Interstate 94 in Minnesota

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This article is about the section of Interstate 94 in Minnesota. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 94.

Interstate 94 marker

Interstate 94
Interstate 94 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by Mn/DOT
Length: 259.49 mi[1] (417.61 km)
Major junctions
West end: I‑94 / US 52 at the North Dakota state line
  US 75 at Moorhead
US 59 at Fergus Falls
MN 27 / MN 29 at Alexandria
US 71 at Sauk Centre
MN 15 / MN 23 at St. Cloud
I-35W at Minneapolis
I-35E at Saint Paul
East end: I-94 / US 12 at the Wisconsin state line
Location
Counties: Clay, Wilkin, Otter Tail, Grant, Douglas, Todd, Stearns, Wright, Hennepin, Ramsey, Washington
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
MN 93 MN 95

In the U.S. state of Minnesota, Interstate 94 runs east–west through the central portion of the state. The route connects the cities of Moorhead, Fergus Falls, Alexandria, St. Cloud, Minneapolis, and Saint Paul.

Interstate 94 in Minnesota is 259 miles (417 km) in length.

Route description[edit]

Interstate 94 enters the state from North Dakota at the city of Moorhead and immediately heads southeast.

Traveling southeast from Moorhead, there are several places where the elevation of I-94 rises slightly; these are "beaches" that formed as the glacial lake rose or fell. Finally, at Rothsay, I-94 climbs the last beach line and enters terrain more typical for Minnesota. From Rothsay to the Twin Cities, the terrain of I-94 is rolling with frequent lakes visible from the highway.

I-94 traverses by Fergus Falls, Alexandria, and Sauk Centre on its way to St. Cloud. The "original main street" in Sauk Centre near I-94 commemorates the Sinclair Lewis novel that skewered this town.

From St. Cloud to Minneapolis, it's difficult to tell where the sprawl from one city ends and the other begins. Monticello is roughly the midpoint, and is an exurb for both St. Cloud and Minneapolis. Between exits 201 (Albertville) and 194 (Monticello) sits the Minnesota Road Research Facility.

Upon arrival to the Twin Cities, I-94 approaches first Minneapolis from the north, then the highway turns east after passing through the Lowry Hill Tunnel and heads to Saint Paul. Upon leaving Saint Paul, the route travels through suburban Washington County and exits the state into Wisconsin.

Legally, the Minnesota section of Interstate 94 is defined as unmarked Legislative Route 392 in the Minnesota Statutes § 161.12(4).[1] Interstate 94 is not marked with this legislative number along the actual highway.

History[edit]

Interstate 94 in Minnesota was authorized as part of the original interstate network in 1956. It was mostly constructed in the 1960s.

I-94 follows the original route of old U.S. Highway 52 from Moorhead to St. Cloud, then I-94 stays south of the Mississippi River along the former route of old State Highway 152 between St. Cloud and the Twin Cities. I-94 then passes through both downtowns and exits toward Wisconsin along the former route of old U.S. Highway 12.

The first section of I-94 in Minnesota constructed was between Moorhead and Albany in the early 1960s.

The section of I-94 between Minneapolis and Saint Paul was completed in 1964.

The section of I-94 between Maple Grove and Brooklyn Center was completed in 1969.

The section of I-94 between Saint Augusta and Maple Grove was completed in 1973.

The section of I-94 between Albany and Saint Augusta was completed in 1977.

The section of I-94 from Brooklyn Center through north Minneapolis was completed in 1984.

The last section of I-94 in Minnesota constructed was the ten miles (16 km) between its junction with I-494 / I-694 at Woodbury and the Wisconsin state line at Lakeland. This was completed in 1985.

In 2004, a major traffic bottleneck was relieved when a third lane was constructed between Brooklyn Boulevard at Brooklyn Center and Hemlock Lane at Maple Grove. This is located immediately east of the I-494 / 694 / 94 interchange in Maple Grove, also known locally as the Fish Lake Interchange.

Notes[edit]

  • 40 miles (64 km) north of the Twin Cities near Albertville, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) operates the Minnesota Road Research Facility, which studies the effect of traffic on various road surface types. Westbound traffic is redirected onto 3.5 miles (5.5 km) of pavement outfitted with thousands of sensors. There is a straight-through bypass (the original highway) that can be used when researchers are examining the road up close.
  • U.S. Highway 52 is invisibly concurrent with Interstate 94 between the city of Moorhead and downtown Saint Paul. U.S. 52 is signed on maps for this portion, but not along the actual highway.
  • U.S. Highway 12 is invisibly concurrent with Interstates 94 and 394 through Minneapolis and Saint Paul to the Minnesota/Wisconsin state line at Hudson. U.S. 12 is signed on maps for this portion, but only briefly along the actual highway.
  • Following the I-35W Bridge collapse on August 1, 2007, the detour for I-35W followed I-94 from I-35W to State Highway 280. I-94 was quickly widened by a lane in each direction for this portion to accommodate the additional traffic burden. This detour ended on September 18, 2008 when a new bridge replacing the collapsed span opened.

Auxiliary routes[edit]

  • I-394 - Direct link between Minneapolis and western suburbs
  • I-494 - Southern/western portion of beltway loop
  • I-694 - Northern/eastern portion of beltway loop

Lane configurations[edit]

  • 3 lanes in both directions from the North Dakota state line to U.S. 75 (Moorhead).
  • 2 lanes in both directions from U.S. 75 to State Highway 101 (Rogers).
  • 3 lanes in both directions from State Highway 101 to I-494 (Maple Grove).
  • 4 lanes eastbound between I-494 and U.S. 169, 4 lanes westbound between Boone Avenue and Hemlock Lane (Maple Grove).
  • 3 lanes each direction from Boone Avenue to Brooklyn Blvd.
  • 4 lanes each direction between Brooklyn Blvd. to the I-94 split from I-694.
  • 2 lanes each direction transitioning from I-694 mainline to I-94 mainline. (Brooklyn Center).
  • 4 lanes in both directions from I-694 / State Highway 252 to Dowling Avenue (Minneapolis).
  • 5 lanes (with the exception of 4 under Broadway bridge) in both directions from Dowling Avenue to I-394 / U.S. 12 / Lyndale/Hennepin Avenues.
  • 3 lanes westbound, 2 lanes eastbound until Lowry Hill Tunnel.
  • 3 lanes each direction from Lowry Hill tunnel to State Highway 280 (Saint Paul).
  • 4 lanes (with the exception of 3 under Snelling Avenue bridge) each direction from State Highway 280 to I-35E.
  • 3 lanes each direction from I-35E to Wisconsin border, with short segment of 5 lanes each direction between U.S. 10 / U.S. 61 and Mounds Blvd.

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile km Exit Destinations Notes
Red River of the North 0.000 0.000 I‑94 / US 52 Continuation into North Dakota
Clay Moorhead 0.577 0.929 1A US 75 – Moorhead, Breckenridge
1.538 2.475 1B 20th Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
2.709 4.360 2 I-94 Bus. west (34th Street) / County 52 (Main Street Southeast) Signed as exits 2A (Main Street Southeast) and 2B (34th Street) eastbound
Glyndon Township 6.075 9.777 6 MN 336 / County 11 – Detroit Lakes, Sabin, Dilworth, Glyndon
Elkton Township 15.239 24.525 15 County 10 – Sabin, Downer
BarnesvilleHumboldt
township line
22.700 36.532 22 MN 9 – Barnesville
Barnesville 24.542 39.497 24 MN 34 – Detroit Lakes, Barnesville
Wilkin Prairie Township 32.500 52.304 32 MN 108 / County 30 – Pelican Rapids, Lawndale
WilkinOtter Tail
county line
Rothsay 38.226 61.519 38 Rothsay
Otter Tail Fergus Falls Township 50.479–
50.899
81.238–
81.914
50 US 59 north / County 88 – Fergus Falls, Pelican Rapids, Detroit Lakes North end of US 59 overlap
Fergus Falls 54.167 87.173 54 MN 210 west – Fergus Falls, Breckenridge West end of MN 210 overlap
55.860 89.898 55 County 1 – Fergus Falls, Wendell
Buse Township 57.888 93.162 57 MN 210 east / County 25 – Fergus Falls East end of MN 210 overlap
BuseDane Prairie
township line
61.677 99.260 61 US 59 south / County 82 – Elbow Lake, Fergus Falls South end of US 59 overlap
Tumuli Township 67.624 108.830 67 County 35 – Dalton
Grant Pelican Lake Township 77.099 124.079 77 MN 78 north / County 10 – Ashby, Barrett
Douglas Evansville Township 82.908 133.427 82 MN 79 west / County 41 – Evansville, Elbow Lake
Brandon Township 90.096 144.995 90 County 7 – Brandon
La Grand Township 97.415 156.774 97 MN 114 south / County 40 – Garfield, Lowry
Alexandria 100.685 162.037 100 MN 27 west – Alexandria
103.037 165.822 103 MN 29 – Alexandria, Glenwood
Orange Township 114.361 184.046 114 MN 127 north / County 3 – Osakis, Westport
Todd West Union Township 119.148 191.750 119 County 46 – West Union
Stearns Sauk Centre Township 124.730 200.733 124 Sinclair Lewis Avenue (County 72) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
Sauk Centre 127.179 204.675 127 US 71 / MN 28 – Sauk Centre, Willmar, Glenwood
Melrose Township 131.079 210.951 131 MN 4 south – Meire Grove, Paynesville
Melrose 134.974 217.220 135 County 13 – Melrose
Oak Township 137.864 221.871 137 MN 237 / County 65 – New Munich
Freeport 140.865 226.700 140 County 11 – Freeport
Albany 146.916 236.438 147 MN 238 / County 10 – Albany
Avon 153.313 246.733 153 County 9 – Avon
Avon Township 156.531 251.912 156 County 159 – St. John's University
St. Joseph Township 158.142 254.505 158 County 75 – St. Cloud Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
160.436 258.197 160 County 2 – St. Joseph, Cold Spring
164.514 264.760 164 MN 23 – St. Cloud, Waite Park, Paynesville
St. Cloud 167.137 268.981 167 MN 15 – St. Cloud, Kimball Signed as exits 167A (south) and 167B (north)
171.223 275.557 171 County 7 / County 75 – St. Augusta, St. Cloud
173.674 279.501 173 Opportunity Drive (County 75)
Wright Clearwater 178.953 287.997 178 MN 24 – Clearwater, Annandale
Silver Creek Township 184.131 296.330 183 County 8 – Hasty, Silver Creek
Monticello 194.075 312.333 193 MN 25 – Monticello, Buffalo
195.577 314.751 194 County 18 / County 39 – Monticello
Albertville 201.939 324.989 201 County 19 – Albertville, St. Michael No eastbound entrance
202.693 326.203 202 County 37 – Albertville
St. Michael 205.679 331.008 205 MN 241 west / County 36 – St. Michael
Hennepin Rogers 208.352 335.310 207 MN 101 / County 81 – Elk River, Rogers
Maple Grove 214.367 344.990 213 Maple Grove Parkway (County 30)
216.326 348.143 215 County 109 (Weaver Lake Road)
216.990–
217.593
349.212–
350.182
216 I-494 east / I-694 begins West end of I-694 overlap
218.084 350.972 28 County 61 (Hemlock Lane)
Maple GroveBrooklyn Park city line 219.603 353.417 29 US 169 Signed as exits 29A (south) and 29B (north)
Brooklyn Park 220.153 354.302 30 Boone Avenue
221.078 355.791 31 County 81
Brooklyn Center 223.103 359.049 33 County 152 (Brooklyn Boulevard)
224.258 360.908 34 To MN 100 / Shingle Creek Parkway
223.816–
225.620
360.197–
363.100
225 I-694 east / MN 252 north East end of I-694 overlap
Minneapolis 226.350–
227.351
364.275–
365.886
226 53rd Avenue North, 49th Avenue North
228.519 367.766 228 Dowling Avenue North
230.246–
230.590
370.545–
371.099
229 County 81 (West Broadway Avenue) / Washington Avenue North
231.350 372.322 230 MN 55 west (Olson Highway, 7th Street North) / 4th Street North West end of MN 55 overlap
231.929–
232.234
373.254–
373.744
231A I-394 west / US 12 west Half of the possible connections are missing between I-94 and I-394;[a] west end of US 12 overlap
232.403–
232.688
374.016–
374.475
Lowry Hill Tunnel
232.862 374.755 231B Lyndale Avenue, Hennepin Avenue (Virginia Triangle) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
233.609 375.957 233B MN 65 south to I-35W south Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
233.737 376.163 233A 11th Street (west), 5th Avenue South (east) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
232.696 374.488 233C I-35W north Eastbound exit only
233.904 376.432 233B I-35W south Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
234.473 377.348 234A MN 55 east (Hiawatha Avenue) East end of MN 55 overlap
234.473 377.348 234B 5th Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
234.730 377.761 234C Cedar Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
235.296–
235.433
378.672–
378.893
235A 25th Avenue, Riverside Avenue
235.716–
235.906
379.348–
379.654
Dartmouth Bridge over the Mississippi River
235.951–
236.085
379.726–
379.942
235B Huron Boulevard
Ramsey Saint Paul 237.081 381.545 236 MN 280 / University Avenue, Pelham Boulevard
237.757 382.633 237 Cretin Avenue, Vandalia Street
239.065 384.738 238 MN 51 / Snelling Avenue
239.564 385.541 239A Hamline Avenue Westbound exit only
240.063 386.344 239B Lexington Parkway
241.059 387.947 240 Dale Street
241.868 389.249 241A Marion Street, Kellogg Boulevard – State Capitol
242.040 389.526 241B 10th Street, 5th Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
242.045 389.534 242A 12th Street – State Capitol Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
242.252–
242.554
389.867–
390.353
241C I-35E south West end of I-35E overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
242.768–
243.146
390.697–
391.306
242B I-35E north / US 10 west East end of I-35E overlap; west end of US 10 overlap
243.067 391.178 242C 7th Street Eastbound exit only
243.448 391.792 242D US 52 south / 6th Street East end of US 52 overlap
244.070 392.793 243 US 61 north (Mounds Boulevard) / Kellogg Boulevard West end of US 61 overlap
245.566 395.200 244 US 10 south / US 61 East end of US 10 / US 61 overlap
246.370 396.494 245 White Bear Avenue
246.866 397.292 246A Ruth Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
Saint PaulMaplewood city line 247.370 398.103 246 McKnight Road Signed as exits 246B (south) and 246C (north) eastbound and 247B westbound
Maplewood 248.328 399.645 247 MN 120 (Century Avenue) Signed as exit 247A westbound
Washington WoodburyOakdale city line 249.449–
249.848
401.449–
402.091
249 I-494 south / I-694 north
WoodburyLake Elmo city line 250.838 403.685 250 County 13 (Inwood Avenue, Radio Drive)
252.378 406.163 241 County 19 (Keats Avenue, Woodbury Drive)
254.377 409.380 253 MN 95 south / County 15 (Manning Avenue) West end of MN 95 overlap
Lakeland 258.918 416.688 258 MN 95 north / County 18 – Stillwater East end of MN 95 overlap
St. Croix River 259.663 417.887 I-94 / US 12 Continuation into Wisconsin
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  1. ^ There is no access from I-94 to I-394 east, from I-394 west to I-94 east, nor access from I-394 east to I-94 west.

References[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

*Steve Riner Details of Routes 76 to 100. Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page. Accessed January 6, 2009.


Interstate 94
Previous state:
North Dakota
Minnesota Next state:
Wisconsin