|Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania|
August 26, 1986 – November 2, 1989
|Preceded by||Ilie Văduva|
|Succeeded by||Ion Stoian|
|Vice Prime Minister of Romania|
November 3, 1982 – March 28, 1985
|President of the State Planning Committee|
November 4, 1989 – December 22, 1989
May 14, 1931|
|Died||April 21, 1992
Ioan Totu (Romanian pronunciation: [iˈo̯an ˈtotu]; May 14, 1931 - April 21, 1992) was a Romanian communist politician who served as the Vice Prime Minister of Romania, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania and President of the State Planning Committee during the reign of Nicolae Ceaușescu.
Life and political career
Totu was an economist and member of Romanian Politburo. He also served as the head of the Romanian mission to East European Common Market (CEMA). He was generally known for his toughness, especially in his comments to US Department of State criticizing the Romanian government for human rights abuse. As a member of Nicolae Ceaușescu regime, he harshly criticized the U.S. Secretary of State George P. Shultz for seeking to "weaken the positions of socialism". Totu was appointed Vice Prime Minister of Romania on November 3, 1982 and served in this post until March 28, 1985. On August 26, 1986 he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania replacing a less experienced diplomat Ilie Văduva. As Minister of Foreign Affairs, Totu re-established Romania's relations with Israel with the purpose to expand trade and economic relations, and to play an international role in the Middle East peace process. His term in office ended on November 2, 1989 and he was appointed the President of the State Planning Committee on November 4 which he held until December 22, 1989.
Imprisonment and death
Totu was arrested during the Romanian Revolution of 1989. He was tried along with 24 Romanian Politburo members by the Military Court of Romania and sentenced to five and a half years in Bucharest prison. After conviction and imprisonment, Totu committed suicide by hanging himself in Bucharest prison on April 21, 1992.
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- "Romanian Sentenced And Commits Suicide". The New York Times. 1992-04-22. Retrieved 2010-08-16.
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