Iowa Highway 3

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Iowa Highway 3 marker

Iowa Highway 3
American Veterans Memorial Highway
Route information
Maintained by Iowa DOT
Length: 326.163 mi[1] (524.908 km)
Major junctions
West end: SD 50 west of Westfield
 
East end: US 52 / US 61 / US 151 at Dubuque
Location
Counties:
Highway system
Iowa 2 Iowa 4

Iowa Highway 3 is a state highway that runs from east to west across the state of Iowa. Highway 3 is the longest state highway in Iowa, at 327.81 miles (527.56 km) long. Iowa 3 begins at the South Dakota state line where it continues as South Dakota Highway 50 and ends at an interchange with U.S. Route 61 / U.S. Route 151. It is designated the American Veterans Memorial Highway for its entirety. It is located approximately halfway between Interstate 80 and Interstate 90.

Route description[edit]

Iowa Highway 3 begins at the Big Sioux River where it continues west into South Dakota as South Dakota Highway 50. 1.5 miles (2.4 km) into Iowa, Iowa 3 intersects and overlaps Iowa Highway 12 for 5 miles (8.0 km). At Akron, Iowa 3 turns east towards Le Mars. At Le Mars, Iowa 3 intersects U.S. Route 75 and, for 1 mile (1.6 km), is overlapped by U.S. Route 75 Business. Iowa 3 continues east towards Remsen and Marcus meeting Iowa Highway 140 and Iowa Highway 143 in each respective town. At Cherokee, Iowa 3 intersects U.S. Route 59 and skirts the northeastern edge of town. East of Cherokee, Iowa 3 formerly intersected the unsigned Iowa Highway 977, which served as a shortcut to southbound US 59 for westbound Iowa 3 traffic. North of Aurelia, Iowa 3 meets Iowa Highway 7. Northeast of Truesdale, Iowa 3 intersects U.S. Route 71. 25 miles (40 km) east of Truesdale, Iowa 3 intersects Iowa Highway 4 in Pocahontas. Between Pocahontas and Gilmore City, Iowa 3 meets Iowa Highway 15. Iowa 3 intersects U.S. Route 169 in Humboldt.[2]

Iowa Highway 3 runs east of Humboldt.

East of Humboldt, Iowa Highway 3 is overlapped for 3 miles (4.8 km) by Iowa Highway 17 near Goldfield. Iowa 3 overlaps U.S. Route 69 for 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Clarion. Near Latimer and Coulter, Iowa 3 meets Interstate 35 at a diamond interchange. 10 miles (16 km) east of the I-35 interchange, Iowa 3 intersects U.S. Route 65 in Hampton. At Allison, Iowa 3 is briefly overlapped by Iowa Highway 14. Iowa 3 meets Iowa Highway 188 south of Clarksville. West of Waverly, Iowa 3 intersects U.S. Route 218 / Iowa Highway 27, the Avenue of the Saints, at an interchange. For 1 mile (1.6 km), Iowa 3 is overlapped by U.S. Route 218 Business before US 218 Bus. turns south as the unsigned Iowa Highway 116. 7 miles (11 km) to the east, Iowa 3 intersects U.S. Route 63. At Oelwein, Iowa 3 overlaps Iowa Highway 150 for 3 miles (4.8 km) before continuing east towards Iowa Highway 187. From Strawberry Point to near Edgewood, Iowa 3 overlaps Iowa Highway 13.[2]

Iowa Highway 3 runs along Bremer Avenue in Waverly.

East of Edgewood, Iowa Higwhay 3 enters the Driftless Area, where the terrain changes markedly from gently rolling farmland to steep bluffs. Iowa 3 meets Iowa Highway 38 on the edge of the Driftless Area. At Luxemburg, Iowa 3 meets U.S. Route 52, with which Iowa 3 continues for the rest of its length, and Iowa Highway 136. The next 22 miles (35 km), from Luxemburg to Sageville, are particularly curvy because the routes enter completely into the Driftless Area. At Sageville, US 52 / Iowa 3 meet Iowa Highway 32, Dubuque's Northwest Arterial. US 52 / Iowa 3 enter Dubuque along Central Avenue, which becomes a one-way street paired with White Street near downtown. US 52 and Iowa 3 turn onto another pair of one-way streets, East 9th Street and East 11th Street for a few blocks before meeting U.S. Route 61 / U.S. Route 151. US 52 continues south with US 61 / US 151, while Iowa 3 ends at this interchange.[2]

History[edit]

This is the second state highway to be designated Iowa Highway 3. The first Iowa Highway 3 existed from 1920 to 1941, and was an east–west route across the southern part of Iowa, beginning at Fort Madison and ending at the western border of Iowa near Nebraska City, Nebraska. The current Iowa Highway 3 route was designated in 1945.

