Inventory of Historic Battlefields in Scotland

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The Inventory of Historic Battlefields is a heritage register listing nationally significant battlefields in Scotland. The inventory was published for consultation in December 2010 by Historic Scotland, an agency of the Scottish Government.[1] Seventeen sites were included in the first phase of the inventory, with a number of other sites under consideration for inclusion at a later date.[2]

The list of battlefields is intended to guide landowners, developers, local authorities and the Scottish Ministers in the future development of these areas to protect the historic significance and archaeological potential of these sites. The inventory entries summarise historic sources, archaeological evidence and finds, significance, and provide a map defining the extent of the battlefield. Selection criteria used for identifying nationally important sites were: historical association; physical remains and archaeological potential; cultural association; and landscape context.[1]

Battlefields on the Inventory[edit]

Battle Date Co-ordinates Council area Belligerents Campaign Outcome
Battle of Alford 2 July 1645 57°14′17″N 2°43′23″W / 57.238°N 2.723°W / 57.238; -2.723 (Battle of Alford) Aberdeenshire Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
Battle of Ancrum Moor 27 February 1545 55°32′10″N 2°36′25″W / 55.536°N 2.607°W / 55.536; -2.607 (Battle of Ancrum Moor) Borders Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Rough Wooing Scottish victory
Battle of Auldearn 9 May 1645 57°34′16″N 3°48′47″W / 57.571°N 3.813°W / 57.571; -3.813 (Battle of Auldearn) Highland Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
Battle of Bannockburn 24 June 1314 56°05′31″N 3°54′54″W / 56.092°N 3.915°W / 56.092; -3.915 (Battle of Bannockburn) Stirling Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory
Battle of Bothwell Bridge 22 June 1679 55°47′42″N 4°03′25″W / 55.795°N 4.057°W / 55.795; -4.057 (Battle of Bothwell Bridge) South Lanarkshire Covenanter army / Government troops Covenanter Rebellion of 1679 Government victory
Battle of Cromdale 30 April and 1 May 1690 57°11′42″N 3°17′31″W / 57.195°N 3.292°W / 57.195; -3.292 (Battle of Cromdale) Highland Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite Rising of 1689 Government victory
Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746 57°28′41″N 4°05′49″W / 57.478°N 4.097°W / 57.478; -4.097 (Battle of Culloden) Highland Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite Rising of 1745 Government victory
Battle of Drumclog 1 June 1679 55°37′52″N 4°11′02″W / 55.631°N 4.184°W / 55.631; -4.184 (Battle of Drumclog) South Lanarkshire Covenanter army / Government troops Covenanter Rebellion of 1679 Covenanter victory
Battle of Dunbar II 3 September 1650 55°58′48″N 2°29′24″W / 55.980°N 2.490°W / 55.980; -2.490 (Battle of Dunbar II) East Lothian Kingdom of Scotland / Commonwealth of England Wars of the Three Kingdoms English victory
Battle of Dupplin Moor 11 August 1332 56°21′11″N 3°32′17″W / 56.353°N 3.538°W / 56.353; -3.538 (Battle of Dupplin Moor) Perth & Kinross Loyalist Scots / Rebels supporting Edward Balliol, and English allies Second War of Scottish Independence Balliol victory
Battle of Falkirk II 17 January 1746 55°59′13″N 3°48′50″W / 55.987°N 3.814°W / 55.987; -3.814 (Battle of Falkirk II) Falkirk Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite Rising of 1745 Jacobite victory
Battle of Glenshiel 10 June 1719 57°09′58″N 5°19′01″W / 57.166°N 5.317°W / 57.166; -5.317 (Battle of Glenshiel) Highland Spanish troops and Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite Rising of 1719 Government victory
Battle of Harlaw 24 July 1411 57°18′29″N 2°24′40″W / 57.308°N 2.411°W / 57.308; -2.411 (Battle of Harlaw) Aberdeenshire Lowland clans under Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar / Allies of Donald of Islay, Lord of the Isles Feud between Clan MacDonald and Stewart royal family Inconclusive
Battle of Killiecrankie 27 July 1689 56°45′11″N 3°47′46″W / 56.753°N 3.796°W / 56.753; -3.796 (Battle of Killiecrankie) Perth & Kinross Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite Rising of 1689 Jacobite victory
Battle of Kilsyth 15 August 1645 55°59′02″N 4°01′05″W / 55.984°N 4.018°W / 55.984; -4.018 (Battle of Kilsyth) North Lanarkshire Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
Battle of Philiphaugh 13 September 1645 55°32′31″N 2°52′05″W / 55.542°N 2.868°W / 55.542; -2.868 (Battle of Philiphaugh) Borders Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Government victory
Battle of Pinkie 10 September 1547 55°55′59″N 3°01′23″W / 55.933°N 3.023°W / 55.933; -3.023 (Battle of Pinkie) East Lothian Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Rough Wooing English victory
Battle of Prestonpans 21 September 1745 55°57′36″N 2°57′00″W / 55.960°N 2.950°W / 55.960; -2.950 (Battle of Prestonpans) East Lothian Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1745 Jacobite victory
Battle of Sheriffmuir 13 November 1715 56°11′42″N 3°54′36″W / 56.195°N 3.910°W / 56.195; -3.910 (Battle of Sheriffmuir) Stirling Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1715 Inconclusive
Battle of Stirling Bridge 11 September 1297 56°07′52″N 3°55′55″W / 56.131°N 3.932°W / 56.131; -3.932 (Battle of Stirling Bridge) Stirling Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory

Battlefields currently under research[edit]

Battle Date Co-ordinates Council area Belligerents Campaign Outcome
Battle of Aberdeen II 13 September 1644 57°08′28″N 2°06′22″W / 57.141°N 2.106°W / 57.141; -2.106 (Battle of Aberdeen II) Aberdeenshire Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
Battle of Dunkeld 21 August 1689 56°33′54″N 3°35′06″W / 56.565°N 3.585°W / 56.565; -3.585 (Battle of Dunkeld) Perth & Kinross Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite Rising of 1689 Government victory
Battle of Largs 2 October 1263 55°47′31″N 4°52′01″W / 55.792°N 4.867°W / 55.792; -4.867 (Battle of Largs) North Ayrshire Kingdom of Norway / Kingdom of Scots Scottish-Norwegian War Inconclusive
Battle of Loudoun Hill 10 May 1307 55°36′32″N 4°12′36″W / 55.609°N 4.210°W / 55.609; -4.210 (Battle of Loudoun Hill) Ayrshire Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory
Battle of Methven 19 June 1306 56°25′12″N 3°34′55″W / 56.420°N 3.582°W / 56.420; -3.582 (Battle of Methven) Perth & Kinross Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence English victory
Battle of Mons Graupius 00083-01-01AD 83 or 84 Unknown Unknown Caledonian Confederacy/ Roman Empire Roman conquest of Britain Roman victory
Battle of Roslin 24 February 1303 55°51′18″N 3°09′50″W / 55.855°N 3.164°W / 55.855; -3.164 (Battle of Roslin) Midlothian Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Celebrating Scotland's Battlefields". Historic Scotland. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  2. ^ "Inventory Battlefields". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 

External links[edit]