Iota Arae

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Iota Arae
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Ara constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

The location of ι Arae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Ara
Right ascension 17h 23m 16.07715s[1]
Declination –47° 28′ 05.5073″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.245[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B2 IIIne[3]
U−B color index –0.82[4]
B−V color index –0.11[4]
R−I color index –0.08
Variable type γ Cas[5]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) –19[6] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –4.35[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –17.59[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 3.49 ± 0.26[1] mas
Distance 930 ± 70 ly
(290 ± 20 pc)
Details
Mass 8.3 ± 0.4[7] M
Luminosity (bolometric) 5,740[8] L
Surface gravity (log g) 4.10[2] cgs
Temperature 21,380[2] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 375[9] km/s
Age 30.0 ± 7.4[7] Myr
Other designations
CD –47° 11484, FK5 3379, HD 157042, HIP 85079, HR 6451, NSV 8566, SAO 227886.[10]

Iota Arae (ι Ara, ι Arae) is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern constellation of Ara. It is approximately 930 light-years (290 parsecs)[1] from Earth, give or take a 70 light-year margin of error, and has an apparent visual magnitude of 5.25.[4] Based upon the Bortle Dark-Sky Scale, this means the star is visible to the naked eye from suburban skies.

This is an evolved giant star with a stellar classification of B2 IIIne.[3] The 'e' notation indicates the spectrum displays emission lines, which means this is a Be star that is surrounded by hot, circumstellar gas. It is spinning rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 375 km/s.[9] The Doppler effect from this rotation is causing the absorption lines to widen and become nebulous, as indicated by the 'n' notation in the stellar class.

Iota Arae has around 8.3[7] times the mass of the Sun and is shining brightly with 5,740[8] times the Sun's luminosity. This energy is being radiated into space from the outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 21,380 K,[2] giving it the characteristic blue-white hue of a B-type star.[11] It is classified as a Gamma Cassiopeiae-type variable star and its brightness varies by 0.054 in magnitude.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Caillo, A. (June 2010), "The PASTEL catalogue of stellar parameters", Astronomy and Astrophysics 515: A111, arXiv:1004.1069, Bibcode:2010A&A...515A.111S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014247. 
  3. ^ a b Hiltner, W. A.; Garrison, R. F.; Schild, R. E. (July 1969), "MK Spectral Types for Bright Southern OB Stars", Astrophysical Journal 157: 313, Bibcode:1969ApJ...157..313H, doi:10.1086/150069. 
  4. ^ a b c Kozok, J. R. (September 1985), "Photometric observations of emission B-stars in the southern Milky Way", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series 61: 387–405, Bibcode:1985A&AS...61..387K. 
  5. ^ a b Lefèvre, L. et al. (November 2009), "A systematic study of variability among OB-stars based on HIPPARCOS photometry", Astronomy and Astrophysics 507 (2): 11411201, Bibcode:2009A&A...507.1141L, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912304 
  6. ^ Evans, D. S. (June 20–24, 1966), "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities", in Alan Henry, Batten; John Frederick, Heard, Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 30, University of Toronto: International Astronomical Union, Bibcode:1967IAUS...30...57E. 
  7. ^ a b c Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x. 
  8. ^ a b Hohle, M. M.; Neuhäuser, R.; Schutz, B. F. (April 2010), "Masses and luminosities of O- and B-type stars and red supergiants", Astronomische Nachrichten 331 (4): 349, arXiv:1003.2335, Bibcode:2010AN....331..349H, doi:10.1002/asna.200911355. 
  9. ^ a b Bernacca, P. L.; Perinotto, M. (1970), "A catalogue of stellar rotational velocities", Contributi Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova in Asiago 239 (1), Bibcode:1970CoAsi.239....1B. 
  10. ^ "iot Ara -- Be Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Database (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  11. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), December 21, 2004, retrieved 2012-01-16 

External links[edit]