Joseph Kobzon

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Iosif Kobzon
Kobzon with mic.JPG
Kobzon at a recent social event
Background information
Birth name Iosif Davidovich Kobzon
Born (1937-09-11) September 11, 1937 (age 77)
Chasiv Yar, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, USSR
Genres Russian crooner
Occupation(s) Singer, Deputy of the Russian State Duma
Years active 1958–present

Iosif (Joseph) Davydovich Kobzon (Russian: Иосиф Давыдович Кобзон; born September 11, 1937) is a Russian singer,[1] known for his crooner style.

Early life[edit]

Kobzon was born to Jewish parents in the mining town of Chasiv Yar, in the Donbass region of Ukraine.[2]

As a boy he demonstrated a talent for singing, winning numerous regional singing contests. He reached the national finals on two separate occasions, appearing in concerts dedicated to Joseph Stalin - a significant honour at the time.

Despite his talent for singing, Kobzon went on to technical school to study geology and mining in Dnipropetrovsk,[2] as this was considered a lucrative vocation in the Soviet Union following the Second World War. However, in 1959, following his 1956-1959 contact with professional music instructors in the Soviet Army where he was a member of the armies song and dance ensemble, he decided that music would be his preferred vocation.[2]

Stage career[edit]

In 1958, Kobzon officially started his singing career in Moscow, and enrolled to study at the Gnessin Institute.[2] In the next few years he made valuable contacts in Moscow's entertainment world, and was eventually given a chance by composer Arkady Ostrovski to perform some of his music. Initially, he performed in a duet with the tenor Viktor Kokhno, but was eventually offered a solo repertoire by many of the outstanding composers of the time such as Mark Fradkin, Alexander Dolukhanian and Yan Frenkel.

In 1962, he recorded his first LP which included songs written by Aleksandra Pakhmutova. In 1964, he triumphed at the International Song Contest in Sopot, Poland, and in the following year he took part in the "Friendship" contest held across six nations, winning first prize in Warsaw, Berlin and Budapest. His popularity rose quickly, and demand for his singing saw him frequently performing two to three concerts a day. His most popular hit song at the time was titled "A u nas vo dvore". During Leonid Brezhnev's time in office (1964–82), there was hardly an official concert where Kobzon did not take part, and in 1980 he was awarded the honour of People's Artist of the USSR.

In 1983, Kobzon was expelled from the Communist Party and reprimanded for "political short sightedness," after he performed Jewish songs during an international friendship concert, which resulted in the Arab delegations leaving in protest.[3] However, the following year, (1984) his reputation was restored, as he was honored with the USSR State Prize. His best-known song is "Instants" from the legendary Soviet TV series Seventeen Instants of Spring (1973).

Joseph Kobzon appeared with solo concerts in most cities of the former USSR. He was also bestowed the rare honour of performing international concerts tours as a representative of USSR in United States, Panama, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Argentina, Israel, Republic of the Congo, Zaire, Angola, Nigeria, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Greece, and Finland. Throughout his career, he has shared the stage with many Western superstars, including the likes of Liza Minnelli and Julio Iglesias. In 1986, he was the first celebrity to visit and perform in the town of Chernobyl to cheer the nuclear reactor rescuers. Since then, Kobzon has performed on many occasions in disaster areas, and military hot-spots such as Afghanistan during the Soviet-Afghan war, and Chechnya. Although he officially ended his international touring career in 1997, he continues to appear in regular concerts before audiences around the world, and is frequently seen on Russian television to date.

Stance on Ukraine[edit]

In July 2014, Kobzon was banned from entering Latvia. The Latvian Foreign Affairs Ministry stated that "through words and actions [he had] contributed to the undermining of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity."[4] In August 2014, Kobzon declared fellow singer Andrey Makarevich a traitor after the latter performed for internally displaced people in Ukraine.[5] Kobzon gave a concert in support of the Donetsk People's Republic in Donetsk in late October 2014.[6]

Due to his support of Vladimir Putin's actions in Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk and Poltava stripped Kobzon of honorary citizenship in autumn 2014 and the national Security Service banned him from entering the country.[7]

Family life[edit]

Kobzon was married three times. In 1965, he married the singer, Veronika Kruglova; then in 1969 Kobzon married Lyudmila Gurchenko, one of the best known comic actresses of the Soviet cinema. In 1971, he married his current wife Ninel Drizina with whom he had two children.

Achievements[edit]

Kobzon has funded numerous orphanages around the country.[8] In 2002, he was a key negotiator in the Moscow theater hostage crisis. His involvement resulted in the release of a mother with three children and a citizen of the United Kingdom.[9]

Kobzon has been active in Russian politics since 1989. He is probably the most experienced Russian MP, and enjoys landslide election victories.[10] Between 2005 and 2007, he was the head of the State Duma's culture committee.

In 2009, Kobzon became the 24th individual to be named Honorary Citizen of Moscow.[11] In 2003, a statue of him was erected near his birthplace, in Donetsk, Ukraine. In 2007, his name was entered into the Official Book of Russian Records as the most decorated artist in the country's history.[12]

Honours and awards[edit]

Orders
Medals
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

Order Country / Org Year
100 lenin rib.png
Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin"  USSR
1500KievRibbon.jpg Medal "In Commemoration of the 1500th Anniversary of Kiev"  USSR
VeteranLaborRibbon.png
Medal "Veteran of Labour"  USSR
Outstanding achievements labor.png Medal "For Labour Valour"  USSR 1970
Ribbon 300 years to russian fleet.png Jubilee Medal "300 Years of the Russian Navy"  Russia
Ribbon Medal 850 Mosow.png Medal "In Commemoration of the 850th Anniversary of Moscow"  Russia
60 victory rib.png Jubilee Medal "60 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"  Russia
Medal Sholokhov.png Jubilee Medal "Great Russian writer Nobel Mikhail Sholokhov 1905–2005"  Russia
ForStrengtheningCombatCooperation2009 rib.png Medal "For Strengthening Military Cooperation"  Russia
200MVD rib.png Medal "200 Years of the Ministry of Internal Affairs"  Russia 2008
200MO rib.png Medal "200 Years of the Ministry of Defence"  Russia
ZaZaslperStavKr rib.png Medal "For Services to the Stavropol Territory"  Russia 2008
Medal "Glory of Adygea"  Russia 2008
Medal of Merit for the Chechen Republic  Russia
MedalAstana.png Medal "Astana"  Kazakhstan
Medal50Celina.png Medal "50 Years of Celine"  Kazakhstan
Titles

Kobzon is an honorary citizen of 28 cities: Anapa, Saratov (1998), Donetsk (2007), Bishkek, Dnepropetrovsk (deprived of the honor on the 3rd of September 2014),[14] Kramatorsk, Noginsk, Poltava (deprived of the honor on the 25th of November 2014),[15] Slavic (1999), Chasiv Yar, Cherkessk, Artemovsk, Horlivka and others. He is also an honorary citizen of the Saratov Oblast, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug (abolished 1 January 2008) and the Transbaikal Oblast (23 September 2010).

On 31 March 2009, Kobzon was awarded the title of Honorary Citizen of Moscow - "for his services and contribution to the organization and development of national culture, long-term activities designed to meet the challenges of the patriotic and cultural education of the Russian people, as well as charitable activity in the city of Moscow and other Russian regions".

Awards
  • USSR State Prize (1984) - for concert programs 1980-1983
  • Lenin Komsomol Prize (1976) - for concert programs 1974-1975, active propaganda Soviet Komsomol songs
  • Russian Federal Security Service Award "for creative contribution to the patriotic education of Russian citizens" (2009)
Other honours

A comprehensive list of all 300+ honours awarded to Joseph Kobzon can be viewed at http://iosifkobzon.ru/activity/rank/ (in Russian).

Discography[edit]

Refer to *Official site of Iosif Kobzon

'Russia's Frank Sinatra'[edit]

Considering Kobzon's career, personality, spirit and singing style, many say that he is Russia's answer to the U.S. crooner Frank Sinatra.[16][17] Besides their singing careers, both Sinatra and Kobzon used their popularity towards an active involvement in politics.[17] The parallels between the two became the focus of media articles, books and novels claiming to have detailed knowledge of Russia's gangster world based on inside information obtained from the CIA.[18] Kobzon has since sued numerous publications for propagating unsubstantiated rumours,[19] asserting his impeccable reputation and great honour among millions of Russian-speakers world-wide. Kobzon considered suing the U.S. government,[19] arguing that by denying visa applicants recourse to judicial protection, the powers of U.S. consular services contradict the separation of powers principles of government, and are, therefore, open to abuse by individual government organs. Kobzon asserted that the visa denial was based on allegations contained in a fabricated information file supplied to the Americans by Yeltsin's henchmen, who 'used' the Americans in an engineered attempt at Kobzon's character-assassination.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Moscow newspaper lists top Melodia pop artists". Billboard. 26 December 1981. p. 76. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Red Stars:Personality and the Soviet Popular Song, 1955-1991 by David MacFadyen, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001, ISBN 0773521062
  3. ^ Kobzon, Joseph (December 16, 2001). Not Enough of Her For All. Izvestia (in Russian). Interview with Maria Podolskaya. Moscow. Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Russian Pop Stars Banned From Entering Latvia Over Ukraine Crisis". The Moscow Times. July 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ Balmforth, Tom (18 August 2014). "Russian Rocker Called a 'Traitor' For Performing for IDPs in Ukraine". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 
  6. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Russia to recognise rebel vote in Donetsk and Luhansk". BBC News. 28 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Ukrainian City Strips Russian Singer Of Honorary Citizenship". RFERL. 25 November 2014. 
  8. ^ http://iosifkobzon.ru/en/activity/creation/
  9. ^ ru:Террористический акт на Дубровке#cite note-33
  10. ^ http://everything2.com/title/Iosef+Kobzon
  11. ^ http://duma.mos.ru/en/201/page/pochetnyie-grajdane-goroda-moskvyi
  12. ^ http://iosifkobzon.ru/en/biography/fact/
  13. ^ Ukaze of President of Ukraine
  14. ^ http://zn.ua/UKRAINE/kobzon-lishen-zvaniya-pochetnogo-grazhdanina-dnepropetrovska-152171_.html
  15. ^ http://conflict.rbc.ua/rus/kobzona-lishili-statusa-pochetnogo-grazhdanina-poltavy---25112014112200
  16. ^ Interview - Rolling Stones Magazine (Russian) 26 December 2007 - http://rollingstone.ru/articles/music/article/3479.html
  17. ^ a b http://www.jta.org/1998/12/03/life-religion/features/russias-frank-sinatra-protests-communist-activists-anti-semitism, http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/163285#.UgfHRKCkSlJ, http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/kobzon-ready-to-take-one-last-crack-at-us/454734.html, http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/ukraine-prepares-trial-against-yulia-tymoshenko-on-murder-charges-a-884812.html#ref=rss
  18. ^ http://chinovnikam.net/content/18/224/3.html
  19. ^ a b c http://www.newsru.com/russia/04oct2002/kobzon.html

External links[edit]