Interstate 94 in Illinois

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This article is about the section of Interstate 94 in Illinois. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 94.

Interstate 94 marker

Interstate 94
Route information
Maintained by Illinois Department of Transportation
Length: 78.00 mi[1] (125.53 km)
Major junctions
West end: I-94 / US 41 near Zion
  I-294 in Northbrook
I-90 in Chicago
I-290 / IL 110 in Chicago
I-55 in Chicago
I-90 / Chicago Skyway in Chicago
I-57 in Chicago
I-80 / I-294 / IL 394 in South Holland
East end: I-80 / I-94 / US 6 in Lansing
Highway system
IL 93 IL 94

Interstate 94 (I-94) generally runs north–south through the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Illinois, in Lake and Cook counties. It is marked east–west in Illinois in accordance with its general alignment across the country, although some entrances on the Tri-State Tollway have north or south I-94 signs. I-94 in Illinois is 78.00 miles (125.53 km) long.[1]

The William G. Edens Expressway (also known as the Edens Parkway and the Edens Superhighway) is the main major expressway north from the city of Chicago to Northbrook, Illinois. Only the short portion from the spur ramp to the expressway's end in Highland Park does not carry I-94. It was the first expressway in Chicago and was opened on December 20, 1951. It has three lanes in each direction. The original name of the expressway was the Edens Parkway, named after William G. Edens, a banker and early advocate for paved roads. He was a sponsor of Illinois' first highway bond issue in 1918.

Route description[edit]

The control cities for I-94 generally are Wisconsin or Milwaukee to the north and west, Chicago or Chicago Loop for those heading to the central portion, and Indiana to the south and east.

Wisconsin to Downtown Chicago[edit]

I-94 traverses rural and suburban areas in Lake County, and serves Six Flags Great America and the Gurnee Mills mall; extensive office developments and residential districts in southern Lake County and the North Shore region of Cook County, and serves the Old Orchard Shopping Center; the length of the city of Chicago, running just west of the Chicago Loop on the Kennedy Expressway.

I-94 has eight lanes (four in each direction) coming south from Wisconsin until just north of Deerfield Road where it widens further to 10 lanes as it approaches I-294 and the Edens Spur. This is where three lanes branch off and begin I-294 while two lanes for I-94 head east onto the Edens Spur which only has four lanes total (two in each direction).

The highway turns south and widens back to six lanes on the Edens Expressway, and to ten lanes (four lanes in each direction plus two reversible lanes) along the Kennedy Expressway. At Ohio Street, the reversible lanes terminate and the highway has 10 lanes to the Circle Interchange, where the left lane ends and the right lane exits onto the Eisenhower Expressway.

Until 2010, mileposts along the portion of I-94 that are part of the Tri-State Tollway reflect the distance from the southeastern terminus of the tollway, that led to a counterintuitive increase in the mile numbers as one proceeds "west." In 2010, the mile markers have been renumbered to indicate mileage of I-94 traveled in Illinois, increasing from the Wisconsin border to the Indiana border.[2]

Downtown Chicago to Indiana[edit]

South of downtown Chicago, I-94 serves the southeast suburbs of Chicago, including Dolton, Calumet City, and South Holland, Illinois, until it joins I-80 on the Kingery Expressway, which finally enters Indiana east of Lansing, Illinois.

I-94 has ten lanes (five in each direction) from the exit ramps of the Circle Interchange to the Stevenson Expressway. It then splits into a 14-lane freeway on the Dan Ryan, with three and four lanes alternating between the local and express lanes in both directions. At the Chicago Skyway, a two-lane ramp carries traffic to I-90, leaving ten lanes (five in each direction) running south to the I-57/I-94 junction.

From I-57 to Cottage Grove Avenue, I-94 has four lanes (two lanes each way), with six lanes (three lanes each way) between Michigan Avenue and Cottage Grove Avenue. The freeway connection ramp to Stony Island Avenue has four lanes (two in each direction). I-94 then has six lanes (three in each direction) south to I-80. On the ramps to and from I-80, I-94 has two lanes in each direction. On I-80 itself, I-94 widens to eight lanes (four in each direction) to the state line.

The section including the Southland Interchange with I-80 and I-294 was reconfigured as part of the Kingery Expressway reconstruction project, completed in 2007, including four lanes south of 159th Street, with the split between I-80 and 94 east to the left, and I-80 west, I-294 north, and IL 394 south on the right located north of the 170th Street overpass. The configuration of I-80 and I-94 is discussed in connection with the Kingery Expressway.

History[edit]

I-494 (and later I-694) was originally planned to serve as a loop in Chicago and follow Lake Shore Drive along Lake Michigan. After local opposition prevented I-494 and I-694 from being completed, both numbers were completely dropped. Portions of the old I-494/I-694 exist as US 41 (Lake Shore Drive) and the Ohio Street connector. In addition, I-494 was also planned at one point to be a western bypass of Chicago, as the Crosstown Expressway.

The Edens Expressway section of I-94 was last rehabilitated from 1978 through 1980.[3] From 2007 to 2009, I-94 was widened from six to eight lanes between IL 173 (Rosecrans Road) and IL 22 (Half Day Road).[4]

On April 4, 2008, the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) closed one lane in each direction for the entire length of the freeway. The closures lasted until August 2008, occurred in advance of patching and resurfacing of the mainline. In addition, the $42.8 million project was to rehabilitate six bridges and improve drainage at four underpasses.[5]

The Bishop Ford Freeway in South Holland, approaching exit 73

The Calumet Expressway was originally an extension of Doty Avenue. There were traffic lights at the intersections of Doty with 111th, 115th, and 130th, but interchanges were built in the early 1960s. The expressway was originally designated as IL 1, Alternate US 30, and certain portions as US 6 and IL 83, but IL 1 returned to Halsted Street, and US 6 and IL 83 were routed onto Torrence Avenue. In 1962, the connection between the Calumet Expressway and Dan Ryan Expressway opened, and is now signed as part of the Bishop Ford.

In 2006–07, the portion south of 159th Street was reconstructed as part of the Kingery Expressway-Southland Interchange project. The section between 159th Street and Martin Luther King, Jr. drive was rehabilitated and resurfaced in Summer and Fall 2009.[6]

Exit list[edit]

