|Constituency||Inuvik Boot Lake
Inuvik Twin Lakes
|Census division||Region 1|
|Incorporated||1 April 1967 (village)|
|1 January 1970 (town)|
|• Mayor||Floyd Roland, elected 15 October 2012|
|• SAO||Grant Hood|
|• MLA||Robert C. McLeod (Boot Lake)|
|• MLA||Alfred Moses (Twin Lakes)|
|• Land||49.76 km2 (19.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|Highest elevation||68 m (223 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||70/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC−7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC−6)|
|Canadian Postal code||X0E 0T0|
|Telephone exchange||678/777 (777 was previously (403) 979)|
|- Living cost||127.5A|
|- Food price index||113.4B|
Community Governance Data List
2006 Canada Census,
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,
Hay River profile at the Legislative Assembly
Canada Flight Supplement
^A 2005 figure based on Edmonton = 100
^B 2004 figure based on Yellowknife = 100
The population as of the 2006 Census was 3,484, but the two previous census counts show wide fluctuations due to economic conditions: 2,894 in 2001 and 3,296 in 1996. In 2009 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 3,586 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.3% from 1996.
Inuvik was conceived in 1953 as a replacement administrative centre for the hamlet of Aklavik on the west of the Mackenzie Delta, as the latter was prone to flooding and had no room for expansion. Initially called "New Aklavik", it was renamed Inuvik in 1958. The school was built in 1959 and the hospital, government offices and staff residences in 1960, when people began to live in the community: Inuvialuit, Dene and Métis.
Naval Radio Station (NRS) Inuvik, callsign CFV, was commissioned on 10 September 1963 after operations had been successfully transferred from NRS Aklavik. Station CFV was part of the SUPRAD (Supplementary Radio) network of intercept and direction finding stations.
CFS Inuvik closed on 1 April 1986 and the site was transferred to the Dept. of Transport for use as a telecommunications station. Nothing remains of CFS Inuvik today. Even now, many people of all backgrounds still lament its closing. The Navy Operations base at the end of Navy Road was completely dismantled and removed.
Inuvik achieved village status in 1967 and became a full town in 1970 with an elected mayor and council. In 1979, with the completion of the Dempster Highway, Inuvik became connected to Canada's highway system, and simultaneously the most northerly town to which one could drive in the summer months — although an ice road through the Mackenzie River delta connects the town to Tuktoyaktuk, on the coast of the Arctic Ocean, and Aklavik, in the winter.
Between 1971 and 1990, the town's economy was supported by the local Canadian Forces Station, CFS Inuvik, (originally a Naval Radio Station, later a communications research/signals intercept facility) and by petrochemical companies exploring the Mackenzie Valley and the Beaufort Sea for petroleum. This all collapsed in 1990 for a variety of reasons, including disappearing government subsidies, local resistance to petroleum exploration, and low international oil prices.
|Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics|
- 3,484 in 2006
- Inuvialuit (predominately Uummarmiut), 38.9%; First Nations, 18.4%; Métis, 4.7%; other Aboriginal, 1.2%; non-native, 36.7%
The main language spoken in Inuvik is English, though schools teach and a handful of local people still speak Inuvialuktun, and Gwich’in. The CBC Radio broadcasts an hour of programming a day in each of these languages.
Inuvik is located on the East Channel of the Mackenzie Delta, approximately 100 km (62 mi) from the Arctic Ocean and approximately 200 km (120 mi) north of the Arctic Circle.
Access is via the Dempster Highway for the majority of the year. The highway relies on ferries and ice bridges to get across the rivers. It is thus closed during the time of freeze-up (roughly late-October to mid-December), for ice to form and allow ice bridges, and thaw (roughly mid-May to mid-June) to allow the ferry to run. At these times, there is air access only. The main airport is Inuvik (Mike Zubko) Airport and there is a general aviation airport, Inuvik/Shell Lake Water Aerodrome.
When the Mackenzie River is ice-free, Northern Transportation Company Limited provides a commercial barge service from Hay River, on Great Slave Lake to the regional terminal in Inuvik. The annual sealift moves supplies as far east as Taloyoak, Nunavut and west to Barrow, Alaska.
A distinct feature of Inuvik is the use of "utilidors" – above-ground utility conduits carrying water and sewer – which are covered by corrugated steel. They run throughout town connecting most buildings, and as a result there are many small bridges and underpasses. The utilidors are necessary because of the permafrost underlying the town.
Another feature is an Inukshuk placed outside the Mackenzie Hotel, which was rebuilt in 2006.
A great majority of roads are paved, and there are both concrete and metal-grill sidewalks alongside the roads.
Inuvik has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc). Summers are typically wetter and cool, with temperatures varying wildly throughout the months due to its peculiar location near the cold Arctic Ocean. The average hottest day of the year, July 10, has a mean high of 20 °C (68 °F) and mean low of 9 °C (48 °F). Unlike many other North American continental climates, Inuvik warms up very quickly during the months of May and June due to the rapidly increasing day length; June is a warmer month than August. Seasonal transitions are extremely short, with mean daily temperatures rising or falling as fast as 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) per day. Winters are long and extremely frigid; the coldest days of the year having a mean high of −23 °C (−9 °F) and a mean low of −31 °C (−24 °F). Freezing temperatures can occur any month of the year. Inuvik has a great variation of temperatures during the year, usually peaking below -40 °C in the winter and above 30 °C in the summer.
The fall months are usually the cloudiest, while the Spring months are usually the clearest. Snow that falls from October onward usually stays until the spring thaw in mid-May. By April, the median snow depth has reached about 550 mm (21.7 in).
|Climate data for Inuvik (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||5.4
|Average high °C (°F)||−22.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−26.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−31.0
|Record low °C (°F)||−54.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||12.5
|Rainfall mm (inches)||0.10
|Snowfall cm (inches)||15.4
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||9.9||10.9||11.2||7.6||7.6||8.1||11.6||14.4||13.0||13.6||11.7||10.3||129.9|
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||0.09||0.09||0.05||0.29||2.5||7.1||10.8||13.9||8.9||0.95||0.0||0.10||44.7|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||10.3||11.6||11.8||8.0||6.2||1.4||0.06||1.3||5.1||14.1||12.1||11.2||93.0|
|Source: Environment Canada|
Inuvik has North America's northernmost mosque, which opened in November 2010 after being built in Winnipeg and moved 4,000 km (2,500 mi) by truck and barge. Some media reports have mistakenly called the mosque "the world's northernmost mosque", but in fact mosques in Norilsk, Russia and Tromsø, Norway are both slightly farther north than Inuvik.
Annual events of note
The Great Northern Arts Festival has been held annually for 10 days in the middle of July since 1989. The Festival has hosted over 1800 artists from across Canada's north, and from as far away as Japan and Australia over 22 years and is the largest annual tourism event in the Beaufort Delta. Featuring on-site demonstrations, 50+ arts workshops, a 3500-piece gallery, an outdoor carving village, an interactive artist studio zone, nightly cultural performances, northern film screenings, family activities and an Arctic fashion show, the Festival attracts visitors from around the world to travel the Dempster Highway to visit Inuvik and the Inuvialuit and Gwich'in Settlement Regions.
The annual Sunrise Festival happens on the second weekend of the new year, when the sun finally breaks the horizon after about thirty days of darkness. The Festival is an all-day community event highlighted by dog-sled races, a long-program fireworks show and community bonfire. This Festival was highlighted in the award-winning 2010 national Tropicana Orange Juice commercial 'Arctic Sun'.
Inuvik celebrates the Muskrat Jamboree each year in late March or early April. Started in 1957, the event brings together thousands of people to participate in traditional games, watch the dog-sled and snowmobile races and dance (jig) the night away in town. Most events are held on the Mackenzie River where several community groups operate concessions in stove-heated traditional McPherson tents, preparing hot soup, bannock, baked goods, coffee, Labrador tea, hot chocolate and other traditional refreshments. Many participants and spectators wear traditional clothing and often local artisans will have something to sell. In conjunction with the Muskrat Jamboree, the Town of Inuvik hosts the annual Muskrat Cup 3-on-3 Pond Hockey Tournament on the frozen Mackenzie River, the world's most northerly cash tournament.
