Interstate 71

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Interstate 71 marker

Interstate 71
Route information
Maintained by Kentucky Transportation Cabinet and Ohio DOT
Length: 343.78 mi[1][2] (553.26 km)
Major junctions
South end: I‑64 / I‑65 in Louisville, KY
  I‑75 from Walton, KY to Cincinnati, OH
I‑70 in Columbus, OH
I‑76 in Seville, OH
I‑80 / Ohio Tpk. in Strongsville, OH
North end: I‑90 / I‑490 in Cleveland, OH
Highway system
KY 70 list KY 72
I‑70 OH SR 72

Interstate 71 (I-71) is an Interstate Highway in the Great Lakes/Midwestern and Southeastern region of the United States. Its southern terminus is at an interchange with Interstate 64 and Interstate 65 (the Kennedy Interchange) in Louisville, Kentucky. Its northern terminus is at an interchange with Interstate 90 in Cleveland, Ohio. I-71 runs concurrently with Interstate 75 from a point about twenty miles (30 km) south of Cincinnati, Ohio into downtown Cincinnati. Almost three quarters of the route lies east of I-75, thereby putting it out of its proper place in the Interstate grid.

While I-71 is designated a north–south highway, it is a major east–west route for cross-country traffic. It links I-80 and I-90 to I-70, and ultimately (via I-65) links to I-40.

Route description[edit]

Lengths
  mi[3] km
KY 97.42 156.78
OH 248.15 399.36
Total 345.57 556.14

Kentucky[edit]

In Kentucky, I-71 begins east of Downtown Louisville at the Kennedy Interchange, where it meets I-64 and I-65. This interchange is sometimes called the "Spaghetti Junction". From Louisville, it roughly follows the Ohio River in a diagonal path toward Northern Kentucky. Between Louisville and Cincinnati, I-71 is largely a four-lane highway, except for a couple of miles in Sparta in which it runs three lanes each way.

Near the town of Carrollton, there are signs marking the location of a tragic accident that occurred on May 14, 1988, when a drunk driver crossed the median and struck a church bus full of children and teenagers, causing the bus' fuel tank to ignite into flames and killing 27 people on board. It is one of the worst bus accidents in state and national history.

I-71 merges with Interstate 75 near Walton and intersects Interstate 275, the Cincinnati beltway. After passing through Covington, the freeway crosses the Ohio River via the lower level of the Brent Spence Bridge and continues into Cincinnati.

Ohio[edit]

A section of the Fort Washington Way in Cincinnati

In Cincinnati, I-71 splits immediately from I-75 and heads due east onto Fort Washington Way, where it continues through downtown Cincinnati concurrently with US-50 for less than a mile. Just east of downtown, US-50 splits from I-71 and continues east; I-71 bends north and receives Interstate 471, a spur from southeast of the city. I-71 then heads in a general northeast direction through urban Cincinnati and into its surrounding suburbs. After another interchange with the Interstate 275 beltway, the freeway leaves the metropolitan area and heads towards Columbus. It continues northeast until it reaches South Lebanon, Ohio, where it begins cutting east across the flat plains of southwest Ohio. The freeway crosses the Little Miami River on the Jeremiah Morrow Bridge, which is a continuous truss bridge and the tallest bridge in Ohio at 239 feet above the river. I-71 heads towards Columbus then intersects with the bypass I-270 before heading north into urban Columbus, where it junctions I-70. About a mile north of the I-70 junction, it intersects with I-670. After another interchange with the I-270 bypass, the highway exits out of Columbus and continues north until near Delaware, where it again turns northeast. Beginning its path to Cleveland, I-71 enters the rolling farm country on the edges of the Allegheny Plateau. It continues in this fashion to Lodi/Westfield Center and its junction with I-76, which provides access to Akron. Heading north to Medina, it meets the terminus of I-271. The highway then continues north into urban Cuyahoga County and Cleveland's suburbs, intersecting the Ohio Turnpike/I-80. Passing Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, I-71 meets I-480 and enters Cleveland's west side, continuing on to downtown. It junctions with State Route 176 and terminates at Interstate 90 on the Innerbelt.

History[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Heading northbound into Columbus from the south
Intersection of I-70 and I-71 in Columbus, Ohio.

The first section of I-71 in Louisville opened in December 1966 between its terminus at Spaghetti Junction and Zorn Avenue, its first exit. Its junction with I-264 opened in July 1968, and the complete Kentucky portion of the interstate was opened to the public in July 1969. At that point, it replaced U.S. Route 42 as the primary link between Cincinnati and Louisville.[4]

Ohio[edit]

Much of Interstate 71 in Ohio was intended to be State Route 1. State Route 1 was originally planned in the 1950s as a second Ohio Turnpike extending southwest to northeast across the state. It was planned to run from Cincinnati to Conneaut and connect with an extension built across the panhandle of Pennsylvania to the New York State Thruway. As the highway was being planned, the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 was enacted, and the project was converted from a toll road to a freeway. It was designated as State Route 1, since the Interstate Highway numbering system had not yet been implemented. Portions of the freeway began to be completed and opened in 1959 with the new Interstate Highway funding, and they were marked as State Route 1 as well as with their new Interstate Highway number. Since large gaps existed along the corridor where no freeway had yet been completed, existing two-lane or four-lane highways were also designated as State Route 1 in order to complete the route. The State Route 1 signage was removed in 1966 as the Interstate Highway numbers adequately marked the route by then and the state highway numbering was superfluous.

In Columbus, the portion of Interstate 71 that bounds Worthington's eastern edge was originally called the North Freeway. Costing US$13.8 million, it was constructed south from Route 161, arriving at 11th Avenue by August 1961. It took another year to construct the portion between 11th Avenue and 5th Avenue, mainly due to the need to construct a massive underpass under the Pennsylvania Railroad's Grogan Yard. Today, only two tracks cross the viaduct, and the rest of the structure supports a large, weedy field. By August 1962, the freeway had reached Fifth Avenue, and it reached downtown in November 1962.

Interstate 71 was originally planned to follow the Innerbelt Freeway northward from its current northern terminus to the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway at Dead Man's Curve when Interstate 90 was planned to continue westward from there along the Shoreway.[5]

Upon its completion, I-71 replaced State Route 3 as the primary highway link between Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland.

Recently,[when?] the interchange at milepost 121 north of Columbus was reconstructed to allow access to the eastern extension of Gemini Place. Before that, it was a simple diamond interchange with Polaris Parkway (Ohio State Route 750).

Exit list[edit]

State County Location Mile[1][2] km Exit Destinations Notes
Kentucky Jefferson Louisville 0.000 0.000 1 I‑65 – Nashville, Indianapolis
I‑64 – St. Louis, Lexington
Signed as exits 1A (west) southbound and 1B (east) northbound; no connection to 64 eastbound from 71 southbound; no number for I-65
1.724 2.775 2 Zorn Avenue
Indian Hills 4.966 7.992 5 I‑264 (Watterson Expressway)
Louisville 9.063 14.585 9 I‑265 south (Gene Snyder Freeway) / KY 841 to US 42
Oldham   14.488 23.316 14 KY 329 – Crestwood, Pewee Valley
  17.478 28.128 17 KY 146 – Buckner, Crestwood, Pewee Valley
  18.507 29.784 18 KY 393 – Buckner
La Grange 21.869 35.195 22 KY 53 – La Grange, Ballardsville
Henry Pendleton 27.840 44.804 28 KY 153 to KY 146 – Sligo, New Castle
Campbellsburg 33.505 53.921 34 US 421 – Campbellsburg, New Castle, Bedford
Carroll   42.802 68.883 43 KY 389 to KY 55 – Prestonville, English
  44.312 71.313 44 KY 227 – Worthville, Carrollton
Gallatin   54.980 88.482 55 KY 1039 to KY 465 – Vevay Serves Kentucky Speedway
  56.673 91.206 57 KY 35 – Sparta, Warsaw Serves Kentucky Speedway
Glencoe 61.774 99.416 62 US 127 – Glencoe, Owenton
Boone   72.195 116.187 72 KY 14 – Verona
  77.724 125.085 77 I‑75 south – Lexington South end of I-75 overlap; exit numbers switch to follow I-75's mileposts
  79.556 128.033 175 KY 338 – Richwood
Florence 82.275 132.409 178 KY 536 (Mt. Zion Road)
84.298 135.664 180 US 42 / US 127 – Union, Florence
84.694 136.302 180A Mall Road (KY 3157) Southbound exit and northbound entrance; serves Florence Mall
85.449 137.517 181 KY 18 – Florence, Burlington
86.652 139.453 182 KY 1017 (Turfway Road)
Kenton Erlanger 87.967 141.569 184 KY 236 – Erlanger Signed as exits 184A (east) and 184B (west) southbound
88.900 143.071 185 I‑275 to I‑471 – Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport
Fort Mitchell 90.539 145.708 186 KY 371 (Buttermilk Pike)
91.913 147.920 188 US 25 / US 42 / US 127 (Dixie Highway) – Fort Mitchell
Fort Wright 92.870 149.460 189 KY 1072 (Kyles Lane) – Fort Wright, Park Hills
Covington 94.707–
94.858
152.416–
152.659
191 12th Street (KY 1120), Pike Street (US 25 / US 42 / US 127) – Covington
95.414–
95.507
153.554–
153.704
192 5th Street (KY 8) – Covington, Newport
Ohio River
0.00

0.00
Brent Spence Bridge
Kentucky–Ohio state line
Ohio Hamilton Cincinnati 0.22–
0.50
0.35–
0.80
1A I‑75 north / US 50 west (River Road) / Fifth Street – Dayton
1B Second Street, Third Street – Downtown Cincinnati, Riverfront
1.11 1.79 1C US 50 east (Columbia Parkway) to I‑471 / US 52 North end of US 50 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Lytle Tunnel
Sharp turn (40 mph or 64 km/h) in both directions
1.99 3.20 1D I‑471 south – Newport Southbound exit and northbound entrance
2.33–
2.48
3.75–
3.99
2 US 42 (Reading Road) / Florence Avenue, Gilbert Avenue
3.33 5.36 3 William Howard Taft Road Southbound exit and northbound entrance
4.46–
6.03
7.18–
9.70
5 Montgomery Road (US 22 / SR 3), Dana Avenue
Norwood 6.75–
6.96
10.86–
11.20
6 SR 561 (Edwards Road, Smith Road)
Cincinnati 8.04 12.94 8A Ridge Avenue south Northbound exit and southbound entrance
8.04 12.94 8B SR 562 – Norwood Signed as exit 7 southbound
Columbia Township 8.51 13.70 8C Ridge Avenue north Northbound exit and southbound entrance
8.75 14.08 8 Kennedy Avenue, Ridge Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
9.91–
9.92
15.95–
15.96
9 Red Bank Road – Fairfax
Silverton 10.68 17.19 10 Stewart Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Sycamore Township 11.81 19.01 11 Kenwood Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
12.44 20.02 12 US 22 / SR 3 (Montgomery Road)
Montgomery 14.13 22.74 14 SR 126 (Ronald Reagan Cross County Highway)
15.80 25.43 15 Pfeiffer Road
17.51–
17.54
28.18–
28.23
17 I‑275 to SR 32 / I‑75 Signed as exits 17A (east) and 17B (west) southbound
HamiltonWarren
county line
Symmes Township
Deerfield Township
19.88–
19.97
31.99–
32.14
19 Mason Montgomery Road, Fields Ertel Road
Warren Mason 23.53 37.87 24 Western Row Road, Kings Island Drive Northbound exit and southbound entrance
25.30 40.72 25 SR 741 north (Kings Mills Road) – Mason
LebanonSouth Lebanon city line 28.33 45.59 28 SR 48 – South Lebanon, Lebanon
Turtlecreek Township 32.56 52.40 32 SR 123 – Morrow, Lebanon
Washington Township 36.74 59.13 36 Wilmington Road
Clinton Chester Township 45.11 72.60 45 SR 73 – Waynesville, Wilmington
Liberty Township 50.74–
50.75
81.66–
81.67
50 US 68 – Xenia, Wilmington
Greene Jefferson Township 58.01 93.36 58 SR 72 – Sabina, Jamestown
Fayette Octa 65.33 105.14 65 US 35 (SR 435) – Xenia, Washington Court House
Jeffersonville 69.49 111.83 69 SR 41 / SR 734 – South Solon, Jeffersonville, Washington Court House
Paint Township 75.03 120.75 75 SR 38 – Bloomingburg, Midway
Madison Pleasant Township 84.27 135.62 84 SR 56 – Mount Sterling, London
Franklin Pleasant Township 94.15 151.52 94 US 62 / SR 3 – Grove City, Orient, Harrisburg
Jackson Township 97.16 156.36 97 SR 665 (London-Groveport Road) Interchange fully opened August 17, 2012[6]
Grove City 98.85 159.08 99 Hoover Road – Grove City Proposed
Grove City 100.60 161.90 100 Stringtown Road – Grove City
Jackson Township 101.68 163.64 101 I‑270 – Dayton, Wheeling Signed as exits 101A (east) and 101B (west) northbound
Columbus 103.86 167.15 104 SR 104 / Frank Road
105.43 169.67 105 Greenlawn Avenue
106.33 171.12 106A I‑70 west – Dayton South end of I-70 overlap; exit numbers switch to follow I-70's mileposts
106B SR 315 north – Worthington
107.07–
107.17
172.31–
172.47
100A US 23 south (High Street) / Front Street No northbound entrance; southbound exit is via exit 100B
107.41 172.86 100B US 23 north (Fourth Street) / Livingston Avenue (US 33)
107.90–
108.10
173.65–
173.97
107 I‑70 east – Wheeling North end of I-70 overlap
108.20 174.13 108A Main Street No northbound exit
108.63 174.82 108B US 40 (Broad Street)
108.93 175.31 Downtown C/D Roads Southbound exit and northbound entrance (under construction)
109.38 176.03 Leonard Avenue Northbound exit only
109.16–
109.61
175.68–
176.40
109A I‑670 – Port Columbus International Airport, Dayton Signed as exits 109A (west) and 109B (east, combined with Leonard Avenue exit) northbound
110.16 177.29 110A Fifth Avenue No northbound exit
110.68 178.12 110B 11th Avenue
111.15 178.88 111 17th Avenue Access to the Ohio State Fairgrounds & Expo Center, Ohio History Center & Columbus Crew Stadium
112.33 180.78 112 Hudson Street Access to Columbus Crew Stadium
112.98 181.82 113 Weber Road
113.46 182.60 114 North Broadway
114.53 184.32 115 Cooke Road
115.58 186.01 116 Morse Road, Sinclair Road
117.53 189.15 117 SR 161 (Dublin-Granville Road)
119.21–
119.23
191.85–
191.88
119 I‑270 – Dayton, Wheeling Signed as exits 119A (east) and 119B (west) southbound
Delaware 121.45–
121.92
195.45–
196.21
121 SR 750 (Polaris Parkway) / Gemini Place Eastern terminus of SR 750, connects using Gemini Place southbound. Access to Polaris Shopping Center.
Berkshire Township 130.64 210.24 131 US 36 / SR 37 – Delaware, Sunbury
Morrow Bennington Township 140.15 225.55 140 SR 61 – Sunbury, Mount Gilead, Galion
Franklin Township 151.09 243.16 151 SR 95 – Fredericktown, Mount Gilead
Richland Bellville 165.25 265.94 165 SR 97 – Lexington, Bellville
Mansfield 168.81 271.67 169 SR 13 – Mansfield, Bellville
Madison Township 172.97 278.37 173 SR 39 – Mansfield, Lucas
Mifflin Township 176.91 284.71 176 US 30 – Mansfield, Wooster
Ashland Montgomery Township 186.71 300.48 186 US 250 – Ashland, Wooster
Wayne Congress Township 196.31 315.93 196 SR 301 – West Salem Northbound exit and southbound entrance
197.92 318.52 198 SR 539 – West Salem, Congress
Medina Harrisville Township 203.89 328.13 204 SR 83 – Lodi, Wooster
Westfield Township 209.51 337.17 209 I‑76 / US 224 – Lodi, Akron Signed as exits 209A (I-76/US 224 east) and 209B (US 224 west); western terminus of I-76 (Ohio)
Medina Township 218.86 352.22 218 SR 18 – Akron, Medina
220.71 355.20 220 I‑271 north – Erie Northbound exit and southbound entrance
222.91 358.74 222 SR 3 – Hinckley, Medina
Brunswick 226.03 363.76 226 SR 303 – Brunswick, Hinckley
Cuyahoga Strongsville 231.26 372.18 231 SR 82 (Royalton Road) – Strongsville, North Royalton Signed as exits 231A (east) and 231B (west) southbound
233.06 375.07 233 I‑80 / Ohio Tpk. – Toledo, Youngstown
Middleburg Heights 234.21 376.92 234 US 42 – Strongsville, Parma Heights
235.37 378.79 235 Bagley Road – Berea, Middleburg Heights
Brook Park 237.53 382.27 237 Snow Road, Engle Road – Cleveland Hopkins International Airport Signed as exits 237A (east) and 237B (west) southbound
Brook ParkCleveland city line 238.77 384.26 238 I‑480 – Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Toledo, Youngstown Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Cleveland 239.26 385.05 238 I‑480 west / SR 237 south – Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Berea, Toledo Southbound exit and northbound entrance
240.57 387.16 240 West 150th Street
241.85 389.22 242A West 130th Street Signed as exit 242 southbound
ClevelandLinndale city line 242.41 390.12 242B Bellaire Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Cleveland 244.5 393.5 244 Denison Avenue, West 65th Street Northbound exit and southbound entrance
245.48–
246.20
395.06–
396.22
245 US 42 / SR 3 / (Pearl Road, West 25th Street) / Fulton Road
246.6 396.9 246 SR 176 south – Parma Southbound exit and northbound entrance
246.98 397.48 247A West 14th Street, Clark Avenue Northbound exit and southbound entrance
247.56 398.41 247B I‑490 east to I‑77 Northbound exit and southbound entrance
247.56 398.41 247B I‑90 west – Toledo Northbound exit and southbound entrance
247.81 398.81 I‑90 east – Downtown Cleveland
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

  • I-471 - links downtown Cincinnati with Interstate 275
  • I-271 - provides access to Cleveland's eastern suburbs and enables travelers on Interstate 71 to access Interstate 90 east without going through Cleveland proper.

See also[edit]

Sports rivalries involving cities on I-71

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, HIS Expanded Milepoint Route Log Extract, updated October 31, 2007
  2. ^ a b Ohio Department of Transportation Office of Technical Services: Straight Line Diagrams, current as of January 1, 2007
  3. ^ "Route Log and Finder List: Table 1 - Interstate System". FHWA. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 
  4. ^ Kleber, John E. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Louisville. p. 418. 
  5. ^ Ohio Department of Highways. "1957-1958 Biennial Report (excerpt)". Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  6. ^ "Transportation Partners Celebrate Opening of New Southern Gateway" (Press release). Ohio Department of Transportation District 6. 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing