7 | 7 7 Davie Road
7.336 11.806 8 | 8A 8 Turnpike (SR 91) – Orlando, Miami Turnpike exit 54; formerly combined westbound as exit 8
8.2 13.2 -- -- Express Lanes westbound exit and eastbound entrance
8.278 13.322 9 | 8B 9 US 441 (SR 7) formerly combined westbound as exit 8; now signed as exits 9A (north) and 9B (south)
8.65[6] 13.92 10 | 9 9C SR 84 east (Marina Mile Boulevard) eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Fort Lauderdale 10.418 16.766 11 | 10 10 I-95 (SR 9) – Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, Miami Rainbow Interchange; signed as exits 10A (north) and 10B (south); I-95 exit 24
  12.556 20.207 12A-B | 12A 12A US 1 south (SR A1A / SR 5) – Dania Beach, International Airport Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; formerly separated as exits 12A (US 1 south) and 12B (airport)
  12.556 20.207 12C | 12B 12B US 1 north (SR A1A / SR 5) – Fort Lauderdale no direct westbound exit (turn right before I-595 begins to remain on Eller Drive)
Dania Beach 12.860 20.696 -- -- Port Everglades (Eller Drive) continuation beyond US 1
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Florida Department of Transportation. "FDOT Interchange Report" (PDF). Retrieved October 4, 2007. 
  2. ^ History of Interstate 595
  3. ^ a b "Florida's New Interstate Exit Numbers for I-595". Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2010-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b Interstate Exit Numbers for I-595, accessed March 2014
  5. ^ Turnbull, Michael (23 March 2014). "I-5955 express lanes ready for test traffic". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  6. ^ FDOT straight line diagrams, accessed March 2014

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing