Interstate 64 in Virginia
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
|Maintained by VDOT|
|Length:||297.62 mi (478.97 km)|
|Existed:||1957 – present|
|West end:||I‑64 / US 60 at West Virginia state line|
| I‑81 near Lexington
I‑81 near Staunton
I‑95 in Richmond
I‑295 near Richmond
I‑664 in Hampton
I‑564 in Norfolk
I‑264 in Norfolk
I‑464 in Chesapeake
|East end:||I‑264 / I‑664 in Chesapeake|
In the U.S. state of Virginia, Interstate 64 runs east–west through the middle of the state from West Virginia to the Hampton Roads region, a total of 298 miles (480 km). It is notable for crossing the mouth of the harbor of Hampton Roads on the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel, the first bridge-tunnel to incorporate artificial islands. Also noteworthy is a section through Rockfish Gap, a wind gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains, which was equipped with an innovative system of airport-style runway lighting embedded into the pavement to aid motorists during periods of poor visibility due to fog or other conditions.
Entering from West Virginia, I-64 passes through Covington, to Lexington. From Lexington to Staunton I-64 overlaps Interstate 81 in the Shenandoah Valley. From Staunton, I-64 leaves I-81 and passes through Waynesboro and crosses Rockfish Gap and passes by Charlottesville to reach Richmond. Through Richmond, I-64 overlaps Interstate 95 for several miles. From Richmond, I-64 continues southeasterly past Williamsburg and through Newport News and Hampton on the Virginia Peninsula to reach the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel which it utilizes to cross the main shipping channel at the entrance to the harbor of Hampton Roads from the Chesapeake Bay. In South Hampton Roads, I-64 passes through Norfolk and a portion of Virginia Beach to end in Chesapeake at Bowers Hill, where it meets both the western terminus of Interstate 264 and the southern terminus of Interstate 664 near the northeastern corner of the Great Dismal Swamp.
Since 2006, from Exit 200 (Interstate 295) to Exit 273 (U.S. Route 60 east of the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel), a contraflow lane reversal system is in place to hasten an evacuation of the Hampton Roads area. Hurricane gates are installed at eastbound Interstate 64 entrance and exit ramps, and crossover roads are in place near the aforementioned exits. During a hurricane evacuation, the eastbound lanes of I-64 will be reversed into westbound lanes so hundreds of thousands of residents can evacuate.
A portion of Interstate 64 between the Blue Ridge Mountains and Short Pump in Henrico County closely follows the path of the historic colonial-era Three Notch'd Road, which had been established in the Colony of Virginia by the 1730s, and was largely replaced in the 1930s by U.S. Route 250.
From the time it was added to the proposed Interregional Highway System, I-64 was to use the U.S. Route 250 alignment west of Richmond. In the late 1950s, a number of interested citizens including Virginia Senator Mosby G. Perrow, Jr., proposed that I-64 be realigned to run along U.S. Route 220, U.S. Route 460, State Route 307, and U.S. Route 360 from Clifton Forge via Cloverdale (near Roanoke), Lynchburg, and Farmville to Richmond. The state continued planning for the piece of the US 250 alignment from Richmond to Short Pump, which would be needed anyway to handle traffic.
This southern route was favored by Gov. J. Lindsay Almond Jr. and most members of the State Highway Commission. The decision was on hold for three years. In 1961, U.S. Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges rejected that plan and chose the present route, leaving Lynchburg as the largest city in Virginia not served by an interstate. Officially, the chosen route was considered more efficient. However, there is speculation that the decision involved "back-room" politics of the Kennedy administration. The first section of I-64 to open to traffic was in November 1957 with the six-mile (10 km) section in Hampton from Mercury Boulevard (US 258) to the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel, which had only recently been completed as a two-lane facility built with non-interstate highway toll revenue bond funding. The second tube and four-laning of approaches to the bridge-tunnel was accomplished almost 20 years later with federal Interstate Highway funds and the tolls were removed at that time. I-64 was extended to J. Clyde Morris Boulevard (Exit 258, US 17) in 1958, to Jefferson Avenue (Exit 255, VA 143) in 1959, and to Camp Peary, Colonial Williamsburg (Exit 238, VA 143) in November, 1965.
From June 2013 to February 2014, the Virginia Department of Transportation converted the existing interchange between I-64 and US 15, in Zion Crossroads, to a diverging diamond (DDI), the first in the state, with final construction expected to be complete by mid-April 2014.
High Rise Bridge
|High Rise Bridge|
|Crosses||Southern Branch Elizabeth River|
Interstate 64 utilizes the High Rise Bridge, a four lane, bascule drawbridge to cross the Southern Branch Elizabeth River. The twin spans of concrete and steel were completed in 1972, and are operated by VDOT. Currently, the High Rise Bridge is the only highway-grade toll-free crossing of the Southern Branch Elizabeth River, since the Downtown and Midtown Tunnel began tolling in 2014. Other non-interstate alternate routes include the Gilmerton Bridge on US 13 (Military Highway), as well as the tolled Jordan Bridge in Portsmouth.
Because of the high impact a bridge opening has on traffic, the bridge only opens on a 24-hour advanced notice unless the scheduled lift time is during the bridge's restricted hours of 6-9am and 3-6pm, when a three day notice is required.
On Wednesday November 10, 2010 after the 2:30 opening the bridge was stuck in the up position causing widespread traffic delays. It was later attributed to an electrical outage during a lift at 2:30 p.m.. That failure caused a malfunction in the bridge's lift mechanism which caused the bridge to not close completely. Engineers had to manually lower the span back together, and reopened the bridge some three and a half hours later, at 6:00pm.
Hampton Roads Beltway
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2011)|
I-64 east from a point near the Hampton Coliseum forms part of the Hampton Roads Beltway, a circumferential highway which passes through the major cities of Hampton Roads. At the terminus of I-64, Interstate 664 begins, passing through Chesapeake, Portsmouth and Suffolk before crossing the harbor via the Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel to reach Newport News and Hampton, completing the loop. The beltway is signed Inner Loop and Outer Loop to help avoid confusion.
The eastern terminus of I-64 is not the road's easternmost point. After crossing Hampton Roads through the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel and entering Norfolk, the road makes a wide loop toward Virginia Beach and through that city's northwest side. The road then curves toward its final destination on the west side of Chesapeake. From the point where the road enters Chesapeake, I-64 "east" actually runs westward, ending at a location known as Bowers Hill near the edge of the Great Dismal Swamp where it becomes Interstate 664. Today, I-64 is no longer signed as east or west between Bowers Hill and the east junction with I-264 to limit possible confusion; instead it is signed as the inner or outer loop of the Hampton Roads Beltway. All entrance ramps between these two locations are signed with control cities that differ according to the location of the exit. For inner (westbound) traffic, Suffolk is the most common control city used, although Norfolk is used at two entrances in Chesapeake to indicate the most direct route to Norfolk (via Interstate 464). For outer (eastbound) traffic, Norfolk, Hampton, and Virginia Beach are variously used.
Interstate 64 in the Hampton Roads area is gradually being augmented with HOV-2 lanes. In the 1990s, reversible HOV-2 lanes were added between I-564 and I-264. A relatively simple design, it allows only direct exits to the aforementioned termini, slip ramps beyond them, and an additional pair of slip ramps just west (compass north) of the I-264 interchange. The reversible lanes operate westbound from around midnight to noon and eastbound from around noon to midnight. HOV restrictions are only in place during rush hour periods; at other times, any vehicle may use the lanes except during reversals at noon and midnight. Access is controlled by clock-controlled automated gates, and each ramp has multiple gates to provide a safeguard against malfunction. Beyond the reversible lanes, increasing lengths of Interstate 64 (and its spur routes) are receiving HOV-designated left lanes, subject to restrictions during rush hours. Such extensions are ongoing.
Interstate 64 has two three-digit bypasses that are shorter than the main leg for through traffic, both in the Hampton Roads area. Interstate 664, which connects the Virginia Peninsula to South Hampton Roads on the western side of Chesapeake (and to the eastern terminus of I-64), is about 15 miles (24 km) shorter than the bypassed main leg. Interstate 264, which passes through downtown Norfolk, is about a mile (1.6 km) shorter than the main leg it bypasses.
Interstate 64 passes through the historic African-American neighborhood of Jackson Ward in Richmond, Va. When the interstate was being built in the late 1950s, a cemetery was displaced, resulting in several coffins being forced into the James River. The builders of the interstate also destroyed a house on Fifth Street, which was the birthplace of legendary dancer Bill "Bojangles" Robinson.
|County||Location||Mile||km||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
|Alleghany||0.00||0.00||I‑64 west / US 60 west – White Sulphur Springs||West Virginia state line|
|1||2||1||1||Jerry's Run Trail|
|7||11||2||7||SR 661||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Callaghan||10||16||3||10||US 60 east / SR 159 south to SR 311 – Callaghan||East end of US 60 overlap|
|City of Covington||14||23||4||14||SR 154 – Covington, Hot Springs|
|Alleghany||Mallow||16||26||5||16||US 60 west / US 220 north – Covington, Hot Springs, WESTVACO Trailer Lot||West end of US 60 / US 220 overlap; signed as exits 16A (US 60 / US 220) and 16B (WESTVACO Trailer Lot) westbound|
|21||34||6||21||SR 696 – Low Moor|
US 60 Bus. east / US 220 Bus. south (SR 384)
US 220 / US 60 Bus. west / SR 629 – Clifton Forge
|East end of US 220 overlap|
|29||47||9||29||SR 42 north / SR 269 east|
|Longdale Furnace||35||56||10||35||SR 269 / SR 850 – Longdale Furnace|
|Rockbridge||43||69||11||43||SR 780 – Goshen||former SR 270 north|
|50||80||12||50||US 60 east / SR 623||East end of US 60 overlap|
|East Lexington||55||89||13||55||US 11 to SR 39 – Lexington, Goshen|
|56||90||14||56||I‑81 south – Roanoke||West end of I-81 overlap; I-64 west follows exit 191|
|Augusta||87||140||15||87||I‑81 north – Staunton, Winchester||East end of I-81 overlap; I-64 west follows exit 221|
|91||146||16||91||SR 285 to SR 608 – Fishersville, Stuarts Draft|
|City of Waynesboro||94||151||17||94||US 340 – Waynesboro, Stuarts Draft|
|96||154||18||96||SR 624 – Waynesboro, Lyndhurst|
|Augusta||Rockfish Gap||99||159||19||99||US 250 – Afton, Waynesboro|
|Albemarle||Yancey Mills||107||172||20||107||US 250 – Crozet, Yancey Mills|
|114||183||21||114||SR 637 – Ivy|
|118||190||22||118||US 29 – Charlottesville, Culpeper, Lynchburg||Signed as exits 118A (south) and 118B (north)|
|120||193||23||120||SR 631 (5th Street) – Charlottesville|
|121||195||24||121||SR 20 – Charlottesville, Scottsville||Signed as exits 121A (south) and 121B (north) eastbound|
|124||200||25||124||US 250 – Charlottesville, Shadwell|
|129||208||26||129||SR 616 – Keswick, Boyd Tavern|
|Louisa||Zion Crossroads||136||219||27||136||US 15 – Gordonsville, Palmyra||First diverging diamond interchange in the state|
|Ferncliff||143||230||28||143||SR 208 – Louisa, Ferncliff|
|Goochland||Shannon Hill||148||238||29||148||SR 605 – Shannon Hill|
|152||245||30||152||SR 629 – Hadensville|
|Louisa||Gum Spring||159||256||31||159||US 522 – Gum Spring, Goochland, Mineral|
|Goochland||Oilville||167||269||32||167||SR 617 – Oilville, Goochland|
|173||278||33||173||SR 623 – Rockville, Manakin|
|175||282||175||SR 288 south – Chesterfield|
|Henrico||177||285||34||177||I‑295 – Washington, Norfolk, Airport||I-295 exit 53|
|178||286||35||178||US 250 (Broad Street) – Short Pump||Signed as exits 178A (west) and 178B (east)|
|180||290||180||Gaskins Road||Signed as exits 180A (south) and 180B (north)|
|181||291||37||181||Parham Road||Signed as exits 181A (south) and 181B (north) westbound|
|183||295||38||183||US 250 (Broad Street) / Glenside Drive||Signed as exits 183A (Glenside Drive south), 183B (US 250 east), and 183C (US 250 west / Glenside Drive north) westbound|
|Dumbarton||185||298||39||185||US 33 (Staples Mill Road) / Dickens Road||Signed as exits 185A (west) and 185B (east) eastbound|
|City of Richmond||186||299||40||186||SR 197 (Laburnum Avenue)||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|186||299||40||186||I‑195 south / to Powhite Parkway (SR 76 south) – Downtown Richmond|
|187||301||187||I‑95 north – Washington||West end of I-95 overlap; I-64 west follows exit 79|
|78||126||14||78||Boulevard (SR 161)|
|76||122||13||76B||US 1 (Belvidere Street) / US 301||No northbound exit|
|76||122||12||76A||Chamberlayne Avenue||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|190||306||190||I‑95 south – Petersburg||East end of I-95 overlap; I-64 east follows exit 75|
|190||306||190||3rd Street / 5th Street - Downtown Richmond, Coliseum, Convention Center|
|192||309||44||192||US 360 – Mechanicsville|
|Henrico||193||311||45||193||SR 33 (Nine Mile Road)||Signed as exits 193A (west) and 193B (east)|
|197||317||47||197||SR 156 – Highland Springs, Sandston, Richmond International Airport||Signed as exits 197A (south) and 197B (north)|
|200||322||48||200||I‑295 / US 60 – Rocky Mount, NC, Washington||I-295 exit 28|
|New Kent||Bottoms Bridge||205||330||49||205||SR 33 west / SR 249 east to US 60 – Bottoms Bridge, Quinton||West end of SR 33 overlap|
|211||340||211||SR 106 – Talleysville, Roxbury|
|214||344||214||SR 155 – New Kent CH, Providence Forge|
|220||354||220||SR 33 east – West Point||East end of SR 33 overlap|
|James City||227||365||227||SR 30 to US 60 – West Point, Toano, Williamsburg|
|231||372||231||SR 607 to SR 30 – Croaker, Norge, Toano||Signed as exits 231A (Norge) and 231B (Croaker); former SR 188|
|York||Burkes Corner||234||377||234||SR 199 east / SR 646 west – Lightfoot||Signed as exits 234A (east) and 234B (west) westbound|
|238||383||238||SR 143 east to US 60 – Camp Peary, Colonial Williamsburg|
|242||389||242||SR 199 (Marquis Center Parkway / Humelsine Parkway)||Signed as exits 242A (west) and 242B (east)|
|243||391||243A||To US 60 – Busch Gardens|
|243.2||391.4||243B||SR 143 west (Business Route) – Williamsburg||No entrance ramps|
|City of Newport News||247||398||247||SR 143 / SR 238 – Yorktown, Lee Hall|
|250||402||250||SR 105 (Fort Eustis Boulevard) – Yorktown, Fort Eustis||Signed as exits 250A (west) and 250B (east)|
|255||410||255||SR 143 (Jefferson Avenue)||Signed as exits 255A (east) and 255B (west)|
|256||412||256||SR 171 east (Victory Boulevard) / Oyster Point Road west – Poquoson||Signed as exits 256A (west) and 256B (east)|
|258||415||258||US 17 (J. Clyde Morris Boulevard) – Yorktown||Signed as exits 258A (south) and 258B (north)|
|City of Hampton||261||420||261A||Hampton Roads Center Parkway west|
|261||420||261B||Hampton Roads Center Parkway east||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|262||422||262B||SR 134 north (Magruder Boulevard) – NASA, Poquoson||West end of SR 134 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|263||423||263||US 258 / SR 134 south (Mercury Boulevard) – Coliseum, James River Bridge||East end of SR 134 overlap; signed as exits 263A (US 258 south) and 263B (US 258 north / SR 134 south) westbound|
|264||425||264||I‑664 south (Hampton Roads Beltway outer loop) – Downtown Newport News, Suffolk, Chesapeake||West end of Hampton Roads Beltway overlap; I-664 exit 1|
|265||426||265A||SR 134 (Armistead Avenue) / La Salle Avenue – Langley AFB||Signed as exits 265A (La Salle Avenue south / SR 134 east - latter westbound only), 265B (La Salle Avenue north / SR 134 west - westbound only), and 265C (SR 134 - eastbound only); former SR 167|
|267||430||267||US 60 west / SR 143 (Settlers Landing Road) / Woodland Road – Hampton University||West end of US 60 overlap|
|268||431||268||SR 169 east (Mallory Street) – Fort Monroe|
|Hampton Roads||Hampton Roads Bridge–Tunnel|
|City of Norfolk||272||438||272||West Ocean View Avenue – Willoughby Spit||former US 60 east|
|273||439||273||US 60 east (4th View Street) – Ocean View||East end of US 60 overlap|
|274||441||274||Bay Avenue - Naval Station||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|276||444||276||I‑564 / US 460 (Granby Street) to SR 406 (Terminal Boulevard) – Naval Base||Signed as exits 276A (US 460) and 276B (I-564) westbound; no access from I-64 east to US 460 east; no direct access from I-64 west to US 460 west|
|276.5||445.0||276C||SR 165 (Little Creek Road) to US 460 west||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|277||446||277||SR 168 (Tidewater Drive)||Signed as exits 277A (south) and 277B (north)|
|278||447||278||SR 194 south (Chesapeake Boulevard)||eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|278||447||278||SR 194 north (Chesapeake Boulevard)||westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|279||449||279||Norview Avenue (SR 247) - Norfolk International Airport||Signed as exits 279A (west) and 279B (east) westbound|
|281||452||281||SR 165 (Military Highway) / Robin Hood Road||Signed as exits 281A (Robin Hood Road) and 281B (SR 165 south) eastbound; no eastbound entrance|
|282||454||282||US 13 (Northampton Boulevard) – Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel||no access from I-64 east to US 13 south or US 13 north to I-64 west|
|284||457||284||I‑264 / Newtown Road – Virginia Beach, Downtown Norfolk, Portsmouth||Signed as exits 284A (west) and 284B (east); eastbound exit 284A includes a flyover to I-264 east, so exit 284B is signed only for Newtown Road in that direction; I-264 exit 14; east end of directional (east-west) signage|
|City of Virginia Beach||286||460||286||Indian River Road||Signed as exits 286A (west) and 286B (east); former SR 407|
|City of Chesapeake||289||465||289||Greenbrier Parkway||Signed as exits 289A (north) and 289B (south)|
SR 168 north / SR 168 Bus. south (Battlefield Boulevard) – Great Bridge
|Counterclockwise (outer) end of SR 168 overlap|
|291||468||291A||I‑464 north – Norfolk|
|291.4||469.0||291B||US 17 south / SR 168 south / SR 190 – Great Bridge, Elizabeth City, Outer Banks||Clockwise (inner) end of SR 168 overlap; counterclockwise (outer) end of US 17 overlap; signed as exits 291B (SR 168) and 292 (US 17) counterclockwise (outer)|
|High Rise Bridge over Elizabeth River Southern Branch|
US 17 north / US 17 Bus. south – Deep Creek, Portsmouth
|Clockwise (inner) end of US 17 overlap; signed as exits 296A (north) and 296B (south) clockwise (inner)|
|297||478||297||US 13 / US 460 (Military Highway)|
|297.62||478.97||299||I‑264 east / I‑664 to US 13 / US 58 / US 460 – Suffolk, Newport News, Richmond, Portsmouth, Norfolk||Signed as exits 299A (I-264 east) and 299B (I-664)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002". Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- Richmond Times-Dispatch, Va. prepares for hurricanes, April 30, 2006
- "The Route of the Three Notch'd Road: A Preliminary Report". Virginia Highway & Transportation Research Council. September 2003. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (September 11, 1945) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-09-1945-01.pdf., page 12
- Routes of the Recommended Interregional Highway System, ca. 1943
- National System of Interstate Highways, August 2, 1947
- National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, September 1955
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (April 24, 1958) (PDF). Minutes of Meeting (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.ctb.virginia.gov/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1958-01.pdf., page 23
- See: Charlottesville won, and Lynchburg lost / Routing of I-64 was major tussle, Richmond Times-Dispatch, 1999
- Hampton County - dailypress.com
- "Under Construction: I-64 Interchange at Route 15, Zion Crossroads". Virginia Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- "VDOT Opens new DDI". VDOT. Retrieved 2014-03-11.
- "Animation of Traffic Flows". VDOT. Retrieved 2014-03-11.
- "High Rise Bridge (I-64)". Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- "Chesapeake High-Rise Bridge reopened to traffic". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
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