Intersubjective psychoanalysis

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The term "intersubjectivity" was introduced to psychoanalysis by George E. Atwood and Robert Stolorow (1984), although this philosophical concept dates back to "German Idealism".

The myth of isolated mind[edit]

Trends in intersubjective psychoanalysis have accused traditional or classical psychoanalysis of having described psychic phenomena as "the myth of isolated mind". Psychoanalyst and philosopher Jon Mills, has criticized this accusation as a misinterpretation of Freudian theory.

Key figures[edit]

Heinz Kohut is commonly considered the pioneer of the relational and intersubjective approaches. Following him, significant contributors include Stephen A. Mitchell, Jessica Benjamin, Bernard Brandchaft, James Fosshage, Donna M.Orange, Arnold Modell, Thomas Ogden, Owen Renik, Harold Searles, Colwyn Trewarthen, Edgar A. Levenson, J. R. Greenberg, Edward R. Ritvo, Beatrice Beebe, Frank M. Lachmann, Herbert Rosenfeld and Daniel Stern.

See also[edit]


  • Atwood G. E., Stolorow R. D. (1984), Structures of Subjectivity: Explorations in Psychoanalytic Phenomenology
  • Jessica Benjamin (1988), The Bonds of Love: Psychoanalysis, Feminism and the Problem of Domination
  • Buirski, P., Haglund, P. (2001). "Making Sense Together: the intersubjective approach to psychotherapy"
  • Buirski, P. (2005). "Practicing Intersubjectively"
  • Mills, J. (2012). Conundrums: A Critique of Contemporary Psychoanalysis. New York: Routledge.
  • Storolow R. D., Atwood G. E. (1992), Context of Being: The Intersubjective Foundations of Psychological Life
  • Storolow R. D., Atwood G. E., Brandchaft, B. (1994), The Intersubjective Perspective
  • Stolorow R. D., Atwood G. E. Orange D. M. (2002), "Worlds of Experience: Interweaving Philosophical and Clinical Dimensions in Psychoanalysis"
  • Silvia Montefoschi (1977), "Interdipendenza e Intersoggettività in Psicoanalisi" ("Interdipendence and Intersubjectivity in Psychoanalysis")

External links[edit]

Online papers about intersubjectivity theory in psychoanalysis: