Iowa Highway 163

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Iowa Highway 163 marker

Iowa Highway 163
Route information
Maintained by Iowa DOT
Length: 61.230 mi[1] (98.540 km)
Major junctions
West end: US 69 in Des Moines
  I-235 in Des Moines
US 65 in Pleasant Hill
East end: US 63 at Oskaloosa
Location
Counties: Polk, Jasper, Marion, Mahaska
Highway system
Iowa 160 Iowa 165

Iowa Highway 163 (Iowa 163) is a state highway that travels from U.S. Highway 69 in Des Moines to US 63 near Oskaloosa. The Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT) has signed Iowa 163 from Oskaloosa to Burlington along US 63 and US 34, but it does not officially recognize those sections of road as part of the route.

Iowa 163 is a divided highway with some freeway sections for most of its length and serves as a connector between Des Moines with Burlington.

Route description[edit]

Iowa 163 near the Iowa State Fairgrounds

Iowa Highway 163 begins at the corner of E. 14th Street, which carries U.S. Highway 69 (US 69), and E. University Avenue in Des Moines. It heads east along E. University traveling 34 mile (1.2 km) to Interstate 235 (I-235).[1] There is no direct access to eastbound I-235 from eastbound Iowa 163. Traffic must take E. 21st Street to Easton Boulevard to access eastbound I-235. Highway 163 continues east past the Iowa State Fairgrounds on its way to Pleasant Hill where it meets U.S. Highway 65 at a diamond interchange.

It continues east and meets Iowa Highway 117 near Prairie City. It turns southeast and meets Iowa Highway 14 near Monroe. It continues southeast, passes Pella, then continues southeast, meeting Iowa Highway 92 west of Oskaloosa before intersecting U.S. Highway 63 south of that city.

This bison sculpture marks the interchange between Iowa 163 and Iowa 117

The Iowa 163 designation is then extended along U.S. Highway 63 between Oskaloosa and Ottumwa, and U.S. Highway 34 between Ottumwa and Burlington.

History[edit]

U.S. Highway 163
Location: Des MoinesOskaloosa
Existed: 1926–1937

In 1926, when U.S. Highway 63 was formed, it followed the route of what became Iowa Highway 163. After U.S. 63 was extended north into Minnesota and Wisconsin in 1934, the route then became U.S. Highway 163.[2] In 1937, US 163 was deleted and was replaced by Iowa Highway 163.[2] In 1970, the US 163 designation was reused for an unrelated highway in Utah and Arizona.

Iowa Highway 163 was originally a two-lane road. In the 1970s the highway was divided through Polk County east of Pleasant Hill. During the 1990s, the highway began to emerge from a two-lane highway to a four-lane highway as part of an ongoing project to create a continuous four-lane highway from Des Moines to Burlington. The segments of 163 in rural areas were converted to four lanes, but the main highway still went through the city centers. That would soon change as bypasses were constructed around the towns along the route. The first freeway bypass, with three interchanges, opened around Pella on October 17, 1994. Bypasses of Monroe, Iowa (with two interchanges), Prairie City, Iowa (with one interchange), Otley, Iowa (with two turnoffs), and Oskaloosa, Iowa (with two interchanges) were later constructed. The last four-lane segment opened between Pella and Oskaloosa on September 30, 1999. Today 163 is divided its entire length, except for short stretches of undivided highway in the Des Moines area.

In October 2009, Iowa 163 was extended along the completed freeway from Oskaloosa to Burlington, overlapping both U.S. Highway 63 and U.S. Highway 34.[3]

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Exit Destinations Notes
Polk Des Moines 0.000 0.000 US 69 (East 14th Street)
0.768 1.236 I-235 west Westbound only. No direct access to I-235 east from Iowa 163
0.982 1.580   To I-235 east (E. 21st Street)
Pleasant Hill 5.339 8.592 US 65
Jasper Prairie City 18.311 29.469 18 Iowa 117 / CR S6G – Prairie City, Colfax
Monroe 25.865 41.626 25 Monroe
29.376 47.276 29 Iowa 14 – Monroe, Newton
Marion Pella 40.353 64.942 40
Iowa 163 Bus. / CR G28 – Pella, Lake Red Rock
42.846 68.954 42 Pella
45.064 72.523 44 CR G5T – Pella, New Sharon
Mahaska Oskaloosa 57.479 92.503 58 Iowa 92 to US 63 north – Oskaloosa, Knoxville
61.230 98.540 60 US 63 north – Oskaloosa West end of US 63 overlap, exit numbers follow US 63
Eddyville 67.518 108.660 54 Marino Avenue
Wapello 69.260 111.463 53 Iowa 137 south – Eddyville, Albia
Ottumwa 80.402 129.394 42 Ottumwa Regional Airport, Industrial Park
81.790 131.628 40
US 63 Bus. south / Iowa 149 – Ottumwa
85.772 138.037 36 Dahlonega Road
87.494 140.808 35 Pennsylvania Avenue
88.378 142.231 191 US 34 west / US 63 south – Ottumwa East end of US 63 overlap; west end of US 34 overlap; exit numbers follow US 34
Agency 92.156 148.311 195 CR V37 – Agency, Hedrick
Pleasant Township 95.777 154.138 199 Iowa 16 east / CR V43 north – Eldon
Jefferson Batavia 99.879 160.740 203 CR H43 – Batavia
Fairfield 107.829 173.534 210
US 34 Bus. east (Burlington Avenue)
111.797 179.920 212 Iowa 1 – Fairfield, Keosauqua
114.761 184.690 214
US 34 Bus. west (Burlington Avenue)
Henry Tippecanoe Township 129.641 208.637 229
US 34 Bus. east – Mount Pleasant, Westwood
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
131.820 212.144 231 CR W55 – Mount Pleasant, Westwood Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
Mount Pleasant 135.145 217.495 234
To US 218 north / Iowa 27 south (Iowa 438) / US 218 Bus. – Mount Pleasant
Only access to northbound US 218 from eastbound US 34
135.867 218.657 45
US 218 north / Iowa 27 north
West end of US 218 / IA 27 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; exit numbers follow US 218
138.305 222.580 42
US 218 south / Iowa 27 south / US 34 Bus. east / US 218 Bus. – Mount Pleasant, Keokuk
East end of US 218 / IA 27 overlap
New London 144.888 233.175 244 CR X23 – New London, Mount Union Exit numbers follow US 34
Des Moines Danville Township 156.383 251.674 255 Middletown, Danville
Burlington 159.550 256.771 258 CR X40 (Beaverdale Road) / Agency Road
160.824 258.821 259 Mount Pleasant Street
162.086 260.852 260 Gear Avenue, Bus Depot
163.689 263.432 261 US 61 (Roosevelt Avenue) – Fort Madison
164.481 264.707 262A Curran Street
165.343 266.094 262B Central Avenue, Snake Alley
165.902 266.993 263 CR X99 (Main Street)
Mississippi River 166.270 267.586 Great River Bridge, Iowa 163 ends at the state line
Henderson Gulfport US 34 east Continuation into Illinois
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Related route[edit]


Iowa Highway 163
Location: Pella

Iowa Highway 163 Business serves Pella, following the old alignment of Iowa 163 through Pella.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2011 Volume of Traffic on the Primary Road System of Iowa" (PDF). Iowa Department of Transportation. January 1, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Other US highways in Iowa
  3. ^ Van Nostrand, John (2009-10-16). "Converged highway gets name". The Hawk Eye (Burlington, Iowa). Retrieved 2009-10-18. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing