Interstate 95 in New York
Map of New York with I-95 highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYSDOT, NYSTA and PANYNJ|
|Length:||23.50 mi (37.82 km)|
|Existed:||August 14, 1957 – present|
|South end:||I-95 / US 1/9 at the New Jersey state line in Manhattan|
| I-87 in the Bronx
I-278 / I-678 / I-295 / Hutchinson River Parkway at Bruckner Interchange
Hutchinson River Parkway in Baychester
Hutchinson River Parkway in Eastchester
I-287 in Rye
|North end:||I-95 at the Connecticut state line in Port Chester|
Interstate 95 (I-95) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Miami, Florida, to the Canada–United States border near Houlton, Maine. In the U.S. state of New York, I-95 extends 23.50 miles (37.82 km) from the George Washington Bridge in New York City to the Connecticut state line at Port Chester. From the George Washington Bridge, which carries I-95 across the Hudson River from New Jersey into New York City, it runs across upper Manhattan on the Trans-Manhattan Expressway and continues east across the Harlem River on the Alexander Hamilton Bridge and onto the Cross Bronx Expressway. In the Bronx, I-95 leaves the Cross Bronx at the Bruckner Interchange, joining the Bruckner Expressway to its end. It then continues northeast on the New England Thruway out of New York City into Westchester County and to the Connecticut state line, where I-95 continues on the Connecticut Turnpike.
George Washington Bridge
I-95 crosses the Hudson River from Fort Lee, New Jersey, on the George Washington Bridge, as a concurrency with U.S. Route 1/9 (US 1/9). US 46 begins at the New Jersey–New York state line and follows I-95 west into New Jersey. The bridge carries two levels of roadway and enters the Trans-Manhattan Expressway just below the George Washington Bus Terminal.
The Trans Manhattan Expressway uses a dual-dual setup (GW Bridge upper level, inner roadways; lower level, outer roadways) with all ramps towards the bridge splitting for access to each level. The first interchange in New York is a complicated one with New York State Route 9A (NY 9A), here routed on the Henry Hudson Parkway. Access is also provided to the frontage roads—178th Street and 179th Street—to the east, providing access for buses to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal and for all vehicles to Broadway. US 9 takes these ramps, heading north on Broadway towards Albany.
East of the Henry Hudson Parkway interchange, I-95 runs east across Washington Heights in Upper Manhattan via the Trans-Manhattan Expressway, which lies in a trench between 178th and 179th streets. Near its east end, portions of the older 178th Street and 179th Street Tunnels still exist, now closed. West of Broadway, the Expressway passes under the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal; several blocks east of Broadway are covered by apartment buildings built over the trench of the Trans-Manhattan Expressway. After crossing under Amsterdam Avenue, I-95 reaches its second and last interchange in Manhattan, providing access only to and from the south (compass west). Direct ramps run from I-95 to the Harlem River Drive towards the south, as well as to the Washington Bridge over the Harlem River into the Bronx; ramps are also present to connect to Amsterdam Avenue. (Traffic between Amsterdam Avenue and the north on I-95 can cross the Washington Bridge for access to I-95 in the Bronx.) The inner and outer lanes merge right before the Alexander Hamilton Bridge.
Alexander Hamilton Bridge
The Alexander Hamilton Bridge takes I-95 and US 1 across the Harlem River just south of the Washington Bridge (not to be confused with the George Washington Bridge). A full interchange is provided with I-87 (the Major Deegan Expressway) just after crossing the bridge, and ramps to and from the Washington Bridge are included in that interchange, where the Cross Bronx Expressway begins its run east across the Bronx.
Cross Bronx Expressway
After the interchange with I-87, I-95 transitions to the Cross Bronx Expressway. US 1 leaves the Cross Bronx Expressway at the Webster Avenue interchange, and the Expressway continues east as only I-95. I-895 (the Sheridan Expressway) runs south to I-278, pointing toward the Triborough Bridge. Just after is the interchange with the Bronx River Parkway, and then soon comes the huge Bruckner Interchange. At that interchange, the lanes of the Cross Bronx Expressway split for the Bruckner Expressway (I-278) to come in between, and the Hutchinson River Parkway (I-678 to the south) interchanges with both roads. I-95 switches to the Bruckner Expressway, which continues northeast from the interchange, and the Cross Bronx continues southeast toward the Throgs Neck Bridge as I-295.
At the Bruckner Interchange, I-95 switches to the Bruckner Expressway. The Bruckner Expressway soon turns north as it merges with the Throgs Neck Expressway (I-695). At the Bronx and Pelham Parkway, the Bruckner becomes the New England Thruway.
New England Thruway
I-95 transitions from the Bruckner Expressway to the New England Thruway at the Bronx and Pelham Parkway interchange in Pelham Bay Park. This 15.3-mile (24.6 km) section of I-95, also known as the New England section of the New York State Thruway, is maintained by the New York State Thruway Authority. As the New England Thruway, I-95 crosses the Hutchinson River Parkway once, curves gently to the northeast, and crosses the Hutch again before exiting New York City into Westchester County. The New England Thruway's first Westchester County exit in Pelham Manor reconnects I-95 to US 1. The highway continues northeastward, serving New Rochelle by way of exit 16, Larchmont via exit 17, and Mamaroneck at exit 18. The only toll on the New England Thruway, a northbound-only barrier in New Rochelle, is located between exits 16 and 17.
Past exit 18, the Thruway takes on a more easterly routing, gradually coming closer to Long Island Sound as it proceeds toward the Connecticut state line. The next two exits on the highway provide access to Harrison and Rye, which I-95 bypasses to the north. Just east of exit 20 (NY 120), I-95 connects to the Cross-Westchester Expressway (I-287), another component of the Thruway system. The route continues on, curving slightly southward to avoid downtown Port Chester before returning back to the northeast and crossing the Byram River into Connecticut. I-95 continues into that state as the Connecticut Turnpike.
Robert Moses first recommended the construction of what became the New England Thruway in 1940. Construction began in 1951, but major work on the highway did not commence until 1956-1957. By 1950, the New York State Thruway Authority assumed control of the construction and made the New England Thruway a part of the Thruway toll system. Construction lasted until 1961.
I-95 was assigned on August 14, 1957, as part of the establishment of the Interstate Highway System, and has always run along its current path in New York. The route was overlaid on the under-construction New England Thruway northeast of New York City and assigned to the then-proposed Cross Bronx and Bruckner Expressways through New York City. The final sections of the Cross Bronx and Bruckner Expressways were finished in 1963 and 1972, respectively. Prior to the 1972 completion of the Bruckner, coinciding with the completion of the new Bruckner Interchange, the old Bruckner Boulevard (once part of NY 164) was used by through traffic.
I-95 was one of only a few roads in New York to use mile-based exit numbers. The exits on the New England Thruway were originally sequential, beginning at 1 at its south end — but were renumbered in the 1980s to continue where the mile-based numbers left off, while remaining sequential. In the early 2000s, the numbers on the free section were slowly changed to new sequential numbers; the numbers on the New England Thruway section were not changed.. In 2010, the milage based numbers were restored to the free section, due to the stalling of the project. Also, the NY Thruway did not change their numbers to match the 2000s numbers, leading to a situation involving two separate exit 1, 2, 3, 8, 10, and 12s.
|County||Location||Mile||km||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
||Hudson River||0.00||0.00||I-95 south / US 1-9 south / US 46 west||New Jersey state line on the George Washington Bridge; eastern terminus of US 46|
|Manhattan||0.55||0.89||1A||1||US 9 north (West 178th Street/West 181st Street) / NY 9A (Henry Hudson Parkway)||North end of I-95 / US 9 overlap|
|1.16||1.87||1B||2||Harlem River Drive to FDR Drive – Manhattan||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
||The Bronx||1.45||2.33||1C||I-87 (Major Deegan Expressway) / Amsterdam Avenue – Albany, Queens|
|2.66||4.28||2B||US 1 north (Webster Avenue)||North end of I-95 / US 1 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|3.24||5.21||3||Third Avenue||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|4.02||6.47||4A||I-895 south (Sheridan Expressway) – Triborough Bridge||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|4.38||7.05||4B||Bronx River Parkway / Rosedale Avenue|
|5.08||8.18||5A||White Plains Road / Westchester Avenue|
|5B||Castle Hill Avenue||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|6.43||10.35||6A||I-678 south / Bruckner Boulevard – Whitestone Bridge|
|6B||I-278 west (Bruckner Expressway) – Triborough Bridge||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|6C||I-295 south – Throgs Neck Bridge||Northbound exit Signed as 6B and southbound entrance|
|7.32||11.78||7A||I-695 south to I-295 south – Throgs Neck Bridge, Long Island||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|7B||East Tremont Avenue||Southbound exit only|
|7C||Country Club Road – Pelham Bay Park||Northbound exit and entrance|
|8A||Westchester Avenue||Southbound exit and entrance|
|Pelham Bay Park||8B||Orchard Beach, City Island|
|8.72||14.03||1||8C||Pelham Parkway west|
|Baychester||8.99||14.47||2||9||Hutchinson River Parkway north / Erskine Place / Palmer Avenue|
|2||10||Gun Hill Road||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|3||11||Bartow Avenue / Co-op City Boulevard|
|Co-op City||10.10||16.25||4||12||Baychester Avenue||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Eastchester||10.86||17.48||5||13||Conner Street / Baychester Avenue|
|Pelham Bay Park||11.45||18.43||6||14||Hutchinson River Parkway south – Whitestone Bridge||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
||New Rochelle||13.12||21.11||7||15||US 1 – New Rochelle, The Pelhams|
|14.53||23.38||8||16||North Avenue / Cedar Street – New Rochelle|
|New Rochelle toll barrier (northbound only)|
|15.73||25.31||9||17||Chatsworth Avenue – Larchmont||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Village of Mamaroneck||17.63–
|10||18||Fenimore Road / Mamaroneck Avenue – Mamaroneck, White Plains||Signed as 18A (east) and 18B (west)|
|City of Rye||20.97||33.75||11||19||Playland Parkway – Rye, Harrison|
|22.20||35.73||12||20||US 1 south – Rye||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|12||21||I-287 west / US 1 north – Port Chester, White Plains, Tappan Zee Bridge||Eastern terminus of I-287|
|22.60||36.37||13||22||Midland Avenue – Port Chester, Rye||Northbound exit and entrance|
|Port Chester||23.50||37.82||I-95 north||Connecticut state line|
- I-295 runs southeast from the Bruckner Interchange along the Cross Bronx Expressway, then south over the Throgs Neck Bridge and Clearview Expressway to its terminus at Hillside Avenue, just south of the Grand Central Parkway. It was once part of I-78 and was planned to terminate at the John F. Kennedy International Airport.
- I-495 runs from I-278 east along the Long Island Expressway to Riverhead, crossing I-295 in Queens. It was once planned to continue west to I-95 in New Jersey; that part is now NY 495 and New Jersey Route 495. It was also to go east and meet I-95 again in either Connecticut or in Rhode Island. This would have made I-495 a loop off of its parent.
- I-695 is a short route along the Throgs Neck Expressway, connecting I-295 to I-95 in the Bronx. It was once part of I-78. The number had been used for other plans, including a route parallel to Woodhaven Boulevard and an upgrade of the West Side Highway and Henry Hudson Parkway.
- I-895 is a short connection along the Sheridan Expressway from I-278 to I-95 in the Bronx. It was planned to continue north from I-95 to rejoin it near Pelham Bay Park.
- American Association of State Highway Officials (August 14, 1957). Official route numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways (Map).
- "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 151. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- Gulf Oil Company (1960). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- Sinclair Oil Corporation (1964). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- State of New York Department of Commerce (1969). New York State Highways (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 95 in New York|
- Interstate 95 at Alps' Roads • New York Routes
- New England Thruway (I-95)
- Jeff's Expressways Site Photo Gallery
- I-95 (Greater New York Roads)
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