Originally extending from Iowa Highway 12 in Akron to Dubuque, Iowa 3 was co-signed with Iowa Highway 5 from Akron to near Aurelia.[3] In 1949, Iowa 3 was extended along Iowa 12 from Akron to its current western end at the Big Sioux River.[4]

Prior to the building of a four lane U.S. Route 61 / U.S. Route 151, the eastern terminus of Iowa Highway 3 was at the intersection of Bluff Street and U.S. Route 20, Dodge Street.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Union   SD 50 west Continuation into South Dakota
Big Sioux River 0.000 0.000 IowaSouth Dakota state line
Plymouth Westfield Township 1.476 2.375 Iowa 12 south (Portland Street) West end of Iowa 12 overlap
Akron 6.211 9.996 Iowa 12 north (Loess Hills Scenic Byway) East end of Iowa 12 overlap
America Township 26.164 42.107
US 75 / US 75 Bus.
West end of US 75 Bus. overlap.
Le Mars 27.617 44.445
US 75 Bus. (5th Avenue West)
East end of US 75 Bus. overlap.
Remsen 38.985 62.740 Iowa 140 south / CR L14 north
Cherokee Marcus 47.009 75.654 Iowa 143 north (Ames Avenue) / CR L36 south (D Avenue)
Cherokee Township 60.432 97.256 US 59 (2nd Street)
Afton Township 66.477 106.984 Iowa 7 east
Buena Vista ScottLincoln
township line
81.506 131.171 US 71
Pocahontas Pocahontas 106.203 170.917 Iowa 4 (West 7th Street)
GarfieldLake
township line
113.202 182.181 Iowa 15 north / CR N65 south
Humboldt Humboldt 129.201 207.929 US 169 (13th Street)
HumboldtWright
county line
LakeLiberty
township line
142.211 228.866 Iowa 17 north West end of Iowa 17 overlap
Wright Goldfield 145.068 233.464 Iowa 17 south (Locust Street) East end of Iowa 17 overlap
GrantLincoln
township line
159.222 256.243 US 69 south West end of US 69 overlap
GrantIowa
township line
161.112 259.285 US 69 north East end of US 69 overlap
Franklin Scott Township 172.297 277.285 I-35
Hampton 182.290 293.367 US 65 (4th Street East)
Butler Allison 202.526 325.934 Iowa 14 north West end of Iowa 14 overlap
203.531 327.551 Iowa 14 south East end of Iowa 14 overlap
Butler Township 210.021 337.996 Iowa 188 north
Bremer Washington Township 217.393 349.860 US 218 / Iowa 27
Waverly 219.887 353.874
US 218 Bus. north (20th Street West)
West end of US 218 Bus. overlap
220.878 355.469
US 218 Bus. south (Easton Avenue)
East end of US 218 Bus. overlap
Jefferson Township 228.174 367.210 US 63
Fayette Jefferson Township 249.741 401.919 Iowa 150 north West end of Iowa 150 overlap
Oelwein 252.270 405.989 Iowa 150 south (1st Avenue East) East end of Iowa 150 overlap
Putnam Township 266.114 428.269 Iowa 187 Roundabout, installed in 2009[5]
Clayton Strawberry Point 272.846 439.103 Iowa 13 north (Elkader Street) West end of Iowa 13 overlap
ClaytonDubuque
county line
LodomilloHoney Creek
township line
277.588 446.735 Iowa 13 south East end of Iowa 13 overlap
Delaware Elk Township 284.178 457.340 Iowa 38 south
Dubuque Luxemburg 300.420 483.479 US 52 north / Iowa 136 south (Andre Street) West end of US 52 overlap
Dubuque 323.102 519.982 Iowa 32 south (Northwest Arterial)
326.163 524.908 US 52 south / US 61 / US 151 Eastern terminus; east end of US 52 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2013 Volume of Traffic on the Primary Road System of Iowa (PDF). Iowa Department of Transportation. January 1, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Iowa Department of Transportation (1 March 2009). Transportation Map (Map). 1:570,240 (2009 ed.).
  3. ^ Rand McNally & Company (1947). Road and Reference Atlas (Map). 1:1,077,120 (1947 ed.). pp. 42–43.
  4. ^ Hancock, Jason (2009-08-30). "Iowa Highways: 1 to 9". The Iowa Highways Page. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "Roundabouts". Iowa Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing