Ionia County, Michigan

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Ionia County, Michigan
IoniaCountyCouthouseIoniaMi.jpg
Ionia County Courthouse in Ionia
Seal of Ionia County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Ionia County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded March 2, 1831 (created)
1837 (organized)[1]
Named for Ionia
Seat Ionia
Largest city Ionia
Area
 • Total 580 sq mi (1,502 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Water 8.7 sq mi (23 km2), 1.5%
Population
 • (2010) 63,905
 • Density 112/sq mi (43/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.ioniacounty.org

Ionia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,905.[2] The county seat is Ionia.[3] The Ionia County Courthouse was built by Claire Allen, a prominent southern Michigan architect.

Ionia County comprises the Ionia, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon, MI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county is named for Ionia, a Grecian province.[4] It was set off in 1831 and organized in 1837.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 8.7 square miles (23 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,923
1850 7,597 295.1%
1860 16,682 119.6%
1870 27,681 65.9%
1880 33,872 22.4%
1890 32,801 −3.2%
1900 34,329 4.7%
1910 33,550 −2.3%
1920 33,087 −1.4%
1930 35,093 6.1%
1940 35,710 1.8%
1950 38,158 6.9%
1960 43,132 13.0%
1970 45,848 6.3%
1980 51,815 13.0%
1990 57,024 10.1%
2000 61,518 7.9%
2010 63,905 3.9%
Est. 2013 64,073 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 61,518 people, 20,606 households, and 15,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 107 people per square mile (41/km²). There were 22,006 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.96% White, 4.56% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.0% were of German, 14.7% American, 11.6% English, 8.9% Irish and 5.3% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.3% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 20,606 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 115.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,074, and the median income for a family was $49,797. Males had a median income of $36,995 versus $25,443 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,451. About 6.80% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of Jan. 2011)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Ionia County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 165. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°56′N 85°04′W / 42.94°N 85.07°W / 42.94; -85.07