County Location[1] Mile[7][1][a] km Exit[1] Destinations Notes
Lake   0.00 0.00 I-94 west / US 41 north – Milwaukee Continuation into Wisconsin
  0.20 0.32 1A Russell Road Signed as exit 1 northbound
  0.96 1.54 1B US 41 south – Waukegan Southern end of US 41 concurrency; southbound exit and northbound entrance; last exit southbound before tolls
Zion 2.50 4.02 2 IL 173 (Rosecrans Road) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Wadsworth 5.00 8.05 Waukegan Toll Plaza
Gurnee 8.50 13.68 3 IL 132 (Grand Avenue)
10.00 16.09 4 IL 21 (Milwaukee Avenue) Southbound exit and northbound entrance
11.00 17.70 5 IL 120 (Belvidere Road) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
North Chicago 14.00 22.53 6 IL 137 (Buckley Road)
Lake Bluff 16.00 25.75 7 IL 176 (Rockland Road) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Lake Forest 18.00 28.97 Lake Forest Oasis
19.00 30.58 8 IL 60 (Town Line Road)
Lincolnshire 22.00 35.41 9 IL 22 (Half Day Road)
Deerfield 24.00 38.62 10 Deerfield Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
CookLake
county line
NorthbrookDeerfield city line 25.25 40.64 11 Lake–Cook Road
Cook Northbrook 25.50 41.04 12 I-294 east (Tri-State Tollway) Southbound exit and northbound entrance; I-94 transitions between the Tri-State Tollway and the Edens Spur
26.5 42.6 Edens Spur Toll Plaza[7]
28.00 45.06 14 IL 43 (Waukegan Road) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
29.96 48.22 29 US 41 north (Skokie Highway) Western end of US 41 concurrency; last free exit westbound; no eastbound exit; I-94 transitions between the Edens Spur and the Edens Expressway
30.23 48.65 30 IL 68 west (Dundee Road) – Northbrook Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 30A (west) and 30B (east)
Northfield 31.92 51.37 31 Tower Road –Winnetka, Northfield Westbound entrance, eastbound exit
33.04 53.17 33 Willow Road – Winnetka Westbound exit, eastbound entrance; signed as exits 33A (west) and 33B (east)
Wilmette 33.95 54.64 34A US 41 south (Skokie Road) Eastern end of US 41 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
34.58 55.65 34 Lake Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 34B (west) and 34C (east)
Skokie 35.84 57.68 35 Old Orchard Road (10000 North) Access to Old Orchard Mall
37.38 60.16 37 IL 58 (Dempster Street (8800 North)) – Morton Grove Signed to Northwestern University
LincolnwoodSkokie city line 39.87 64.16 39 Touhy Avenue (7200 North) Westbound exit to eastbound Touhy Avenue uses IL 50 (Cicero Avenue); signed as exits 39A (west) and 37B (east)
Chicago 41.37 66.58 41 US 14 (Peterson Avenue / Caldwell Avenue (6000 North)) Eastbound exit only to Peterson eastbound; Caldwell entrance only to I-94 east; signed as exits 41A (south) and 41B (north)
41.91 67.45 41C IL 50 west (Cicero Avenue (4800 West)) to I-90 / Foster Avenue – O'Hare Field Eastbound exit only
42.49 68.38 42 Foster Avenue (5200 North) Entrance and exit to I-94 west only
43.52 70.04 43A Wilson Avenue (4600 North)
43.32 69.72 43B I-90 west (Kennedy Expressway)) – Chicago Loop Also known as "The Junction"; I-94 eastbound joins I-90 traveling eastbound; exits to eastbound express and local lanes; no access to westbound I-90 traveling eastbound (use exit 41C, Cicero Avenue and Foster Avenue)
43.6 70.2 43C Montrose Avenue (4400 North) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
43.9 70.7 43D Kostner Avenue (4400 West) Westbound exit only
44.2–
44.4
71.1–
71.5
44A IL 19 (Irving Park Road (4000 North)) / Keeler Avenue (4200 West) No westbound exit
44.6 71.8 44B IL 19 (Irving Park Road (4000 North)) / Pulaski Road(4000 West) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
45.1 72.6 45A Addison Street (3600 North)
45.5 73.2 45B Kimball Avenue (3400 West)
45.8 73.7 45C Belmont Avenue (3200 North) to Kedzie Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
46.1 74.2 Sacramento Avenue (3000 West) Eastbound entrance only
46.3 74.5 46A California Avenue (2800 West) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
46.5 74.8 46B Diversey Avenue (2800 North) Westbound exit only and eastbound entrance
47.05–
47.5
75.72–
76.4
47A Western Avenue (2400 West), Fullerton Avenue (2400 North) Westbound exit and an eastbound entrance for Western Avenue
47.6 76.6 47B Damen Avenue (2000 West) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
48.15 77.49 48A Armitage Avenue (2000 North)
48.7 78.4 48B IL 64 (North Avenue (1600 North))
49.4 79.5 49A Division Street (1200 North)
49.7–
49.8
80.0–
80.1
49B Augusta Boulevard (1000 North), Milwaukee Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
50.1 80.6 50A Ogden Avenue (1200 West) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
East end of express lanes
50.4 81.1 50B Ohio Street east (600 North)
51.0 82.1 51A Lake Street (200 North) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
51.1 82.2 51B Randolph Street west (150 North)
51.2 82.4 51C Washington Boulevard east (100 North) Westbound exit and eastbound exit
51.3 82.6 51D Madison Street (0 North/South)
51.4 82.7 51E Monroe Street (100 South) Eastbound exit only
51.5 82.9 51F Adams Street west (200 South) Eastbound exit only (combined ramp with Jackson Boulevard, exit 51G)
51.6 83.0 51G Jackson Boulevard east (300 South) Eastbound exit (combined ramp with Adams Street, exit 51F) and westbound entrance
51.8 83.4 51H I-290 / IL 110 west (Eisenhower Expressway) – West Suburbs Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
51.8 83.4 51I Congress Parkway – Chicago Loop (500 South) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
52.1 83.8 52A Taylor Street (1000 South), Roosevelt Road (1200 South) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
52.3 84.2 52B Roosevelt Road (1200 South), Taylor Street (1000 South) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
52.9 85.1 52C 18th Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
53.0 85.3 53A Canalport Avenue, Cermak Road (2200 South) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
53.3 85.8 53 I-55 (Stevenson Expressway) – St. Louis, Lake Shore Drive Signed as exits 53B (south) and 53C (north) westbound
Western end of express lanes
53.8 86.6 53C Cermak Road (2200 South) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
54.7 88.0 54 31st Street (3100 south)
55.2 88.8 55A 35th Street U.S. Cellular Field, Illinois Institute of Technology
55.7 89.6 55B Pershing Road (3900 South)
56.2 90.4 56A 43rd Street
56.7 91.2 56B 47th Street (4700 south)
57.7 92.9 57 Garfield Boulevard (5500 South)
58.2 93.7 58A 59th Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
58.7 94.5 58B 63rd Street (6300 south) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
59.0 95.0 59A I-90 east / Chicago Skyway to Indiana Toll Road Eastern end of I-90 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
59.3 95.4 59B Marquette Road, 67th Street (6700 South) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Eastern end of express lanes
59.8 96.2 59C 71st Street (7100 south)
60.3 97.0 60A 75th Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
60.4 97.2 60B 76th Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
60.8 97.8 60C 79th Street (7900 south)
61.3 98.7 61A 83rd Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
61.8 99.5 61B 87th Street (8700 south)
62.8 101.1 62 US 12 / US 20 (95th Street) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
63.17 101.66 63 I-57 south – Memphis Left exit on Bishop Ford Freeway; northern terminus of Bishop Ford Freeway; northern terminus of I-57; I-94 continues north onto the Dan Ryan Expressway
64.59–
65.56
103.95–
105.51
65 WB (on NB Bishop Ford): Stony Island Avenue (1600 East), 103rd Street
EB (on connector): Stony Island Avenue (1600 East), To 95th and 103rd Streets
Marked as "To US 41 — Lake Shore Drive"
66.18 106.51 66A 111th Street Exit to Pullman Historic District
66.70 107.34 66B 115th Street
68.67 110.51 68 130th Street Exit to Illinois International Port; signed as exits 68A and 68B
69.52 111.88 69 Beaubien Forest Preserve Eastbound exit, westbound entrance; access to 134th Street
Calumet River 69.91 112.51 Steel Bridge
Calumet City 70.62 113.65 70 Dolton Avenue Eastbound exits, westbound entrances; signed as exits 70A and 70B
71.42 114.94 71 IL 83 – Sibley Boulevard (15000 South) Signed as exits 71A and 7B
South Holland 72.96 117.42 73 US 6 – 159th Street, South Holland Signed as exits 73A and 73B; while signed as 159th Street, US 6 is 162nd Street in South Holland and River Oaks Drive in Calumet City
74.40 119.74 74A IL 394 south – Danville
I-80 west / I-294 north (Tri-State Tollway) – Iowa, Wisconsin
Southern terminus of Bishop Ford Freeway; southern terminus of Tri-State Tollway and I-294; I-94 continues eastbound with I-80 onto the Kingery Expressway; signed as exits 74A (IL 394) and 74B (I-80/I-294)
Lansing 75.62 121.70 161 US 6 west / IL 83 (Torrence Avenue) West end of US 6 concurrency
77.41 124.58 I-80 east / I-94 east / US 6 east Continuation into Indiana
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tollway maps do not reflect the renumbering of the I-94 sections, noted in the preceding section of text.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2006). "T2 GIS Data". Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  2. ^ "Google Groups". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Hilkevitch, John (March 26, 2006). "Buckle up, it looks like a long ride". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 26, 2006. 
  4. ^ "North Tri-State Tollway (I-294/94) Rebuild and Widen Project". Illinois Tollway Authority. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  5. ^ Claffey, Mike; Kollias, Marisa (March 31, 2008). "IDOT: Edens/I-94 Rehab Project Will Close One Lane In Each Direction Until Late Summer" (Press release). Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 4, 2008. 
  6. ^ http://www.dot.il.gov/bishopford/default.html
  7. ^ a b Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (November 2007). System Map (Map). http://www.illinoistollway.com/portal/page?_pageid=133,1495438&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL. Retrieved March 5, 2008.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

Interstate 94
Previous state:
Wisconsin
Illinois Next state:
Indiana