Interstate 95 in North Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the section of Interstate 95 in North Carolina. For the entire route, see Interstate 95.

Interstate 95 marker

Interstate 95
Route information
Maintained by NCDOT
Length: 181.71 mi[2][3] (292.43 km)
Existed: 1958[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: I‑95 at the South Carolina state line
 
North end: I‑95 at the Virginia state line
Location
Counties: Robeson, Cumberland, Harnett, Johnston, Wilson, Nash, Halifax, Northampton
Highway system
NC 94 NC 96

Interstate 95 (I-95) is a major Interstate Highway, running along the East Coast of the United States from Florida to Maine. In North Carolina, I-95 runs diagonally across the eastern third of the state, from Rowland in the southwest to Roanoke Rapids in the northeast of the Inner Banks.

Route description[edit]

Interstate 95 in North Carolina serves as the informal western border of the Inner Banks region of the state. I-95 begins at the South Carolina state line near Rowland, Robeson County and Pleasant Hill, Northampton County near the Virginia state line.

US 301 follows the same route as I-95 through North Carolina; they both enter the state at South of the Border, overlap together around Lumberton, and share multiple interchanges before reaching Virginia.

Services[edit]

The North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) operate and maintain two welcome centers and six rest areas along I-95. Welcome centers, which have a travel information facility on site, are located at mile markers 5 (northbound) and 181 (southbound); rest areas are located at mile markers 47 (north and southbound), 99 (north and southbound) and 142 (north and southbound). Common at all locations are public restrooms, public telephones, vending machines, picnic area and barbecue grills.[4]

The North Carolina Department of Public Safety (NCDPS) operate and maintain four truck inspection/weigh stations along I-95. The Robeson County stations are located on both north and southbound at mile marker 24, each has one fixed scale. The Halifax County stations are located on both north and southbound at mile marker 151, each has two fixed scales.[5]

Dedicated and memorial names[edit]

Interstate 95 in North Carolina feature numerous dedicated or memorialized bridges, interchanges and stretches of freeway.

  • Blue Star Memorial Highway: Official North Carolina honorary name of Interstate 95 throughout the state (approved on June 13, 1980).[6][7][8]
  • Dick Fleming Freeway: Official North Carolina name of Interstate 95 from exit 95, in Smithfield, to exit 97, in Selma, in Johnston County. He is honored as being a visionary businessman, who help spur businesses along the two exits and the establishment of Carolina Pottery Store in 1983, which later grew to become Carolina Premium Outlets (approved January, 2013; dedicated March 22, 2013).[9]
  • Hector MacLean Highway: Official North Carolina name of Interstate 95 within Lumberton city limits (approved on October 3, 1997).[6]

History[edit]

I-95 Entering into NC from VA

Established in 1956, as part of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, I-95 was routed along or near existing US 301 throughout the state of North Carolina. By 1961, two stretches of the interstate opened: from mile marker 56, in Fayetteville, to mile marker 107, near Kenly; the other a small bypass near Saint Pauls. In 1964, the Saint Pauls section extended further south into Lumberton; while another small stretch opened from US 158, in Roanoke Rapids, to the Virginia state line. In 1969, I-95 was extended further south from Roanoke Rapids to exit 145, in Gold Rock (later used for NC 4). In 1973, Interstate 95 was completed from Saint Pauls to the South Carolina state line.

By the mid 1970s, I-95 had two gaps along its route: Fayetteville and Kenly-Gold Rock. In May 1978, two Interstate 95 Business loops were established, both overlapping US 301, to help connect through the gaps and make I-95 appear as one continuous route throughout the state. In November 1978, the first gap to be completed was the Kenly-Gold Rock section.[10] The final section of Interstate 95 was completed in 1980, an easterly bypass of Fayetteville.[11][12]

Tolls[edit]

The idea of tolling I-95 started in 2001 as a way to pay for improvements along the route. In 2003, state officials sought permission from the Federal Highway Administration for a plan that would cost $3 billion and put toll booths every thirty miles along the entire route. However, this was quickly killed by Governor Mike Easley, who did not support tolls.[13]

