Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland
The Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland is a listing of gardens and designed landscapes of national artistic and/or historical significance, in Scotland. The Inventory was originally compiled in 1987, although it is a continually evolving list. From 1991 it was maintained by Historic Scotland and Scottish Natural Heritage, and is now updated by a dedicated team within Historic Scotland. The original Inventory contained 275 sites, and by March 2007 the Inventory included 386 sites across Scotland.
Unlike listed building status, there is no statutory basis for the Inventory, and inclusion of a site on the Inventory does not offer any legal protection. However, under the Town and Country Planning (General Development Procedure) (Scotland) Order 1992, planning authorities are required to consult Scottish Ministers on "development which may effect a historic garden or designed landscape". As such, the inclusion of a site on the Inventory is a material consideration in planning terms.
Types of site
The majority of the Inventory sites are estate or park landscapes associated with country houses. However, a wide variety of other types of site are included, including cemeteries, urban parks, and small gardens, where these are of historical significance. Examples include Benmore Botanic Garden in Argyll, Duthie Park in Aberdeen, the Balmoral Castle estate in Deeside, and Ian Hamilton Finlay's garden at Little Sparta in Lanarkshire.
Sites are selected and graded based on seven criteria, or "values". These are:
- Work of art
- Nature conservation
- Archaeological (added in 1993)
Each site is assessed, on a scale of none—little—some—high—outstanding, for each value. There is no overall grading system. Decisions on inclusion are made by a steering group which includes representatives of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, the National Trust for Scotland and the Garden History Society in Scotland.
Other parts of the United Kingdom
Separate registers of parks, gardens and designed landscapes are maintained in the other countries of the United Kingdom:
- The Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England is maintatined by English Heritage 
- The Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales is maintained by Cadw 
- The Register of Parks, Gardens and Demesnes of Special Historic Interest is maintained by the Northern Ireland Environment Agency 
- "Drummond Castle". An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland.
- "Scottish Historic Environment Policy 3: Gardens and Designed Landscapes (consultation paper)". Historic Scotland. 2006.
- "An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland: List of Sites 2007". Historic Scotland.
- "Benmore (Younger Botanic Garden)". An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland.
- "Duthie Park". An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland.
- "Balmoral Castle". An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland.
- "Little Sparta (Stonypath)". An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland.
- "Annex 4: Criteria for determining whether a garden or designed landscape is of 'national importance' for inclusion in the inventory". Scottish Historic Environment Policy. Historic Scotland. July 2009.
- "Historic Parks and Gardens". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "Historic Parks and Gardens". Cadw. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "Historic Parks, Gardens and Demesnes". NIEA. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Gardens and Designed Landscapes, Historic Scotland