Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum
|Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum|
|Location||West Side Highway and 46th Street, Manhattan, New York|
The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is a military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City. It is located at Pier 86 at 46th Street in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood on the West Side of Manhattan. The museum showcases the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid, the submarine USS Growler, a Concorde SST, a Lockheed A-12 supersonic reconnaissance plane, and the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
Originally founded in 1982, the museum closed in 2006 for a two-year renovation of the Intrepid and facilities. The museum reopened to the public on November 8, 2008.
The museum opened in 1982 at Pier 86 after Zachary Fisher, a prominent New York real estate developer and philanthropist, and journalist Michael Stern succeeded in saving the Intrepid from scrapping in 1978. The USS Intrepid became a National Historic Landmark in 1986.
On August 8, 1988, this museum was awarded the USS Growler, a Grayback-class submarine, which carries the nuclear Regulus missile), by the United States Congress from the United States Navy. This ship is still on display at this museum (after extensive renovations in 2009).
The USS Edson, a Forrest Sherman-class destroyer was displayed as an exhibit that this museum from 1989 until 2004. This ship was returned to the Navy, and is now on display at the Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum in Bay City, Michigan.
On October 1, 2006, the museum closed for repairs and renovations to both the ship and the pier. Intrepid was moved down the Hudson by tugboat to The Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor, New Jersey (previously the Military Ocean Terminal) to undergo restoration.
The scheduled move was delayed on November 6, 2006, when the ship's propellers stuck in the thick Hudson River mud, preventing the tugboats from moving the ship out of her berth. A second successful attempt was made on December 5, 2006, after extensive dredging operations. The aircraft carrier was later floated to Staten Island where her museum facilities were upgraded and expanded before returning to her renovated pier in Manhattan.
The carrier was towed back into place on the Hudson River on October 2, 2008, and reopened to the public on November 8. Additional aircraft are displayed on the flight and hangar decks and the British Airways Concorde was moved from a barge into an exhibit space on the pier.
Space Shuttle Enterprise
On December 12, 2011, ownership of the Space Shuttle Enterprise was officially transferred to the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum. On April 27, 2012 Enterprise was flown to JFK International Airport and was moved by barge to the Intrepid Museum on 3 June 2012. In preparation for the anticipated relocation, engineers evaluated the vehicle in early 2010 and determined that it was safe to fly on the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft once again.
To make room for the Enterprise display, three aircraft are being transferred to the Empire State Aerosciences Museum near Schenectady, NY. These aircraft are a Douglass F3D Skyknight, a Royal Navy Supermarine Scimitar, and a MiG-15.
The Enterprise went on public display Thursday, July 19, 2012 at the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum's new Space Shuttle Pavilion.
- US Air Force
- US Navy
- USS Growler (1989), a diesel electric submarine which carried out nuclear deterrent patrols armed with Regulus missiles.
- The seventh F-14 Tomcat built. It was used in 1973 as a Super Tomcat prototype
- A-4 Skyhawk
- A Beech T-34 Mentor trainer
- TBM Avenger
- E-1 Tracer
- An F-11 Tiger that was once the number 5 jet on the Blue Angels
- FJ-2/-3 Fury
- F-8 Crusader
- An A-6 Intruder that was used as a testbed for new radar and avionics in 1988
- An F3H Demon, one of only three on display worldwide.
- An F-9 Cougar that is currently under restoration
- Piasecki H-25
- US Marine Corps
- US Army
- A Vietnam-era UH-1 Iroquois
- US Coast Guard
- Other aircraft
- British Airways Concorde G-BOAD (2004). This airplane set a world's speed record for passenger airliners on February 7, 1996, when it flew from New York to London in 2 hours, 52 minutes and 59 seconds. This airplane logged the most flying hours (23,397) of the 20 Concordes built.
- An Italian Aermacchi MB-339, painted in the colors of the Frecce Tricolori
- A French Dassault Étendard IV
- An Israeli IAI Kfir
- A Polish built MiG-17
- A Polish MiG-21
- Other spacecraft
- Other attractions
- Exploreum, an interactive hall designed to educate children and adolescents about life on an aircraft carrier.
- An Olympus 593 jet engine from a Concorde sits on display next to the G-BOAD Concorde.
- Educational programming
- The Museum hosts educational programs and events focused on STEM education
The Museum serves as an event space for community and national events. For instance, it held concerts during the 2013 MLB All-Star Weekend, and 2014's Super Bowl XLVIII, where the Museum docked cruise ship Norwegian Getaway, turned into the "Bud Light Hotel". The Museum serves as a hub for the annual Fleet Week events. Visiting warships dock at the cruise ship terminals to the north, and events are held on the museum grounds and the deck of the Intrepid.
In popular culture
In the film I am Legend, Will Smith's character hits golf balls off the Lockheed A-12 on the Intrepid towards a Manhattan car park in a deserted New York City. The vessel was also featured in the film National Treasure. In the book series Percy Jackson & the Olympians this is the temple of Ares, the Greek god of war.
In the novel Deus Ex: Icarus Effect, the prequel story to the video game Deus Ex: Human Revolution, economic collapse has caused the Intrepid museum to be sold out, and the ship left to be part of the slums.
- List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy
- List of maritime museums in the United States
- List of museum ships
- List of museums and cultural institutions in New York City
- U.S. Navy museums (and other aircraft-carrier museums)
- Narov, Michele (July 19, 2012). "The Enterprise Docks at the Intrepid Museum and Children of Generation Not Interested in Math and Science Show Interest". New York Observer.
- Saxon, Wolfgang. Zachary Fisher, 88, Dies; Helped Alter New York Skyline. June 5, 1999. New York Times. Accessed November 8, 2008.
- USS Intrepid CV 11. United States Navy. Accessed November 8, 2008.
- Pyle, Richard, "Aircraft carrier survived wars, years of decay", Associated Press (printed in the Washington Times, p. 10), September 30, 2008.
- Pearlman, Robert Z (December 12, 2011). "Intrepid Museum Celebrates Ownership of Space Shuttle Enterprise". CollectSpace. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "NASA Transfers Enterprise Title to Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in New York City". NASA.gov. December 11, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Pearlman, Robert Z (March 1, 2012). "Space shuttle Enterprise lands in New York City on April 23". CollectSPACE. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "NASA Transfers Title to Space Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise to the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in New York City" (Press release). PRWeb. November 22, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- Bergin, Chris (March 14, 2010). "Enterprise in good condition for potential SCA ferry from Smithsonian NASM". NASAspaceflight.com. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- McGeehan, Patrick. "Anticipating Space Shuttle's Arrival, Old Warplanes Ship Out." The New York Times, 18 April 2012.
- Katz, Alex (July 18, 2012). "Space shuttle Enterprise set to open to public. However, the exhibit is currently closed as repairs are made after damage caused by Hurricane Sandy. The exhibit is expected to re-open in March 2013.". Bradenton Herald. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "SPACE SHUTTLE ENTERPRISE REOPENS TO NYC VISITORS". AP. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Intrepid Museum (April 12, 2011). "Enterprise - Space Shuttle Orbiter - To Come to Intrepid Museum". Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- CBS New York (April 12, 2011). "Space Shuttle Enterprise Landing At Intrepid Museum". CBS New York. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- Ray, Justin (December 14, 2011). "Shuttle Enterprise's future home now visualized". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- "Russian Space Capsule Touches Down at NYC Museum". October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- Sardo, Matthew (July 15, 2013). "2013 MLB All-Star Game Road Trip – Day Two". Sports Talk Florida.
- "For the Super Bowl, a Cruise Ship Becomes a Shrine to Beer". New York Times.
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