Iony Island

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Coordinates: 56°24′35″N 143°22′53″E / 56.4097°N 143.3815°E / 56.4097; 143.3815

Iony Island
Остров Ионы
Island
View of the island.
View of the island.
Location of Ioni Island in the Sea of Okhotsk.
Location of Ioni Island in the Sea of Okhotsk.
Country Russian Federation
Federal subject Khabarovsk Krai
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)

Iony Island (Russian: Остров Ионы), or Jonas' Island, formerly Ostrov Svyatogo Iony (Saint Jonas' Island),[1] is a small island in the Sea of Okhotsk.

Geography[edit]

Iony Island is the only island in the Sea of Okhotsk that is located in the open sea. All other islands in the Okhotsk Sea are either coastal islands or they belong to the Kuril island chain.[2][3] It is 1.6 km (1 mi) in length and 850 m (0.5 mi) wide and its 300 m high jagged cliffs give it a roughly conical shape.

Administratively Iony belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation.[4]

History[edit]

As early as 1849 whaleships had reached Jonas Island.[5] Between 1852 and 1866 the island's waters were a common hunting ground for ships cruising for bowhead whales — Captain Moses Snell, of the ship Pacific, of Fairhaven, reported seeing as many as forty-five other ships from his masthead early in June 1855.[6] The fleet would usually reach the area by late May or early June,[7] spending a few weeks cruising for whales before sailing to the south and west, following the retreating ice. Some would go ashore to take advantage of the bounty of seabirds and pinnipeds residing on the island's rocky shores.[8] In the first week of June 1855 the ship Edgar, of Cold Spring, was wrecked on the island. All hands were saved.[9] Ships sent boats ashore to salvage what they could of the reported 1,600-bbls of oil that had been aboard the ship, while others picked up whatever they found drifting offshore.[10]

Ecology[edit]

Remote and isolated Iony Island is a breeding ground for the steller sea lion.[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Okhotskoe more - Former name
  2. ^ Geographic Location
  3. ^ Geographical data
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ Shepherdess, of Mystic, August 8, 1849, Nicholson Whaling Collection (NWC).
  6. ^ Pacific, of Fairhaven, June 3, 1855, NWC; Cicero, of New Bedford, June 18, 1861, Kendall Whaling Museum (KWM); Josephine, of New Bedford, May 3–7, 1864, May 18–23, 1865, May 18–20, 1866, KWM.
  7. ^ Daniel Wood, of New Bedford, May 19, 1855, May 30, 1854; Covington, of Warren, May 29, 1855, June 6, 1854; Charles Phelps, of Stonington, June 8, 1852, NWC.
  8. ^ William Wirt, of New Bedford, June 10, 1854; Louisa, of New Bedford, May 26, 1858, NWC; Cicero, of New Bedford, June 19, 1861, KWM.
  9. ^ Lexington, of Nantucket, June 7, 1855, G. W. Blunt White Library; Mary, of Edgartown, June 14, 1855, NWC.
  10. ^ Daniel Wood, June 11, 1855; Mary, June 14, 1855; Pacific, June 14, 1855; William Wirt, June 18, 1855, NWC.
  11. ^ Sea lions
  12. ^ Northern Sea Lion Distribution and Abundance: 1956-80

External links[edit]