The weekend closest to the summer solistice (21 June) each year features the Midnight Sun Fun Run, a 5K, 10K and Half-Marathon that starts at midnight under the blazing 24-hours of sunlight experienced for 50+ days each summer in Inuvik. Runners from around the world make their way North to participate in this unique event under the midnight sun.
A new hospital opened in early 2003, providing service to an area extending from Sachs Harbour on Banks Island, to Ulukhaktok on Victoria Island, and from Paulatuk into the Sahtu Region including Norman Wells, Tulit'a, Deline, Fort Good Hope, and Colville Lake.
The Midnight Sun Complex, a stage-built multi-use facility, was completed in 2006. Featuring the Roy 'Sugloo' Ipana Memorial Arena, with an NHL-sized ice surface; the Inuvik Curling Club with 3 sheets and a well-situated licensed lounge/viewing area; the Inuvik Pool, an award-winning Class B recreational pool with lane swimming, waterpark features including a two-story waterslide, hot tub, sauna and steam room; two squash courts; a multi-use community hall with stage; on-site business centre/production office; full building wireless; video-conferencing facility; on-site catering/kitchen; and meeting rooms for groups of 5 to 500. At full-building use, the Complex can host conferences, conventions and trade shows with up to 1200 delegates/exhibitors.
The community has a state-of-the-art school called East 3. The construction budget for the school exceeded $110 million, and it features modern technologies such as 'smartboards' and videoconferencing facilities as well as a large gym.
The town is served by the Inuvik Drum, community newspaper published weekly by Northern News Services.
The CBC has a local CBC Radio One outlet, CHAK AM 860, which relays CFYK Yellowknife, as well as local programs, such as an hour-long lunchtime show Northwind, featuring interviews, weather and country music, as well as Tusaavik, a daily hour-long program in Inuvialuktun.
CKLB-FM Yellowknife, a station catering to the territory's First Nation communities, has a local repeater in Inuvik, VF2082, at 101.9 FM. CKRW-FM, an adult contemporary station from Whitehorse, Yukon, has a license for a local repeater, CKRW-FM-2, at 98.7 FM
The only terrestrial television service available in Inuvik is CH4221 channel 13, which rebroadcasts APTN. Inuvik was previously served by CHAK-TV channel 6, a CBC North television repeater of CFYK-DT Yellowknife; that station closed down on 31 July 2012 due to budget cuts affecting the CBC.
Landline telephone service is provided by Northwestel, and cellular service by Ice Wireless. Cable television is also offered in Inuvik by New North Networks.
In 1988, the International Astronomical Union's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (IAU/WGPSN) officially adopted the name Inuvik for a crater on Mars, at 78.7° north latitude and 28.6° west longitude. The crater's diameter is 20.5 km (12.7 mi).
- Leona Aglukkaq, member of Parliament for the electoral district of Nunavut and current Minister of Health
- Roger Allen, former member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
- Zac Boyer, former National Hockey League right winger
- Tom Butters, former member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
- Michel Chrétien, the youngest son of former Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and his wife Aline
- Jason Elliott, former professional ice hockey player
- Fred Koe, former member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
- Floyd Roland, Premier and current member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
- Eric Schweig, Inuvialuit/Chippewa/Dene actor
- Town of Inuvik. "Community Profile". Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- 2006 Canada Census
- Community Governance Data List
- Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre - official names
- Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Inuvik
- Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 17 October 2013 to 0901Z 12 December 2013
- Inuvik - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
- 2001 Canada Census
- 1996 Canada Census
- Proc, Jerry (October 2007). "Inuvik". Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- Canada 2006 Census - Aboriginal identity population
- Little mosque on the tundra
- NTCL services
- "Inuvik A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- CBC News Article on the World's northernmost mosque
- World's Northern Most Mosque
- Facts About Tromsø
- Arctic Muslims
- Great Northern Arts Festival
- "Inuvik Community Greenhouse".
- Speaking notes for Hubert T. Lacroix regarding measures announced in the context of the Deficit Reduction Action Plan
- Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2012-384, July 17, 2012.
- USGS Map MC-01 of the Mare Boreum Region of the planet Mars showing INUVIK Crater
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Inuvik.|
- Town of Inuvik Web Site
- Municipal Affairs and Community Administration profile
- Inuvik at the Open Directory Project
- Dempster Highway & Inuvik roadtrip article on the Economist's More Intelligent Life website