Map of New York with I-690 highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYSDOT|
|Length:||14.19 mi (22.84 km)|
|Existed:||early 1960s – present|
|West end:||I-90 / NY Thruway / NY 690 in Van Buren|
|I-81 in Syracuse|
|East end:||I-481 in DeWitt|
Interstate 690 (I-690) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway that extends for 14.19 miles (22.84 km) through the vicinity of Syracuse, New York, in the United States. It is a spur of I-90 (here part of the New York State Thruway) that travels southeast from Thruway exit 39 in Van Buren to I-481 in DeWitt. In between, I-690 passes through the western suburbs of Syracuse before heading east through the city itself, where it meets I-81 in downtown Syracuse. The expressway continues northwest of the Thruway as New York State Route 690 (NY 690).
I-690 begins at a double trumpet interchange with the New York State Thruway (I-90) in the town of Van Buren. The six-lane, fully shouldered limited-access highway continues north toward Baldwinsville as NY 690 while I-690 travels east from the junction. Even though I-690 continues north of the Thruway as NY 690, the numbering system on I-690 does not continue with the route. The interchange with the Thruway is labeled as exit 1, leaving exits on NY 690 without numbers. Additionally, NY 690 is signed north–south while I-690 is signed east–west. Before physically crossing I-90, it features a partial interchange with John Glenn Boulevard, and turns southeast.
After crossing and connecting with State Fair Boulevard at exit 5, I-690 runs along the western shore of Onondaga Lake, passing under many pedestrian bridges. The highway serves the New York State Fairgrounds by way of exits 6 and 7, the former a large directional T interchange with NY 695. Within this interchange is a signalized, at-grade intersection that connects I-690 to a parking area. For twelve days each year, the light is used to allow buses to carry New York State Fair attendees from the parking area across the road to the fair. I-690 is one of only a few Interstate Highways to feature a traffic light.
The freeway continues along the shore and bears toward the downtown area, where the shoulders frequently disappear and the buildings are often situated close to the freeway. It passes over a railroad grade and Hiawatha Boulevard before meeting NY 298 (Bear Street) at exit 9. In the interchange with NY 5 1 mile (1.6 km) to the east, two lanes of I-690 disappear, and I-81 follows directly after in the center of the city with an incomplete interchange. There is no direct freeway ramp from I-690 east to I-81 north and I-81 south to I-690 west. NY 298, which connects to I-81 at exit 22 west of the I-81/I-690 interchange, must be used to make these connections.
I-690 re-widens to six lanes as it proceeds eastward out of downtown Syracuse. 2 miles (3.2 km) from downtown, it connects to Burnet and Midler Avenues by way of exit 15. The latter is designated as NY 598; however, it is not signed as such from I-690. After a curve to the southeast, NY 635 meets the route at a cloverleaf interchange, utilizing collector/distributor roads to do so. The C/D roads continue to a parclo interchange with Bridge Street, where they end. Shortly after this interchange, I-690 terminates at I-481.
The portion of the modern I-690 corridor west of downtown Syracuse was originally served by NY 48, a route assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York. NY 48 followed the length of State Fair Boulevard from Van Buren to downtown Syracuse, where it followed several local streets to reach NY 5. In the early 1960s, work began on a new freeway extending from the New York State Thruway to Syracuse by way of the western shoreline of Onondaga Lake. The new road, designated as I-690, was completed from the Thruway to NY 298 by 1962. I-690 supplanted State Fair Boulevard as the primary highway through the area, and from NY 297 southeast, State Fair Boulevard was upgraded on the spot. As a result, NY 48 was truncated to its current southern terminus in Van Buren.
The section of I-690 near the New York State Fairgrounds was originally a surface highway. When I-690 was extended eastward through downtown to Midler Avenue (now NY 598) in the mid-1960s, I-690 was moved onto its current, limited-access routing. State Fair Boulevard runs on the former I-690 eastbound right of way, while a service road occupies the westbound right of way. State Fair Boulevard continues east along this right of way onto a ramp to I-690. The section of I-690 between Midler Avenue and I-481 was completed in the early 1970s. I-690 gained a mile when its western terminus was relocated in 1988. The interchange with the Thruway was relocated and completely rebuilt, forcing a complete renumbering of all the exits on the highway.
I-690 follows an old New York Central Railroad right-of-way through a portion of downtown Syracuse and actually cuts through the site of the former New York Central station. A remnant of the old railroad station platforms is visible to the north of the freeway, with cement statues of people waiting for trains, who are occasionally dressed up for winter by area residents with scarves and other winter apparel.
In summer 2009, the New York State Department of Transportation posted new milemarkers on both NY 690 and I-690. The mileposts treat the entire length of both routes as a single entity, with mile 0 being at the northern terminus of NY 690 at NY 48 and mile 20 being near the eastern terminus of I-690 at I-481.
There have been plans for decades to extend I-690 eastward from I-481 to Manlius or to the far east suburb of Chittenango; however, these plans have yet to become a reality. This extension would have been numbered as NY 290 due to the presence of NY 690 to the northeast and the unlikelihood of I-290 in Buffalo being extended. Several unused ramps exist at the interchange between I-481 and I-690, intended to connect to an extended I-690.
The entire route is in Onondaga County.
|Van Buren||0.00||0.00||NY 690||Continuation beyond I-90 / Thruway|
|0.00||0.00||1||I-90 / NY Thruway – Albany, Buffalo|
|3||NY 48 (Farrell Road)||Westbound exit and entrance; southern terminus of NY 48|
|Geddes||4||John Glenn Boulevard|
|2.05||3.30||5||State Fair Boulevard / Van Vleck Road – Lakeland|
|4.55||7.32||6||NY 695 to NY 5 – Auburn, Lakeland||Northern terminus of NY 695|
|7||NY 297 – Solvay, Fairgrounds||Northern terminus of NY 297|
|Syracuse||7.14||11.49||8||Hiawatha Boulevard||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|7.43||11.96||9||NY 298 (Bear Street) to I-81 north – Watertown||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; southern terminus of NY 298|
|7.75||12.47||10||North Geddes Street||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|8.39||13.50||12||West Genesee Street (NY 5) - Downtown Syracuse||Eastbound exit and entrance|
|9.00||14.48||I-81 – Binghamton, Watertown||No connection from I-690 east to I-81 north and from I-81 south to I-690 west|
|9.29||14.95||13||Townsend Street – Downtown Syracuse||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance (via McBride Street)|
|11.28||18.15||15||Midler Avenue (NY 598)|
|East Syracuse||12.34||19.86||16||NY 635 (Thompson Road)||Signed as 16N (north) and 16S (south)|
|13.19||21.23||17||Bridge Street – East Syracuse|
|DeWitt||14.19||22.84||I-481 to I-90 / NY Thruway – DeWitt||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
- New York State Route 690 for exits along NY 690
- Sunoco (1961). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company (1961–62 ed.).
- Esso (1962). New York with Sight-Seeing Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1962 ed.).
- "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 243. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
- Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
- Texas Oil Company (1932). Texaco Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Mobil (1965). New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Esso (1968). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1969–70 ed.).
- State of New York Department of Commerce (1969). New York State Highways (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Shell Oil Company (1973). New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company (1973 ed.).
- "Syracuse Highways: A Brief Historical Overview". Retrieved March 28, 2007.
- Google Inc. Google Maps – aerial view of I-481/I-690 interchange (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=&daddr=&geocode=&hl=en&mra=mr&sll=43.06083,-76.074142&sspn=0.011507,0.027831&ie=UTF8&ll=43.056707,-76.05144&spn=0.011508,0.027831&t=h&z=16. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
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