In 2006, when the Virginia General Assembly passed the resolution calling for an interstate compact to build a toll highway, North Carolina was asked to join in on the compact of putting tolls along the entire length of Interstate 95 in both states.[14] Again, this was stopped by Governor Mike Easley, who did not see the benefit in such a compact and reiterated his opposition of tolls along Interstate 95.[12]

In 2010, North Carolina leaders revived talks on tolling Interstate 95, submitting a request to the Federal Highway Administration to toll the entire route. Approval would be considered after an environmental assessment and other conditions. Support has grown in a number of factors including the fact that the interstate is mostly rural and used predominantly by out-of-state drivers.[12]

On January 20, 2012, NCDOT received final approval of the Environmental Assessment for improvements along I-95 in North Carolina. The following recommendations were made:

  • Widen I-95 to eight lanes (four lanes in each direction) from exit 31 to exit 81;
  • Widen the remaining sections of I-95 to six lanes (three lanes in each direction);
  • Make necessary repairs to pavement;
  • Raise and rebuild bridges;
  • Improve interchanges; and
  • Bring I-95 up to current safety standards for interstates.

It is estimated to cost $4.4 billion with recommendation that it should be paid through tolls. Construction would begin in two phases: Phase 1 (exit 31-exit 81) would begin in 2016 with tolls starting after completion; phase 2 would begin in 2019, which covers the remainder of the interstate.[15][16][17] With a possible 2019 start date for the tolls, NCDOT plans to install nine overhead toll collection sensors every twenty miles with additional toll collection sensors at exits before tolls (to reduce drivers from jumping off and on at each toll); main toll stations will charge twenty miles each while exit tolls will charge ten miles each. Gaps along the route, where no toll collectors are located, will allow local traffic to utilize the interstate toll free. Though the toll rates have not been established, a NCDOT report suggest charging 19.2 cents per mile (11.9 ¢/km) for cars in the phase 1 section, with a much lower rate of 6.4 ¢/mi (4.0 ¢/km) on phase 2 sections; which would work out to be $19.20 from border to border (trucks with three axles or more will be charged more). Drivers that do not carry a toll transponder (i.e. North Carolina Quick Pass) will have their license numbers recorded by cameras and will be billed by mail, at a higher toll rate.[18]

Future[edit]

NCDOT plans to widen I-95 from four to six lanes between mile markers 14 and 21, in Robeson County. However, it is currently flagged "Scheduled for Reprioritization," with no estimated cost or date established.[19] They're also proposing a diverging diamond in Lumberton at Exit 22.[20]

An improvement project along I-95 is in the development stage, between mile markers 56 and 81, in Cumberland and Johnston counties. Improvements include upgraded interchanges, raise and rebuild bridges, and widening of the interstate. The total estimated cost is $526 million, with date of construction starting on the first phase on October, 2017. However, it is currently flagged "Subject to Reprioritization."[21]

Auxiliary routes in North Carolina[edit]

Interstate City Type Notes
Business Loop 95.svg Interstate 95 Business Fayetteville Business loop Expressway and boulevard grades.
Business Loop 95.svg Interstate 95 Business Wilson and Rocky Mount Business loop Boulevard grade. Decommissioned.
I-295.svg Interstate 295 Fayetteville Beltway Future; completed segments designated as NC 295.
I-495.svg Interstate 495 Raleigh Connector Bannered as future between Knightdale to Rocky Mount, along US 64.[22]
I-795.svg Interstate 795 Wilson and Goldsboro Spur

Exit list[edit]

County Location mi[3] km Exit Destinations Notes
Robeson State line 0.0 0.0 I‑95 south – Florence Continuation into South Carolina
Rowland 0.0 0.0 1 US 301 / US 501 – Rowland, Laurinburg, Dillon Signed southbound as exits 1A (south) and 1B (north); to South of the Border
Exits 1 northbound and 1A southbound in South Carolina
2.3 3.7 2 NC 130 to NC 904 – Rowland, Fairmont
  7.2 11.6 7 Raynham Road – McDonald, Raynham
  10.4 16.7 10 US 301 south – Raynham South end of US 301 overlap
Lumberton 13.0 20.9 13
A-B
A: I‑74 east / US 74 east – Whiteville, Wilmington
B: I‑74 west / US 74 west – Laurinburg, Rockingham
Signed as exits 13A (east) and 13B (west)
Cloverleaf interchange with collector/distributor roadways
13.7 22.0 14 US 74 Permanently closed in 2007; replaced by exit 13
17.0 27.4 17 NC 72 / NC 711 – Lumberton, Pembroke, Red Springs
18.7 30.1 19 Carthage Road
19.9 32.0 20 NC 211 to NC 41 – Lumberton, Red Springs, Fairmont
21.5 34.6 22 US 301 north – Lumberton North end of US 301 overlap
  25.0 40.2 25 US 301
St. Pauls 31.4 50.5 31 NC 20 – St. Pauls, Raeford
33.0 53.1 33 US 301 to NC 71 – Parkton, St. Pauls
  I‑295 Proposed interchange (unfunded)[23]
Cumberland   40.0 64.4 40 I‑95 Bus. north to US 301 – Fayetteville, Fort Bragg
Hope Mills 41.3 66.5 41 NC 59 north – Hope Mills
  43.9 70.7 44 Snow Hill Road – Fayetteville Regional Airport
Fayetteville 46.0 74.0 46
A-B
A: NC 87 south – Tar Heel, Elizabethtown
B: NC 87 north – Fayetteville, Spring Lake
Signed as exits 46A (south) and 46B (north)
Cloverleaf interchange with collector/distributor roadways
49.0 78.9 49 NC 53 / NC 210 – Fayetteville, Cedar Creek
51.6 83.0 52
A-B
A: NC 24 east – Roseboro, Clinton
B: NC 24 west – Fayetteville, Spring Lake
Signed as exits 52A (east) and 52B (west)
Cloverleaf interchange with collector/distributor roadways
Eastover 54.6 87.9 55 Murphy Road
55.1 88.7 56 I‑95 Bus. south to US 301 – Fayetteville, Fort Bragg
58.0 93.3 58
Future I‑295 / US 13 north / NC 295 to US 401 – Newton Grove, Spring Lake
  61.2 98.5 61 Wade–Steadman Road – Wade
  65.3 105.1 65 NC 82 – Godwin, Falcon
Harnett   69.5 111.8 70 Bud Hawkins Road
  70.8 113.9 71 Long Branch Road
Dunn 72.4 116.5 72 Pope Road
73.0 117.5 73 US 421 / NC 55 – Dunn, Clinton, Newton Grove
  75.0 120.7 75 Jonesboro Road
  76.9 123.8 77 Hodges Chapel Road
Johnston Benson 79.5 127.9 79 NC 50 / NC 242 to NC 27 – Benson, Newton Grove
81.0 130.4 81 I‑40 – Wilmington, Raleigh, Durham Signed southbound as exits 81A (west) and 81B (east)
Four Oaks 87.6 141.0 87 Keen Road – Four Oaks
89.8 144.5 90 US 701 south / NC 96 – Newton Grove
Smithfield 93.1 149.8 93 Brogden Road – Smithfield
94.8 152.6 95
US 70 Bus. – Smithfield, Goldsboro
To Carolina Premium Outlets
Selma 96.9 155.9 97 US 70 – Selma, Pine Level, Goldsboro
98.0 157.7 98 Pine Level–Selma Road – Selma
Micro 101.4 163.2 101 Pittman Road
102.5 165.0 102 Main Street – Micro
Kenly 104.6 168.3 105 Bagley Road
106.0 170.6 106 Truck Stop Road
107.2 172.5 107 US 301 – Kenly, Wilson To Gov. Charles B. Aycock Birthplace and Tobacco Farm Life Museum
Wilson Wilson 116.4 187.3 116 NC 42 – Wilson, Clayton
119.4 192.2 119
A-B
A: I‑795 south / US 264 east – Wilson, Greenville, Goldsboro
B: US 264 west – Raleigh
Signed as exits 119A (east/south) and 119B (west)
Cloverleaf interchange with collector/distributor roadways
121.5 195.5 121
US 264 Alt. – Wilson, Sims
Nash   126.9 204.2 127 NC 97 – Rocky Mount-Wilson Regional Airport
  132.4 213.1 132 To NC 58 / Sandy Cross Road
Rocky Mount Sunset Avenue Proposed interchange (unfunded).[24][25]
138.5 222.9 138
Future I‑495 / US 64 – Nashville, Raleigh, Rocky Mount, Tarboro
Signed as exits 138A (west) 138B (east)
To NC Aquarium and Cape Hatteras National Seashore
Cloverleaf interchange with collector/distributor roadways
Dortches 140.8 226.6 141 NC 43 – Red Oak
Rocky Mount 145.0 233.4 145 NC 4 / NC 48 to US 301 – Gold Rock, Rocky Mount
  149.8 241.1 150 NC 33 – Whitakers
Halifax   153.7 247.4 154 NC 481 – Enfield
  160.5 258.3 160 NC 561 – Halifax To Medoc Mountain State Park
  167.7 269.9 168 NC 903 – Halifax
Roanoke Rapids 170.7 274.7 171 NC 125 – Roanoke Rapids
173.0 278.4 173 US 158 – Roanoke Rapids, Weldon
Northampton   175.8 282.9 176 NC 46 – Gaston, Garysburg
  180.0 289.7 180 NC 48 – Gaston
State line 181.7 292.4 I‑95 north – Richmond Continuation into Virginia
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Closed/former
  •       Concurrency terminus
  •       Unopened

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "I-95 Fact Sheet" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. June 21, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ Federal Highway Administration Route Log and Finder List, Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002
  3. ^ a b Google (February 13, 2012). "Interstate 95 in North Carolina". Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  4. ^ "NCDOT: North Carolina Rest Areas System". North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ "NCDPS - Weigh Stations". North Carolina Department of Public Safety. Retrieved December 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "North Carolina Memorial Highways and other Named Facilities". Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  7. ^ "NCDOT: NC Blue Star Memorial Marker Locations". Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  8. ^ "The Blue Star Memorial Marker Program Directory". Retrieved October 10, 2012. 
  9. ^ Staff (March 22, 2013). "NCDOT Names Section of I-95 in Johnston County as Dick Fleming Freeway". Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Opening of I-95 Set For Monday". Spring Hope Enterprise. November 16, 1978. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  11. ^ "NCRoads.com: I-95". Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Siceloff, Bruce (June 13, 2010). "Talk of I-95 tolls revives". The News & Observer (Raleigh, NC). Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Interstate-Guide: Interstate 95". Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  14. ^ "SJ 184 Interstate Route 95". Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  15. ^ Staff (January 20, 2012). "Environmental Assessment Approved for I-95 Improvements". NCDOT. Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  16. ^ The Associated Press (January 21, 2012). "NC report recommends tolls on Interstate 95". The News & Observer (Raleigh, NC). Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  17. ^ Dorsey, Steve (January 21, 2012). "NC DOT considers making I-95 a toll road". Durham, NC: WTVD-TV. Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  18. ^ Siceloff, Bruce (February 12, 2012). "Plan fights evasion of I-95 toll in North Carolina". The News & Observer (Raleigh, NC). Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  19. ^ "NCDOT: Project I-3806". Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  20. ^ "I-95 Diverging Diamond Interchange in Lumberton; Roebson County". North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "NCDOT: Project I-4745". Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  22. ^ "North Carolina Gets a New Interstate, with the I-495 Designation near Raleigh". Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Transportation. December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  23. ^ Staff. "NCDOT Project U-2519". North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  24. ^ Staff. "City of Rocky Mount TIP Status Report". City of Rocky Mount. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  25. ^ Staff. "NCDOT Project U-5026". North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing

Interstate 95
Previous state:
South Carolina
North Carolina Next state:
Virginia