Interstate 95 in New York

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This article is about the section of Interstate 95 in New York. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 95.

Interstate 95 marker

Interstate 95
Map of New York with I-95 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT, NYSTA and PANYNJ
Length: 23.50 mi[2] (37.82 km)
Existed: August 14, 1957[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: I‑95 / US 1-9 / US 46 in Fort Lee, NJ
  I-87 in the Bronx
I-278 / I-678 / I-295 / Hutchinson River Pkwy. at the Bruckner Interchange
Hutchinson River Pkwy. in Baychester and Eastchester
I-287 in Rye
North end: I‑95 in Greenwich, CT
Highway system
NY 94 NY 95

Interstate 95 (I-95) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Miami, Florida, to the Canada–United States border near Houlton, Maine. In the U.S. state of New York, I-95 extends 23.50 miles (37.82 km) from the George Washington Bridge in New York City to the Connecticut state line at Port Chester. From the George Washington Bridge, which carries I-95 across the Hudson River from New Jersey into New York City, it runs across upper Manhattan on the Trans-Manhattan Expressway and continues east across the Harlem River on the Alexander Hamilton Bridge and onto the Cross Bronx Expressway. In the Bronx, I-95 leaves the Cross Bronx at the Bruckner Interchange, joining the Bruckner Expressway to its end. It then continues northeast on the New England Thruway out of New York City into Westchester County and to the Connecticut state line, where I-95 continues on the Connecticut Turnpike.

Route description[edit]

Manhattan[edit]

I-95 enters New York from New Jersey on the George Washington Bridge on a concurrency with US 1 and US 9 (US 46 ended at the state line). As the bridge's eastern approach enters Fort Washington Park, I-95 enters exit 1, which services NY 9A (Henry Hudson Parkway). Access is also provided to 181st Street. After crossing Fort Washington Avenue, the interstate climbs underground, providing a ramp to 178th Street, which is where US 9 forks to Broadway. Continuing east under Washington Heights, entering an interchange with the Harlem River Drive along with Amsterdam Avenue.[3]

The Bronx[edit]

After exit 2, I-95 crosses over the Harlem River and enters the Bronx, entering an interchange with the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87), which is marked both exit 1C (following with the Cross Bronx Expressway) and exit 3A B (matching with the Trans-Manhattan Expressway). Now the Cross-Bronx Expressway, I-95 and US 1 continue east over University Avenue and enter exit 2A, which serves Jerome Avenue. Crossing over the Grand Concourse, the six-lane expressway crosses into exit 2B, which is for Webster Avenue. This interchange also marks the eastern end of the I-95/US 1 concurrency. Passing south of Tremont Park, the Cross Bronx westbound serves exit 3, which serves Third Avenue.[3]

Congestion on the Cross Bronx Expressway westbound approaching exit 4B

At East 176th Street, the Cross Bronx Expressway turns southeast, entering exit 4A eastbound, which marks the northern terminus of I-895 (the Sheridan Expressway) and no connection is provided to East 177th Street nearby. After crossing the Bronx River, the expressway enters a full interchange, exit 4B, with the Bronx River Parkway. After a curve from the parkway, the Cross Bronx enters exit 5A, which connects to White Plains Road in Parkchester. Continuing southeast, the roadway enters exit 5B, Castle Hill Road, which is an eastbound-only exit. After Castle Hill Road, the route enters exit 6A, which reaches the Hutchinson River Parkway at the Bruckner Interchange. Changing to the Bruckner Expressway, which runs to the northeast, I-95 enters the Bruckner Interchange with the northern termini of I-678 and I-278; the Cross Bronx Expressway Extension turns southeast along I-295 at the same interchange.[3]

After the Bruckner Interchange, I-95 crosses Tremont Avenue before crossing under I-695 (the Throgs Neck Expressway). Southbound, exit 7B serves I-695, while northbound the two interstates merge. Continuing north, the Bruckner Expressway and I-95 parallel Bruckner Boulevard and run along the western edge of Pelham Bay Park. Entering exit 8A southbound services Westchester Avenue while northbound, exits 8B and 8C serve the Pelham Parkway and Shore Road through the park, which marks the northern end of the Bruckner Expressway. Now known as the New England Thruway, I-95 leaves Pelham Bay Park and enters exit 9, a junction with the Hutchinson River Parkway. In the middle of the interchange with the Hutchinson River, exit 10 forks to the left, reaching Gun Hill Road.[3]

Now paralleling Baychester Avenue, which also services exit 11 and Bartow Avenue, the New England Thruway continues north and enters exit 12 which connects to Baychester. Conner Street is connected to via exit 13 before I-95 turns east and crosses over the Hutchinson River. After crossing the river, the route enters an interchange once again with the Hutchinson River Parkway (exit 14) but this time westbound only.

Westchester[edit]

Shield for the New England Thruway used between 1958 and 1970.

Crossing through the northern reaches of Pelham Bay Park, I-95 turns more northeast and enters Westchester County. Now in Pelham Manor, the route crosses through Pelham Country Club, entering exit 15, which connects to US 1 (Main Street). After US 1, the route crosses out of the Pelham Country Club, entering New Rochelle.[3]

Crossing over Metro-North Railroad tracks, the interstate turns northeast and crossing through downtown New Rochelle, reaching exit 16, serving several local streets including Cross Avenue, Cedar Street and Garden Street. North of exit 16, the New England Thruway enters its lone toll barrier along the alignment, serving both directions. The road continues northeast through New Rochelle, passing exit 17 as it enters the town of Mamaroneck. Exit 17 connects to Chatsworth Avenue in the Larchmont section. Passing a pedestrian footbridge for the Larchmont station, crossing over NY 125 (Weaver Street). Winding north through Mamaroneck, I-95 enters exit 18A, servicing Fenimore Road in the village of Mamaroneck.[3]

Turning northeast again, I-95 enters exit 18B, a partial cloverleaf interchange with Mamaroneck Avenue before crossing into the town of Harrison. The road turns east, crossing over NY 127 (Harrison Avenue), and enters exit 19, the western terminus of the Playland Parkway, which connects the expressway to Rye Playland as the road enters Rye. The route crosses through the Rye Village area, entering exit 20, which connects to US 1 (Boston Post Road) and the village. Almost immediately after exit 20, exit 21 marks the eastern end of the Cross-Westchester Expressway (I-287). Proceeding westbound. exit 21 and nearby exit 22 (Midland Avenue and Port Chester) are merged, but are separate exits going eastbound. Crossing through the eastern edges of Port Chester, I-95 reaches the Byram River and crosses into Connecticut, becoming the Connecticut Turnpike.[3]

History[edit]

Robert Moses first recommended the construction of what became the New England Thruway in 1940. Construction began in 1951, but major work on the highway did not commence until 1956-1957. By 1950, the New York State Thruway Authority assumed control of the construction and made the New England Thruway a part of the Thruway toll system. Construction lasted until 1961.

I-95 was assigned on August 14, 1957, as part of the establishment of the Interstate Highway System,[1] and has always run along its current path in New York. The route was overlaid on the under-construction New England Thruway northeast of New York City and assigned to the then-proposed Cross Bronx and Bruckner Expressways through New York City.[4] The final sections of the Cross Bronx and Bruckner Expressways were finished in 1963 and 1972, respectively. Prior to the 1972 completion of the Bruckner, coinciding with the completion of the new Bruckner Interchange, the old Bruckner Boulevard (once part of NY 164) was used by through traffic.[5][6]

I-95 was one of only a few roads in New York to use mile-based exit numbers. The exits on the New England Thruway were originally sequential, beginning at 1 at its south end — but were renumbered in the 1980s to continue where the mile-based numbers left off, while remaining sequential. In the early 2000s, the numbers on the free section were slowly changed to new sequential numbers; the numbers on the New England Thruway section were not changed. In 2010, the milage based numbers were restored to the free section, due to the stalling of the project. Also, the NY Thruway did not change their numbers to match the new numbers, leading to a situation involving two separate exits 1, 2, 3, 8, 10, and 12.

