Prince Ioane of Georgia
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (July 2011)|
|Prince Ioane Bagrationi|
|Head of the Royal House of Georgia|
|Reign||13 May 1819 – 15 February 1830|
|Father||George XII of Georgia|
16 May 1768|
Tbilisi, Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti
|Died||15 February 1830
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
|Burial||Alexander Nevsky Monastery|
|Religion||Georgian Orthodox Church|
|Occupation||writer and encyclopedist|
A son of George XII, the last king of Kartl-Kakheti kingdom, eastern Georgia, by his first wife Ketevan Andronikashvili, Ioane commanded an avant-garde of a Georgian force annihilated by the Persian army at the Battle of Krtsanisi in 1795.
Following the battle, the kingdom entered a period of economic crisis and political anarchy. To eradicate the results of a Persian attack and to overcome the retardation of the feudal society, Prince Ioane proposed on 10 May 1799, a project of reforms of administration, army and education. This project was, however, never materialized due to the weakness of George XII and a civil strife in the country. In 1800, he commanded a Georgian cavalry in the joined Russian-Georgian forces that defeated his uncle, Alexandre Bagrationi, and the Dagestani allies at the battle of Niakhura.
Upon the death of George XII, Kartl-Kakheti was incorporated into the expanding Russian Empire, and Ioane was deported to Russia. He settled in Saint Petersburg where he wrote most of his works with a didactic encyclopedic novel Kalmasoba (1817–1828) being the most important of them.
He is also an author of a naturalist encyclopedia (1814), a children encyclopedia (1829), a Russian-Georgian dictionary, a Georgian lexicon, and of several poems.
His manuscripts were discovered in 1861 by a Georgian scholar, Dimitri Bakradze, who published them in an abridged version in 1862.
He married in 1787, Princess Ketevan Tsereteli (1775–1832), and had the only son, Grigol.
|Ancestors of Prince Ioane of Georgia|
- David M. Lang, Prince Ioann of Georgia and His "Kalmasoba", American Slavic and East European Review, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Dec., 1952), pp. 274–287
- Soviet Georgian Encyclopedia, vol. 5, pp 188–189. Tbilisi, 1980 (in Georgian)