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile[2] km Old exit New exit Destinations Notes
New York Hudson River 0.00 0.00 I‑95 south / US 1-9 south / US 46 west New Jersey state line on the George Washington Bridge; eastern terminus of US 46
Manhattan 0.55 0.89 1A 1 NY 9A / Henry Hudson Pkwy. / US 9 north / West 178th Street North end of concurrency with US 9
1.16 1.87 1B 2 Harlem River Drive to FDR Drive – Manhattan Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Bronx The Bronx 1.45 2.33 1C / 3N/S 1 I-87 (Major Deegan Expressway) / Amsterdam Avenue, University Avenue – Albany, Queens Signed as exits 1A, B, C, and D, exits 1C and 1D serve the Major Deegan Expressway, exit 1B serves University Avenue southbound only, exit 1A serves Amsterdam Avenue, crossing the Washington Bridge southbound only
2.03 3.27 2A Jerome Avenue
2.66 4.28 2B US 1 north (Webster Avenue) North end of concurrency with US 1; northbound exit and southbound entrance
3.24 5.21 3 Third Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
4.02 6.47 4A I-895 south (Sheridan Expressway) – Triborough Bridge Northbound exit and southbound entrance
4.38 7.05 4B Bronx River Pkwy. / Rosedale Avenue
5.08 8.18 5A White Plains Road / Westchester Avenue
5B Castle Hill Avenue Northbound exit and southbound entrance
6.43 10.35 6A I-678 south / Bruckner Boulevard – Whitestone Bridge
6B I-278 west (Bruckner Expressway) – RFK Bridge, Manhattan Southbound exit and northbound entrance
6C I-295 south – Throgs Neck Bridge Northbound exit signed as 6B; Northbound exit and southbound entrance
7.32 11.78 7A I-695 south to I-295 south – Throgs Neck Bridge, Long Island Southbound exit and northbound entrance
7B East Tremont Avenue Southbound exit only
7C Country Club Road – Pelham Bay Park Northbound exit and entrance
8A Westchester Avenue Southbound exit and entrance
8B Orchard Beach, City Island
8.72 14.03 1 8C Pelham Pkwy. west
8.99 14.47 2 9 Hutchinson River Pkwy. north / Erskine Place / Palmer Avenue
2 10 Gun Hill Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
3 11 Bartow Avenue / Co-op City Boulevard
10.10 16.25 4 12 Baychester Avenue Northbound exit and southbound entrance
10.86 17.48 5 13 Conner Street / Baychester Avenue
11.45 18.43 6 14 Hutchinson River Pkwy. south – Whitestone Bridge Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Westchester New Rochelle 13.12 21.11 7 15 US 1 – New Rochelle, The Pelhams
14.53 23.38 8 16 North Avenue / Cedar Street – New Rochelle
New Rochelle toll barrier (northbound only)
15.73 25.31 9 17 Chatsworth Avenue – Larchmont Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Village of Mamaroneck 17.63–
18.53
28.37–
29.82
10 18 Fenimore Road / Mamaroneck Avenue – Mamaroneck, White Plains Signed as 18A (east) and 18B (west)
City of Rye 20.97 33.75 11 19 Playland Parkway – Rye, Harrison
22.20 35.73 12 20 US 1 south – Rye Northbound exit and southbound entrance
12 21 I-287 west / US 1 north – Port Chester, White Plains, Tappan Zee Bridge Eastern terminus of I-287
22.60 36.37 13 22 Midland Avenue – Port Chester, Rye Northbound exit and entrance
Port Chester 23.50 37.82 I‑95 north Connecticut state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b American Association of State Highway Officials (August 14, 1957). Official route numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways (Map).
  2. ^ a b "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 151. Retrieved January 31, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Microsoft. "overview map of Interstate 95". Bing Maps (Map). Cartography by Nokia. http://binged.it/1b6Ecrl. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  4. ^ Gulf Oil Company (1960). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  5. ^ Sinclair Oil Corporation (1964). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  6. ^ State of New York Department of Commerce (1969). New York State Highways (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing


Interstate 95
Previous state:
New Jersey
New York Next state:
Connecticut